The degree to which organizational rewards meet with the expectation of an employee maintains the degree of motivation towards their tasks.
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(economic security, working conditions Relationship between and among the employee
How satisfied are people in their jobs???
Satisfaction and productivity Satisfaction and absenteeism Satisfaction and turnover Satisfaction and customer satisfactoin
What happens when employees aredissatisfied with their jobs?They can express this dissatisfaction in anumber of ways:
Exit: dissatisfaction expressed through behavior directed toward leaving the organization. Voice: ….through active and constructive attempts to improve conditions. Loyalty: by passively waiting for conditions to improve. Neglect: through allowing conditions to worsen.
The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals….. After numerous studies and analyses, the following seven traits seemed to differentiate leaders from non-leaders:
Ambition and energy The desire to lead Honesty and integrity Self-confidence Intelligence High self-monitoring Job relevant knowledge
Openness to Experience Conscientiousness Extroverted Agreeableness Neuroticism
It refers to one’s ability to detect and to manage emotional cues and information. It has five components: Self-awareness: Self management: Self-motivation Empathy: Social skills:
…..A dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint, or demand related to what he or she desires and for which the outcome is perceived to be both uncertain and important. (Robins, S.P, 2002)
1. Environmental factors Economic uncertainty Political uncertainty Technological uncertainty