Creating a future: ICT and Education

Björn Menden
13.02.2014

We make ICT strategies work
Content

Contents

1. Impact Potential of ICT
2. ICT and Education in Africa

–2–

© Detecon

3. Uplift Education in Afric...
ICT can Improve Education in Africa – Key Message

Improvements in education and increased access to ICT are two prominent...
ICT can Improve Education in Africa – Potential of ICT

World Bank observes that a 10% increase in mobile, internet and br...
Content

Contents

1. Impact Potential of ICT
3. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT

–5–

© Detecon

c

2. ICT and Edu...
ICT and Education in Africa – Current Situation

African companies are making extensive use of ICT modes in their daily ta...
ICT and Education in Africa

Much is yet to be achieved in the provisioning of ICT to the common man in Africa. With
poor ...
ICT and Education in Africa

Significant numbers of students in Africa, even while ‘attending’ school, are reporting
not l...
ICT and Education in Africa

There is huge discrepancy, in the emphasis placed on the use of ICT in schools,
between the w...
Content

Contents

1. Impact Potential of ICT
2. ICT and Education in Africa

– 10 –

© Detecon

c

3. Uplift Education in...
Uplift Education in Africa through ICT

Implementing ICT in Africa’s education environment requires thorough follow-throug...
Uplift Education in Africa through ICT

Today there are programs in Africa that fully incorporate bandwidth, hardware, sof...
Uplift Education in Africa through ICT

The Shanduka Foundation through the Adopt-a-School Foundation’s comprehensive
appr...
Uplift Education in Africa through ICT

Hazyview Digital Learning Centre is an example of a success story of business
invo...
Uplift Education in Africa through ICT

With only a 2% mobile broadband penetration rate across Africa, investing into ICT...
– 16 –

© Detecon

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Detecon casa annual function 2014 presentation 04 bjîrn menden

