Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm
management under pressure: Contributions from
resilience analysis
Charles Stav...
2
Bananas in coffee fields (ha)
Mexico 75000
Guatemala 43000
El Salvador 30000
Honduras 84000
Nicaragua 35000
Costa Rica 7...
Farmer technology
Rapid shade
Easy to manage
Food feed
Crop residue
Soil cover
Regular monthly income
4
5
Farmers and scientists prototype agroecological intensification
7
8
9
10
Better prices for banana – farmer initiatives
Now Before
Volume 2,206 356 sacos
Sale price 28 70
Gross Income 61,768 24...
- Trends and unpredictability influencing farms
Resilience framework:
Possible contributions to research for
smallholder m...
Trends - climate change
Implications for coffee, trees: critical high temperatures
**
Trends – regulations and standards
Implications farm – admin time, skills, technology
Certifications???
Regulations???
Env...
Implications for coffee, trees, bananas, food crops, etc
Unpredictability - Weather
Unpredictability - Weather
Implications for coffee, trees, bananas, food crops, etc
Unpredictability: Pest and disease outbreaks
Coffee rust
in 2013
?????????
Levels previous years?
Weather data?
Who escape...
Unpredictability: Prices – coffee, inputs, food
0
30
60
90
120
150
180
80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98
0
50
100
150
200
250
...
Frameworks at farm household level - SES
Moderate/extreme events
•RESIST
•ABSORB (bend/not break)
•RECOVER
System resilien...
More than any tree for climate change???
Species, associations, mgmt:
- phenology and microenvironment
- relative water us...
Understory crops – redundancy / modularity?
Species, associations, mgmt:
Coffee cultivars:
tolerance/quality
Shade toleran...
Water for resistance, recovery, resilience?
Issues:
- seasonality
- year to year
- quality, quantity
- where on-farm
- loc...
22
FEEDBACK LOOPS: Primary herbivores
Management team: Agroecological intensification:
- Agroecological reasoning
- Routin...
www.bioversityinternational.org
Thank you
Merci beaucoup
Muchas gracias
Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis
Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis
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Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis

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Bioversity scientist Charles Staver shares lessons learned from multi-strata coffee and banana management in Central America. Find out more about our work on agroforestry: www.bioversityinternational.org/research-portfolio/

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  • Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis

    1. 1. Smallholder multi-strata coffee/banana farm management under pressure: Contributions from resilience analysis Charles Staver,.Pablo Siles, German Calberto
    2. 2. 2 Bananas in coffee fields (ha) Mexico 75000 Guatemala 43000 El Salvador 30000 Honduras 84000 Nicaragua 35000 Costa Rica 7000 TOTAL 255,000 Bananas in coffee with trees in Mesoamerica Other countries LAC and Africa: Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, Republica Dominicana, Haiti, Peru, Cameroon, Tanzania, Guinea Conakry, Ghana, Uganda
    3. 3. Farmer technology Rapid shade Easy to manage Food feed Crop residue Soil cover Regular monthly income
    4. 4. 4
    5. 5. 5 Farmers and scientists prototype agroecological intensification
    6. 6. 7
    7. 7. 8
    8. 8. 9
    9. 9. 10 Better prices for banana – farmer initiatives Now Before Volume 2,206 356 sacos Sale price 28 70 Gross Income 61,768 24,951 Marketing Costs 22,060 12,104 Net Income 39,708 12,847 Increased income 3 veces Before Now Steps: - Reconnaissance of possible markets by farmer commission; - ID of promising options grower group - Feasibility study of alternative options - Pilot marketing and expansion
    10. 10. - Trends and unpredictability influencing farms Resilience framework: Possible contributions to research for smallholder multi-stata farm management - Framework at farm household level - SES
    11. 11. Trends - climate change Implications for coffee, trees: critical high temperatures **
    12. 12. Trends – regulations and standards Implications farm – admin time, skills, technology Certifications??? Regulations??? EnvironmentLabor Safety
    13. 13. Implications for coffee, trees, bananas, food crops, etc Unpredictability - Weather
    14. 14. Unpredictability - Weather Implications for coffee, trees, bananas, food crops, etc
    15. 15. Unpredictability: Pest and disease outbreaks Coffee rust in 2013 ????????? Levels previous years? Weather data? Who escaped?
    16. 16. Unpredictability: Prices – coffee, inputs, food 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Unpredictability: Prices – inputs, food ???? Unpredictability: WHAT COMBINATIONS?
    17. 17. Frameworks at farm household level - SES Moderate/extreme events •RESIST •ABSORB (bend/not break) •RECOVER System resilience •REDUNDANCIES •MODULARITY •FEEDBACK LOOPS RESEARCH DIMENSIONS: Tree strata: from static to dynamic Crop cultivars, associations and mgmt Water for resistance, bend/not break, recovery Household decisionmaking – feedback loops
    18. 18. More than any tree for climate change??? Species, associations, mgmt: - phenology and microenvironment - relative water use coffee - nutrient cycling, N fixation - response to pruning - Fruit, timber, fodder etc Dynamic mgmt – thinning, replanting, pruning
    19. 19. Understory crops – redundancy / modularity? Species, associations, mgmt: Coffee cultivars: tolerance/quality Shade tolerant food crops Crops for Gaps in coffee canopy Edge planting
    20. 20. Water for resistance, recovery, resilience? Issues: - seasonality - year to year - quality, quantity - where on-farm - local watersheds multi-farm Examples: - household domestic use - coffee processing - banana post-harvest - nurseries - supplementary irrigation - maximum infiltration soil storage, soil protection - drainage, excess
    21. 21. 22 FEEDBACK LOOPS: Primary herbivores Management team: Agroecological intensification: - Agroecological reasoning - Routine data taking, observation linked to decision making - Cost accounting and marginal returns - Social capital linked to landscape, megadata analysis - Planning for the next generation Transformation: “continual improvement”
    22. 22. www.bioversityinternational.org Thank you Merci beaucoup Muchas gracias
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