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BitNation Client-Server Manual Document Transcript

  • 1. CONFIGURATION MANUAL (VIRTUAL) CLIENT/SERVER NETWORK This manual outlines the step-by-step procedures involved in setting up a real-time Client/Server Network within a virtual environment, which includes these components: Installation of Sun VirtualBox® VMware Installation and configuration of Windows XP® Installation and configuration of Windows Server 2003®
  • 2. Table of Contents INSTALLING WINDOWS XP® PROFESSIONAL ON THE CLIENT MACHINES ......................................................................... 3 INSTALLING WINDOWS SERVER 2003® STANDARD EDITION ON THE SERVER MACHINE .............................................. 12 CONFIGURING WINDOWS SERVER 2003® (DETAILING TWO ACTIVITY AREAS) .............................................................. 18 Activity 1a: SETTING UP THE ACTIVE DIRECTORY ........................................................................................................ 18 Activity 1b: SETTING UP DHCP - CREATING A SCOPE .................................................................................................. 24 Activity 2: CREATING USER ACCOUNTS AND ROAMING PROFILES ............................................................................. 33 2
  • 3. INSTALLING WINDOWS XP® PROFESSIONAL ON THE CLIENT MACHINES 1. After creating the virtual machine in VirtualBox® the computer reboots and prompts to “boot from a CD”. An ISO file was used to start a ‘clean’ installation. A DOS mode message is displayed as it checks the system’s hardware configuration, and then this DOS bluescreen message appears. Setup loads the files needed to begin the installation of Windows XP®. 2. A ‘Welcome to setup’ screen is shown next with three options. The ENTER key is pressed to begin installation right away. 3. The Licensing Agreement for the software is displayed outlining the EULA (End User Licensing Agreement). The F8 key is pressed to accept it. 3
  • 4. 4. This screen prompts to select a partition of the HDD to install the operating system software. The virtual machine’s HDD was not partitioned, so only one partition shows up in the list and is already selected. The ENTER key is pressed to continue. 5. Next, the file system format for the HDD has to be selected. The options are NTFS (New Technology File System) or FAT (File Allocation Table) in full mode or quick mode. NTFS (in quick mode) is selected as it is more reliable than FAT, then the ENTER key is pressed to continue. 6. Setup now copies system files to the partition, which allows it to continue in GUI mode. The yellow indicator bar constantly displays its progress. When done, Setup saves the installation and reboots the machine. Next, there is a prompt to “boot from a CD”. Do not press anything, wait some seconds and the installation will reactivate itself from the partition in GUI mode. 4
  • 5. 7. Now in GUI mode the installation continues, and all the activity is highlighted by indicator radio- buttons. Other information about the software is randomly displayed. It takes a few minutes as the hardware devices are being detected. 8. A prompt appears to customise the regional and language settings. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 9. A prompt to personalise the software appears, and the user can enter his/her real name (which will not be the username) and optionally an organisation name. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 5
  • 6. 10. The user must enter the 25-character product key given with the software. If it is not a valid one, installation will not continue. Once this is updated, press the Next button. 11. The next prompt allows the user to enter a name for the computer (helpful to recognise it on the network) as well as to set an administrator password. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 12. A prompts appears allow the user to adjust the time, date and zone settings. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 6
  • 7. 13. Setup continues installing in the background for a few minutes. The time remaining is constantly shown above a green indicator bar to the bottom left. 14. A prompt appears to configure the network settings. ‘Typical settings’ option is selected to allow for the default configuration. Press the Next button. 15. The next prompt allows the user to select whether the machine will be on a network or workgroup. The Workgroup option is selected as the network is not set up as yet. Once this is updated, press the Next button. 7
