Apostila 2012 conversation classes prep handout 1
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Apostila 2012 conversation classes prep handout 1 Apostila 2012 conversation classes prep handout 1 Document Transcript

  • ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 2 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Love words. You have to really want to learn new vocabulary if youre going to succeed.Look up words you dont know whenever you encounter them. After encountering and looking up aword several times, you should eventually be able to remember its definition. 3Use a Thesaurus. A thesaurus is a great resource which enables you to know the more advancedequivalent of basic english words.There are many computer programs and websites that have ways of giving you a short "Word ofthe Day" list with new words every day. Try going to www.dictionary.com. Scroll down and click on"Get the Word of the Day e-mail". If you enter all of the required information, you will get a new e-mailevery day with a word, its definition, and an example usage sentence. The author recommends Merriam-Webster (www.m-w.com), Dictionary.com, and Wordsmith.org. When you log on to your homepage, therewill be a list of new words every day.Read. Read all genres of books. When you come across a word you dont know, read the sentencesaround the word and try to figure out what it means from the context. Check your guess with a dictionary.This doesnt mean you should start reading medical textbooks or other books with lots of new words onevery page. Set aside time each day to sit down with your book. Enjoy yourself!Play word games with friends. Try Boggle, Scrabble, or Catch-Phrase. There are so many great gamesout there to teach you new words. If a friend comes up with a word that you dont know, ask them what itmeans.Use the words you learn when youre talking to people or writing letters or e-mail. Using your newvocabulary is not only fun, but a great way to remember all these new words. Try to use at least threenew words a day when communicating with anyone.Learn roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Many words in the English language come from Latin or Greekwords. When you combine these Latin or Greek words, you get new words in English. For example: astro("astron" meaning "star") + logy (logos meaning "speech") = astrology (meaning "telling of the stars"). Buyan etymological dictionary (meaning "a dictionary of word origins")If you learn any romance language (eg: French, Spanish, Italian), or Latin or Ancient Greek, these willhelp you immensely with improving your vocabulary, especially the two ancient languages here becauseso many complicated English words are derived from words that are simple and commonly used in them.Find a friend who speaks English. Its good to practice using your new words. With a web connection,your conversation partner does not need to live near you. You can email, chat, and even phone eachother using your computers. A friend who understands that you are learning can help you practice, usenew words in your conversations, and offer you advice. Since talking to a friend is fun, it wont feel likework! If your friend wants to learn your language, too, it will be easier for both of you to understand eachothers mistakes.Listen to the radio, watch television, or find a podcast that you like in English, andpractice understanding the language when spoken, too. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 3 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Language learning opinions (Learner Training/ Functional Language- Opinions/ Meetings)Read through the following ideas for studying English and mark each one with a tick forgood ideas and a cross for bad ideas (don’t think about it too much, just go on your firstimpressions – TICK THE ONES YOU´RE GONNA DO OUTSIDE CLASS ) • Listening to English songs when you are going to sleep • Having English radio on in the background while you are doing your housework • Playing English language learning games on your PS2/PS3/Xbox/Wii • Saying or thinking what you are doing in English as you carry out daily tasks (‘I am unscrewing the ketchup bottle cap’ etc.) • Watching English language films with English subtitles • Watching films with English subtitles • Watching the same film or TV episode over and over again • Reading graded readers (= easy readers) • Reading classic books in the original (e.g. Shakespeare or Charles Dickens) • Reading English children’s books • Watching English children’s films or TV programmes • Keeping a list of language to learn, e.g. a vocab list • Going through your vocab list several times every day • Labeling things in your house or office, e.g. with post-its • Doing exercises in self-study grammar books and vocab books • Starting English lessons very young, e.g. when you are two • Reading a grammar book • Surfing the net in English • Taking holidays abroad • Drawing pictures of the words you want to learn • Reading children’s books in English • Having a foreign boyfriend or girlfriend • Arranging a conversation exchange • English language exams • Translating • Writing the words you want to learn in English • Modelling your accent on one particular actor, e.g. trying to speak like Robert De Niro • Using an English-English dictionary • Occasionally talking to or e-mailing your Japanese friends in English • Finding a pen friend • Starting conversations with foreign people you see on the train. • Going to an English pub and starting conversations with the barmen and other customers. • Keeping a diary in English • Online chat • Listening to the radio news in English • Reading an English language newspaper • Writing fiction in English, e.g. short stories • Listening to English music • Reading the lyrics of English songs, e.g. from a CD jacket or on the internet • Singing in English, e.g. karaoke • English language exercise videos • Listening to audio books • Learning a famous speech or poem in English by heart • Putting yourself into a state of deep relaxation before doing listening exercises • Getting tipsy (= a little drunk) before speaking English • Using a dictionary while you are watching a movie • Learning and using the phonemic script • Recording your own voice • Working your way through the dictionary ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 4 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 5 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)1 Look at the words below. lanky stocky chubby well-built skinny petite slim overweight wiry curvy shapely slenderWhich of the following people could they be used to describe? a. a strong, thin man b. a small, thin woman c. a tall, thin man d. a small, fat, strong man e. an attractive woman with broad hips and a big bust f. a tall, thin woman2 Which of the phrases below suggest a. a slim, strong man b. a big, fat man c. an attractive man (in your opinion)He’s got a double chin He’s got a pot bellyHe’s got a beard and moustache He’s baldHe’s got sideburns He’s got slim hips and a narrow waistHe’s broad-shouldered He’s got high cheekbonesHe’s got a six pack He’s long-legged3 What’s the difference between the following?a. a ponytail a pigtail a goateeb. flat-chested pigeon-chested broad-chestedc. bony big-boned skin and bonesd. handsome gorgeous attractivee. hunky cute charming4 Read the descriptions of different people. Then complete the final sentencein the most appropriate way.a. When I last saw my brother, he was a long, lanky eighteen-year-old with scruffy, long hair and a thin moustache that looked silly. He was skinny and shy. But now, I’ve just returned from two years in America, and he’s absolutely gorgeous. He’s ___________________________________. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 6 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Describe yourself and your teacher - :)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 7 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 8 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) CONT. (HOW THE SCOTS SAY IT)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 9 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 10 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 11 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 12 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 13 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 14 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Let´s talk about : ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 15 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 16 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 17 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 18 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)1. Your coworker has 8 body piercings and none are visible.2. You make over $250,000 and still cant afford a house.3. You take a bus and are shocked at 2 people carrying on a conversation in English4. Your childs 3rd grade teacher has purple hair, a nose ring, and is named Breeze.5. You cant remember... is pot illegal?6. Youve been invited to a baby shower that has two mothers and a sperm donor.7. You have a very strong opinion about where your coffee beans are grown and can taste the difference between Sumatran and Ethiopian.8. You know which restaurant serves the freshest arugula.9. You cant remember... is pot illegal?10. A really great parking space can move you to tears.11. A low speed pursuit will interrupt ANY TV broadcast.12. Gas costs 75 cents per gallon more than anywhere else in the U.S.13. A man gets on the bus in full leather regalia and crotchless chaps. You dont even notice.14. Unlike back home, the guy at 8:30 am at Starbucks wearing the baseball cap and sunglasses who looks like George Clooney IS George Clooney.15. Your car insurance costs as much as your house payment.16. Your hairdresser is straight, your plumber is gay, the woman who delivers your mail is into BDSM and your Mary Kay rep is a guy in drag.17. You cant remember... is pot illegal?18. Its sprinkling and theres a report on every news station about "STORM WATCH 2000."19. You have to leave the big company meeting early because Billy Blanks himself is teaching the 4:00 PM Tae Bo class.20. You pass an elementary school playground and the children are all busy with their cell phones or pagers.21. Its sprinkling outside, so you leave for work an hour early to avoid all the weather-related accidents.22. Hey! Is Pot Illegal?23. You AND your dog have therapists. