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Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda
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Subssides for the Brazilian Bioethanol Agenda

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Presentation of Lúcia C. P. de Melo for the Workshop on Hydrolysis Route for Cellulosic Ethanol from Sugarcane. …

Presentation of Lúcia C. P. de Melo for the Workshop on Hydrolysis Route for Cellulosic Ethanol from Sugarcane.

Apresentação de Lúcia C. P. de Melo realizada no "Workshop on Hydrolysis Route for Cellulosic Ethanol from Sugarcane"

Date / Data : February 10 - 11th 2009/
10 e 11 de fevereiro de 2009
Place / Local: Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil
Event Website / Website do evento: http://www.bioetanol.org.br/workshop1

Published in: Technology
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  • 1. Workshop on Hydrolysis Route for Cellulosic Ethanol from SugarcaneSubsidies for the Brazilian Bioethanol AgendaLucia Carvalho Pinto de MeloPresident of CGEE Campinas, February 10th 2009 Center for Strategic Studies and Management Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 2. Center for Strategic Studies and Management inScience, Technology and Innovation (CGEE)Scope and Objectives studies and prospective analysis in the field of science and technology and its relation with the productive sectors evaluation activities regarding economic and social analysis as well as impact of policies and programs on science, technology and innovation information, experiences and projects to society dialogue, articulation and interaction between the science-technology and productive sectors technical and logistical support activities to public and private institutions services related to its area of competence Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 2 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 3. CGEE: Institutional Competencies St&i ENVIRONMENT ARTICULATION FORESIGHT EVALUATION INFORMATION Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 3 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 4. CGEE FORESIGHT METHDOLOGY APPROACH Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 4 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 5. National Institutes for Science and Technology ProgramNational Institutes for Science and Technology ProgramEvaluation Commission Meeting, Brasília: October 27, 2008Evaluation Commission Meeting, Brasília: October 27, 2008 CGEE: Evaluation focus on program impacts Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 5 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 6. Strategic DimensionGenerating subsidies for public policy decision making process Opportunities and Threats for the Country Comparative Advantages Barriers or Obstacles Future Vision Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 6 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 7. Bioethanol as a priority on the AgendaCGEE’s working agenda is aligned with the Ministry of Science and Technologys priorities defined by the ST&I National Plan, being the “BioEthanol” theme inserted in this context as highly strategic. Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 7 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 8. Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 8Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 9. Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 9Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 10. CGEE studies related to BioethanolCenter for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 10Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 11. Global perspectives on Bioethanol asan opportunity More than 20 countries have set goals for the introduction of Bioethanol in the fuel matrix, which lead to an annual consumption of around 80 billion liters in 2010 Some estimations indicate that world trade in Bioethanol will grow six times by 2015 The European bloc imports currently around 500 million liters and it is estimated that should import more than three billion liters of Bioethanol by 2015 The Latin American nations, led by Brazil, may register a surplus of more than six billion liters of Bioethanol by 2015 Most of this production will be exported to European, Asian and American countries Sources: Estudo CGEE/Nipe-Unicamp Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 11 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 12. Brazil and Biofuels Brazil is a relevant actor on the world scenarium of biofuels (ethanol) The great extension of land and the climate and soil conditions are adequate to biomass production The oilseed crop and the sugarcane crop are possible in a large part of the Brazilian territory The world demand for biofuels has been growing Brazil is still an importer of diesel oil The ethanol production is alrealdy consolidated and the biodiesel production is considered strategic for the country Source: Study by CGEE/Nipe-Unicamp Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 12 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 13. Brazilian Bioethanol: high productivity Ethanol yields Liters per hectare Sources: IEA – International Energy Agency (2005) e MTEC Center for Strategic Studies and Management Fonte: UNICA, 2008 Slide 13 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 14. Brazilian Bioethanol: energy balanceThe energy balance of Brazilian sugarcane-based ethanol is 4,5 times greaterthan the wheat-based and almost 7 times greater than the corn-based. Center for Strategic Studies and Management Fonte: UNICA, 2008 Slide 14 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 15. Evolution of agricultural, industrial and agroindustrialproductivity in sugar and ethanol plants in Brazil Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 15 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 16. Sugarcane culture in Brazil Sources: NIPE-Unicamp, IBGE and CTC Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 16 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 17. Potential expantion of sugarcane culture