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# Lg stem11 including the middle25septf

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### Lg stem11 including the middle25septf

1. 1. Including the middle:<br />Beyond plus and minus for critical success <br />1<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
2. 2. Including the middle: What it means<br />Goal: Achieving a multi-faceted mindset<br />Method: Thinking critically <br />Execution: Avoiding fallacies<br />2<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
3. 3. Including the middle: How to do it<br />Find <br /> Define<br /> Disentangle<br /> Fix<br />3<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
4. 4. Including the middle: Finding the problem(s)<br />Words:<br /> Scope, denotations, connotations<br /> Content words & function words<br />Ideas:<br /> Implications, suggestions, allusions<br />Reasoning processes: <br /> Logic, insinuation, & illogic <br />4<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
5. 5. In the middle: Defining ….<br /> ……the nature of the problem<br /> word uses? premises? conclusions? <br /> ……the “name” of the problem<br /> a fallacy of a particular type?<br /> ……the schema of the problem <br /> a pattern of A, B, C…..<br />5<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
6. 6. In the middle: Disentangling the illogical<br />…via attention to (various) interpretations<br /> …via efforts to achieve specificity<br /> …via discernment of the unspoken, accepted<br /> ...via alternative methods of expression <br />6<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
7. 7. In the middle: Fixing the fallacious<br />Be attentive<br />Ask questions <br />Determine the goal<br />Be aware of logic<br />Play the devil’s advocate<br />Bounce ideas off others <br />Be critical<br />7<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />
8. 8. Include it? Exclude it? Think!<br />Fallacy watch….some examples<br /> e.g., X or not X versus X or Y <br /> e.g., All X are Y; Z is Y; therefore, Z is X<br /> e.g., B=C, because C=B (petitioprincipii)<br /> e.g., word sense and/or ambiguity<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />8<br />
9. 9. Including the middle<br />Consequences<br /> Vigilant attention in reading, listening<br /> Improved attentiveness<br /> Honed critical skills<br /> Increased transdisciplinarity<br /> Logical clarity<br />KAWatson, Coastline CC<br />9<br />