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 19 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 20 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 21 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 22 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 23 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 24 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) What is bullying? People of all ages can be cruel to one another when they are in a bad mood, but this in itself does not constitute bullying because it is usually a ‘one-off’. Bullying, on the other hand, is repeated relentlessly. It involves either physical intimidation or verbal abuse, or both, and thanks to modern technology it does not even need to be face-to-face – cyberbullying through chat-rooms, emails and mobile phones is becoming increasingly common. Psychological bullying involves gossiping about the target or starting a cruel rumour about them. Verbal bullying includes teasing and taunting the victim. Who are the bullies and why do they do it? Both boys and girls can be bullies. Boys will bully both boys and girls, whereas girls tend to bully girls rather than boys. Bullies are people who take pleasure in belittling and scaring others cruelly so that they can dominate them. The bullies are often not happy people, but may have suffered abuse themselves. They often have low self-esteem and can only raise their opinion of themselves by putting other people down. Unfortunately this is a very short-term policy and they end up, according to statistics, having less successful lives than some other people. How do bullies choose a victim? Certain types of people attract bullies: targets tend to be smaller than the bully, younger, shy, passive, easily dominated and not to have a large circle of friends. Bullies head for people who look like they don’t fit in. What can you do if you are bullied? The most obvious answer is to tell a responsible adult – a teacher, a counsellor, a coach, etc. It is worth remembering that adults may even be able to sort out the problem without the bully finding out how the situation was discovered. Apart from that, it is important to remember that bullying takes place in certain locations more than others (playgrounds, bathrooms, school buses, on the walk home, etc.), so avoid being alone in these places when possible. In fact, bullies are unlikely to pick on a person who is at the centre of a group of friends so, as far as possible, stay in a friendly group – there is safety in numbers! Also, it is worth plucking up courage to be assertive with a bully – assertive but not aggressive. It is vital not to fight back, however much you might want revenge. This is because the bully’s main aim is to wind you up. If you lose your temper, the bully has won because s/he has successfully wound you up. It is a much better idea to simply stand your ground, put your foot down and insist, calmly and clearly, that the bully leave you alone. You can even practise what to say beforehand so that it sounds right, and having said your piece, walk away. Such simple behaviour (along with ignoring taunts, etc) can eventually stop bullies because they are just not getting the reaction they want from you. Remember, bullies bully more than one victim. If you speak out against a bully, many other people will support you, either because they simply think you are right or because they too have been bullied. Quick Quiz: Read the clues below and write the solutions on a piece of paper. Then take the first letter of each answer and rearrange them to find the hidden word connected with this Talking Point. 1. __________ through chat-rooms, emails and mobile phones is becoming increasingly common. 2. Boys will bully both boys and girls, whereas girls tend to bully girls __________ than boys. 3. It is important to remember that bullying takes place in certain __________ more than others. 4. Bullies are __________ to pick on a person who is at the centre of a group of friends. 5. If you speak out against a bully, many other people will support you, __________ because they simply think you are right or because they too have been bullied.( For more practice on this Lesson – Go to watch the YouTube videos your teacher has selected for you!!!) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 25 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)A pet peeve (or pet hate) is a minor annoyance that an individual identifies asparticularly annoying to him or her, to a greater degree than others may find it.Annoying Things 1. What annoys you about living where you live now? 2. What annoys you about taking trains to work? 3. What annoys you about driving a car? 4. What annoys you most about living at home with your family? 5. Do you think you have habits that annoy other people? 6. Does it annoy you when people kiss in public? 7. Do you get annoyed when someone cuts in front of you when you are waiting in line? 8. What are some new pet peeves you have as a result of recent technology (i.e. cell phone use)? 9. What annoying habits does your best friend have? 10. Does smoking bother you? 11. Do you get annoyed when other people display bad manners? Give some examples. 12. What is the most annoying thing for you? 13. What is the most annoying thing about your partner? 14. Do you annoy people with some of your habits? 15. What is something that your parents do that annoy you? 16. Can annoying someone be a good thing? 17. If something is annoying you, what do you usually do? 18. What are some things that annoy you that dont annoy your best friend? 19. How do you change annoying habits 20. What are some things that car drivers do that annoy you? 21. Can you think of some things children do that annoy adults around them? 22. What does pet peeve mean? 23. What is your pet peeve? 24. Does it annoy you when people dont use the right punctuation? 25. What kind of people annoy you? 26. Who is the most annoying person you know? Why? 27. How do you inform someone they are being annoying 28. Do you think other people find you annoying? Why? 29. Who is the most annoying celebrity? Why? 30. Which is more annoying, being caught in the rain without an umbrella, or finding out you dont have enough money to pay for something you really need? 31. Is there anything about your teacher that annoys you? What will you do about it? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 26 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 27 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 28 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 29 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 30 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 31 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 32 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Not only foreigners, but also native speakers have their problems with the English language. Quite often, teachers despair when reading their pupils’ texts. Most mistakes are made when words are pronounced the same, e.g. their/there, its/it’s etc. When worse comes to worse, some students simply shorten their texts to SMS. This is what a 12-year-old Schottish girl in her 7th year did in her composition about her last holiday. How good is your SMS English? Try to read the text below. • My smmr hols wr CWOT. • B4, we usd 2 go 2 NY 2C my bro, his GF & thr 3 :-@ kds FTF. • ILNY, its gr8. • Bt my Ps wr so {:-/ BC o 9/11 tht they dcdd 2 stay in SCO & spnd 2wks up N. • Up N, WUCIWUG - 0. • I ws vvv brd in MON. • 0 bt baas & ^^^^^. • AAR8, my Ps wr :-) - they sd ICBW, & tht they wr ha-p 4 the pc&qt... • IDTS!! • I wntd 2 go hm ASAP, 2C my M8s again. • 2day, I cam bk 2 skool. • I feel v O:-) BC I hv dn all my hm wrk. • Now its BAU ...___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 33 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 34 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 35 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 36 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 37 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 38 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 39 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) We all know what "bad words" are. Unlike most other language rules, we learn about swearwords and how to use them without any real study or classroom instruction. Even very young children know which words are naughty, although they dont always know exactly what those words mean. But swearwords arent quite as simple as they seem. Theyre paradoxical -- saying them is taboo in nearly every culture, but instead of avoiding them as with other taboos, people use them. Most associate swearing with being angry or frustrated, but people swear for a number of reasons and in a variety of situations. Swearing also serves multiple purposes in social interactions. Not only that, your brain treats swear words differently than it treats other words.- Watch now the YouTube video – what is your favorite curse word ? + “FUCK” ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 40 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Fines For Swearing, Are You F&*King Serious?This year the Victorian government plans to introduce laws that will give power topolice to handout on-the-spot fines to people who swear or use offensive language. Ifthis legislation is successful police could fine people up to $240 for saying words thatthey think are indecent, disorderly, offensive or threatening.Excuse the French but this really is a load of shit. This law is extremely subjective.There is no actual definition of what constitutes a swear word. Not only this but it givesthe police complete power to decide what they find offensive and hand out fines basedon this alone. So watch out if you’re pissing a cop off and happen to let one slip, youmay cop a fine.Furthermore a cop doesn’t have to travel far to find places where this so-calledoffensive language is used, how about an AFL football match, the local TAB or drivingthrough peak hour traffic. A quick walk through one of these places and boom theVictorian government has a nice increase in its revenue for the month.This law is ridiculous, I do agree that swearing in public places isn’t ideal but its anexpression of how someone is feeling and we live in a ‘democratic society’ that’ssupposed to work towards upholding our rights to free speech no matter what.Furthermore if someone is behaving in a manner that is indecent, disorderly, offensiveor threatening they probably need to be arrested in the first place and an on-the-spot fineisn’t going to do much to stop their behavior in the short term. The legislation will beintroduced to Parliament later this year, with the new powers to take effect by2011.What does everyone else think ?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 41 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 42 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) • What is your biggest goal in life? • How do you plan to achieve that goal? • What are your "short term" goals? • What are your "long term" goals? • Should parents help their children set goals? • What are your educational goals? • What are your career goals? • What are your financial goals? • Why are goals important? • Is having a goal in life effective in becoming successful? • Is having a goal helpful in motivating a person? • Do you think people have fewer goals as they get older? • Do you have any goals that you feel are unrealistic? • How do peoples goals change from country to country? • What are your goals in your current job? • What are the main differences between male and female goals? • Which of your goals have you already achieved? • How would you feel if you failed to achieve any of your goals? • Do you think its a good idea to write your goals down and tick them off as you achieve them? • How important are goals to you?• What is good behavior?• What is bad behavior?• What should you do with a child who has very bad behavior?• Should some parent give medicine to their children to calm them down?• What is the right behavior to use in a restaurant? At school? At a party?• Would you teach your child to "hit back" at school if somebody hits them?• Can bad behavior lead to crime?• How should we punish children who commit crimes?• Should parents be held responsible for their childrens behavior? