Adaptation to climate change: The 'Seeds for Needs' approach


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A presentation given by Carlo Fadda in celebration of Bioversity International's 40th Anniversary on 26/06/2014 on seed systems and agricultural biodiversity in an effort to adapt to the changing climate.
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  • Credit: Bioversity International/J.V.Gevel
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
  • World Resources Institute
  • Credit: Bioversity International/C.Fadda
  • Adaptation to climate change: The 'Seeds for Needs' approach

    1. 1. Adaptation to climate change: The ‘Seeds for Needs’ approach Carlo Fadda
    2. 2. (1) Genetic diversity (2) Selection & cultivation (3) Harvest (4) Value addition (5) Marketing (6) Final use Biodiversity’s contribution on the value chain IMPACT System Resilience 1. Absorb variability and climate shocks 2. Food/nutrition security also in periods of food scarcity 3. Economic self reliance by leveraging local assets
    3. 3. Climate change is happening
    4. 4. Estimated impact of +3°C change on crop yields by 2050 Impact of climate change on crop yields
    5. 5. The ‘Seeds for Needs’ approach: • is a rapid approach to identify seeds adapted to changing climates and markets • uses existing crop diversity • can be customized to local and marginal conditions around the world • directly responds to farmers’ needs
    6. 6. Seeds for Needs – A global scope
    7. 7. Seeds for Needs: The process Each farmer gets a different combination of varieties A broad set of varieties is evaluated Bioversity International/T.Rastogi
    8. 8. Farmers test and report back by mobile phone Each farmer gets a different combination of varieties A broad set of varieties is evaluated Farmers receive tailored variety recommendations and can order seeds Data are used to detect demand for new varieties and traits Environmental data (GPS, sensors) to assess adaptation The process BioversityInternational/T.Rastogi
    9. 9. Institutional genebanks (National, private, experimental stations, universities…) Community seedbanks CGIAR genebanks International Genebanks Regional genebanks
    10. 10. Strengthening community seed systems BioversityInternational/R.Vernooy
    11. 11. • Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Italy • Hombolo Agricultural Research Institute, Tanzania • Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute • Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Centre, Ethiopia • Sirinka Agricultural Research Centre, Ethiopia • Mekelle University, Ethiopia • Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya • African Biodiversity Conservation and Innovation Centre • National Agricultural Research Organization, Uganda Funding partners • Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) • International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) • World Bank Development Marketplace • CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Implementing partners • Rwanda Agricultural Board • Zamorano-Escuela Agrícola Panamericana de Honduras • Fundación para la Investigación Participativa con Agricultores de Honduras • Programa de Reconstrucción Rural, Honduras • National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources Institute (NBPGR), India • Humana People to People (HPPI), India • Gene Campaign, India • Protection of Plant varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority, India • Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS), Netherlands • USAID • Global Environment Facility (GEF) • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) • India Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)