With irrigationWithout irrigation “salvation” (< 2.000 m3/ha.year) Amazon Rainforest Pantanal Other important Above 12% slope preservation areas area (75 Mha) Atlantic Forest Soil & climate aptitude High Good Medium Inadequate for sugar cane culture (> 80 t/ha) (> 70 t/ha) (> 60 t/ha) Source: Study by CGEE/Nipe-Unicamp Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 17 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 18. Technological routes for ethanol production Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 18 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 19. Bioenergy supply routes and technology optionsSource: http://www.ifpri.org/2020/focus/focus14/focus14.pdf Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 19 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 20. R&D&I priorities for Ethanol Conventional genetic improvement and genetic engineering Production models and infrastructure Biotechnologies, agriculture of precision and optimization of inputs Mechanical harvest, without burning and with straw collecting Pre-processing and stock of bagasse and straw Fermentation, grinding and distillation improvements Management and automation (advanced system) Reduction of water and energy consumption and recycle of effluents Increase of the excess power generation Alcohol-chemistry, sugar-chemistry and biorefinery Hydrolysis and gasification (F-T) of bagasse and straw Sugar-cane of high biomass (Energy cane) Source: Study by CGEE/Nipe-Unicamp Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 20 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 21. For a Brazilian Research Agenda inBioethanolIn the country there are some opportunities for cost lowering andsustainability improvement in the Bioetanol productive chain which have to bestudied and analyzed in order to make possible the incorporation ofinnovative technologies which may keep and improve Brazil’s competitiveadvantages.The control of first and second generation technologies requires the nationaldevelopment of a research agenda. This one have to integrate, in a sinergicalway, the national efforts (in public and private research centers), to value andsupport the existent iniciatives and goes for a strongh content of basicknowledge in frontiers areas. Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 21 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 22. CGEE publications related to BioethanolCenter for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 22Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 23. CGEE studies related to BioethanolNAE Journals: Biofuels Study on the role of State AgriculturalStudy commissioned by the Nucleus of Strategic Issues Research Organizations (OEPAs)of the Presidency of the Republic Study under the Management Contract signedCoordination: Isaías Macedo & Luiz A. Horta Nogueira between MCT and CGEE Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 23 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 24. CGEE studies related to Bioethanol Studies for the MCT in partnership with Nipe/Unicamp, CTC, Transpetro and Cenea Coordination: Rogério Cezar de Cerqueira Leite / Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez Supervision: CGEE Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 24 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 25. CGEE studies related to BioethanolStudies for the MCT in partnership with Nipe/Unicamp, CTC and CeneaCoordination: Rogério Cezar de Cerqueira Leite / Luís Augusto Barbosa CortezSupervision: CGEE Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 25 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 26. Publication in four languages launched during the International Conference on Biofuels, held in São Paulo (November/2008) www.bioetanoldecana.org www.bioetanoldecanadeazucar.org www.sugarcanebioethanol.org www.bioetanoldecanne.org Partnership: BNDES, CGEE, Cepal e FAO Coordination: Luiz A. Horta NogueiraCenter for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 26Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 27. Documents to guide the interventions in the International Conference on Biofuels Supervision: CGEE Coordination: L. A. Horta NogueiraCenter for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 27Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 28. BioethanolON GOING STUDIES Technical Subsidies to the Brazilian Agenda of Bioethanol Objectives To Support the CTBE implementation To Study the local agro-ecological linkages of the sugarcane-based ethanol production To analyse both socio-economic and environmental routes of the sugarcane- based ethanol production To subsidy both national and international agenda of bioethanol products and process certification To study the effects of greenhouse gases emissions on the productive chain of Bioethanol first and second generations [Contrato de Gestão supervisionado pelo MCT] Partnership: Nipe/Unicamp, CTBE, NREL, USP and others Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 28 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 29. Final Remarks Opportunities (oil perspectives; global warming) Advantages (land; knowledge) Threats (technological control; degree of business competition;economiccrisis) Challenge To take advantage of the window of opportunity: TO ACT AS A GLOBAL PLAYER The role of CTBE (a future vision...) Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 29 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 30. Shakespeare...The difference betweenComedy and Tragedy is...In a Comedy, you discoverreality in time to do somethingabout it,In a Tragedy, you don’t! Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 30 Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 31. Thank you! Lucia Melo presidencia@cgee.org.br http://www.cgee.org.brCenter for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 31Science, Technology and Innovation
  • 32. New publications of CGEEAvailable in http://www.cgee.org.br Center for Strategic Studies and Management Slide 32 Science, Technology and Innovation

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