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 43 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)What do you usually do on the What kind of music do you like? Isweekends? What did you do last there any kind of music that youweekend? Do you have plans for cant stand?this weekend?What types of music do people How popular is live music in yourlisten to in your country? Is there country? When was the last timeany type of music that you can you went to a concert or live show?only hear in your country?How many different movie genres Whats the last movie you saw?can you name? Which is your When did you see it? What was itfavorite? Least favorite? about? Did you like it? How often do you visit museums?Which American movies have When was the last time you went tobeen popular in your country? a museum?What do you do for entertainment Do you like to gamble? When waswhen youre on vacation that you the last time you were in a casino?dont usually do? Did you win or did you lose?When was the last time you went How much do you like to dance?to a play? What about an opera, a When was the last time you wentsymphony, or a ballet? dancing? Did you enjoy yourself?How often do you drink? Whats How often do you go to parties?your favorite drink? Where do you Have you ever hosted a party?usually drink it? What was it like?Whats the worst party youve ever Would you rather go to a bar, abeen to? What made it bad? party, or a nightclub? Why?How often do you eat in arestaurant? Whats the best Do you have a favorite bar or cafe?restaurant youve ever been Why do you like it?to? Whats the best cheaprestaurant youve ever been to? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 44 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Poll: Voter interest highest in decade POSTED: 9:49 a.m. EDT, October 11, 2006 WASHINGTON (AP) -- Politics is a water-cooler topic, a dinner-table subject, an issue to discuss after Sunday services, and this year the interest of American voters is at its highest level in more than a decade. That renewed attention could translate into higher voter turnout on Nov. 7, according to an Associated Press-Pew poll. Seventy percent say they are talking politics with family and friends, and 43The Democrats fresh face percent are debating the issues at work. Among churchgoers, 28 percent share their political views, a number that rises to 34 percent among the congregations in the South.First-term Sen. Barack Obama has the charisma and ambitionto run for president, but is he ready to answer the tough The relationship with politics is not unrequited.questions? Foremost among them is whether he will run in2008, and hes not denying it. But the mania surrounding the Americans have heard from the candidates and campaigns through phone calls, e-mail or one-on-one. In turn, theyve participated more in the politicalIllinois Democrats book tour is reminiscent of the Colin Powell process, attending campaign events, circulating petitions and makingmania in 1995, when the general leveraged speculation of a political donations.presidential run into huge book sales. "Politics comes up fairly frequently in my workplace," said Christine Adkinson, an operating room nurse in Lakeland, Florida. "Most of the physicians are Republicans and some of my fellow nurses, we are mainly against the war in Iraq and Afghanistan -- we have quite livelyInterest driven mainly by Democratic discussions."angerThe high levels of political interest are driven largely by The poll also found:Democratic anger and optimism that they can win inNovember. Republican interest is close to its usual • Almost two-thirds oppose replacing voting at the polling place with votinglevels, according to the poll of 1,804 adults, including by mail, but a majority favors allowing the option to vote by mail.1,503 registered voters. • 14 percent of voters who plan to vote say they plan to vote early. Those 50 and over, who live in cities, and have more education and higherThe survey was conducted September 21-October 4 by incomes were most likely to vote early.the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press • Three-fourths have seen or heard campaign ads, and the more ads theyand has a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage have seen, the more the likelihood they will vote.points. Becky Mayer of Waverly, Tennessee, votes in spite of political advertising.The war in Iraq and Afghanistan, fears of terrorism andanxiety that the middle-class dream is slipping awayhave drawn intense interest in next months elections. "The political ads are awful," she said. "My mother taught me if you dont have nothing nice to say, dont say nothing.""Women are very, very concerned at the direction thatthis country is going," said Shannon Hargrove of Fort But Mayer hasnt lost faith that a politician someday will earn her vote.Worth, Texas, who talks politics frequently with herfriends. "A lot of us have sons that are the age to "Somebody, somewhere will come along and be for the people," she said.participate in the wars, and we have daughters and sons "I keep hoping."that are of the age that are trying to find jobs, and thatsvery difficult." ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 45 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) What do you think ??? - LET´S WATCH A VIDEO TO SEE IF YOU WERE RIGHT - ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 46 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)- LET´S WATCH A VIDEO ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 47 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 48 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) • Have you ever appreciated a sunset? o Were you alone or with someone special? • Have you ever been a guest at a surprise party? o Has anyone ever thrown a surprise party for you? • Have you ever been in a fist fight? • Have you ever been on TV? • Have you ever been to a theatre? (Also spelling "theater.") • Have you ever broken a bone? • Have you ever broken up with someone? • Has someone ever broken up with you? • Have you ever called your boyfriend or girlfriend by the wrong name? • Have you ever called your girlfriend/boyfriend "Honey?" • Have you ever changed your appearance a lot in a short time? (For example, hair style, hair color or weight) • Have you ever cheated on an exam? • Have you ever cried in public and embarrassed yourself? o Have you ever cried for no reason and felt good because of it? • Have you ever dated someone from another race, culture or religion? o Have you ever dated someone who didnt like you? o o Have you ever dated a relative by accident? • Have you ever done something silly that you wish you had not done? • Have you ever driven a sports car? o Have you ever driven a truck? • Have you ever eaten in a restaurant and realized you have no money with you? • Have you ever finished eating in a restaurant, and you realized you forgot your wallet? • Have you ever eaten something that you thought you wouldnt like, but found out that you actually liked it? • Have you ever eaten frog legs? o Have you ever eaten horse meat? o Have you ever eaten French food? (Substitute other countries food, too.) • Have you ever fallen asleep and forgotten where you were? • Have you ever fallen asleep while taking a bath? • Have you ever fallen down the stairs? • Have you ever fallen in love at first sight? • Have you ever fallen or stumbled in front of others. • Have you ever forgotten your mothers birthday? o ... fathers o ... girlfriends o ... boyfriends o ... husbands o ... wifes • Have you ever given a false excuse to get out of something you didnt want to do? If so, tell us about it. • Have you ever given a ring (or other jewelry) to your girlfriend/boyfriend? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 49 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) • Have you ever gone mountain climbing? • Have you ever gone skiing? • Have you ever gone surfing? • Have you ever dreamt of a ghost being in your bedroom and then waking up and finding yourself looling around for the ghost? • Have you ever gone to greet a friend or family member then noticed it was someone else? • Have you ever gotten sunburnt at the tanning saloon and gone back the next day? • Have you ever had a Deja Vu experience? • Have you ever made cheesecake? o Have you ever made Chinese food? o Have you ever baked bread? • Have you ever met a celebrity? • Have you ever played a joke on one of your teachers? o How about one of your classmates? • Have you ever raised your hand to answer a question, then forgot what you were going to say? • Have you ever received a present that you really hated? o What was it? o Why did you hate it? o Who gave it to you? • Have you ever regretted saying I love you? • Have you ever ridden a horse? • Have you ever ridden a motorcycle? • Have you ever said yes when you meant no? If so, tell us about it. • Have you ever slept in a cave? • Have you ever slept in a tent? • Have you ever swam in the ocean? • Have you ever talked to a famous person? o Who was the person? o How long did you talk? o What did you talk about? • Have you ever thought of something funny and started laughing out loud in the presence of others? • Have you ever told a big lie to someone you love? • Have you ever tried in-line skating? • Have you ever tried riding a skateboard? • Have you ever guessed someones age wrong (younger or older)? How did the person respond? • Have you ever been in the shower when there was an earthquake? • Have you ever ripped off your pants while dancing? • Have you ever kissed somebody by mistake? • Have you ever laughed until tears came from your eyes? • Have you ever fallen asleep while talking on the phone? • Have you ever sprained your ankle/wrist? How did it happen? • Have you ever written an article for a newspaper? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 50 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) o If so, when was it and what was the article about? • Have you ever seen a car accident? • Have you ever called your schools principal? • Have you ever received more than 10 cards on Valentines day? • Have you ever been on the radio or television? • Have you ever ridden on an ostrich? A camel? A cow? • Have you ever shaken hands with a monkey? • Have you ever received a love letter? • Have you ever seen a tornado? • Have you ever had an electricity blackout while taking a shower? • Have you ever picked youre nose in public? • Have you ever seen a car accident? • Have you ever called your schools principal? • Have you ever been on the radio? T.V? • Have you ever ridden on an ostrich? • Have you ever shaken hands with a monkey? • Have you ever received a love letter? • Have you ever seen a tornado? • Have you ever milked a cow? • Have you ever built an igloo? • Have you ever tried any extreme sports? • Have you ever shot a gun at a tree or a target? • Have you ever played an instrument in public? • Have you ever sang in public? • Have you ever talked "baby-talk" to your pet? • Have you ever given special nicknames to your pet that were completely different than their first given name? • Have you ever kept special treats for your pet? • Have you ever kept a special blanket or bed for your pet to sleep on? • Have you ever let your pet sleep in or on your bed with you? • Have you ever walked into a lamppost? • Have you ever wondered why some people want to be alone but never seem to be lonely? Why do you think this is so? • Have you ever tried to eat food without first spitting out your chewing gum? • Have you ever saved a piece of chewed chewing gum and started chewing it again later? • Have you ever called a he she or a she a he? What was the response? • Have you ever called a women sir or a Man "maam?" • Have you ever asked a woman when she was "due" and she wasnt even pregnant? