Seeds for needs

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Seeds for Needs is a Bioversity International project that identifies crop varieties likely to perform well under future climatic conditions. Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), it serves as a matchmaker for farmers to find suitable crops for evolving conditions. The project was named a winner in the World Bank’s Development Marketplace 2009 competition. Read more about Bioversity International’s Seeds for Needs Initiative
http://www.bioversityinternational.org/research-portfolio/adaptation-to-climate-change/seeds-for-needs/

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  • Lack of information and access to durum—one of the major crops of Ethiopia—seeds of better-adapted varieties leaves many Ethiopian smallholder farmers vulnerable to increased food insecurity. The required diversity and traits, in the form of more than 3,000 durum wheat accessions, are available in the national gene bank held by the Institute of Biodiversity Conservation. Seeds for Needs is working to bridge the gap between farmers’ lack of access to seeds and the abundance of accessions in genebanks by providing locally-adapted seeds that are able to meet future conditions of unpredictable rainfall and changes in temperature.
  • Change so that new locations pop up
  • Put in the table showing differences in selection for the 3 sites…Farm size, percentage selling less and portion of land occupied by 3 most important crops
  • Put in the table showing differences in selection for the 3 sites…Farm size, percentage selling less and portion of land occupied by 3 most important crops
  • Climate change: divergent experiences and varied awareness, changes in rainfall most noticed.Fast economic change and growth: help motivate crop choices and varietal preferencesLimited crop diversity: CGB membership is a crucial factor in varietal choiceWheat rust is a key concern for farmers at the moment, offering a potential analogue for future climate change.
  • Participatory Plant Breeding Seeds Systems
  • Household incomePotential pests and diseases>>sorghum, pigeon pea and cowpea
  • http://www.looslidesign.com/resources/crowdsourcingShift so that Ehtiopia is included
  • Future plansExpand in Rwanda and Uganda
  • Seeds for needs

    1. 1. SEEDS FOR NEEDS EAST AFRICA Bioversity Sub-Saharan Africa Carlo Fadda Bioversity 21x7 (11/12/2012)
    2. 2. IDENTIFYpre-adapted varieties to satisfy the needs of farmers and to find seeds that are likely to perform well in future climates WHAT
    3. 3. WHYACCESSto better adapted varieties reduced vulnerability increased food security to help farmers cope with the adverse effects of climate change on crop production
    4. 4. SCREENINGaccessions using GIS technology farmers evaluate varieties selection is grown on-farm field days are organized to see how varieties perform and exchange information HOW
    5. 5. On-farm trial Locally adapted seeds and seed systems On-station trial Gene bank accessions
    6. 6. Summary of the 8 durum wheat cluster current and future suitability maps Average climate 1950-1990 (Worldclim) 2050 climate
    7. 7. ETHIOPIAusing durum wheat and barley genetic diversity to support farmers in adapting to climate change
    8. 8. Ethiopia Addis Ababa Chefee Ejere Kokka Hagereselam Geregera
    9. 9. Addis Ababa Farmers Selection Yield 10 226393 12 208136 203989 223257 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Farmers Selection Yield 1 5622 12 5634 4 arendato Farmers Selection Yield 4 226973 9 226922 208132 gerardo Source df Mean Square F Sig. SITES 2 5425451.25 936.68 0
    10. 10. Addis Ababa Ethiopia Addis Ababa Farm Size 3.85 ha Percentage of sales 68% Area 64% Farm Size 2.15 ha Percentage of sales 29% Area 82% Farm Size 2.93 ha Percentage of sales 35% Area 73%
    11. 11. Genotypic characterisation Farmers knowledge Phenotypic characterisation
    12. 12. Focus Group DISCUSSIONS CLIMATE CHANGE changes in rainfall and temperature fast ECONOMIC change and growth limited crop DIVERSITY WHEAT RUST
    13. 13. Farmers’ EVALUATION 400 varieties 4 different traits 2 replicate fields 2 research sites = 192,000 datapoints 30 farmers
    14. 14. FIELDDAYS m o l e c u l a r a n a l y s i s participatory plant breeding SEED SYSTEMS seedmultiplication s o c i o - e c o n o m i c s u r v e y SNP MARKERS PARTICIPATORY VARIETY SELECTION Focus Group Discussions mother-and-babytrials f a r m e r s e v a l u a t i o n genetic diversity climatechange
    15. 15. KENYA & TANZANIALinking genetic vulnerability to loss of resilience to adapt to climate change
    16. 16. African Biodiversity Conservation and Innovations Centre
    17. 17. HOWASSESSINGvarietal diversity model selected crops for: • biotic and a-biotic stress • household income • climatic data of sorghum, pigeon pea and cowpea
    18. 18. Kenya Distribution of Cowpea accessions
    19. 19. CROWD SOURCING 1.500 Ethiopian Farmers 1.500 Tanzanian Farmers S 1.500 Kenyan Farmers
    20. 20. http://www.twitter.com/seeds4needs @Seeds4Needs Follow us

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