Nizwa Nizwa is the largest city in the Al Dakhiliyah Region in Oman and was the capital of Oman proper. Nizwa is about 140 km (1.5 hours) from Muscat. Nizwa is one of the oldest cities in Oman and it was once a center of trade, religion, education and art. Its Jama (grand mosque) was formerly a center for Islamic learning.
Nizwa acquired its importance because it has been an important meeting point at the base of the Western Hajar Mountains. Set amid a verdant spread of date palms, it is strategically located at the crossroads of routes linking the interior with Muscat and the lower reaches of Dhofar thus serving as the link for a large part of the country. Today, Nizwa is a diverse prosperous place with numerous agricultural, historical and recreational aspects. Nizwa is a center for date growing and is the market place for the area.
Nizwa fort & Sultan Qaboos Mosque
Nizwa Old Suq
Wilayat Sumail Wilayat Sumail is almost half way between Wilayat Nizwa (75 Kilometers) and the Governorate of Muscat (85 Kilometers). It borders on Wilayat Bidbid to the north, the Western Hajar mountain range to the west, Wilayat Izki to the south and some outlying villages of Wilayat Dimawa'lTa'een to the east. It has a large number of historic buildings including forts, castles and towers.
Al Midhmar mosque - Sumail
Bahla Bahla Fort is one of four historic fortresses situated at the foot of Al Jabal al Akdhar highlands in Oman. It was built in the 13th and 14th centuries, when the oasis of Bahla was prosperous under the control of the BanuNebhan tribe. The fort’s ruined adobe walls and towers rise some 165 feet above its sandstone foundations.
The fort was not restored or conserved before 1987, and had fallen into a parlous state, with parts of the walls collapsing each year in the rainy season. The fort became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It was included in the List of World Heritage Sites in danger from 1988. Restoration works began in the 1990s, and more than £6m were spent by the Omani government from 1993 to 1999. It remained covered with scaffolding and closed to tourists for many years. It was removed from the list of endangered sites in 2004. It is unfortunately still being closed and therefore it was not possible to visit the fort.
Wind tower - Bahla fort
Jabrin Jabrin Castle is located in an oasis between the mountains of JabalAkhdar. It was built in 1675 by Sultan Bila’rab bin Sultan al-Yaarubi as a summer residence. The palace was also a centre for learning. Although it has the form and structure of a military fort, it never served this purpose.Thelarge, rectangular castle is three stories high and has more than 50 rooms. Many rooms lead from one to the next and you are in a real maze with many doors, stairs, rooms and corridors.
Jibrin castle - Bahla
Inside Jibrin castle
WilayatAdam Wilayat Adam is in the south of Al-DakhiliyahRegion and borders on wilayatBahla, Manah and lzki to the north, Mahawtand Haima to the south, al Mudhaibi to the east and Ibri to the west. It is 234 Kilometers from the Governorate of Muscat . It has a large number of villages and bedouinsettlements, farms, old mosques, suqs and archaeological sites.
Wilayat Al Hamra Jabal Shams,Maisfat Al Abriyeen, al Hootah Cave, Hasat bin Salt, Bait al Safa and Bait al Shari'ah are the main tourist attractions in Wilayat al Hamra, which lies in the north-western part of al Jabal al Akhdhar range. It borders on Wilayat Nizwa to the east and Wilayat Bahla to the south.
A rock near al Hamra
Misfat Al Abriyeen A little ancient village called Maisfat Al Abriyeen, hidden in same mountain range as Oman’s highest peak, Jebel Shams. An ancient village hidden in the top of the mountains, famous for its palm, banana and mango trees.
Most houses in this little village are still built from mud bricks and clay. Very little modern building materials can be found. Many houses have been built more than a hundred years ago. The houses are built into the slope of the wadi (valley). The paths through the village are very narrow and lead you through arches and along the falaj watering system to the inhabitants’ irrigated terraces. The water comes from the mountains several kilometers away.
Misfah al Abriyeen _in Al Hamra
Wilayat Manah Wilayat Manah has several old buildings including forts, towers, mosques and attractive residential quarters. Particularly impressive is the old quarter in the village of Harat al Bilad with its traditional houses, mosques, perimeter wall and other features. Surrounded by date palms, it has been chosen by the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom as a typical example of Omani architecture.Wilayat Manah is 160 Kilometers from the Governorate of Muscat and comprises eight villages:- Harat al Bilad, Mu'ammad, al Ma'arra, 'Izz, al Feeqain, al Mahiyul, Abu Nakhilah and Mitan.
Al FeeqainFort - Manah
Wilayat Izki Wilayat Izki has some of the oldest sits in AL Dakhiliyah Region. The remains of buildings and tombs from an ancient civilization thousands of years old, which can be seen on the hilltops neighbouring the village of Zakeet, include a number of small round towers similar to the towers of the Bat culture. Wilayat lzkiis 130 Kilometers from the Governorate of Muscat. Some of the better-known of its 26 villages include Zakeet, al Qaryatain, Seema, Muqazzah, Qala'at al Awamir, Shafaa, Habl al Hadid, Umtay and Qarut.
Wilayat Bidbid Bidbid's most striking feature is its flyovers, which provide the only means of access to the main arterial roads which transit the wilayat, and it has adopted them as its emblem. Travelers will also be struck by the palm groves which grow along the banks of the wadi in the village of Fanja and surround the more distant villages of al Amqat and Hamim like puffs of green cloud. Wilayat Bidbid has been described as the "smiling mouth" of Al DakhiliyahRegion.