Traditional management systems of forest based foods

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Nutritious foods from Forests Side Event took place at FAO on 11 October, 2013.
Forests harbour a large number of woody plants, climbers, herbs, insects and wild animals that provide nutritious foods, important for the diets of many people in developing countries.
The International Conference on Forests for Food Security and Nutrition hosted by FAO in May 2013, highlighted the important role of forests, agroforestry systems and trees on farm for food security and nutrition The side event aims at increasing the understanding of the contribution of forests and trees to sustainable diets by sharing lessons from the field.
In this presentation Bioversity International researcher and 'Beyond Timber' project coordinator discusses the traditional management systems of forest-based foods and a case study from the Congo Basin.

Read more about Bioversity's work in forest foods: http://www.bioversityinternational.org/trees-for-food/

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  • Some forest foods have been found to be:
    Richer in energy content than bananas -high lipid contents
    Richer in minerals (Fe, Ca, Na) & vitamins (A, C, & E) than banana
    Good for nutrition and health
  • but dependence on nature for regeneration -diminishing supplies from current resource base
  • Traditional management systems of forest based foods

    1. 1. Traditional management systems of forest-based foods J. Tieguhong, L. Snook, H. Taedoumg, P. Maukonen Side event: Nutritious foods from forests Committee on World Food Security (CFS) 40: 7-11 October 2013
    2. 2. Forests and food security in the Congo Basin Congo Basin forests (about 200m+ ha) are the 2nd largest rainforest block in the world yet 40% is allocated to commercial logging companies • Significant source of timber and non timber forest products (NTFPs) • Logging activities have an impact on tropical forests, tree resources and forest-dependent people. •
    3. 3. Tree resources and local food uses Tree species Uses Main food products used by local people Baillonella toxisperma (Moabi) Fruits, oil Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sapelli) Caterpillars (Imbrasia oyemensis), Medicinal barks Erythrophleum suavolense (Tali) Caterpillars (Cirina forda), Fruits used in fishing Bioversity International/Tieguhong J
    4. 4. Importance of forest foods to household nutrition Some forest foods have been found to be: •Richer in energy content than bananas - high lipid contents •Richer in minerals (Fe, Ca, Na) & vitamins (A, C, & E) than banana •Good for nutrition and health.
    5. 5. Traditional management & local knowledge •Traditional management involves mainly visual monitoring and commitment to memory photos •Indigenous knowledge on location of species and times of collection important •Changes in phenology, growth etc. observed during collection and communicated to village members •Knowledge passed down through generations •Villagers collect forest foods from Moabi, Sapelli and Tali on daily trips: average travel < 4 km, hardly > 6.5 km. Bioversity InternationalP. Maukonen
    6. 6. Challenges to traditional management • Logging (legal or illegal) can undermine availability of some forest foods from trees in concessions • Gender imbalance & women’s lack of voice, (e.g. elite influence promoting illegal logging of forest foods producing trees) • Increasing population & increasing demand on resources • Villagers’ perception that trees take too long to grow (option for planting not taken seriously).
    7. 7. Opportunities for sustaining resources • Potential to plant – • mother trees, copious sprouting of seeds, abundance of wildlings Awareness and protection – consciousness amongst concessionaires & women to protect & retain food providing trees • Deliberate policy and promotion to increase the density of food providing trees for present & future generations • Modernization of existing processing techniques to make transformation and sale more feasible. Bioversity International/J. Tieguhong
    8. 8. Project partners:
    9. 9. Thank you Bioversity International/Tieguhong J. www.bioversityinternational.org
    10. 10. Thank you Bioversity International/Tieguhong J. www.bioversityinternational.org

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