THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THE PRESENT ETHANOLPRODUCTION AND FUTURE EXPANSION IN NORTHEASTBRAZIL: SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS AND WA...
History of the Sugarcane Crop in the Brazilian                  Northeast
Table 1. Sugarcane harvested area (million hectares) in some of the major producing countries1989-2007                    ...
Table 2. Sugarcane production (million tons) in the major producing countries. 1989-2007.                               20...
Leaf roller (Mahanarva posticata) METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE
Sugarcane Root Spittlebug - Mahanarva fimbriolata          METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE
Sugarcane Borer - Diatraea saccharalis              Cotesia flavipes
Sugarcane Giant Borer - Telchin licus licus     No chemical control available
Use of pesticides in the main crops in Brazil                (in kg of active ingredient per hectare)Source: Arrigoni & Al...
DISEASELeaf scald, caused by Xanthomonas albilineansSugarcane mosaic virusSugar cane rust - Leifsonia xyli subsp. Xyli (tr...
Percentage of sugar cane harvested in Alagoas according with the                    acronym of the varieties       Harvest...
REDUCED TILLAGE
Foto Usina Coruripe
Foto – Usina Coruripe
Foto – Usina Coruripe
120        39,8 kg                                                                                         residue mass   ...
Sugarcane
roots
               
    (0,65m)

Teor de nutrientes (g Kg-1)   20   a                                       b                 Com leg    Sem leg           ...
Tratamentos     % de palhada decompostaLucca(2002):               Crua 5 anos                 94                          ...
CRONOSEQUENCE
FOR

13C

AND
  CARBON
STOCKS
ANALYSIS:
          
FOREST

 
SUGARCANE:
5,
15
E
30
YEARS
                 ...
SUSTAINABILITY AND USE OF WATER
Evolution of the irrigated area and volume of stored water in                           Alagoas State                   Pe...
Low pressure, 4-inch gun type sprinkler
SUSTAINABILITY AND VINASSE USE1. Fertirrigation – ( 200 kg ha-1 of K)2. Fertilization using trucks3. Ipojuca River - G.   ...
HARVEST
SUSTAINABILITY AND CO GENERATION
SUSTAINABILITY AND EMPLOYMENT                GENERATIONTemporary -Fixed – 31,200 jobsMechanical harvesting - 60% of tempor...
Employment in the Sugarcane Production
7%31%58%51%
Employment Quality Index EQI (Educational level of the employees; Formality level of  the employment; Main employment sala...
AVERAGE PRODUCTION OF SUGARCANE CUTTER          HARVEST 07/08 x 08/09
Social
impacts
         Support
             Employments                                        
               Life
quali...
SUSTAINABILITY

                       
               X

LAND
USE
CHANGES
IN
NORTHEAST
 Based on sugarcane Agroecological...
STATE OF PIAUÍÁREA FOR SUGARCANE:      294.375 ha
STATE OF MARANHÃOÁREA FOR SUGARCANE:      789.547 ha
STATE OF BAHIAÁREA FOR SUGARCANE:     2.937.982 ha
AGRI‐ENVIRONMENTAL
                                                      THEMES
     LAND USE                NATURAL
     ...
DOMAIN AREA OF THE ATLANTIC FOREST 

Estudos da UFPE – Mateus de PaulaDevastação e ProalcoolEm Alagoas – Tabuleiros      Grandes extensões      Áreas planas   ...
Pernambuco
               Termo
de
Compromisso:                                   
         Recuperação
de
mata
ciliar
–
6...
INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS
    PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION OFBIOSPHERE RESERVE IN THE RAIN FOREST IN THE               NORT...
About 85 species of rain Forest produced in 2005/2006
                             More than four million native seedlings...
SOME CHALENGES FOR    SUSTENNABILITY IN NORTHEAST:  USE OF WATER IN INDUSTRIES: WE NEED REDUCTIONS  NITROUS OXIDE EMISSI...
Thank you for your attention        MUTUM‐DE‐ALAGOAS
        Mitu
mitu

The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and ...
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The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and water use

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Presentation of Antonio D. Santiago for the "2nd Workshop on the Impact of New Technologies on the Sustainability of the Sugarcane/Bioethanol Production Cycle"

Apresentação de Antonio D. Santiago realizada no "2nd Workshop on the Impact of New Technologies on the Sustainability of the Sugarcane/Bioethanol Production Cycle "