  • 8. 16. Setup continues installing in the background and in a few more minutes it is complete. It will then reboot the machine. Next, there is a prompt to “boot from a CD”. Do not press anything, wait some seconds and the machine will initiate a boot. 17. The Windows XP® Professional splash-screen is displayed on successful boot. 18. A prompt will appear to adjust the display settings. The OK button is pressed to allow Windows to do this automatically. 8
  • 9. 19. A GUI ‘Welcome to Microsoft Windows’ screen is displayed as the first part of a brief wizard to help the user make some final configurations to the machine. Press the Next button. 20. A prompt appears about connecting the computer. For now, this step is omitted. Press the Skip button. 21. A prompt appears about activating Windows. The ‘No’ option is selected and the Next button is pressed. 9
  • 10. 22. A prompt appears to create user accounts for the machine (only one user created) then the Next button is pressed. After this step the wizard ends as the Finish button is pressed. 23. A Welcome screen is displayed as the desktop is prepared. 24. Finally, the desktop is displayed and Windows XP® Professional is now ready to be used. Next, an IP address is assigned to the client machine. 10
  • 11. 25. In the Start Control Panel Network Connections window, “Change Windows Firewall settings” is clicked in the side panel. In the pop-up box, select the ‘Off’ radio button, then click OK. 26. Then right click the ‘Local Area Connection’ icon, and click ‘Properties’. In the pop up box, select the ‘Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)’ link and click the ‘Properties’ button. 27. In the next pop up box, click ‘Use the following IP address’. Enter the IP address and its subnet mask (in this case, MachineOne_XP is given the IP 192.168.0.5). Press the OK button. The machine now has an IP address. *Steps 1 to 27 are repeated in the second virtual machine (being MachineTwo_XP which is given the IP 192.168.0.6). Next, the server machine is installed. 11
  • 12. INSTALLING WINDOWS SERVER 2003® STANDARD EDITION ON THE SERVER MACHINE 1. After creating the virtual machine in VirtualBox® the computer reboots and prompts to “boot from a CD”. An ISO file was used to start a ‘clean’ installation. A DOS mode message is displayed and Windows Server 2003® Standard Edition is selected by pressing ‘9’, then press the Enter key. 2. A bluescreen appears while Setup loads the necessary files for the installation. 3. A ‘Welcome to setup’ screen is shown next with three options. The ENTER key is pressed to begin installation right away. Next, the Licensing Agreement for the software is displayed outlining the EULA (End User Licensing Agreement). The F8 key is pressed to accept it. 12
  • 13. 4. This screen prompts to select a partition of the HDD to install the operating system software. The virtual machine’s HDD was not partitioned, so only one partition shows up in the list and is already selected. The ENTER key is pressed to continue. 5. Next, the file system format for the HDD has to be selected. The options are NTFS (New Technology File System) or FAT (File Allocation Table) in full mode or quick mode. NTFS (in quick mode) is selected as it is more reliable than FAT, then the ENTER key is pressed to continue. 6. After formatting, Setup then copies system files to the partition, which allows it to continue in GUI mode. The yellow indicator bar constantly displays its progress. When done, Setup saves the installation and reboots the machine. Next, there is a prompt to “boot to first hard drive”. Do not press anything, wait some seconds and the installation will reactivate itself from the partition in GUI mode. 13
  • 14. 7. Now in GUI mode the installation continues, and all the activity is highlighted by indicator radio- buttons. Other information about the software is randomly displayed. It takes a few minutes as the hardware devices are being detected. 8. A prompt appears to customise the regional and language settings. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 9. A prompt to personalise the software appears, and the user can enter his/her real name (which will not be the username) and optionally an organisation name. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 14
  • 15. 10. The user must enter the 25-character product key given with the software. If it is not a valid one, installation will not continue. Once this is updated, press the Next button. 11. The next prompt allows the user to set the appropriate licensing mode. This can be left on the default setting. Press the Next button. 12. The next prompt allows the user to enter a name for the computer (helpful to recognise it on the network) as well as to set an administrator password. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 15