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 51 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Think about these questions : 1. Why is it important to have health insurance? 2. What are the two types of health insurance plan mentioned in the recording, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each? 3. What are the names and services of different health insurance companies can you find online, and which appears to be the best option for you?Obtaining good health insurance while you are studying overseas is a realnecessity to protect you from minor and catastrophic medical expensesthat can wipe out not only your savings, but you dreams of an educationabroad.There are often two different types of health insurance you can considerbuying: internationl travel insurance and student insurance in the countrywhere you will be going. An international travel insurance policy is usuallypurchased in your home country before you go abroad. It generally coversa wide variety of medical services, and you are often given a list ofdoctors in the area where you will travel who may even speak your nativelanguage. The drawback might be that you arent reinbursed for yourmedical expenses immediately. In other words, you may have to pay allyour medical expenses and then later submit your receipts to theinsurance company.On the other hand, getting student health insurance in the country whereyou will study might allow you to only pay a certain percentage of themedical cost at the time of service (commonly called a co-pay), and thus,you dont have to have sufficient cash to pay the entire bill at once.Whatever you decide, obtaining some form of health insurance issomething you should plan before you go overseas rather than waitinguntil you are sick with major medical bills to pay off. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 52 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) The sun is shining Its drizzling Its raining (The rain is The wind is blowing falling.) Its pouring (The rain is Its hailing pouring down.) Its snowing (The snow is Its thundering falling.)Using adjectives to describe the weather Sweltering = Its sweltering. Freezing = Its freezing. or Its a sweltering day. or Its a freezing day. Warm = Its warn. or Its a Cold = Its cold, chilly. or warm day. Its a cold day. Sunny = Its sunny. or Its a Cloudy = Its cloudy. or sunny day. Its a cloudy day. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 53 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) • Whats your favorite season and why? • Are there any special traditions associated with different season in your country? • Have you ever been caught in bad weather? If so, what did you do? • What crops are produced in which seasons in your country? • Do you think weather patterns are changing? If so, why do you think this is? • Do you have many disasters in you country which are caused by weather? • Do you know any interesting myths or stories about weather? • Do you like snow? • Which do you like better hot weather or cold weather? • Do you have snow in your country? (Do you have hail?) • What month gets the most rain in your country? o What month gets the most rain around here?) • About how many inches of rain does your hometown get per year? • Whats the average temperature in your country in the summer time? o How about in the winter? • Do you get tornadoes where you are from? o Do you get typhoons? o Do you have frost? • Do you think that in recent years we are losing our four distinct seasons? • What kind of climate do you prefer when choosing a place to go on vacation? • What is the best season to get married? o Can you think of other activities in which one season may be better than another? • What are the seasons? • What is the hottest season? • What is the coldest season? • In your opinion, which season is the most beautiful? o Which season is the most comfortable for you? • Why do you think spring (or another season) is the most beautiful season? • Have you ever been stranded in a snowstorm? What did you do? • Do you think weather affects the way people feel? • How can extreme weather conditions affect the economy and social life in countries? • Do you think weather patterns are changing? o If so what do you think is causing these changes? • What are the different kinds of weather? • What is the weather like in your country for each season? • What are the different kinds of weather? • What is the weather like in your country for each season? • How does weather affect your attitude? o How does weather affect your lifestyle? • What is the relationship between weather and natural disasters? • How to you depend on the weather reports on TV? • How does TV secure weather reports? • Why is it important to know future weather conditions in advanced? • When would knowing tomorrows weather change you plans? • Have you ever checked the weather for your city on the Internet? • What time of year is the best weather where you live? • Have you ever seen snow? • Have you ever been in a typhoon? • Where do you get your weather information? • What is your favorite winter activity? ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 54 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)LISTENING – TOEFL Prep – FRIDAY´S WEATHER REPORT (www.esl-lab.com ) [NOTE: Temperature readings in this quiz are based on the fahrenheit scalewhich is used to calculate temperatures in the United States. See approximate conversions from fahrenheit to celsius.]1. What was Fridays weather like?A. fair and humidB. warm and dryC. hot and partly cloudy2. What were the high temperatures for Friday in thestate?A. 85 to 90 degreesB. 91 to 95 degreesC. 96 to 99 degrees3. What is Saturday evenings weather forecast for thestate?A. light rain over the entire stateB. heavy showers over the northern partC. some rain in parts of the state4. About what time should skies clear on Sunday?A. around 10:00 AMB. around 3:00 PMC. around 6:00 PM5. What event will occur on Sunday evening?A. The earths shadow will cover the moon.B. Colorful lights will appear in the sky.C. Shooting stars will be visible._________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 55 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Airplane travel is one of the most common forms to transportation to get to overseas destinations, but making plane reservations and buying plane tickets are only the first steps. You need to know what to do and what to say once you arrive at the airport. Listen to the words below and consult a dictionary if you need a definition. Write a sample sentence for each word to learn how it is used in context. VOCABULARY Now, complete the sentences below with the best answer: 1. The ___________ will be serving food and beverages after 1. aisle the plane reaches its cruising altitude. 2. aisle seat 3. baggage claim area A. flight attendants 4. boarding area 5. boarding pass B. pilots 6. carry-on luggage 7. cockpit C. security officers 8. emergency exit 9. flight attendant 10. gate 2. After the plane lands, you can pick up your luggage at the 11. lavatory ______________. 12. life jacket 13. metal detector A. boarding area 14. overhead compartment 15. oxygen mask B. baggage claim area 16. pilot 17. seat belt C. overhead compartment 18. security checkpoint 19. security officer 20. terminal 21. ticket counter 3. If the cabin loses pressure during flight, you should put on your _____________ so you can breathe comfortably. 22. tray table 23. window seat A. seat belt 24. X-ray machine B. life jacket C. oxygen maskWhat are the most important points you look for when choosing an airline for your nextflight? Rank the following points from most to least important: price, destination, lengthof flight, on-time record, meals, comfort and seating, and customer service. Then,choose a destination and compare two different airlines and see which company wouldmeet your needs best. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 56 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)LISTENING : AIRPORT ANNOUNCEMENT – PLANE FLIGHTS (www.esl-lab.com ). 1.Who is probably making the announcement? A. a pilot B. a flight attendant C. a ticket agent D. a ground crew member2. What is the ultimate destination of the flight? A. Atlanta B. Miami C. Caracas D. Lima3. What change has been announced? A. the flight number B. the gate number C. the arrival time D. the boarding time4. What are the current weather conditions outside? A. Its raining. B. Its cloudy. C. Its hailing. D. Its windy.5. What time will the plane depart? A. 9:50 AM B. 12:15 PM C. 4:05 PM D. 8:45 PM ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 57 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 58 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) 1. Let’s Get Superstitious! What is it that makes the Irish so lucky? Well, maybe it’s because of their traditions. Offer your students some ideas of their own with the following good luck and bad luck superstitions from the United States. Don’t tell them which should bring bad and which good luck, but let them decide together in groups. Allow them to offer reasons behind their decisions and then share the correct answers. 1. Walking under a ladder (bad) 2. Opening an umbrella in the house (bad) 3. Having a black cat cross your path (bad) 4. Carrying a rabbit’s foot (good) 5. Nailing a horseshoe above the doorway (good) 6. Crossing your fingers (good) 7. Finding a four leafed clover (good) 8. Throwing salt over your left shoulder (good) 9. Stepping on cracks (bad) 10. Breaking a mirror (bad) Play Some Traditional Irish Music! St. Patrick’s Day is a great opportunity to practice some listening and speaking with an Irish band. If you know anyone who plays Irish music, then you know that many Irish songs have simple refrains designed for audience member participation. Invite some live music to your class or use some of the Irish tunes readily available on the internet and allow your students to sing along with the refrains, green beer optional. Popular Song Titles We all know Irish eyes are smiling, but can your students fill in the blanks of these popular music titles as they review vocabulary for body parts? Try playing some or all of the songs and see if they can fill in the blanks. 11. When Irish (eyes) Are Smiling – Bing Crosby 12. (Eye) of the Tiger - Survivor 13. Dancing (Cheek) to (Cheek) - Fred Astaire 14. Put your (Arms) Around Me – Natasha Bedingfield 15. Hold your (Head) Up – Argent 16. Can’t (Smile) Without You – Barry Manilow 17. Let Your (Hair) Down – The Temptations ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 59 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Directions:Read the words in the list below. Use two words from the list to make onecompound word. See how many words you can make in _____ minutes. Theperson with the most words (that are correct) wins!GRAND SPACE DOOR SHAKE ROOMAIR HALF BROAD FATHER SOFTBOARD BOAT IN WALK OUTBELL MOTHER HAND PLANE MILKSTEAM SUIT MATE BALL WAY____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ________________________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 60 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 61 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 62 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 63 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 64 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) LET IT BE – The Beatles When I find myself in times of trouble ___________________________ Speaking words of wisdom, let it be. __________________________ She is standing right in front of me Speaking words of wisdom, let it be. Let it be, let it be, Whisper words of wisdom, let it be. And when ___________________________ Living in the world agree, ________________________, let it be. For though they may be parted there is ______________________________________________ There will be an answer, let it be. Let it be, let it be. Yeah There will be an answer, let it be. ________________________________________ There is still a light that shines on me, _____________________________________ ________________________________________ Mother Mary comes to me, Speaking words of wisdom, let it be. Let it be, let it be. There will be an answer, let it be. Let it be, let it be, ______________________________________, let it be. Let it be, let it be. There will be an answer, let it be. