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Using Quotations effectively
ENC 1102 Online
By Byrna Joseph
Purpose of a Quotation in a
• Good quotations are
supposed to support a
• A “dropped” quote is a quote that is put into a
sentence with no introduction.
• Ex. Fraser tries to convince us that by
reasonably cutting back, most of the problems
would be solved. “But the problem really isn’t
meat, but too much meat—
overgrazing, overfishing and overconsumption.
If American just ate less meat, the problem
could be alleviated without giving up meat
entirely” (Fraser 185).
YOU NEVER WANT
TO DROP A
Introduce you Quote!
A quotation should never
suddenly appear out of
Discuss your quotations
• What is your interpretation or
opinion of it?
A few ways to Introduce an
• Here we see that
• This statement shows
• Clearly, then,
• We can conclude from this that
• This tells us that
• From this we can understand that
Try a Colon Introduction
• Sometimes you might want to use a colon
• The colon is used to introduce a quotation or
formal statement, but you must put an
independent clause after the colon
• Ex. The speaker made the following
observation:“In the future, communication
between people all over the world will lead not
to an enriched culture but to a homogenous
Using An introductory phrase
• May sometimes be best. For example:
In the words of Fisher, quot;Art is a mirror of beliefquot;
As Ted Fisher has remarked, quot;Life imitates art.quot;
As Fisher reminds us, quot;Monkey see, monkey
• Sometimes you might want to begin your
quotation in the middle of the writer's
Joe believes that quot;life is slow and softquot; in the
country (Living Easy 288).
Condense the Quotation
• You can sometimes leave out some words
from a quote in order to have the portion that is
• Just don’t forget the mid-sentence ellipses
( three spaced dots…)
The surf on the beach at Tampa Bay beat
against the shore.
James spoke of his wave watching, quot;The
surf . . . beat against the shore“
Condense the Quotation
Including /in-text citation
• The in-text citation is the author's last name
followed by a page number:
Ex. (Joseph 252)
• Make sure to cite this quotation or source in
your works cited or bibliography page
Make sure the words are right.
• If you need to change anything else
in the quotation or add some
comment within it, indicate your
change or addition by using square
• Quotations longer than four lines should be in
set-off block format.
• These should have a Left-indent
• Start these with a signal statement ending in a
• Ex: In his imaginary book little John says:
I enjoyed riding my bike today. I remember when
I first learned how to ride my bike. It was over
three years ago but I remember it like it was
yesterday. My dad waked me up early that
morning and he told me that he had a surprise
for me outside.
To end a quotation
• When there is a parenthetical citation
there are different rules for
• Period Ex: quot;I cannot suppress,quot; Nietzsche says, quot;a sigh
and a last hopequot; (917).
• Question Ex: What is it,quot; Nietzsche asks, quot;that I especially
find utterly unendurable?quot; (917)
• Exclamation Ex: Nietzsche's melancholic energy is
unmistakable: quot;At this point I cannot suppress a sigh and
a last hope. What is it that I especially find utterly
unendurable? That I cannot cope with, that makes me
choke and faint? Bad air! Bad air!quot; (917)
Inside the “q” Outside the “q”
question mark period
• It is important to find the BEST
• Those that really serve your
purpose and help your paper.