Tdikow Heteroptera Eol Talk
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Tdikow Heteroptera Eol Talk






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    Tdikow Heteroptera Eol Talk Tdikow Heteroptera Eol Talk Presentation Transcript

    • Encyclopedia of Life Biodiversity Synthesis Center – Accelerating the pace of scientific discovery Torsten Dikow Biodiversity Synthesis Center Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, USA
    • Overview ◊ Encyclopedia of Life – EOL ◊ Biodiversity Heritage Library – BHL ◊ Biodiversity Synthesis Center – BioSynC ◊ LifeDesk ◊ Sharing images with EOL ◊ EOL Fellows Program Hoplistomerus nobilis, Asilidae
    • “The Encyclopedia of Life is an ecosystem of websites that makes all key information about all life on Earth accessible to anyone, anywhere in the world” (
    • Encyclopedia of Life ◊ 1.8 Million species pages ◊ A web-site for every species that roams or roamed the earth ◊ Freely available – Customizable by user – Common portal ✝ Schildia martini, Dominican amber Schildia fragilis, extant 2 mm 2 mm
    • Encyclopedia of Life ◊ Five components • Secretariat Washington, DC, USA • Biodiversity Informatics Group Woods Hole, MA , USA • Scanning & Digitization Group Washington, DC, USA • Species Site Group Washington, DC, USA • Education & Outreach Group Boston, MA, USA • Biodiversity Synthesis Group Chicago, IL, USA ◊ Cornerstone institutions • Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC, USA • Field Museum of Natural History Chicago, IL, USA • Harvard University Boston, MA, USA • Marine Biological Laboratory Woods Hole, MA , USA • Missouri Botanical Garden St. Louis, MO, USA • Biodiversity Heritage Library Washington, DC, USA • Atlas of Living Australia Canberra, ACT, Australia
    • Encyclopedia of Life ◊ General need for accurate species information ◊ Information displayed comes from • aggregation (mash-up) of data from online sources • sharing data with existing online databases • workbench LifeDesk to upload information ◊ Not another Wikipedia ◊ Private foundations have funded initial development
    • Encyclopedia of Life ◊ Useful for scientists and general public • Scientific community – assembles & authenticates scientific information • General public – submits photos, data, other information – scientists review information – best media etc. brought into authenticated page
    • Encyclopedia of Life Teacher develops lesson plans on conservation. Port inspector uses EOL and molecular barcoding to monitor ballast water. Climate researchers link changes in butterfly populations to climate change. Taxonomist in a developing country accesses literature to describe new species. Eco-tourist downloads electronic field guide to prepare for trip to Himalayas.
    • Biodiversity Heritage Library – BHL
    • BHL – An International Consortium • Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, London, UK • Natural History Museum, London, UK • American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY • New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY, USA • Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, USA • Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA • Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO, USA • Harvard University – Botany & Ernst Mayr Libraries, Boston, MA, USA James Dwight Dana • Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA, USA Zoophytes. Atlas, 1849
    • BHL – Scanning of entire taxonomic literature ◊ Core literature pre-1923 (out of copyright in the USA) • 400,000 titles = 80 million pages ◊ All pre-1923 literature • 600–750,000 = 120–150 million pp. ◊ All taxonomic literature • 1.4–1.6 million = 280–320 million pp. ◊ High-resolution ◊ OCR text PDF – copy/paste descriptions etc. Searchable online and linked through EOL
    • BHL – Downloading
    • BHL – Downloading
    • BHL – Scanning the literature of your interest ◊ Community-vetted bibliography ◊ Scanning priority • Diplopoda ◊ Scan institutional journals • ZSM journals ◊ Copyright • institutions might be willing to waive • Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa Corydalis cava, Fumariaceae
    • Biodiversity Synthesis Center – BioSynC ◊ One of five components of the EOL ◊ Based at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL ◊ BioSynC is one way for scientists to directly take advantage of and support the EOL
    • BioSynC – Goals ◊ Accelerate the pace of scientific discovery in taxonomy, biodiversity, & evolution. ◊ Support the growth of the EOL by facilitating cross-disciplinary involvement of the scientific community. ◊ Provide a central meeting location for biologists to explore new ideas & develop tools for synthetic analysis of biodiversity. Cactaceae
    • BioSynC – Synthesis Meetings ◊ Topics proposed by international community ◊ Bring together groups for specific goals ◊ Budgets of up to US$ 50,000 ◊ Content for research and EOL ◊ Tool development for research and EOL ◊ New questions or Ideas Corydalis cava, Fumariaceae
    • BioSynC – Tree of Life Visualisation
    • BioSynC – Megadiverse & Understudied Taxa ◊ Bryozoa Dec 2007 ◊ Decapoda Jun 2008 ◊ Diptera Oct 2008 ◊ Heteroptera Feb 2009 ◊ Diplopoda Mar 2009
    • BioSynC – Conservation Biology ◊ Hotspot mapping ◊ Regional & habitat searches within EOL ◊ Educational efforts in biodiversity ◊ Biodiversity conservation & preservation Biodiversity hotspots sensu Conservation International
    • BioSynC – Statistics ◊ Proposals received = 27, approved = 18 ◊ Submissions • 46 individuals from 30 institutions in 11 countries Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Singapore, Taiwan, United Kingdom, and United States ◊ Participants • 177 from 89 institutions in 31 countries Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, India, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Taiwan, Tanzania, United Kingdom, and United States • 99 faculty, professors, or curators • 31 students (high school, undergraduate, and graduate) • 47 other (e.g., programmers, educators, or collection managers)
    • BioSynC – Previous synthesis meetings TreeViz Dec 2007 San Francisco, CA, USA BryoZone Dec 2007 Chicago, IL, USA MegaTrees April 2008 Chicago, IL, USA IEDG May 2008 Berkeley, CA, USA Decapoda June 2008 Keelung, Taiwan I Dig Tanzania June 2008 Chicago, IL, USA LifeDesk September 2008 Chicago, IL, USA Diptera October 2008 Chicago, IL, USA TDWG October 2008 Fremantle, WA, Australia Heteroptera February 2009 Riverside, CA, USA Diplopoda March 2009 Munich, Germany Planned synthesis meetings • Early land plants – liverworts • Peracarida • Scleractinia corals • Fossil fishes • Fossil Marine Tetrapoda • Fish MegaTree • Biogeography tools
    • LifeDesk
    • LifeDesk – Public Access
    • LifeDesk – Scientists Access
    • LifeDesk – Classification editor
    • Share photos with EOL through ◊ Rules • image set to public • image is licensed with public domain or CC-BY, CC-BY-NC, CC-BY-SA, CC-BY-NC-SA • image is tagged using machine tags – binomial scientific name taxonomy:binomial=“Grazia tincta“ – genus name taxonomy:genus=Grazia – family name taxonomy:family=Pentatomidae ◊ Additional data • common name • geographic information – “geo:lat=”; “geo:lon=” – “geo:alt=” Grazia tincta, Pentatomidae
    • Encyclopedia of Life – Fellows Program ◊ Cofunding of EOL contributor through Species Sites Group • salary of up to US$ 20,000 annually • institutions or grants provide matching funds • directly contributing to EOL content (250 species pages) ◊ Competetive applications from around the world ◊ Great outreach component for grants ! ◊ Starting September 2009 Damalis speciosa, Asilidae
    • Encyclopedia of Life – Funding ◊ John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation ◊ Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ◊ J.B. and M.K. Pritzker Family Foundation ◊ Harris Family Foundation ◊ MaryEllen and Richard Keyser ◊ Lewis Manilow ◊ Antonio Gracias