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C.g. jung


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  • 1. Carl Gustav Jung 1875 - 1961Striving for Self Realization
  • 2. Jung and Freud1906: Begin corresponding1907: Freud invites Jung to Vienna1909: took trip to U.S. together1913: Termination of personal correspondences1914: Jung leaves his societyTermination of Relationship due to:• Theoretical differences• Trip to U.S. and dream analysis• Homosexual feelings
  • 3. Jung’s Perspective• Anyone who wants to know the human psyche will learn next to nothing from experimental psychology. He would be better advised to abandon exact science, put away his scholars gown, bid farewell to his study, and wander with human heart throughout the world. There in the horrors of prisons, lunatic asylums and hospitals, in drab suburban pubs, in brothels and gambling-hells, in the salons of the elegant, the Stock Exchanges, socialist meetings, churches, revivalist gatherings and ecstatic sects, through love and hate, through the experience of passion in every form in his own body, he would reap richer stores of knowledge than text-books a foot thick could give him, and he will know how to doctor the sick with a real knowledge of the human soul. -- Carl Jung
  • 4. Jung’s post-Freud career1913 - 1917: Period of isolation/self analysis- Formed his individual theory of Personality (Analytical Psychology)1944: Became Prof. of Med. at Univ of Basel (resigned in ‘45 due to poor health)1955: Wife died1961: Jung died in Zurich
  • 5. Similarities/Differences Between Jung & Freud Similarities Differences• Belief in unconscious • Unconscious not just negative• Belief in dream symbols • Symbols are unique to each person• Unconscious has personal • Unconscious has collective elements elements• Causality • Causality & teology• Focus on development • Freud focuses on early/Jung on late
  • 6. Jung’s Theory• Levels of Consciousness: – Conscious (ego) • what we are aware of – Personal Unconscious • all repressed, forgotten, subliminal events • unique to each person • Include complexes = emotionally toned conglomeration of associated ideas – Collective Unconscious • ancestral past of the human race • innate tendency to react due to ancestor’s experiences • same for all humans • made up of Archetypes
  • 7. Jung’s Influences• Sociology, history, anthropology, biology, physics, philosophy, religion, mythology,• Traveled the globe to observe cultures• Compared the contents of the unconscious Western man and the myths, cults, and rituals of primitive people• “If you call me an occultist because I am seriously investigating religious, mythological, folkloristic, and philosophical fantasies in modern individuals and ancient texts, then you are bound to diagnose Freud as a sexual pervert since he is doing likewise with sexual fantasies.”• Word Association Test – can tap complexes• Dream Analysis – tap collective/personal unconscious for purpose of self- realization• Active Imagination – purpose is to reveal archetypal images in conscious awareness• Psychotherapy – purpose is to work towards self realization
  • 8. Archetypes / Collective Unconscious• Archetypes = an unlearned tendency to experience things in a certain way (like a psychological instinct) – Persona – our public face that we show to the world – Shadow – the dark side of our personality – Anima – feeling side of men; irrationality, moods – Animus – thinking and reason in woman – Great Mother – represents fertility/nourishment and destruction – Wise Old Man – represents wisdom and knowledge – Hero- powerful person who is part God, part human – Self – disposition to move towards growth, perfection • Need to balance unconscious/conscious, anima/animus, shadow/persona
  • 9. Jungians on Research in Psychology – Mainstream psychology degrees and training, because they stress psychological theory, statistical analysis and methodology, do not cover these areas, which are more likely to be the province of classics, philosophy, anthropology, literature, art, religious studies, or history. As a Jungian therapist it is equally desirable to have knowledge of such diverse fields as Gnosticism, mysticism, fairy-tales, quantum physics, UFO phenomena, shamanism, astrology, and medieval alchemy - hardly topics which are covered in mainstream psychology - which not only shuns these areas but also tends to ridicule them as ‘unscientific.’
  • 10. Jung’s Types• Two Dimensions: 1. Extraversion – Introversion (Attitudes) • Extraversion: turning outward of psychic energy with an orientation towards the objective - influenced by surroundings and focused on persona • Introversion: turning inward of psychic energy with an orientation towards the subjective (& unconscious) 2. Thinking/Feeling/Sensing/Intuition (Functions) • Thinking: focus on logical interpretation of events – Extraverted Thinking: scientist, mathematician – Introverted Thinking: philosopher • Feeling: focus on evaluation of events – Extraverted Feeling: guided by external/societal values (politicians) – Introverted Feeling: guided by personal values (art critic) • Sensing: focus on perceived physical stimuli – Extraverted Sensing: perceive stimuli consistent with external properties (wine taster) – Introverted Sensing: guided by subjective perceptions of sense (artist) • Intuition: focus on perception beyond physical consciousness (hunches) – Extraverted Intuition: perception of facts from the external world (inventors) – Introverted Intuition: guided by internal beliefs/hunches (prophet)
  • 11. Jungian Therapy• Goal of Jungian therapy is the optimum development of the whole human being in which physical and mental are treated as one.• This process of development (aka,‘individuation’) is: – Spontaneous – Holistic capacity of the individual – Must be allowed to unfold in its unique way and in its own time, without manipulation or undue interference from the therapist. – Jungians are thus largely concerned with innate processes of healing which manifest as symbolism that surfaces spontaneously from the unconscious in dreams, during focused imagination, or in creative self-expression. – Jungian therapists work within symbolic, spontaneous, imaginative, creative, receptive and intuitive modes of consciousness, rather than on the rational, theoretical, verbal, statistical, or methodological levels common in mainstream practice. – Patient shares in responsibility in therapy - must produce the necessary symbolism and must work - in equal partnership with the therapist - towards understanding its meaning in the context of personality development, with the ultimate aim of integrating it into her/his life. – Jung stressed that "for adequate treatment of dreams a plentiful admixture of symbolical knowledge is needed, which can only be acquired by a study of primitive psychology, comparative mythology, and religion."