“I’m not interested in boring movies!” Participles as adjectives Relative clauses
What kind of movies are you interested in? Why? Drama Science Fiction Horror Fantasy War Comedy Thrillers Animated Action Documentaries Musicals
I think horror movies are interesting. I guess suspense films are boring. I think Batman was fascinating. I want to see Shrek, it’s an amazing movie. The class was very exciting , but the book is sometimes boring. I’m so interested about horror movies. I got bored in math class. My girlfriend isfascinatedwith the wedding. I’m alwaysconfusedwith English grammar
Participles as adjectives A participle is a verb form that can be used to describe a noun, just like an adjective. Example: aninterestingbook an interestedstudent a confusing note a confused teacher an embarrassingsituation an embarrassedperson
PastForm When you are describing a person’s reaction or feeling, use the past participle form· John was very interested in learning more about elephants. Jane was boredand wanted to go home early. Jeff was surprisedat the size of the meeting.
Presentform When you are describing the person or thing that causes the reaction , use the present participle form. · John’s elephant report was interestingto read. · The movie was boring , so Jane wanted to leave. · It was surprisingto see more than fifty people at the meeting.
Word Power Absurd: Utterly or obviously senseless, illogical, or untrue; contrary to all reason or common sense: An absurd explanation. Bizarre: Strange, extraordinary, wild. Disgusting: Extremely unpleasant; that can make you feel ill, foul, revolting. Dreadful: Awful, terrible, causing great dread, fear, or terror: A dreadful storm. Dumb: Lacking intelligence or good judgment; not clever, stupid. Fabulous: Exceptionally good or unusual; marvelous; superb: Fantastic: extravagantly fanciful; marvelous, very good or enjoyable. Horrible: causing or tending to cause horror; shockingly dreadful, not good or pleasant: a horrible sight. Marvelous: superb; excellent; great: a marvelous show.
Word Power Odd: differing in nature from what is ordinary, usual, or expected, singular or peculiar in a strange or eccentric way Outstanding: marked by superiority or distinction; excellent; distinguished: an outstanding student. Ridiculous: an action or a thing which should be laughed at because it is foolish Silly: used about a person, an action, an idea, etc., not sensible or reasonable. Terrible: very bad (awful). Unusual: not usual, common, or ordinary; uncommon in amount or degree: an unusual sound; an unusual hobby; an unusual response. Weird: fantastic; bizarre: a weird getup.
Write the next verbs in past participles or present participle and then complete some statements using them. Verbs Past Participles Present Participles interestInterestedinteresting annoy __________________ _________________ amaze __________________ _________________ bore __________________ _________________ confuse __________________ _________________ disappoint __________________ _________________ disgust __________________ _________________ embarrass__________________ _________________ excite __________________ _________________ fascinate __________________ _________________ scare __________________ _________________ shock __________________ _________________ surprise __________________ _________________
Complete the statements choosing one of the answers: Have you heard about the __________ new roller coaster at the amusement park? a. excited b. excite c. exciting He ____________ us with his knowledge of Medieval history. a. surprised b. surprising That three hour lecture yesterday was really _____________ ! a. tired b. tiring Halloween is coming soon! What a ____________ holiday! a. frighten b. frightened c. frightening It’s___________ how popular American music is around the world. a. Surprisedb. surprising I thought the movie Independence Day was really ____________ a. bored b. boring That tall new building in Kuala Lampur really ______________ me! a. fascinate b. fascinating c. fascinates Bryan Adams is a really ______________ singer. a. interested b. interesting c. interest The comedian we saw last night really ________________ us. a. amusing b. amused c. amuse I think flying in an airplane is a _______________ experience. a. terrifying b. terrified c. terrify
Relative Clauses What’s this? We use relative clauses (who, which, that) to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. Example: A girl is talking to Tom. Do you know her? Main clause Relative clause Do you know the girl, who is talking to Tom?
Rule #1 who Who is used to join clauses about people. There is an amazing student. She never participates in class. There is an amazing student, who never participates in class. Aby and Jazmin are those girls. They talk too much. Aby and Jazmin are those girls, who talk too much. The teacher is a bad person. He never helps in the lab. The teacher is a bad person, who never helps in the lab.
Rule #2 that That is used to join clauses about people or things. Vero is a punctual girl. She always comes early. Vero is a punctual girl, that/who always comes early. General Teran is a relaxing town. It has three squares. General Teran is a relaxing town , that/which has three squares. Teacher Dago is an excellent principal. He is very friendly. Teacher Dago is an excellent principal, that/who is very friendly.
Rule #3 which Which is used to join clauses about things. Interchange is a good book. It has three sections. Interchange is a good book which has three sections. Televisa has created many programs. They are over the world. Televisa has created many programs, which are over the world. The high school has two smart classrooms. They are used by the teachers. The high school has two smart classrooms, which are used by the teachers.
JOIN THESE STATEMENTS USING RELATIVE CLAUSES. (WHO, WHICH , THAT) There is the boy. He broke the window. __________________________________________________________________ The film star gave a party. It cost $10,000. __________________________________________________________________ That’s the palace. The Queen lives in it. ________________________________________________________________ You met a man at the party. He is a famous film star. _________________________________________________________ What’s the name of the lady? She was wearing the blue dress. __________________________________________________ I gave her a watch. It stopped after two days. ________________________________________________________________ You’re reading a book. I wanted to read it. ________________________________________________________________ There’s someone at the door. He wants to speak to George. ____________________________________________________ Here are the letters. They arrived this morning. ________________________________ ______________________________ I met Mr. DaSilva. He is President of Brazil. _________________________________________________________________ It’s very spicy food. I don’t like it. __________________________________________________________________