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Breeders Guide To Imprinting And Critical Periods

Breeders Guide To Imprinting And Critical Periods



Puppy raisers learn development stages to help understand behavior changes

Puppy raisers learn development stages to help understand behavior changes



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    Breeders Guide To Imprinting And Critical Periods Breeders Guide To Imprinting And Critical Periods Presentation Transcript

    • Breeder’s Guide to Raising Superstar Dogs
      Speech by Lorraine Gaudio, CPDT
      Book by Jerry Hope, CDBC
    • Benefits
      Produce puppies that are safer in society
      Reduce puppy buyers calling with reports of puppies with fear aggression or a bite history.
      Help build a stronger breeders reputation & increase referrals
      Preserve a good breed reputation
      Take a responsibility to all the puppies you add the community.
      Produce emotionally stable puppies
      Prevent your puppies from the shelter and re-homing (First home is a forever home)
      Foundation work is life lasting so it is easier to have rehabilitation and recovery of fear (repo dogs)
      Puppy owners have a responsibility to their puppy and their community.
      Reduce the work on the owners can increase the value of your puppies verses your competitor.
    • Puppies enter new homes
      At 10-12 weeks old
      House trained
      Confident around people, dogs, other animals
      Already having taught basic cues
      Have a easy to follow plan for your puppy owners to continue
    • The research
      In 1965 John Paul Scott & John L. Fuller Dog Behavior:The Genetic Basic and Genetics and Social Behavior of the Dog
      Over 40 year old research is now formatted easy to understand
      Multiple Animal Behaviorists and Veterinarians working together with breeders
      Jerry Hope, CDBC; Dr. Ian Dunbar; Tammie King, Bsc (Hons); Lynn Hoover; Martin Deeley, Nicole Wilde, CPDT; Brenda Aloff; Konrad Lorenz to name just a few
    • What is Socialization
      Continuing life long process where individual acquires personal identity, learns norms, values, behavior, and social skills.
      How is it done best?
      Fear is not genetic. There is a reason for stress.
      Exposure, recovery of conflict and being allowed to be curious.
      Stay in comfort level, go slow.
      NEVER FORCE something the puppy is fearful of upon the puppy. What does fear look like?
    • Imprinting
      Exposure in small doses to many different things of practical and social character during critical development stages. It is for life!
      Whether you do a program or not, imprinting will happen.
      Sometimes imprinting doesn’t happen on what we intended it to be on.
      ALL experienced including vet visits must be enjoyable.
      How does the dog see this situation?
      Imprinting is used extensively be horse breeders with great success!We are lucky to have a bigger window.
      Imprinting on puppies is between -3 weeks and 10+ weeks old.
      Whelping box design
    • Case study
      She has a great pedigree that contains dogs with super temperaments. She is nervous and fearful because of the way she was raised.
      How does this effect imprinting?
    • The chances are high that the pups will learn from their mother fearful and nervous behavior is normal. Correct her behavior issues before breeding!
    • Critical Periods
      Mental growth periods where specific learning happens from the puppy’s environment and experiences where optimum retention will take place.
      Timing is everything! Exposing to young can do damage where if only a few weeks older would had a more positive effect. Same goes for waiting to long. You missed your window.
    • Pre-natal
      Bitch is healthy before breeding
      Keep bitch relaxed and calm during pregnancy
      Good Diet
      Fresh water
      Moderate exercise
      Give her the attention and affection if she become clingy
    • Neo-natal
      Birth to 12 days
      “Bio-Sensor” proven to strengthen immune system, create stronger heartbeats and promote more rapid recovery to stress in it’s adult life.
      Introduce involuntary systems to changing positions starting at 3 days old (if dewclaws were removed at 2 days start on 5) Stop when pups eye start to open
      Five exercises done 1 x day at the same time you weight the pup never lasting more the 5 seconds (start on 3 seconds)
      Tactile Stimulation with a q-tip
      Head up, head down, on back
      Thermal Stimulation
      Weigh and return to mom for comfort
    • Transitional Period
      13 days to 20 days old
      Eyes open but will not be fully functional until 9-10 weeks
      Ears open and will have full hearing by 20 -22 days old
      Increase brain activity with noise and light