  • 16. 13. A prompts appears allow the user to adjust the time, date and zone settings. Once these are updated, press the Next button. 14. The next prompt allows the user to choose typical (default) or custom settings. This can be left as Typical. Press the Next button. 15. At the next prompt, the user can choose between putting the computer in a Workgroup or Domain. If the Domain is not yet set up, this can be left on as Workgroup. Press the next button. 16
  • 17. 16. Configuration is now complete and Windows Server 2003® starts up. 17. Next, the Welcome screen is displayed. From the Sun VirtualBox® menu bar for the virtual machine, the user can insert “Ctrl-Alt-Delete” then enter the administrator password (as given during setup) to login to the Server. 18. Finally, the Server’s desktop is displayed and Windows Server 2003® is now ready to be used. 17
  • 18. CONFIGURING WINDOWS SERVER 2003® (DETAILING TWO ACTIVITY AREAS) Activity 1a: SETTING UP THE ACTIVE DIRECTORY 1. First, the necessary components need to be installed. Click on Start Control Panel Add or Remove Programs. In the ‘Add/Remove Windows Components’ tab, click to put checkmarks next to the ‘Domain Name System (DNS)’ and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)’ components in the list. Press the OK button that the components will be installed. 2. Next, go to the ‘Manage Your Server’ window. Click on the ‘Add or remove a role’. 3. The Active Directory Installation Wizard is activated and a message about Operating Systems compatibility is displayed. Press the Next button. 18
  • 19. 4. The next prompt allows the user to choose the Domain Controller Type. Select ‘Domain controller for a new domain’. Press the Next button 5. The user is then prompted to create a new domain by selecting its type. Select ‘Domain in a new forest’. Press the Next button. 6. Next, the user is prompted to enter a DNS name for the new domain. Once this is updated, press the Next button. The wizard checks to see if any other domain with the same name exists. If there is no conflict, the wizard continues. (In this case, the server was given the domain name ‘MasterServer.local’ and the NetBIOS name ‘MASTERSERVER0’) 19
  • 20. 7. The next prompts ask the user for a NetBIOS name for the new domain. Once this is updated, press the Next button. 8. The user is then prompted for directory paths for the Database folder and Log folder. These should be left as default. Press the Next button. 9. The user is then prompted for a directory path for the SYSVOL folder. This should be left as default. Press the Next button. 20
  • 21. 10. The next prompt allows the user to verify the information given in the past steps. If all is okay, click the second option ‘Install and configure the DNS…’ then press the Next button. 11. The next prompt will confirm that there were no conflicts (once the information given was right). Press the Next button. 12. Next, the user can configure the permissions for users and group objects. Select the second option. Once this is updated, press the Next button. 21
  • 22. 13. The user is then prompted to create a password for Directory Services Restore Mode. Once this is updated, press the Next button. 14. The next prompt confirms all the data entered by the user needed to configure the server. Press the Next button to continue initiate configuration. 15. The Active Directory is then configured. This will take a few minutes. The progress is constantly displayed for the user to see. 22
  • 23. 16. When the configuration is complete, the user’s input into the wizard is also completed. Press the Finish button. 17. Lastly, the wizard prompts the user to restart the machine. Press the Restart Now button. 18. When the server restarts the Manage Your Server window opens up and three new components can be seen: Domain Controller (Active Directory), DNS Server and DHCP Server. Next, a scope is set up in the DHCP. 23
  • 24. Activity 1b: SETTING UP DHCP - CREATING A SCOPE 1. Click on Start All Programs Administrative Tools DHCP. In the DHCP window right-click on the server name listed in the side panel (in this case, the server is masterserver.local). Click on Actions Authorize in the menu bar. Then right-click on the server name in the side panel, then click ‘New Scope’. The wizard pop-up box appears. Click the next button. 2. The user is prompted to enter a Name and Description for the new scope. Once these details are updated, press the next button. 24
  • 25. 3. The user is prompted to enter the range of the scope, that is, a consecutive set of IP addresses starting at a certain point and ending at a certain point (in this case, the range given is 129.168.1.10 to 192.169.0.100). The last 2 sections Length and Subnet Mask, automatically adjusts (or they can be entered manually, but the automatic values were left as-is). Click the Next button. 4. The user is prompted to enter any exclusion(s) to the scope, that is, any address that should be reserved. This step was omitted. Click the next button. 5. A prompt appears to enter a Lease Duration. This configuration was left as-is. Press the next button. 25
