Embrapa´s Strategy for Improvement of Bioethanol Production


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Presentation of Cristina M. M. Machado for the Workshop on Hydrolysis Route for Cellulosic Ethanol from Sugarcane.

Apresentação de Cristina M. M. Machado realizada no "Workshop on Hydrolysis Route for Cellulosic Ethanol from Sugarcane"

Date / Data : February 10 - 11th 2009/
10 e 11 de fevereiro de 2009
Place / Local: Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil
Event Website / Website do evento: http://www.bioetanol.org.br/workshop1

Published in: Technology, Business
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Embrapa´s Strategy for Improvement of Bioethanol Production

  1. 1. EMBRAPA’S STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT OFBIOETHANOL PRODUCTION Cristina Machado – Researcher Hugo Molinari – Researcher Sílvia Belém – Researcher Esdras Sundfeld – R & D Chair
  2. 2. Embrapa Agroenergy Mission: To enable innovative technological solutions for sustainable and equitable development of the Agroenergy business in Brazil for the benefit of society. Basic Information:  Creation: May 24th, 2006  Installation: January, 2007  Staff: 150 employees  Location: Brasília – DF  Duties: 1) Coordination of Agroenergy R&D actions at Embrapa. 2 ) Execution of R&D projects
  3. 3. Embrapa AgroenergyWorking Structure Laboratory of Knowledge Management in Agroenergy Laboratory of Energetic Biology Laboratory of Energetic Feedstock Processing Pilot plant Laboratory of Co-products and Residues Processing
  4. 4. Strategic Priorities 2008-2011-2023 Development of new technologies of energy (ethanol from cellulose, products of bio- refinery, hydrogen)  Enzymatic pathway for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials.  Enzymes, fungi, bacteria and catalysts for energy production.  R&D focusing the concept of bio-refinery. Development of technologies for economical use of by-products and residues  Economical use of meals, glycerin & by-products of biodiesel production.  Economical use of by-products from the charcoal industry for the production of biofertilizers and biopesticides.  Economical use of residues and by-products from the 1st and 2nd generation ethanol production processes.
  5. 5. Strategic Priorities 2008-2011-2023 Development of novel production systems and raw materials with superior characteristics for the production of energy. Zoning and evaluation of environmental, economic and social impacts for the identification of areas for the competitive and sustainable production of agroenergy. Development of technologies and production systems aiming at using degraded areas for the production of bioenergy.
  6. 6. Embrapa’s R&D Platforms in Agroenergy Biodiesel Lignocellulosic Energetic Ethanol Florests Sugar Cane Potential Sources
  7. 7. Characteristics of these Projects Target technological issues of national relevance Carried out by multi-institutional networks (public and private partners acting in R&D, technology transfer, information systems, farming and industrial processing, among other issues) Multi-disciplinary approach Require high volume of resources (scientists, $$$, infra- structure,..)
  8. 8. Sugar Cane Production SystemsNETWORK: 100 scientists (8 Embrapa R&D Centers, 2 Universities, 1 R&D Institute, ...)
  9. 9. Ethanol from lignocellulose Platform Management Characterization & selection of lignocellulosic biomass Prospection & selection of microorganisms Molecular genetics of gramineae & microorganisms Conversion Processes Alternative sources of biomass & technological routes for the sustainable production of ethanol from lignocellulosic materialsNETWORK: being organized ...
  10. 10. Platform Management Monitoring of the project development, verifying the accomplishment of its objectives; Establishment of partnerships in the public and private sectors for technology transfer; Management of the IP aspects; Utilization of the databanks of Brazilian System of Genetic Resources (SIBRARGEN - Embrapa) to concentrate the information about raw material and microorganisms obtained in the project Creation of a homepage with different levels of access for publicizing the project results for the team and public
  11. 11. Characterization & selection of lignocellulosic biomassAdaptation and standardization of analytical methodologies for different lignocellulosic materials;Establishment raw material selection criteria;Characterization and selection of lignocellulosic biomass for its physical-chemical properties;Characterization and selection of lignocellulosic biomass for its cell wall composition and structure.
  12. 12. Distribution of germplasm banks  Materials partially characterized:  Bromatological  Agronomical
  13. 13. Prospection & selection of microorganismsSelection of microorganisms for: Production of cell wall hydrolytic enzymes Ethanol production from pentoses Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation
  14. 14. Distribution of germoplasm banks  Yeasts characterized and evaluated for ethanol production  Molds and bacteria characterized and evaluated for other uses:  Biological control;  Plant diseases;  ….
  15. 15. Molecular genetics of gramineae & microorganismsModification of polymeric structure of plant cell wall to facilitate hydrolysis;Prospection and characterization of hydrolytic enzymes coding genes for the increase of specific activity;Evaluation of hydrolytic enzymes and pentoses and hexoses metabolizing coding genes;Construction of microorganisms with amplified hydrolytic enzymes expression and catabolic repression control;
  16. 16. Conversion Processes Definition of lignocellulosic ethanol conversion process models in bench scale experiments; Bench scale evaluation of defined conversion process models with the selected raw material and microorganisms; Pilot scale evaluation of technological routes (selected process using selected raw material and microorganisms); Mass and energy balances and preliminary technical & economical feasibility studies of selected technological routes; Evaluation and management of residues generated in selected technological routes.
  17. 17. Final Remarks Management of the R & D process is a big challenge  involving the integration of efforts, networking, sharing and allocation of resources to meet the needs of R & D, establishment of public-private partnerships, among other aspects. Embrapa, has a long history working on “open knowledge”. But… Information security, protection, patent (IP) and business.  aspects will be indispensable to maintain Brazil’s leadership, and more than that, sovereignty on biofuels.
  18. 18. Embrapa Agroenergywww.cnpae.embrapa.brcristina.machado@embrapa.br