On-farm Conservation of Tropical Fruit Diversity: 
Roles and Motivations of Custodian Farmers 
and Challenges 
Bhuwon Stha...
The Tropical Fruit Tree Project 
in partnership with
3 
Context: Shrinking Diversity 
The heavy reliance on a narrow diversity of crops puts future 
food and nutrition securit...
Research questions 
• What we really mean by custodian farmers? 
• What are the characteristics of such custodian farmers?...
Credit: Bioversity International/C.Bonham
6
Who are Custodian Farmers? 
Custodian farmers are those farmers (men and 
women) who actively maintain, adapt and promote ...
• Safe-guarding of unique and rich crop diversity 
• Consolidate research: on-farm conservation 
• Promote local innovatio...
Geographic Locations of case 
studies of Custodian Farmers 
Over 1500 HHs in 36 communities of 4 countries 
(India, Indone...
11 
Methodology
12 
Credit: Bioversity International/B.Sthapit
13 
Identified custodian farmers 
of tropical fruit tree diversity 
Country 2013 2014 
India 43 54 
Indonesia 2 16 
Malays...
14
15 
What are the key characteristics 
of Custodian Farmers? 
1. Driven by conservation ideology 
2. Knowledge holder of tr...
16 
Custodian Family
Mr. Dattatreya 
Hegde 
• Total number of Mango varieties: 52 
• Unique ‘Appe’ Mango varieties: 12 
• Local fruit mango var...
Unique features 
18 
Motivation 
Mixed orchard 
Kg. Penampang Baru, 
Papar 
N 5.605°, E 115.957° 
Motivation 
Mr. Palin Al...
19 
Inter and intraspecific diversity of 
Mangifera sp., Nephelium sp., and Gracinia sp. 
Unique and rare fruit diversity!...
20 
What drives Custodian Farmers to 
persist? 
• Personal (driven by passion or sensitivity regarding the 
need for conse...
21 
Typology of Custodian 
Farmers
What are the key roles of custodian 
farmers? 
Role Description Indicators 
Maintai 
Richness of 
n 
species/varieties/ tr...
23 
Key Questions 
• How can society continue to motivate such 
farmers, generation after generation? 
• Can custodian far...
Emerging threats and challenges 
• Young generation are no 
more keen to engage in 
farming 
• Change in land use 
• Unrec...
Opportunities 
• Registration of unique and 
rare varieties of custodian 
farmers and contribute to the 
national list 
(e...
26 
Thank you 
custodian 
farmers 
for safeguarding 
Tropical Fruit 
Tree diversity for 
current and 
future 
generations!
Thank you 
www.bioversityinternation 
al.org
On farm conservation of tropical fruit diversity - Roles and motivations of Custodian Farmers and challenges
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

On farm conservation of tropical fruit diversity - Roles and motivations of Custodian Farmers and challenges

1,278 views

Published on

Who are custodian farmers? What do they do and why? Why is it important to identify them?

Bioversity International scientist Bhuwon Sthapit discusses the role of custodian farmers in using and safeguarding important agricultural biodiversity for current and future generation. Presented at the 29th International Horticulture Congress.

Read the publication:
http://www.bioversityinternational.org/e-library/publications/detail/custodian-farmers-of-agricultural-biodiversity-selected-profiles-from-south-and-south-east-asia/

Published in: Science
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,278
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
46
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

On farm conservation of tropical fruit diversity - Roles and motivations of Custodian Farmers and challenges