  1. 1. Creating a future: ICT and Education Björn Menden 13.02.2014 We make ICT strategies work
  2. 2. Content Contents 1. Impact Potential of ICT 2. ICT and Education in Africa –2– © Detecon 3. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT
  3. 3. ICT can Improve Education in Africa – Key Message Improvements in education and increased access to ICT are two prominent objectives to develop Africa’s future. What are the key action points? Key bottlenecks to address in ensuring that ICT contributes to social enablement are improving infrastructure, access and enabling environment for private sector development. ICT is important for Africa’s future development, growth prospects and competitiveness! Affordable and appropriate access to ICT can play an important roles in reducing poverty through improving education. –3– © Detecon ICT increases efficiency, provides access to new markets or services, creates new opportunities for income generation and gives poor people a voice and opportunities.
  4. 4. ICT can Improve Education in Africa – Potential of ICT World Bank observes that a 10% increase in mobile, internet and broadband penetration respectively correlates with a 0.81% – 1.38% increase in South Africa’s GDP. % GDP Growth Based on Increased ICT Usage in South Africa % Contribution to GDP for every 10% Increase in ICT Penetration High Income Countries Low and Middle Income Countries 1.38 1.38 1.21 1.12 1.12 0.81 0.81 0.77 0.60 Mobile Internet Broadband Mobile Internet Broadband SOURCE: Venture Africa; United Nations – Africa Renewal; Digital Jobs in Africa: Catalyzing Inclusive Opportunities for Youth South Africa Summary Report 2012 –4– © Detecon Correlation between GDP growth (%) and telephone, mobile, internet and broadband penetration
  5. 5. Content Contents 1. Impact Potential of ICT 3. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT –5– © Detecon c 2. ICT and Education in Africa
  6. 6. ICT and Education in Africa – Current Situation African companies are making extensive use of ICT modes in their daily tasks. Africa’s education system must also empower its students with the relevant skills. Share of Companies Internet Usage (2013) Potential of the Internet Internet users can both contribute knowledge to the network and gain information from it. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%  Increasing access to information  Improving collaboration amongst teams  Faster and reliable communications with suppliers / customers Raising Efficiency Reducing Costs Internet is used to some extent SOURCE: Research ICT africa.net, The Mobile Economy 2013 – AT Kearney, Detecon Research –6– © Detecon Internet is used to high extent
  7. 7. ICT and Education in Africa Much is yet to be achieved in the provisioning of ICT to the common man in Africa. With poor ICT penetration rates, it is not a surprise that standards of education are falling. ICT Penetration Rates in Select African Countries (2013) % Mobile Phone Ownership (%) 84 85 Computer Usage (%) 80 Internet Usage (%) 74 75 70 65 60 60 56 55 50 45 47 45 47 40 34 35 30 20 15 29 26 25 36 24 21 18 10 10 5 18 16 15 14 2 13 13 8 4 3 8 6 2 4 5 0 Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Namibia Nigeria Rwanda South Africa Tanzania Uganda SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms - Benchmark: –7– © Detecon Cameroon
  8. 8. ICT and Education in Africa Significant numbers of students in Africa, even while ‘attending’ school, are reporting not learning from their studies and activities at school. Selected References  % of School Children NOT Learning One in four children in sub-Saharan Africa does not go to school – a total of 32 million schoolage children. This is almost half (45%) of the global out-of school population.  About 153 million adults in sub-Saharan Africa cannot read or write. Over 60% of these are women.  Two out of every three pupils, who have finished 2 years of primary school in east Africa, fail basic tests in English and numeracy.  Only one in ten pupils who have graduated from the public school education system, in South Africa, pass university entrance exams. –8– © Detecon SOURCE: Center for Universal Education at Brookings
  9. 9. ICT and Education in Africa There is huge discrepancy, in the emphasis placed on the use of ICT in schools, between the world’s highest rated education systems and those of Africa. Computers @ Schools – Africa Computers @ Schools – Europe # of Students per Internet Connected Computer 63.0 65 32 000 32 000 Number of Schools Number of Schools with Computers 30 000 60 28 000 55 26 000 50 22 000 40 25 582 24 000 45 26 000 26 000 20 000 18 000 35 16 000 30 14 000 25 12 000 10 000 20 14.0 15 6 651 6 000 10 2.0 4.0 4 000 4.0 800 2 000 0 1 519 80 350 0 Sweden Norway Denmark France Egypt EU Avg. SOURCE: Survey of Schools – ICT in Education 2012, Research ICT Africa 0 entry Specific Policy Briefs –9– Ghana Mozambique Namibia South Africa © Detecon 5 7 000 8 000
  10. 10. Content Contents 1. Impact Potential of ICT 2. ICT and Education in Africa – 10 – © Detecon c 3. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT
  11. 11. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT Implementing ICT in Africa’s education environment requires thorough follow-through and monitoring. Imperatives The Way Forward Policy implementation must be followed up with close monitoring to ensure effective deployment and uptake of lessons learned. ICT as the ‘silver bullet’ Investment in ICT by itself does not foster human capital development, but must be accompanied by investment in education. Total Cost of Ownership Multi-partnership and multi-stakeholder setups must have distinct ownership of tasks in order to promote accountability. ICT in Education vs. Education in ICT While equipping schools with computers and using them to teach computer literacy is useful, the goal of fully integrating ICT in educational and administrative processes will continue to be constrained if access to ICT infrastructure, affordable connectivity, and a reliable energy supplies are not provided. Professional Development of Teachers Teachers need to be able to design and adapt content and materials to their students’ needs. Furthermore they must inculcate in their students a sense of ethical judgement to guard against dangers inherent in the misuse of ICT. – 11 – © Detecon Monitor Implementation
  12. 12. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT Today there are programs in Africa that fully incorporate bandwidth, hardware, software, training in order to address scale and deliver impact. 1 2 Education leaders and policymakers are integrating technology projects and policy into the broader transformation of service delivery and national education strategy. 3 Policymakers are addressing the limitations of insufficient infrastructure conditions and providing affordable and sufficient quality bandwidth, electricity and ICT literacy. Corporates are taking up the responsibilities to support the creation and enhancement of a conducive learning and teaching environment in disadvantaged schools. Education leaders are looking outside the classroom for solutions that will support access to educational information and resources. 4 – 12 – © Detecon SOURCE: http://www.infodev.org/articles/quick-guide-ict-education-initiatives-africa
  13. 13. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT The Shanduka Foundation through the Adopt-a-School Foundation’s comprehensive approach addresses issues of academics, infrastructure, social and security. R117 Million has been More than 4000 temporary job opportunities have been created invested 3 New schools built More than 1000 learners have received spectacles 448 796 Learners have benefitted from initiatives More than 4500 learners have benefitted from career guidance, leadership training and life skills programmes More than 321 new facilities built More than 1600 educators have been developed Whole School Development Model Infrastructure Teambuilding and Motivation Donors and Adopters (Corporate and individuals) Educator Development Learner ExtraSchool Safety, Development Curricular and Security and Co-Curricular Discipline Activities Strategic Partners – 13 – Social Welfare Staff, Board and Shanduka Foundation © Detecon Strategic Planning, Leadership & Management
  14. 14. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT Hazyview Digital Learning Centre is an example of a success story of business involvement in ICT education. Funding Management  R3.7 million start-up capital (August 2012)  R2.6 million in additional donations + 10 full-time teachers 60+desktop computers, Information-Communication Technology (ICT) Academy as well as a Hospitality Academy High-speed wireless internet connectivity 3 digital whiteboards,  120 adult learners graduated in September 2013  Over 200 adults enrolled  Graduates may apply for T-Systems’ internship and learnership programmes   Adult Learners  Open Learning Academy, providing English literacy, maths literacy, digital literacy and life skills to school-aged learners formal partnership with two local primary schools, each one sending over 400 students to the Open Learning “Digital” reach to 6000 primary school children in 2014 School-Aged Learners – 14 – © Detecon  100 tablet computers, Hosanna Community Projects
  15. 15. Uplift Education in Africa through ICT With only a 2% mobile broadband penetration rate across Africa, investing into ICT and education holds significant social and economic potential for companies. Selected Potentials & Opportunities   Center of excellence for ICT development Well trained workforce leading to increased efficiency Extend customer base  Targeted product development (cloud computing, e-commerce etc.)  Customer Base Development Talent & Skill Development ICT  Provide and develop access to infrastructure, applications and content Promote information transparency Develop Brand Value  – 15 – Build customer loyalty Build positive brand perception  © Detecon  Close the Digital / Social Divide
  16. 16. – 16 – © Detecon Thank you!
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