Blake Lapthorn green breakfast with BRE global


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On Tuesday 3 December, Blake Lapthorn's climate change team hosted a green breakfast seminar. Guest speaker Chris Cousins of BRE Global, talked about sustainable building for a Green future.

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Blake Lapthorn green breakfast with BRE global

  1. 1. Protecting People, Property and the Planet Sustainable building for a green future Chris Cousins 3 December 2013 Part of the BRE Trust
  2. 2. Overview – Introduction to BRE – Context, especially – Importance of sustainable construction – Standards and/or regulations? – the housing standards review – Promoting sustainable design and construction through planning – BREEAM and the Code for Sustainable Homes – BREEAM Communities
  3. 3. Protecting People, Property and the Planet Introduction to BRE
  4. 4. Who we are
  5. 5. About BRE Image : BRE
  6. 6. BRE Group: Building a Better World Together Research based consultancy, testing, certification and training
  7. 7. Protecting People, Property and the Planet Context Importance of Sustainable Construction
  8. 8. Construction industry and buildings – Construction and demolition waste alone represents 35% of total UK waste – the energy used in constructing, occupying and operating buildings represents approximately 50% of greenhouse gas emissions in the UK.
  9. 9. Low carbon goods and services in the UK – 6th largest low carbon goods and services market in world – Worth over £112 billion – Employs over 900,000 people Sources: BIS press release, 4 August 2011; UKTI
  10. 10. Low carbon goods and services in UK – Over 51,000 companies – Exports £11.3 billion – up 3.9% in 2010/11 – 4,500 new jobs – up 4.3% in 2010/11 – Green Deal alone predicted to trigger £14 billion of investment to 2022, and support at least 65,000 insulation and construction jobs by 2015 Source: 2011 Annual Energy Statement, DECC 23 November 2011
  11. 11. Export markets for sustainable design and construction – Chinese vice premier and delegation visit BRE Innovation Park, January 2011 – Signing of agreement for the development of innovation park in Beijing – Contracts worth £100million to UK firms
  12. 12. CBI view – Green’ and growth must be compatible. In finding a new growth path for the British economy I am convinced ‘green’ is a central part of it. Everybody needs to look at de-carbonising their products and services and in that way I think there is great growth potential for Britain. – John Cridland, Director-General of CBI July 2012
  13. 13. Source: The business case for Green Building, World Green Building Council, 2012
  14. 14. Ministerial support – “Gone are the days when low-carbon buildings would be nice to have but expensive. We have now shown the smart choice for financial and environmental reasons is to go green... – “…it not only makes us feel good that we are doing the right thing by the planet but over the last two years the low-carbon goods and services sector has accounted for nearly a third of all growth in the economy and is growing by around five per cent year on year when other sectors are struggling.” Greg Barker, Minister of State for Climate Change, 10 May 2013
  15. 15. Political commitment? – “When I became Prime Minister I said I wanted Britain to have the greenest government ever and I am as committed to that today as I was then. But I want to go further.” – “…my argument today is not just about doing what is right for our planet, but doing what is right for our economy too.” David Cameron, 4 February 2013
  16. 16. 21 November 2013
  17. 17. The Code for Sustainable Homes and Housing Standards Review: report of Environmental Audit Committee, November 2013 An example of the debate on standards and/or regulations
  18. 18. The proposals in the Housing Standards Review “Wind down” the Code for Sustainable Homes Minimum standards on some issues to be included in Building Regulations New, limited national standards set – nothing on e.g. materials or ecology Local planning authorities can specify standards only from national set Local plans would need to be revised to comply
  19. 19. The Committee’s verdict on the Government’s proposals summary – Local choice replaced by lowest common-denominator national standard – 2016 zero carbon homes standard has been significantly diluted – Latest research on rapidly decreasing cost of renewable energy technology not considered – Failure to back green growth and innovation by setting standards for materials
  20. 20. Review – designed to achieve a particular outcome? – Overall goal of the Housing Standards Review: – “To significantly rationalise the untenable forest of Codes, Standards, rules, regulations and guidance that add unnecessary cost and complexity to the house-building process” – LGA: “Those terms of reference will take one in a particular direction. If the terms of reference had been, “How can we build fantastic homes for the next generation in a way that is viable?”, the outcome might have looked slightly different”
  21. 21. Implications for local planning – DCLG’s proposed needs test for local authorities wishing to apply sustainability standards “risks becoming a lawyers’ charter”. – Conflict with Coalition Agreement to “return decision-making powers on housing and planning to local councils”
