The state of the environment seminar

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Blake Lapthorn solicitors' Climate change team held a seminar on the state of the environment on 9 December 2009.

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The state of the environment seminar

  1. 1. State of Environment Simon Hughes Area Manager 09 December 2009
  2. 2. Thames West Area
  3. 3. Our environment
  4. 4. Oxfordshire’s environment
  5. 5. Oxfordshire’s area is 260,500 hectares, of which: Agriculture 195,510 ha 78 % Woodland 19,400 ha 7.5 % Area Of 62,192 ha 24 % Outstanding Natural Beauty (3) Sites of 4,402 ha 1.7 % Special Scientific Ineterst Sources: DEFRA, Natural England
  6. 6. Growth Population – 639,700; two-thirds are of working age The population is forecast to increase by 11.4% by 2026 - an increase of about 72,000 people Density 246 people/km2 (ranked 17th out 27 non- metropolitan counties in England) Source: Office of National Statistics
  7. 7. Flood Risk
  8. 8. Waste Management of MSW in Oxfordshire. Source: Defra 80 70 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 60 50 40 % 30 20 10 0 Landfill Incineration Recycling / Other Composting
  9. 9. Water Quality
  10. 10. Biodiversity Oxfordshire Farmland Bird Index 1.10 1.00 0.90 Bird index 0.80 0.70 0.60 0.50 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year Source: Thames Valley Environmental Records Centre, 2008
  11. 11. Wildlife Condition of SSSI sites in Oxfordshire. Source: Natural England (June 2009) 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Cherw ell Oxford South Oxon Vale of White West Oxon Horse Favourable Unfavourable recovering Unfavourble no change Unfavourable declining Destroyed
  12. 12. Resources
  13. 13. Energy consumption 50000 Total Energy Consumption per Oxfordshire 45000 Cherw ell person (kWh) 40000 Oxford 35000 South Oxfordshire Vale Of White Horse 30000 West Oxfordshire 25000 South East 20000 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year Source: Department of Energy & Climate Change
  14. 14. Fuel use for transport 1.6 Total vehicle fuel consum ption per Oxfordshire 1.4 Cherw ell 1.2 person (tonnes) Oxford 1.0 South Oxfordshire 0.8 Vale Of White 0.6 Horse West Oxfordshire 0.4 South East 0.2 0.0 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year Source: Department of Energy & Climate Change
  15. 15. Domestic energy use Total domestic energy consumption 12000 Oxfordshire 11000 Cherw ell per person (kWh) Oxford 10000 South 9000 Oxfordshire Vale Of White Horse 8000 West Oxfordshire South East 7000 6000 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year Source: Department of Energy & Climate Change
  16. 16. School Travel Plans Mode of travel to school (Oxfordshire pupils aged 5-16 years) 100% 23.9 23.9 24.9 80% 3.9 5.7 Other 4.7 Percentage Car 60% 22.3 18.9 20.7 Car share 8.2 8.0 8.6 Public transport 40% Cycling 20% 40.8 42.7 40.5 Walking 0% 2006/08 2007/09 2008/10 Year Source: Oxfordshire County Council
  17. 17. Water use Average daily household water consumption 170 165 daily per capita consum ption (l) 160 155 150 145 140 Thames Water Industry Average 135 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Source: Thames Water
  18. 18. Footprint measures GHG Footprint Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint (tonnes Source: Stockholm Environment (gha/capita) (tonnes CO2/capita) CO2eq/capita) Institute UK 5.30 12.08 16.34 South East 5.63 12.76 17.28 Oxford 5.04 11.40 15.44 Cherwell 5.62 12.75 17.26 South Oxfordshire 6.12 13.93 18.78 Vale of White Horse 5.80 13.20 17.84 West Oxfordshire 5.86 13.36 18.02 Source: Stockholm Environment Institute
  19. 19. Ecological footprint Oxfordshire’s land area Oxfordshire’s ecological footprint area 260,500 ha 3,539,358 gha
  20. 20. United States Norway Oxfordshire of America Source: Global Footprint Network and SEI
  21. 21. Swaziland Brazil World Russia France EU Oxfordshire United Kingdom Norway United States of America Source: Global Footprint Network and SEI
  22. 22. Source: Stockholm Environment Institute
  23. 23. Our climate
  24. 24. Climate change effect • Higher temperatures • Drier summers • Wetter winters • Increased flood incidence • Increased drought incidence • Increased storm incidence • Increased atmospheric CO2 How will this affect Oxfordshire's people, industry and environment?
  25. 25. Climate Possible change effect consequences New pests and diseases Higher temperatures Winter deaths from cold Drier summers Heat stress on humans Wetter winters New food and water-borne disease Increased flood incidence Higher levels of skin cancer Increased drought More respiratory disease Increased storm incidence Performance of medical staff may suffer Increased atmospheric Death or injury from impact or drowning CO2 Source: UKCIP
  26. 26. Climate change Possible effect consequences Business located in vulnerable areas Higher temperatures may be worse off Drier summers Specific environmental requirements for manufacturing may result in change of Wetter winters location Increased flood incidence Heavy water-demand industry may see water shortages Increased drought Transport infrastructure: movement of Increased storm incidence raw materials and products may be affected Increased atmospheric Staff attendance could suffer in extreme CO2 weather Source: UKCIP
  27. 27. Economy and Environment Threats to the environment and is more and hence reduce resilient to the impact on… A healthy benefits The local natural which in turn can economy environment improve the environment
  28. 28. Flooding and economy Increase storm and torrential rain frequency in future … to se … growth in the economy and on sp greater resilience to… re In … which results in reduction in Fewer insurance Floodplain flood damage to infrastructure… claims and less habitat protection & conservation of urban disruption to the economy; benefits green space to societal health

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