Date / Data : Novr 11th - 12th 2009/
11 e 12 de novembro de 2009
Place / Local: CTBE, Campinas, Brazil
Event Website / Website do evento: http://www.bioetanol.org.br/workshop5

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The Sustainability of the Present Ethanol Production and Future Expansion in Northeast Brazil: Socio-economic impacts and water use

  1. 1. THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THE PRESENT ETHANOLPRODUCTION AND FUTURE EXPANSION IN NORTHEASTBRAZIL: SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS AND WATER USE.
  2. 2. History of the Sugarcane Crop in the Brazilian Northeast
  3. 3. Table 1. Sugarcane harvested area (million hectares) in some of the major producing countries1989-2007 2007 1999-01 1989-01Brazil 6.712 4.901 4.092Índia 4.830 4.197 3.699China 1.225 1.171 1.230NE-Brazil* 1.189 1.076 1.440Thailand 1.010 903 897Pakistan 1.029 1.042 888Mexico 680 628 556Colômbia 450 400 344USA 358 412 374Cuba 400 1.015 1.372Source: Adapted - ,FAOSTAT, online database at http://www.fao.org. accessed July 2008; InSugarcane Ethanol – Contributions to climate change mitiagtion and enviroment, 2008, e,* IBGE 2009.
  4. 4. Table 2. Sugarcane production (million tons) in the major producing countries. 1989-2007. 2007 1999-01 1989-01 Brazil 514.1 335.8 258.6 Índia 322.9 297.0 223.2 China 105.7 85.1 63.9 NE-Brazil* 68.8 57.4 70.2 Thailand 64.4 51.3 37.0 Pakistan 54.8 48.4 36.2 Mexico 50.7 46.1 40.8 Colômbia 40.0 33.1 27.4 USA 27.8 32.1 26.6 Cuba 11.1 34.2 80.8Source: Adapted - FAOSTAT. online database at http://www.fao.org. accessed July 2008; InSugarcane Ethanol – Contributions to climate change mitiagtion and enviroment. 2008* IBGE 2009.
  5. 5. Leaf roller (Mahanarva posticata) METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE
  6. 6. Sugarcane Root Spittlebug - Mahanarva fimbriolata METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE
  7. 7. Sugarcane Borer - Diatraea saccharalis Cotesia flavipes
  8. 8. Sugarcane Giant Borer - Telchin licus licus No chemical control available
  9. 9. Use of pesticides in the main crops in Brazil (in kg of active ingredient per hectare)Source: Arrigoni & Almeida e Ricci Jr. In: Bioetanol de cana. 2008- CGEE
  10. 10. DISEASELeaf scald, caused by Xanthomonas albilineansSugarcane mosaic virusSugar cane rust - Leifsonia xyli subsp. Xyli (tratamento termicoSugarcane yellow leaf virus (ScYLV)
  11. 11. Percentage of sugar cane harvested in Alagoas according with the acronym of the varieties Harvest Harvest 2007/2008 2008/2009
  12. 12. REDUCED TILLAGE
  13. 13. Foto Usina Coruripe
  14. 14. Foto – Usina Coruripe
  15. 15. Foto – Usina Coruripe
  16. 16. 120 39,8 kg residue mass NResidue mass and nitrogen (%) 100 19,1 kg 80 10 kg 60 40 y = 77.703e-0.006x 20 R² = 0.975 y = 82.253e-0.007x R² = 0.948 0 0
 50
 100
 150
 200
 250
 300
 350
 400
 450
 Days after harvest
  17. 17. Sugarcane
roots
 
 (0,65m)

  18. 18. Teor de nutrientes (g Kg-1) 20 a b Com leg Sem leg 15 10 5 A B 0 N P K Ca Mg S Nutrientes
  19. 19. Tratamentos % de palhada decompostaLucca(2002): Crua 5 anos 94 Crua 3 anos LV 89 Crua 3 anos NQ 91Ball-Coelho (1993): Crua 74Walane Ivo (2004) Crua 64 (58, 60 e 75)Walane Ivo(2004) Crua 64 (69, 58 e 66)(sacos de decomposição)
  20. 20. CRONOSEQUENCE
FOR

13C

AND
 CARBON
STOCKS
ANALYSIS:
  
FOREST

 
SUGARCANE:
5,
15
E
30
YEARS
 

  21. 21. SUSTAINABILITY AND USE OF WATER
  22. 22. Evolution of the irrigated area and volume of stored water in Alagoas State Period