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 65 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)McDonalds: The Rap (YOUTUBE) ______________________________Sittin on the couch with the morning postWith a cold cup of coffee and some boring toast ______________________________Thinkin Im-a change it up, yeah thats always fun ______________________________What you reckon, Remz? A McDonalds run ______________________________So we hit the couch cushions, need some dollars, friendYo, I found a five. Man, thats Canadian. ______________________________How bout a loonie? A twonie? A spoon or The Goonies? ______________________________Oh, its 10:25. Dude, you gotta move, G. ______________________________Got the cash, got the car, got the pedal to the floor ______________________________Speed limits 25, but Im doing 34Going drive-thru style, man its fast express ______________________________You can call it trans fat, I call it happiness ______________________________Roll up to the teller fella with a minute to spare ______________________________Frenchy with a headset, "can I take your order?" ______________________________A McGriddle with a little sweet and sour there, sonA McMuffin, then be stuffin muffins up in my trunk ______________________________Then a tray or two of hotcakes, man I cant decide, uh... ______________________________Alls I know is hit them things with Aunt Jemimah ______________________________How bout an egg fajita for some Texas flavor ______________________________No drama but my momma wants a breakfast bagelDont forget my #4, or therell be hell to spend ______________________________And I want them eggs poached like an elephant ______________________________Frenchy back on the line, "is that all your order?" ______________________________No it aint, fool, I want a Coca-Cola! ______________________________Get my cup of Coke and Im-a start a riotCuz on the cup lid, dude depressed the "diet" ______________________________Check his shirt tag, and I catch the name ______________________________Brian, I aint tryin to drink aspartame ______________________________Sittin on the couch, bout an hour laterPickin at a pouch of some Now n Laters ______________________________Hardly starving, man, but I find a hunch ______________________________Start the car up fast because its time for lunch ______________________________It just takes two bucks and I get what I need ______________________________Two beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese"Supersize Me" said hes had enough of it ______________________________But how is it bad for my heart if Im in love with it? ______________________________If you never had McDonalds, heck, well dude you should ______________________________Its a party, like a Hardees, except the food is good ______________________________Just dont get a large #2, I plead with you friendCuz itll be a large #2 when you see it again ______________________________Enter the store, first you holla, then you ______________________________Pick a couple items off the dollar menu ______________________________Four hot McNuggets, dessert with custard ______________________________Mix the sweet n sour with a squirt of mustard.A Big Mac attack, you can max the lettuce ______________________________Paying aint a pain, they take cash or credit ______________________________Want a water? You can pay up there for spring ______________________________Or get the free Grimace cup--how embarassing ______________________________They say, "youre playing with a cardiac arrest, my boy"Only thing bad for my hearts when they forget my toy ______________________________Now Im-a have a milkshake, but before you rant ______________________________Its made of shamrocks--now thats a plant ______________________________People say its bad, but I dont believe them ______________________________McDonalds is peace--just ask Tom FriedmanMomma catch me with a zine, and shes screaming "stop! ______________________________Dont you worry, Mom, its just my man Ray Kroc ______________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 66 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)We all know those famous golden arches, the Big Mac and the strawberrymilkshake. But when did McDonalds begin, how many restaurants does it have,and why is Jim Delligati important? Read more to find out.McDonald’s is the largest and best-known global food service retailer withmore than 26,000 restaurants in 119 countries.The company’s vision is to be the world’s best fast food restaurant experience -best in quality, service, cleanliness and value - so that every customer in everyrestaurant smiles.To achieve this vision McDonald’s has three strategies:• to be the best employer• to deliver excellence to their customers• to achieve profitable growth by expanding the brand through innovation andtechnologyThe man behind the ideaRay Kroc was a 52-year-old American salesman who was the exclusivedistributor of a milk-shake maker called the Multimixer.The story begins...Ray had heard about Dick and Mac McDonald’s hamburger restaurant inCalifornia, where they had 8 Multimixers. When he got there Ray was amazedby how so many people were served so quickly. Ray saw an opportunity thereand approached the McDonald brothers with the idea of opening a few morerestaurants with the same food and service. The idea was that Ray could thensell Multimixers to each one. So Ray went into partnership with the McDonaldbrothers and the first new McDonald’s restaurant was opened in 1955 in DesPlaines, Illinois, USA. The restaurant is now a McDonald’s museum.In 1965 McDonald’s went public on the stock exchange. A hundred sharesbought on that day costing $2,250 would now be worth over $2.8 million!The ‘Big Mac’ was introduced in 1968 by Jim Delligati, a franchisee whooperated a dozen restaurants in Pittsburgh. In 1979 the ‘Happy Meal’ wascreated to make children’s visits more special, and now there are clubs all overthe world that collect the toys and boxes.In 1994, 15,000 people queued up on the opening day of Kuwait City’sMcDonald’s. The drive-thru line was seven miles long.For more information on McDonald’s visit www.mcdonalds.com ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 67 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)WEIGHTLIFTING VIDEO CLIPhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMuXLfqFNbgScriptMORTY: Izzy Mandelbaum. Hes eighty years old, but strong as an ox (pointing) Watch this. ox.(Izzy picks up a set of weights and lifts them chest high.)MORTY: See that? You couldnt do that.JERRY: I could, but I choose not to.(Another guy enters behind the Seinfelds. He walks over to an exercise bike and climbs aboard).SID: Hey Morty. (nodding toward Jerry) Whos this? noddingMORTY: This is my son Jerry, from New York. (leaning toward Sid) He thinks he can lift more thanIzzy.JERRY: (protesting) I..I didnt say that.SID: (calling over) Hey, Izzy, this kid says he can lift more than you can.(Izzy looks over. He releases his grip on the weights and they drop to the floor with a clunk clunk.)IZZY: Your kids pretty funny, Morty. Should be a comedian comedian.JERRY: (smiles) Actually, I am a comedian comedian.SID: Thats not so funny.IZZY: (challenging) Think youre better than me, huh?MORTY: Izzy used to work out with Charles Atlas in the fifties.JERRY: (jocular) Eighteen-fifties?IZZY: Yeah, thats it. Its go time (points to the weights he put down) Lets see you lift that. time.JERRY: (reluctant) Mr Mandelbaum, I...IZZY: Cmon, cmon. Pump it it! ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 68 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)JERRY: (consenting) Alright.IZZY: Yeah, wrong attitude. youre not bringing that trash into my house.(Jerry walks over and picks the weights up easily.)JERRY: There. Alright?IZZY: Step aside, string bean bean.(Jerry puts down the weights, and rolls them out of the way. Izzy steps in front of a much, much,more substantial set of weights.)IZZY: Ill show you. Were gonna take it up a notch notch.(Izzy bends and takes hold of the bar. The second he puts any effort into the lift, there is a loudcrunching noise and a pained look of horror comes to his face.)IZZY: (agonised) Ah! My back. Ugh.(Izzy keeps hold of the bar as he slowly keels over forwards. The circular weights roll in front ofhim and Izzy gently falls forward until hes face down on the floor.)IZZY: (drawn out) Aaaahh.(Jerry, Morty and Sid, look on, concerned.)SID: Somebody, call an ambulance.MORTY: (unpanicked) Theres already an ambulance here for Mrs Glickman. Theres room for onemore. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 69 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Vocabulary Max nodded toward the personclunk coming in the room. A thump; a dull sound pump it When Max fell, he hit the floor with lift weights (often pump iron) a loud clunk. OK Max its your turn to lift the weights. Pump it!comedian an entertainer whose purpose is to string bean a tall and skinny person make his audience laugh. Joes girlfriend Mary is short and The comedian was very funny. I fat, but Joe is a string bean. couldn’t stop laughing the entire night. strong as an ox very stronggrip a firm hold Dont worry. Joe can lift that box. Hes as strong as an ox. Max kept a firm grip on the suitcase full of money. take it up a notch to raise the level of performance; toits go time raise standards. its time to show what you can do; its time to show what youre made Our sales performance has been of. pretty good, but its time to take it Are you guys ready? Its go time! up a notch. Lets give everything weve got. trash rubbish, waste; anything bad orkeel over worthless (in this case Jerrys to collapse; to fall over attitude). Max walked for two days straight None of that trash around here! In until he finally keeled over. this classroom you are going tonod work hard and be happy about it. to draw attention to someone or something by moving ones head ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 70 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)THE SCREENER VIDEO CLIPhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0TKDAVCS11wScriptKRAMER: Its all big business.. Oh hey, Jerry just walked in. Hi, George. (resumes talking on the resumesphone) Yeah, yeah yeah, yeah, take my number - its 555-8643. Okay, here he is. (hands phoneto Jerry.)JERRY: (to Kramer) Who is it?KRAMER: Take it.JERRY: Who is it?KRAMER: Its for you.JERRY: (into phone) Hello? Oh, hi Joel. (Jerry hits Kramer with a magazine.) .. No. I was out oftown. I just got back. Kramer doesnt know anything. Hes just my next-door neighbor. Uh,nothing much, Tuesday? Uh, Tuesday, no. Im meeting somebody. Uh, Wednesday? WednesdaysOK. Alright. Uh, Im a little busy right now. Can we talk Wednesday morning? OK... yeah... right...thanks... bye. (hangs up, then addresses Kramer) Why did you put me on the phone with him? Ihate just being handed a phone.KRAMER: Well, its your phone. He wanted to talk to you.JERRY: Maybe I didnt want to talk to him.KRAMER: Well, why not?JERRY: He bothers me. I dont even answer the phone anymore because of him. Hes turned meinto a screener Now I gotta see him on Wednesday. screener.GEORGE: What do you mean Wednesday? I thought we had tickets to the Knick game Wednesday.We got seats behind the bench! What happened? Were not going?JERRY: Were going. Thats next Wednesday.GEORGE: Oh. Who is this guy?JERRY: His name is Joel Horneck. He lived like three houses down from me when I grew up. Hehad a Ping Pong table. We were friends. Should I suffer the rest of my life because I like to playPing Pong? I was ten. I wouldve been friends with Stalin if he had a Ping Pong table. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 71 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Vocabularyaddress to speak to The politician addressed the United Nations General Assembly about the matter.bother to disturb or annoy Wheres that flyswatter? This fly is really bothering me.gotta contraction of got to (to be required to) Tell Max that hes gotta study every night if he wants to pass the exam.resume to start doing something again after a pause We will resume taking the test after a short break.screen (calls) to find out the identity of the caller or the purpose of the call before possibly answering or returning the call (screener someone who screens his calls) Mary is screening calls. If you want to talk to her, be sure to leave a message.suffer to experience something unpleasant or painful Too many people around the world are suffering from diseases because they cannot afford the medicine that is available.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 72 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Read Cathy’s comic strip and answer questions “1” and “2”. (Source: www.ucomics.com)1. Why does Cathy complain to the saleswoman in panels 2 and 3?(a) The saleswoman gave Cathy the wrong clothes.(b) The saleswoman did not recognize and respect Cathy as a professional.(c) Cathy is jealous of men, because they are taken seriously at work.(d) Cathy criticizes the fashion trend that makes women wear sexy outfits to work.(e) Cathy is a feminist and dislikes underwear, especially bras, since they symbolize men’s attempt to control women’s bodies.2. How do the saleswomen react to Cathy’s complaint?(a) They are surprised and outraged at her exasperation.(b) They are exhilarated because they, too, feel oppressed by men.(c) They get excited, but only because they misunderstood Cathy’s suggestion.(d) They decide to embarrass Cathy for revenge.(e) They promptly bring Cathy the shoes she ordered.Read Calvin and Hobbes’s comic strip and answer the question under it. (Source: Calvin and Hobbes by www.ucomics.com)How does Hobbes (the tiger) react to Calvin’s suggestion?(a) He agrees with it, and suggests alternative combat methods for superheroes.(b) He agrees, and uses personification to humanize superheroes.(c) He is excited, and brainstorms possible ways the down-to-earth superheroes could act.(d) He disagrees, and uses sarcasm to ridicule Calvin’s suggestion.(e) He disagrees, but he pretends to agree so Calvin’s feelings do not get hurt. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 73 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Here is more pronunciation. Drought must always rhyme with bout, Ration never rhymes with nation, In daughter leave the gh out. Say prefer, but preferable, Wear a boot upon your foot. Comfortable and vegetable. Root can never rhyme with soot. B must not be heard in doubt, Debt and dumb both leave it out. In muscle, sc is s, In muscular, its sk, yes! In the words psychology, Choir must always rhyme with wire, Psychic, and psychiatry, That again will rhyme with liar. You must never sound the p. Psychiatrist you call the man Then remember its address. Who cures the complex, if he can. With an accent like posses. G in sign must silent be, In architect chi is k In signature, pronounce the g. In arch it is the other way. Please remember to say iron Please remember, say towards So that itll rhyme with lion. Just as if it rhymed with boards. Advertisers advertise, Weights like wait, but not like height. Advertisements will put you wise. Which should always rhyme with might. Time when work is done is leisure, Fill it up with useful pleasure. Sew is just the same as so, Accidental, accident, Tie a ribbon in a bow. Sound the g in ignorant. When You meet the queen you bow, Which again must rhyme with how. Relative, but relation, Then say creature, but creation. In perfect English make a start. Say the a in gas quite short, Learn this little rhyme by heart.Bought remember rhymes with thwart,________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 74 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 75 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)1. People attend school for many different reasons (for example, expandedknowledge, societal awareness, and enhanced interpersonal relationships).Why do you think people decide to go to school? Use specific reasons andexamples to support your answer.2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Coaches are thebest teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.3. Nowadays, with the invention of the microwave and with the popularity offast food restaurants, food has become easier to prepare than ever. Do youthink microwave ovens and fast food restaurants are beneficial to society? Usespecific reasons and examples to support your answer.4. It has been said, "Not all learning takes place in the classroom." Compareand contrast knowledge gained from personal experience with knowledgegained from classroom instruction. In your opinion, which source is moreimportant? Why?5. Your government has announced that it wishes to build a military base nearyour community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this newinfluence on your community. Do you support or oppose the military base?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 76 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 77 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 78 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) The Unforgiven MetallicaNew _______________joins this earthand quikly hes subdued this bitter _______________he isthrough _______________pain disgrace throughout his life the _______________the young boy _______________their rules hes battled constantlywith time the child draws _______________fight he cannot win_______________ a tired man they see no longerthis whipping boy done _______________ _______________deprived of _______________his thoughts the _______________man then preparesthe young man struggles on and on hes to die regretfully_______________ that old _______________here is mea vow unto _______________ownthat never from this _______________ what Ive felthis will theyll take _______________ what Ive known never shined through in what Ive shownwhat Ive felt never bewhat Ive known never seenever _______________through in what wont see what might have beenIve shown what Ive feltnever be, never see what Ive knownwont see what might never shined through in what Ive shown_______________been never freewhat Ive felt never mewhat Ive known so I dub thee unforgivennever shined through in what Ive shownnever free, _______________me you labeled _______________so I dub thee unforgiven Ill label _______________ so I _______________thee unforgiventhey dedicate their _______________to running _______________of hishe tries to please them all ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 79 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) My Way Frank SinatraAnd now the _________________is near But through it all _______________thereAnd so I _______________the final curtain was doubt_______________friend, Ill say it clear I ate it up _______________spit it outIll state my case of which Im I faced it all_______________ And I _______________tallIve _______________a life thats full And did it my wayIve travelled each and_______________highway Ive loved, Ive laughed, andand _______________, much more than _______________this Ive had my _______________, my share ofI did it my way losing And now, as tears _______________Regrets Ive _______________a few I _______________it all so amusingBut then again too _______________to To think I did _______________thatmention And may I say, not in a shyI did _______________I had to do _______________And saw it through "Oh no, oh _______________, not me_______________exemption I did it my way"I planned _______________charteredcourse For what is a _______________, what has_______________careful step along the by- he got?way If not himself then he hasAnd more, much _______________than _______________this To _______________the things he trulyI did it my _______________ feels And not the _______________of one who_______________, there were times kneelsIm sure _______________knew _______________record shows I took theWhen I bit off more than I blows_______________chew And _______________it my way _______________, it was my way ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 80 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) COOKING VOCABULARY BASED ON THE MOVIE : RATATOUILLE ponha creme em cream cakesafter the recipe depois da receita bolos cozinhe crush out the esmague fora o sucocook juicecook / prepare a cozinhe / prepare um cut cortedish prato dip mergulhoCookery/Recipe Cookery/Recipebook reservam dough massadish prato dress the salad vista a saladabake cozedura dried milk leite secadobake (in the oven) asse (no forno) gordura fatbaked fish peixe assado ferment fermentobaking powder pó assando fillet of fish filete de peixebaste alinhave fizz assobiobe hot esteja quente filete frito de carne de fried fillet of porkbeat eggs ovos de batida porco fry frituraboil ferva garni garnibrew bebida fermentada ginger bread anime pãobroil grelhe grate grelhabubbles bolhas grill (GB) / grelhe (GB) /castor sugar açúcar de castor barbecue (US) churrasco (o EUA)chop golpe hash guisadocondensed milk leite condensado heaped spoonful colherada amontoadacream nata heat calor ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 81 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)icing icing scale a fish descamar um peixeingredients ingredientes scrambled eggs ovos mexidoskipper Um tipo de salmão semolina pudding pudim de semolinalard banha simmer chielarded lardeado c/ banha skin peleliver balls Bolas de figado slice fatialump sugar açúcar mascavo smoke fumaçamayonnaise maionese smoked fish peixe fumadomince pique soft-boiled eggs ovos pouco cozidosmould modele spice, season tempere, estaçãonewly-baked recentemente-assado esparrame manteiga spread butter on emomelet omelete stale passadopancakes panquecas steam vaporpeel casca cozinhando em vapor steaming hotpinch of salt pitada de sal quente (entrançou) pão de stew guisado(plaited) tea loaf chá movimento stir rolo de papoula-poppy-seed roll stone pedra