Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis

1,361
views

Published on

Bioversity scientist Charles Staver shares lessons learned from multi-strata coffee and banana management in Central America. Find out more about our work on agroforestry: …

Bioversity scientist Charles Staver shares lessons learned from multi-strata coffee and banana management in Central America. Find out more about our work on agroforestry: www.bioversityinternational.org/research-portfolio/

Published in: Food, Technology, Business

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,361
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • BLANK SLIDE WITH LOGOThis is a blank slide with the Bioversity International logo only. You can use this slide to create your own layout, shouldn’t you find what you need in this presentation (and in the slide master).
  • BLANK SLIDE WITH LOGOThis is a blank slide with the Bioversity International logo only. You can use this slide to create your own layout, shouldn’t you find what you need in this presentation (and in the slide master).
  • BLANK SLIDE WITH LOGOThis is a blank slide with the Bioversity International logo only. You can use this slide to create your own layout, shouldn’t you find what you need in this presentation (and in the slide master).
  • THANK YOU/FINAL SLIDE
  • Transcript

    • 1. Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis Charles Staver,.Pablo Siles, German Calberto
    • 2. 2 Bananas in coffee fields (ha) Mexico 75000 Guatemala 43000 El Salvador 30000 Honduras 84000 Nicaragua 35000 Costa Rica 7000 TOTAL 255,000 Bananas in coffee with trees in Mesoamerica Other countries LAC and Africa: Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, Republica Dominicana, Haiti, Peru, Cameroon, Tanzania, Guinea Conakry, Ghana, Uganda
    • 3. Farmer technology Rapid shade Easy to manage Food feed Crop residue Soil cover Regular monthly income
    • 4. 4
    • 5. 5 Farmers and scientists prototype agroecological intensification
    • 6. 7
    • 7. 8
    • 8. 9
    • 9. 10 Better prices for banana – farmer initiatives Now Before Volume 2,206 356 sacos Sale price 28 70 Gross Income 61,768 24,951 Marketing Costs 22,060 12,104 Net Income 39,708 12,847 Increased income 3 veces Before Now Steps: - Reconnaissance of possible markets by farmer commission; - ID of promising options grower group - Feasibility study of alternative options - Pilot marketing and expansion
    • 10. - Trends and unpredictability influencing farms Resilience framework: Possible contributions to research for smallholder multi-stata farm management - Framework at farm household level - SES
    • 11. Trends - climate change Implications for coffee, trees: critical high temperatures **
    • 12. Trends – regulations and standards Implications farm – admin time, skills, technology Certifications??? Regulations??? EnvironmentLabor Safety
    • 13. Implications for coffee, trees, bananas, food crops, etc Unpredictability - Weather
    • 14. Unpredictability - Weather Implications for coffee, trees, bananas, food crops, etc
    • 15. Unpredictability: Pest and disease outbreaks Coffee rust in 2013 ????????? Levels previous years? Weather data? Who escaped?
    • 16. Unpredictability: Prices – coffee, inputs, food 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Unpredictability: Prices – inputs, food ???? Unpredictability: WHAT COMBINATIONS?
    • 17. Frameworks at farm household level - SES Moderate/extreme events •RESIST •ABSORB (bend/not break) •RECOVER System resilience •REDUNDANCIES •MODULARITY •FEEDBACK LOOPS RESEARCH DIMENSIONS: Tree strata: from static to dynamic Crop cultivars, associations and mgmt Water for resistance, bend/not break, recovery Household decisionmaking – feedback loops
    • 18. More than any tree for climate change??? Species, associations, mgmt: - phenology and microenvironment - relative water use coffee - nutrient cycling, N fixation - response to pruning - Fruit, timber, fodder etc Dynamic mgmt – thinning, replanting, pruning
    • 19. Understory crops – redundancy / modularity? Species, associations, mgmt: Coffee cultivars: tolerance/quality Shade tolerant food crops Crops for Gaps in coffee canopy Edge planting
    • 20. Water for resistance, recovery, resilience? Issues: - seasonality - year to year - quality, quantity - where on-farm - local watersheds multi-farm Examples: - household domestic use - coffee processing - banana post-harvest - nurseries - supplementary irrigation - maximum infiltration soil storage, soil protection - drainage, excess
    • 21. 22 FEEDBACK LOOPS: Primary herbivores Management team: Agroecological intensification: - Agroecological reasoning - Routine data taking, observation linked to decision making - Cost accounting and marginal returns - Social capital linked to landscape, megadata analysis - Planning for the next generation Transformation: “continual improvement”
    • 22. www.bioversityinternational.org Thank you Merci beaucoup Muchas gracias