      For about 2 minutes: Expose to soft noises and low level light changes with changing tempo (classical music on TV) Increase levels as pups begin to move around more. GO SLOW but use Thunder tapes, play base music.
      Make startling sound while pups are all cuddled and sleeping. What is a noisy home with kids like? Crying baby’s, gun shots . . .
      Weaning puppies are touched while eating their gruel. Touch food to mouths and hand feed a little
    • Socialization Period
      3 weeks to 14 weeks old
      All of the following behaviors will be continued into new home and will slowly become more advanced
      Teach bite inhibition (most important skill)
      Start with introducing other animals like cat(s), bird(s)
      KNOW THE TEMPERMENT and MEDICAL HISTORY of the other animals. Don’t skip this very important step. Find animals safe and healthy. Protective mom’s are away securely.
      • Recall as soon at they are on their legs
      Allow them to explore a new safe area. Add interesting items in the area each day (pull out things from the garage and closet)
      4 wks Start taking then out to potty (every meal, play, waking up)
    • Socialization Period
      5 wks Start introducing one-two new person(s) every day for ten minutes. (Clean hands. Everyone should remove shoes at the front door.) 100 people by 14 weeks (race, age clothes, smell)
      Teach sit, down, stand (1-2 min)
      Teeth, toes, testicles
      Sent treat or people, Pry drive play (flirt pole), Show stacking, agility poles and tunnels ball on the wall retrieve
      7 wk bodies of water (shallow to start)
      Tug for bite inhibition and out with rules
      8wks take training on the road
      Collar and lead drag, follow me
    • Awareness Period
      21 to 28 Days old
      Sudden sounds
      DO NOT MOVE LITTER LOCATION. Keep environment stable
    • First impact Period
      8 to 11 weeks
      First fear
      The worst time to go to a new home and often it’s time for the first vet visit. A long drive can make him hate car rides. Locked in a crate for the first time all night crying for mommy is damaging for life!
      Fear issues can be traced back to this period, not because the experience itself but because it all happened during this period
      IF puppies must go during this period the family setting needs to be secure and non-threatening, non-stressful. They are better suited for an educated pet owner
    • Seniority Classification Period
      13 to 16 weeks old
      In recovery of fear period
      Teething: offer chews
      Find themselves as individuals, grows personality
      Must remove from litter or they will bond with each other. Some puppies will become bullies and other will become submissive. Puppies should have separate time away from other dogs and have one on one time with people.
      Space grows personalities free from the influence of littermates
      Work on resource guarding
      Positive training grows confidence
    • Flight Instinct
      4 months to 8 months
      Puppies Become brave and investigative and it’s good to allow it and build it
      Don’t ruin your recall
      Marking and house training may slip so watch them close!
      Still Teething, reinforce chewing behaviors on the correct items
    • Second Impact Period
      6 to 15 months old
      Fear suddenly, even a well socialized pup
      Do not force dog to cope with fear (Flooding)
      “sudden rebellious, disobedient, hardheaded, and fear”
      How this is handled may determine how long the puppy stays with the family and how the puppy sees people for the rest of his life.
    • Maturity
      Age varies by breed (small dogs sooner, giant breeds later then 1 ½ years old)
      Monitor mature dogs of same sex One day a friendship may turn into challenged and fights
    • What can we change
      Don’t prohibit people from coming to visit the puppies
      Puppies should stay with there litter till 10 weeks old and no later then 12 weeks old.
      Expose the pups to light, noise, strangers of all species and ages, and the hustle and bustle of everyday life.
      Be responsible for the outcome of the puppy
    • Testing
      Aptitude testing is done around 8 weeks old and is also a great time to evaluate structure
      Novel stimuli, Thinking puzzle, Handling
      Test results in written detail is given to puppy owners
      Temperament testing is done around 18 months. www.atts.org
    • Be a part of my study
      Record your choice of puppy imprinting in detail. I will give you a record book to be kept as a complete journal of the daily activities.
      You do not need to do all or even any of the ideas presented today.
      I will evaluate your puppies at 8 weeks and receive a copy of your journal
      You puppy owners will be invited but not required to follow up with me for a further evaluation on their development.