 Irrigated
Area

 Volume
of
stored
 (x
1000
ha)
 water(x
106
m3)
 Before
1993
 26
 17.9
 1993
to
1998
 61
 67.2
 1998
to
2004
 89
 136.0
 2004
to
2009
 198
 401.4
Adapted from Rosenfeld (2005) and Sampaio (2009)
  23. 23. Low pressure, 4-inch gun type sprinkler
  24. 24. SUSTAINABILITY AND VINASSE USE1. Fertirrigation – ( 200 kg ha-1 of K)2. Fertilization using trucks3. Ipojuca River - G. Gunkel*, M. Sobral**, J. Kosmol*, H. Rohn*,S. Montenegro**, & J. Aureliano
  25. 25. HARVEST
  26. 26. SUSTAINABILITY AND CO GENERATION
  27. 27. SUSTAINABILITY AND EMPLOYMENT GENERATIONTemporary -Fixed – 31,200 jobsMechanical harvesting - 60% of temporaryActions - Encourage other cultures Training employees
  28. 28. Employment in the Sugarcane Production
  29. 29. 7%31%58%51%
  30. 30. Employment Quality Index EQI (Educational level of the employees; Formality level of the employment; Main employment salary; Employment helps)
  31. 31. AVERAGE PRODUCTION OF SUGARCANE CUTTER HARVEST 07/08 x 08/09
  32. 32. Social
impacts
 Support
 Employments 
 Life
quality
 programs
 “Artesãs do Pontal de “Barriga Cheia” project – Increase in the humanCoruripe” project – Usina Usina Seresta support condictons - harvest Coruripe support
  33. 33. SUSTAINABILITY

 
 X

LAND
USE
CHANGES
IN
NORTHEAST
 Based on sugarcane Agroecological Zone:
  34. 34. STATE OF PIAUÍÁREA FOR SUGARCANE: 294.375 ha
  35. 35. STATE OF MARANHÃOÁREA FOR SUGARCANE: 789.547 ha
  36. 36. STATE OF BAHIAÁREA FOR SUGARCANE: 2.937.982 ha
  37. 37. AGRI‐ENVIRONMENTAL
 THEMES
 LAND USE NATURAL
 ENERGY WASTE
PRODUCTION
 RESOURCES
QUALITY
 AND
USE1.
Soil
and
climate 1.
Water 1.
EnergeXc
balance 1.
water2.
Land
use
planning 2.
Integrated

ethanol

‐
 2.
vinasse 2.
Soil biodiesel
producXon3.
CompeXXon
for
food. 3.
Atmosphere 3.
EnergeXc
planning 3.
Straw 4.
Flora
and
Fauna. 4.
Carbon
market 4.
Bagasse 5.
Management
and
 5.
Filter
cake conservaXon
of
soil‐ plant
system
  38. 38. DOMAIN AREA OF THE ATLANTIC FOREST 

  39. 39. Estudos da UFPE – Mateus de PaulaDevastação e ProalcoolEm Alagoas – Tabuleiros Grandes extensões Áreas planas Disponibilidade hídrica
  40. 40. Pernambuco
 Termo
de
Compromisso: 
 Recuperação
de
mata
ciliar
–
6
ha‐ano
2009:
novas
metas
de
reflorestamento
de
matas
ciliares,
 nascentes
e
áreas
com
declividades
maiores
que
45º
 

  41. 41. INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS
 PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION OFBIOSPHERE RESERVE IN THE RAIN FOREST IN THE NORTHEAST RESTORATION OF PROTECTED AREAS
 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAM 
 
 environment and rainforest
  42. 42. About 85 species of rain Forest produced in 2005/2006
 More than four million native seedlings planted in the last five years Some of the 400,000 plants in 2006
  43. 43. SOME CHALENGES FOR SUSTENNABILITY IN NORTHEAST:  USE OF WATER IN INDUSTRIES: WE NEED REDUCTIONS  NITROUS OXIDE EMISSIONS: WE NEED TO MEASURE CHEMICALS FOR NEMATODES AND “CUPINS” CONTROL:WE NEED REDUCTIONS VINASSE USE BURNED X UNBERNED: JOBS FOR THE SUGARCANECUTTERS
  44. 44. Thank you for your attention MUTUM‐DE‐ALAGOAS
 Mitu
mitu

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