sementepour Despejar devagar strain tensãorender faça stuffed chicken galinha enchidarise elevação stuffing enchendoroast assado docemente / sweet / dessert sobremesaroast meat hash asse guisado de carne tripe soup sopa grossaroast pork and asse carne de porco ecabbage repolho guisado de carne de veal stew vitelaroll out enrolar well-baked bem-assadorot putrefação whisk whites bata brancossalad salada white brancosalad dressing molho de salada with a dash of Com uma pitada desauté refogue yolk Gema de ovo ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 82 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • Verbs which take an object are usually calledtransitive verbs. Verbs which do not take an objectare usually called intransitive verbs. b. To Raise and To Rise To raise is a transitive verb, which can take an object.Many English verbs can be used either intransitively or The following examples illustrate the use of thetransitively. For instance, in the sentence Most birds Present Continuous, Simple Past, and Present Perfectcan fly, the verb to fly is intransitive, since it is used tenses of the verb to raise. The verbs are underlined,without an object. But in the sentence This pilot will and the objects of the verbs are printed in bold type.fly the plane, the verb to fly is transitive, since it takes e.g. She is raising poodles.the object plane. He raised the window. They have raised a crop of wheat.However, some English verbs can be used onlyintransitively. A few pairs of verbs should be noted. To rise is an intransitive verb, which cannot take anThe two verbs of each pair have similar meanings, but object. The following examples illustrate the use of theone of the verbs can take an object, and the other Present Continuous, Simple Past, and Present Perfectcannot. In the following table, the verbs labeled tenses of the verb to rise.intransitive are those which cannot take an object. e.g. The moon is rising in the east. They rose to the occasion. Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle The temperature has risen by five degrees. Transitive: to lay laid laid Intransitive: to lie lay lain In these sentences, the verbs have no objects. The words east, occasion and degrees are the objects of Transitive: to raise raised raised the prepositions in, to and by. Intransitive: to rise rose risen Transitive: to set set set c. To Set and To Sit Intransitive: to sit sat sat To set is a transitive verb, which can take an object. The following examples illustrate the use of theParticular care must be taken not to confuse the verbs Present Continuous, Simple Past, and Present Perfectto lay and to lie, since, as shown above, the Simple tenses of the verb to set. The verbs are underlined,Past of the verb to lie has the same form as the bare and the objects of the verbs are printed in bold type.infinitive of the verb to lay. e.g. They are setting a record. We set the jars on a shelf.a. To Lay and To Lie Have you set the date for your trip?To lay is a transitive verb, which can take an object. To sit is an intransitive verb, which cannot take anThe following examples illustrate the use of the object. The following examples illustrate the use of thePresent Continuous, Simple Past, and Present Perfect Present Continuous, Simple Past, and Present Perfecttenses of the verb to lay. The verbs are underlined, tenses of the verb to sit.and the objects of the verbs are printed in bold type. e.g. They are sitting by the front steps.e.g. I am laying the table. I sat at my desk for an hour. He laid a bet on the white horse. You have sat on the couch all afternoon. The hen has laid an egg. In these sentences, the verbs have no objects. TheTo lie is an intransitive verb, which cannot take an words steps, desk, and couch are the objects of theobject. The following examples illustrate the use of the prepositions by, at and on.Present Continuous, Simple Past, and Present Perfecttenses of the verb to lie. EXERCISES :e.g. She is lying on the sofa. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the We lay on the beach in the sun. verbs are printed in bold type. In addition, each He has lain in bed for a week. sentence contains an adverb or adverb phrase indicating time. Depending upon whether or not thereIn these examples, it might appear that the words is a direct object, complete each sentence using eithersofa, beach, and bed act as objects of the verb to lie. to lay or to lie, as appropriate. Use the PresentHowever, this is not the case. Continuous tense if the action takes place in the present, and use the Simple Past tense if the actionNot only verbs, but also prepositions have the ability took place in the past. For example:to take objects. A few commonly used Englishprepositions are at, by, for, from, in, of, on, to and They are laying the bricks now.with. Prepositions will be discussed in detail in a laterchapter. I laid the money on the counter last night.In the examples above, sofa, and beach are objects ofthe preposition on; and bed is the object of thepreposition in Right now, the dogs are lying in the middle of the road. Yesterday, he lay in bed until ten oclock. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)1. Now I ______________ too close to the fire. Yesterday he ___ at his desk all afternoon.2. Last night he _____________ twenty dollars on top Yesterday he sat at his desk all afternoon.of the bookcase.3. Right now she _______________ a fire. 1. Right now they ______________ down to a good4. Until last year, the treasure ______________ meal.hidden under the earth. 2. Yesterday they _____________ the empty bottles5. Yesterday she ______________ her coat on the on the front step.bed. 3. At the moment, she _______________ in front of6. His books _____________ on the floor all last week. the fire.7. Right now he _______________ low in order to stay 4. Now we _______________ the suitcases on theout of danger. moving belt.8. Yesterday morning he ______________ the parcel 5. In ancient times, King Arthurs knightsclose to the door. ____________ at the Round Table.9. Last night they _____________ in wait for the 6. Yesterday morning the doctor _____________ thethieves. broken bone.10. Now they ________________ their cards on the 7. Right now, we _______________ around the table.table. 8. He ______________ a good example last week, by studying hard. 9. Now she ______________ her watch to the correct3. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the time.verbs are printed in bold type. In addition, each 10. Yesterday afternoon we ___________ at the endsentence contains an adverb or adverb phrase of the dock, in the sun.indicating time. Depending upon whether or not thereis a direct object, complete each sentence using eitherto raise or to rise, as appropriate. Use the Present 5. In the following sentences, the direct objects of theContinuous tense if the action takes place in the verbs are printed in bold type. Paying attention topresent; and use the Simple Past tense if the action whether or not there is a direct object, for eachtook place in the past. For example: sentence, choose the correct verb from the pair given Right now, he __________ sheep. in brackets, and complete the sentence using the Right now, he is raising sheep. Present Perfect tense of the verb. For example: I ________ two blankets on the bed. (to lay, to lie) Last night he ______ their expectations. I have laid two blankets on the bed. Last night he raised their expectations. He ________ down for half an hour. (to lay, to lie) The price of housing _________ now. He has lain down for half an hour. The price of housing is rising now. They ___________ the flag. (to raise, to rise) Last year she ______ at six oclock every morning. They have raised the flag. Last year she rose at six oclock every morning. Our opinion of them _________. (to raise, to rise)1. Last night, when we heard the news, our hopes Our opinion of them has risen._____________.2. Last year they _________ six hundred dollars by We ________ the electric train in motion. (to set,selling chocolate bars. to sit)3. Now they ______________ the price of gasoline. We have set the electric train in motion.4. The price of gold _____________ yesterday.5. At the moment, he ______________ corn. She ___ just ___ down. (to set, to sit)6. Right now mist _______________ from the water. She has just sat down.7. Last week, you _____________ a difficult question.8. The temperature _____________ at the moment. 1. They ____________ a limit of four cartons per9. Now he _____________ his hat. customer. (to set, to sit)10. The water level ______________ last week. 2. We ______________ our plans carefully. (to lay, to lie) 3. You ____________ very early for the past three4. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the weeks. (to raise, to rise)verbs are printed in bold type. In addition, each 4. We _______________ in the car all afternoon. (tosentence contains an adverb or adverb phrase set, to sit)indicating time. Depending upon whether or not there 5. They _______________ four children. (to raise, tois a direct object, complete each sentence using either rise)to set or to sit, as appropriate. Use the Present 6. He _____________ a record for endurance. (to set,Continuous tense if the action takes place in the to sit)present; and use the Simple Past tense if the action 7. I _____________ awake half the night. (to lay, to lie)took place in the past. For example: 8. They _______________ the table. (to lay, to lie) Now they ___________ the table. 9. She _______________ still for fifteen minutes. (to Now they are setting the table. set, to sit) 10. You _______________ your standards. (to raise, Last night we ___ our alarm clock for six oclock. to rise) Last night we set our alarm clock for six oclock. 11. Your standards ________________. (to raise, to rise) At the moment, the cat __________ on top of the 12. Your gloves ________________ on the table allcar. week. (to lay, to lie) At the moment, the cat is sitting on top of the car. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 84 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) Otherside Red Hot Chili PeppersChorus: Ive got to _______________it on theHow long how _______________will I slide othersideSeparate my side I dontI dont _______________its bad Scarlet starlet and shes inSlit my throat _______________bedIts all I _______________ A candidate for my _______________mate bledI heard your _______________through a Push the trigger and pull thephotograph _______________I thought it up it _______________up the Ive got to take it on the othersidepast Take it on the othersideOnce you know you can Take it on_______________go back Take it onIve got to take it on the _______________ ChorusCenturies are what it _______________to meA cemetery _______________I marry the sea Turn me on take me for aStranger things _______________never _______________ridechange my mind Burn me out _______________me on theIve got to _______________it on the othersideotherside I yell and _______________it thatTake it on the otherside Its not my _______________Take it on I tear it _______________I tear it downTake it on And then its _______________againChorus ChorusPour my _______________into a paper cup How long I dont believe its badThe ashtrays full and Im spillin my Slit my throat_______________ Its all I everShe wants to know am I still a_______________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 85 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) 5 I had far too much to eat and drink last night and when I got home I was as sick as a You dont look good at all. ______ . Your face is as white as a weather ______ . colour weather par colour dog par power dog sheet 6 Take things easy for a few days and youll soon be as2 I wanted Brian to come right as ______ again. today but hes got the flu and basket is in a bad ______ . rocker way fruitcake colour rain par head dog sheet 7 I feel in excellent condition. I feel as fit as a ______ .3 If you think that, youre basket completely off your ______ . rocker basket fruitcake rocker rain lurgy fiddle there head 8 Im not very ill but I do feel a bit below ______ .4 Hes completely mad. As the weather Australians say, hes as nutty as a ______ . colour basket par rocker clogs fruitcake power there head ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 87 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)9 Ive been working too hard. I 13 In one hundred years time need a holiday to recharge you wont be here, you know. my ______ . Youll be pushing up ______ batteries . batteries rocker bill fruitcake daisies rain rain fiddle fiddle10 He says such strange things that I wonder if he is right in 14 This bug is really infectious. the ______ . I hope you dont come down way with the dreaded ______ . way death death lurgy lurgy there dog head sheet11 He is a very strange person and says very strange things. 