Digital + Open: This Changes Everything
 

Digital + Open: This Changes Everything

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Talk given at Bb World 2012 in New Orleans on July 12, 2012. Education is sharing, but sharing a traditional book means it cannot be used by the lender until it is returned. The combination of digital ...

Talk given at Bb World 2012 in New Orleans on July 12, 2012. Education is sharing, but sharing a traditional book means it cannot be used by the lender until it is returned. The combination of digital content and an open license means that for the first time in history, learning resources can be shared with students, colleagues, and everyone at no additional cost.

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  • Many of us have a common dream: Thateveryone in the world can attain all the education they desire. That everyone have access to high quality, affordable, accessible learning opportunities.It will require we share the educational resources we produce and that we spend our limited public resources wisely.
  • And just like the United States … the rest of the world needs this dream to come true … and quickly… if we are to meet the global demand for higher education.Sir John Daniel, President & CEO of the Commonwealth of Learning notes:What do you think the odds are the world will build four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years?
  • The “iron triangle” suggests institutions are constrained in their ability to adapt.
  • We start with the Internet. Internet connectivity is virtually everywhere, and it provides the greatest distribution channel we have ever known.When we add digital content to the World Wide Web, we should be able to lower costs, increase access, and increase quality… right?
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYUCC By Photo by David Wiley
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYUCC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: David Wiley, BYU
  • Slide Credit: Brandon Muramatsu, MIT
  • Slide Credit: Brandon Muramatsu, MIT
  • In 2010 the State Board approved the first “open” policy.
  • The Open Course Library is a collection of expertly developed educational materials – including textbooks, syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments – for 81 high-enrollment college courses. 42 courses have been completed so far, providing faculty with a high-quality option that will cost students no more than $30 per course.

Digital + Open: This Changes Everything Digital + Open: This Changes Everything Presentation Transcript

  • Digital + Open: This Changes Everything Tom CaswellWA State Board for Community & Technical Collegestomcaswell.com | @tom4cam | tcaswell@sbctc.edu Blackboard World 2012 July 12, 2012 Unless otherwise specified, this presentation by Tom Caswell is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported 3.0 License.
  • CC BY-NC-ND Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531
  • The DreamThat everyone have access to highquality, affordable, accessible learningopportunities.It will require we share the educational resourceswe produce and that we spend our limited publicresources wisely.
  • The Need“Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years. By: COL1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures http://www.col.org/SiteCollectio2 British Council and IDP Australia projections s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  • The Iron TriangleQuality vs. Cost vs. Access AccessQuality Cost
  • How do we maximize the potential of digital contentand networked technologies?
  • Digital Content + Internet Delivery = Lower Cost Greater Access Greater Quality Right?
  • Hold thatthought…
  • Education Is Sharing
  • Teachers ShareWith Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  • Students ShareWith Teachers questions assignments tests
  • If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  • Successful Educatorsshare most completelywith the most students
  • Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  • Physical Expressions Are Notto give a book you must give it away
  • Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  • When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  • An Indescribable Advancethe first time in human history
  • Both Knowledgeand Expressionscan be given without giving away
  • Unprecedented Capacitywe can share as never before
  • Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  • What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  • Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  • Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  • Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  • Except We Can’t © forbidscopying, distributing, and editing
  • © Cancels the Possibilitiesof digital media and the internet
  • Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  • Use copyright to enable sharing
  • What is Creative Commons?A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work.
  • Step 1: Choose License Conditions http://creativecommons.org/choose Attribution Share Alike Non-Commercial No Derivative Works 33
  • Step 2: Receive License 34
  • Digital + Opendiagnostic, adaptive, interactive free, full local control (4Rs) • reuse • revise • remix • redistribute
  • Digital + Open
  • Digital Content + Internet Delivery+ Open License = Lower Cost Greater Access Greater Quality
  • 400 million openresources so far
  • Higher Ed
  • uses a Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • Blackboard
  • Open as a continuum• Sharing, access, materials, practiceIndividual Standalone Course Materials “Courses” Courses + Images Modules Open Textbooks Certification Flickr MIT OCW Open Course Library MITx OpenLearn Saylor.org Udacity / Coursera TED-Ed
  • OCL Logo Credits: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC-SA Content Snippets Moving Forward Courses
  • What’s in it for me?
  • Building Reputation Through Digital, Open Sharing Brett Shelton Assistant Professor Instructional Technology & Learning Sciences Utah State University Research Interest: Instructional Games
  • USU OCW - Instructional Games
  • Digital, Open Sharing  Discoverability  New OpportunitiesHow do you end up on the first page of a Google search in your field?What kinds of professional opportunities could that yield?
  • http://techplan.sbctc.edu“We will cultivate the culture andpractice of using and contributing toopen educational resources.”
  • State Board “Open” PolicyAll digital software, educationalresources and knowledge producedthrough competitive grants, offeredthrough and/or managed by theSBCTC, will carry a Creative CommonsAttribution License (CC BY).
  • Open Course Library A collection of openly licensed (CC BY) educational materials for 81 high-enrollment college courses Project Goals: 1. Lower textbook costs for students 2. Improve course completion rates 3. Provide new resources for faculty Credit: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC- SA Please visit: http://opencourselibrary.org
  • Affordability SBCTC Example: English Composition I 50,000+ enrollments / year x $175 textbook = $8.7+ Million every year
  • Open Course Library The first 42 courses were released October 31, 2011 Over 35,000 visits from 125 countries to http://opencourselibrary.org Over 80 media mentions worldwide
  • Open Course Library Initial Impact In the first year, students will save $1.1 million in textbook costs That’s more than we spent to develop the courses… in year 1.
  • Open Course LibrarySaylor.org ReusesOpen CourseLibrary Materials
  • Open Course Library  Saylor  iTunes U
  • OCL in iTunes U
  • NEW HE Models are En Route
  • Conclusion1. Digital + Open: Implement policies and solutions to encourage content that is both digital AND open (meaning free, shareable, adaptable, and editable)2. Lifelong Learning: Allow course content to be persistent and discoverable with tools like CourseSites (so students can preview lessons before they are officially enrolled and review them after).
  • Questions?Tom CaswellEmail: tcaswell@sbctc.eduBlog: http://tomcaswell.comTwitter: @tom4camSlides available at: http://slideshare.net/tom4cam Unless otherwise specified, this presentation by Tom Caswell is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported 3.0 License.