  22. 22. Duplication, or useful driver of change? – “the CSH is a flexible means of delivering sustainability in line with local circumstances and local choice” – “the CSH can continue to set a mark for Building Regulations to follow” – “the single-track approach of simply setting standards in Building Regulations is undesirable, because it would not include a higher standard to drive incremental improvements and to measure progress”
  23. 23. Regulatory minimum Number of buildings CSH Minimal Aspirational Environmental Standards Level 6 Level 5 Level 4 Level 3 Level 1 Level 2
  24. 24. Value of the Code for Sustainable Homes – “Few seem to disagree that the code for sustainable homes has played a vital role in driving sustainability issues up the agenda within house building” – Not from the EAC report…but from Code for Sustainable Homes Case Studies: Volume 4, published by DCLG, 20 August 2013 – on the same day as the HSR consultation
  25. 25. Protecting People, Property and the Planet Encouraging sustainable design and construction through the planning system
  26. 26. National Planning Policy Framework – “The purpose of the planning system is to contribute to the achievement of sustainable development.” (NPPF para. 6) “ achieve sustainable development, economic, social and environmental gains should be sought jointly and simultaneously through the planning system” (NPPF para. 8)
  27. 27. Local Plan is key – Statutory duties – Must contribute to • achievement of sustainable development [S39 2004 Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act] • mitigation of and adaptation to climate change [S19 of P&CP Act, as amended by S182 of 2008 Planning Act] • achieving good design [S39 of P&CP Act, as amended by S183 of 2008 Planning Act]
  28. 28. NPPF, local choice, and viability – Greg Clark, in response to a question in the House of Commons as to whether or not “company profits will... be prioritised above high environmental standards” – “No, they will not be. Nothing that is unsustainable can override that fact by using the viability test. That is for local plan makers and local councillors to determine.” Hansard, 27 March 2012, column1344
  29. 29. National Framework – “To support the move to a low carbon future, local planning authorities should... – when setting any local requirement for a building’s sustainability, do so in a way consistent with the Government’s zero carbon buildings policy and adopt nationally described standards.” NPPF Paragraph 95 Image: Farrells
  30. 30. Protecting People, Property and the Planet BREEAM and the Code for Sustainable Homes
  31. 31. BREEAM/CSH Aims – Design sustainability into the building – Lower social/environmental/economic impact – Solutions that last – Improved energy efficiency, water use, health and wellbeing, materials, longevity, management – Recognise quality design, procurement and management of the built environment
  32. 32. BREEAM & Code for Sustainable Homes – Two stage certification process – Design stage – Post construction – Minimum standards
  33. 33. BREEAM Principles – Voluntary, independent assessment and certification scheme – Deliver sustainable solutions – Balanced framework – Based on sound science – Deliver value to the occupant
  34. 34. Issue Categories Health & Wellbeing Management Transport (BREEAM only) Energy Materials Water Waste Land Use & Ecology Pollution
  35. 35. Environmental Weighting Category Scores Scoring
  36. 36. BREEAM built environment assessment schemes Site selection Design and planning Construction & postconstruction Occupation End of life Region scale City scale Neighbourhood scale Building scale Infrastructure Communities Communities Non Domestic In-Use Domestic Domestic Refurbishment Non Domestic Refurbishment Demolition
  37. 37. Protecting People, Property and the Planet BREEAM Communities
  38. 38. BREEAM Communities: opportunities and costs opportunity decision-making cost isolated improvement integration opportunity cost masterplanning feasibility stages design construction occupancy
  39. 39. BREEAM Communities is… – A standard to improve the design of large-scale developments – An holistic assessment of environmental, social and economic sustainability – A framework for collaborating on key masterplanning issues Image: White Architects and PEAB
  40. 40. BREEAM Communities categories 1. Governance 2. Social and economic wellbeing 3. Resources and energy 4. Land use and ecology 5. Transport and movement
  41. 41. Who, what and where? Leading the process Type of development: •Local authorities •New communities •Developers •Regeneration •Communities •Urban infill •Urban extensions Use •Rural or urban •Mixed-use •Housing Size of development: •Retail / office •Not prescribed •Other •Depends on impact
  42. 42. Integration with the masterplanning process Final certificate Step 3 The Details Interim certificate Step 2 The Layout Step 1 The Principle Images: Farrells
  43. 43. Strengthen stakeholder management Typical stakeholder involvement process Stakeholder involvement process using BREEAM Communities
  44. 44. Increase rating in building assessments Images: Kanozi Arkitekter
  45. 45. Case study: Castleward, Derby • 800 residential units • Developer: Compendium Living • 34,500 sq f of commercial space • Assessor: HTA Architects © HTA
  46. 46. Make the planning process easier “We view the assessment process as cost neutral because it helps smooth out the planning process and demonstrates the high quality we would be seeking to achieve regardless.” Dave Bullock Managing Director Compendium Living