  • 26. 6. A prompt appears to configure DHCP Options. Click the ‘Yes, I want to configure these options now’ radio button, and then press Next. 7. The next prompt asks the user for the default gateway IP address for the Router (in this case, the address 192.168.0.101 was given). Once these details are updated, press the next button. 26
  • 27. 8. A prompt appears for the Domain Name and DNS Servers details in this case the Parent Domain is ‘masterserver.local’ and its IP address in ‘192.168.0.2’. Once these details are updated, press the next button. 9. The next prompt to configure WINS Servers was omitted. Press the next button. 10. The next prompt seeks whether or not to activate the scope. Click the ‘Yes, I want to activate the scope now’ radio button. This is the last step in the wizard after pressing the next button. Close the wizard. 27
  • 28. 11. Now in the DHCP window, the scope that has been created for the server appears in its drop down listing in the side panel. Next the client machines are configured to receive IP addresses from the server using TCP/IP. 12. On the client machine, go to Start Control Panel Network Connections. Then right click the ‘Local Area Connection’ icon, and click ‘Properties’. In the pop up box, select the ‘Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)’ link and click the ‘Properties’ button. 13. In the next pop up box, click ‘Obtain IP address automatically’. In the section below, click ‘Use the following DNS server address (in this case, MasterServer’s IP address is 192.168.0.2). Press the OK button. The client machine will now get an IP address automatically from the server, using is scope of available addresses. 28
  • 29. 14. An ‘ipconfig’ command test is run to confirm the client machine is receiving an IP address from the server. Go to Start Run *cmd* and at the prompt type in ‘ipconfig’. The IP address successfully changed from 192.168.0.5 to 192.168.0.10. (Use ‘ipconfig/release’ and ‘ipconfig/renew’ to adjust if necessary). *Steps 12 to 14 are repeated in the second virtual machine (being MachineTwo_XP) which received the IP address 192.168.0.11). Also, Ping tests were repeated between all three machines and all were successful. 29
  • 30. Activity 2: CREATING USER ACCOUNTS AND ROAMING PROFILES 1. To create a User Account click the ‘Manage users and computers in Active Directory’ link in the Manage Your Server window. 2. Next, click on the Users folder and all the default user profiles are listed. 3. To create a new user, go to Action New User. A pop-up box appears. 30
  • 31. 4. The next prompt allows the administrator to enter data for the user. The logon name is the most important. Press the Next button then enter a password for the user, selecting the option to change password at next logon. Press the OK button. 5. In the main window of the User’s folder, the new user that was created can be seen listed there. (Ten (10) users were created for this exercise). 6. To control the logon hours of the user, right click the user as highlighted in the main window of the Users folder, then click properties. Various tabulated data about the user is displayed. Click the ‘Account’ tab and click the ‘Logon Hours…’ button. 31
  • 32. 7. A pop-up box appears where the logon hours can be adjusted. Select Tuesdays and Thursdays. Press the OK button. Then, on the Properties box, click the OK button as well. 8. To make the profile of the user a ‘roaming profile’, go to the root drive (C: drive) of the server. Create a new folder to store the roaming profiles and give it a name (the name given to this folder is ‘Profiles’. Right click the folder the go to its Properties and share the folder. Then, return to the Users folder. 32
  • 33. 9. In the user’s folder, right-click one of the new users that were created then click properties. Click the ‘Profile’ tab. In the box, enter the pathway to the ‘Profiles’ folder that was created in the root directory followed by %username%. (e.g.: masterserverprofiles%username%) Note: Server 2003 automatically replaces the %username% variable with the user account name when it creates and accesses the user profile. 10. Log on as the user on a client machine. The user’s profile folder is then automatically created in the Profiles folder on the Server machine. When the user logs off, the user's data and settings is then copied and updated to the Server. The user can now log on from any machine that is connected to the Server on that domain, thus being a ‘roaming’ profile. 33