15 Youre not looking well. You Sometimes I wonder if he is look a bit off-______ all ______. weather way colour death daisies lurgy clogs there power sheet 16 Hes completely mad, a real12 I saw the doctor the other ______ case. day and he gave me a clean basket ______ of health. death batteries lurgy bill there fruitcake head rain fiddle ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 88 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)When do or make are used as main Im not doing anything today.verbs it can be confusing to ESL learners. He does everything for his mother.The verb make goes with some words Shes doing nothing.and the verb do with other words. Important Expressions with DoDo There are a number of standardWe use the verb do when someone expressions that take the verb do. Theperforms an action, activity or task. best solution is to try to learn them.do a crossword do badlydo the ironing do businessdo the laundry do the dishesdo the washing do a favourdo the washing up do good do harmDo is often used when referring to work do time - (to go to prison)of any kind. do well do your bestdo your work do your hairdo homework do your nailsdo housework do your worstdo your job!Note - these activities do not usually Makeproduce a physical object. We use the verb make for constructing,Do for General Ideas building or creatingUse the verb do when speaking about make a dressthings in general. In other words, to make fooddescribe an action without saying exactly make a cup of tea / coffeewhat the action is. This form is often usedwith the words something, nothing,anything, everything, etc. ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 89 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Make is often used when referring to make a promisepreparing food of any kind. make a remark make a soundmake a meal - breakfast / lunch / dinner make a speech make a suggestion!Note - these activities usually create make timesomething that you can touch. make a visit make your bed - (to prepare the bed forImportant Expressions with Make sleeping in)There are a number of standard 1. I have to ___ a telephone call.expressions that take the verb make.The best solution is to try to learn them. a. do b. makemake amends 2. She didnt ___ her best so she felt sad.make arrangementsmake believe - (to pretend) a. domake a choice b. make 3. It was the first time she didntmake a comment ___ the beds.make a decisionmake a difference a. do b. makemake an effort 4. She was late so she didnt ___make an enquiry breakfast for them.make an excuse a. domake a fool of yourself b. makemake a fortune 5. He ___ the assignment, butmake friends forgot to bring it to school.make a fuss a. didmake a journey b. makemake love 6. He has to ___ the houseworkmake a mess before he can go.make a mistake a. domake money b. makemake a move 7. There are so many decisions to ___.make a noisemake a phone call a. domake a plan b. makemake a pointmake a profit ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 90 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) a. do b. make 8. Did you ___ a reservation for 17. A famous movie star is going to tonight? ___ an appearance here tonight. a. do a. do b. make b. make 9. Did he ___ the doctors 18. I will ___ the dinner dishes. appointment yet? a. do a. do b. make b. make 19. You can ___ the dinner. 10. He was busy ___ the food shopping. a. do b. make a. doing 20. You are going to have to ___ b. making some changes here. 11. He ___ a lot of research. a. do a. does b. make b. makes 21. Can you tell me how much 12. The people wanted to ___ peace. money he ___? a. do a. does b. make b. makes 13. The children are ___ too much 22. Can you ___ me a favour and noise. lend me some money? a. doing a. do b. making b. make 14. It was a pleasure ___ business 23. She spends too much time ___ with you. her hair and nails. a. doing a. doing b. making b. making 15. I must ___ my homework before 24. I think he is trying to ___ I go to bed. trouble for you. a. do a. do b. make b. make 16. Why does he always ___ a 25. Hurry up and ___ a decision. promise and then break it? a. do b. make ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 91 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)Como dizer “zero” em nada, goose egg ouinglês: love, nil, nothing, cipher de acordo com o Quando zero é chamadooh, zip, nought, naught, contexto. Fonte: Webster de “oh”zilch, nada, goose egg, Dictionarycipher Quando passar número Quando zero é chamado de telefone, chame o zero Em português, o de “love” de oh /ou/. Por exemplo:número zero é sempre se o telefone é 123-4560,chamado de zero: num Em jogos de tênis ou leia assim: one, two,jogo futebol, dizemos 2X0 squash, o zero é three, four, five, six, oh.(dois a zero). No número chamado de love. Assim, Quando zero é chamadode telefone, falamos numa partida de tênis com de “zip”123(zero)-4(zero)56. Em placar 30-0, os americanos lêem “thirty No Estados Unidos, aciência, temos love”. Fonte The Free gíria zip também significatemperatura 0º (zero Dictionary zero, como em “I receivedgrau). Nos cálculos, zip for money after doingdizemos 0,7 (zero vírgula Quando zero é chamado the job for them”. (Nãosete). A gíria 0800, que de “nil” e “nothing” recebi nada após fazer osignifica grátis, é lida trabalho para eles.).zero oitocentos. Em Em outros esportes, o Fonte: The Freeinglês, porém, o número zero é chamado de nil, Dictionaryzero recebe nomes como em “Leeds Uniteddiferentes, conforme o won two-nil / by two goals Quando zero é chamadocontexto. Em determinado to nil” (Leeds United de “nought” ou “naught”esporte, por exemplo, o venceu por dois a zero). Ozero é chamado de love. zero também pode ser Em inglês britânico, oVejamos. substituído por nothing, zero é comumente como em “Our team chamado de nought ou Diferentes nomes do defeated theirs 6-0 (six naught. Ambas são número zero em inglês nothing) to win the World pronunciadas /nót/. Fonte Cup” (Nosso time venceu The Free DictionaryEm inglês, zero o dele por seis a zero Exemplos:(plural zeros ou zeroes) é para ganhar a Copa do a) Write one million withchamado de love, nil, Mundo). Fonte: Webster six noughts.nothing, oh, zip, Dictionary (Escreva um milhão comnought/naught, zilch, seis zeros.) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 92 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)b) That shop sells clothes b) “How much money is left?” goes home with a bigfor children aged nought “Zilch.” goose egg.to eight. (“Quanto dinheiro sobrou?” (Uma vez mais, nosso(Aquela loja vende roupas “Zero.”) time voltou para casa compara crianças de zero a um zerão.)oito anos. c) Mark knows zilch about art. b) They put another goosec) The motorbike goes (Mark não sabe nada sobre egg up on the scoreboard.from nought to one arte.) (Eles colocaram outrohundred in 5 seconds. zero no placar.)(A moto vai de zero a 100 d) She’s a real zilch. (E.U.A.)em cinco segundos). (Ela é um zero a esquerda.) c) His final score was a big, fat goose egg. Quando zero é chamado (Seu placar final foi um de “nada” zero bem redondo.) Os norte-americanos Quando zero é chamado também usam nada como de “cipher” sinônimo de zero, nada. Em texto mais antigos, Exemplos: cipher pode significarNougths-and Crosses – Jogo a) It won’t cost you zero dependendo do da Velha anything—zero, nothing, contexto. Em inglês nada. britânico, escreve-seQuando zero é chamado de cypher. Cipher também “zilch” b) I didn’t see nothin’. significa pessoa sem Zero. Nada. importância ou poder.O zero também é chamado Quando zero é chamadode zilch em inglês americano de “goose egg”e britânico. Zilch é mais a) She was nothing moreusado quando a pessoa não O zero é chamado de than a cipher.consegue algo que goose egg (ovo de (Ela não era nada mais doprocurava ou desejava. gansa) especialmente em que um zero.) placar zero de jogos ouExemplos: concurso. Fonte: Oxford b) He was only a cipher.a) “How many points did you Dictionary (Ele era somente um zeroscore?” “Zilch”. a esquerda.)(“Quantos pontos você fez?” Exemplos:“Zero.”) a) Once again, our team ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 93 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • No matter where you live, opening a bank account is one essential park of life, but you have tocheck around to find out what services a bank provides. Listen to the words below and consult adictionary if you need a definition. Write a sample sentence for each word to learn how it is usedin context. You can use the Internet to find such sentences. 1. apply for a credit card 2. buy travelers checks 3. cash a check 4. check your account balance 5. deposit money 6. exchange money 7. fill out a withdraw slip 8. open a checking account 9. open a savings account 10. order checks 11. pay off a loan 12. pay your bills online 13. rent a safety deposit box 14. review your bank statement 15. take out a loan 16. talk with a bank teller 17. talk with the bank manager 18. transfer money 19. use a debit card 20. withdraw moneyWhat particular banking services are most important to you in your current situation? Lookaround and see if there are banks in your area that might meet your needs, including onlinebanking options.Now, complete the sentences below with the best answer:1. I need to _____________ at the bank because Im going overseas on business, and I want totake some of the local currency with me. A. withdraw money B. exchange money C. buy travelers checks2. You ought to ________________ to store your valuables and important documents in asecure location. A. rent a safety deposit box B. open a savings account C. pay your bills online3. My father is trying to ______________ to pay for the construction of a new room to ourhouse. A. take out a loan B. pay off a loan C. review his bank ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD) ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 95 CONVERSATION CLASSES
  • PREP – PREPARATORY FOR ENGLISH PROFICIENCY – UBERLÂNDIA/MG TEACHER – HAMILTON GARCIA-JR. (BIRD)______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ELT – ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING 96 CONVERSATION CLASSES