  1. 1. On-farm Conservation of Tropical Fruit Diversity: Roles and Motivations of Custodian Farmers and Challenges Bhuwon Sthapit, Hugo Lamers, Ramanatha Rao and partners 22 August 2014, International Horticulture Conference, Brisbane, Australia
  2. 2. The Tropical Fruit Tree Project in partnership with
  3. 3. 3 Context: Shrinking Diversity The heavy reliance on a narrow diversity of crops puts future food and nutrition security at risk. Source: ‘Dimensions of Need: An atlas of food and agriculture’, FAO 1995
  4. 4. Research questions • What we really mean by custodian farmers? • What are the characteristics of such custodian farmers? • Why they are special for on-farm conservation ? • What they do? What are motivations? • How can we identify them from farming crowd? • Are there different types of custodian farmers? • What roles they can play and what challenges they face? • What are key research and policy issues?
  5. 5. Credit: Bioversity International/C.Bonham
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Who are Custodian Farmers? Custodian farmers are those farmers (men and women) who actively maintain, adapt and promote agricultural biodiversity and related knowledge at farm and community levels over an extended period of time, and are recognized by community members for doing so (Sthapit et al, 2013).
  8. 8. • Safe-guarding of unique and rich crop diversity • Consolidate research: on-farm conservation • Promote local innovation and selection • Strengthen community seed system and exchange • Effective and efficient low cost approach • Nodal point to link formal and informal seed sector • Farmer’s rights Why is it important to identify?
  9. 9. Geographic Locations of case studies of Custodian Farmers Over 1500 HHs in 36 communities of 4 countries (India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand) 10
  10. 10. 11 Methodology
  11. 11. 12 Credit: Bioversity International/B.Sthapit
  12. 12. 13 Identified custodian farmers of tropical fruit tree diversity Country 2013 2014 India 43 54 Indonesia 2 16 Malaysia 14 13 Thailand 2 15
  13. 13. 14
  14. 14. 15 What are the key characteristics of Custodian Farmers? 1. Driven by conservation ideology 2. Knowledge holder of traits 3. Community recognition 4. Highly motivated and self-directed 5. Consistent and unshaken commitment 6. Willing to share knowledge and materials
  15. 15. 16 Custodian Family
  16. 16. Mr. Dattatreya Hegde • Total number of Mango varieties: 52 • Unique ‘Appe’ Mango varieties: 12 • Local fruit mango varieties: 02 • Unique Garcinia indica types: 03 • Total area: 06 ha
  17. 17. Unique features 18 Motivation Mixed orchard Kg. Penampang Baru, Papar N 5.605°, E 115.957° Motivation Mr. Palin Along
  18. 18. 19 Inter and intraspecific diversity of Mangifera sp., Nephelium sp., and Gracinia sp. Unique and rare fruit diversity! Source: Salma Idris, Malaysia
  19. 19. 20 What drives Custodian Farmers to persist? • Personal (driven by passion or sensitivity regarding the need for conserving diversity to future generations; preferences, hobby) • Social (driven by the desire to conserve particularly relevant crops for festivity and food culture) • Economic (driven by the need for safeguarding diversity for economic options of the HH) • Agro-ecology (driven by the land types and ecosystem) • Cultural (driven by the awareness regarding the intimate link between genetic and cultural diversity; inherited orchards)
  20. 20. 21 Typology of Custodian Farmers
  21. 21. What are the key roles of custodian farmers? Role Description Indicators Maintai Richness of n species/varieties/ traits Guardian of at least 1 unique/rare/ special/difficult to propagate Adapt Rich ecological knowledge of diversity, heritability and selection Selection of specific crop, varieties and trait adapted to local conditions; needs; adversity Promot e High frequency of exchange of seed and associated knowledge Community members frequently cite source of seed from a particular node Continu ity Over time ensure land use system that harbor portfolio of species and varieties Sets of traits maintained when old varieties are Transfer of knowledge and practice to younger generation Ensure alternative options that under threat
  22. 22. 23 Key Questions • How can society continue to motivate such farmers, generation after generation? • Can custodian farmers contribute to a national conservation strategy? • How can policy support their roles in use and conservation?
  23. 23. Emerging threats and challenges • Young generation are no more keen to engage in farming • Change in land use • Unrecognized and unappreciated roles • No research on marketing diversity rich solutions Bhuwon/Bioversity Bhuwon Sthapit/Bioversity
  24. 24. Opportunities • Registration of unique and rare varieties of custodian farmers and contribute to the national list (e.g. 54 mango in India) • Recognition • Strengthened capacity of local planting material production and marketing unique/elite varieties • Consolidate roles for conservation, innovation and promoter by integrating informal network of national Vasudeva/CoR Bhuwon Sthapit/Bioversity
  25. 25. 26 Thank you custodian farmers for safeguarding Tropical Fruit Tree diversity for current and future generations!
  26. 26. Thank you www.bioversityinternation al.org

×