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The international open access landscape



Carrie Calder, Head of Marketing, BioMed Central speaking at Open Access Africa 2010

Carrie Calder, Head of Marketing, BioMed Central speaking at Open Access Africa 2010



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  • * Charts number of OA policies over recent years* These mandates are either…..*last year still saw a 25% growth in funder policies*significant growth though, a real explosion was in institutional policies – almost tripling the amount of the previous year.
  • *20% year on year growth
  • *On average at least 10 new journals being added to the portfolioGrowth in OA journals is significant because it has become the more financially attractive way to launch journalsIts not easy to launch a new journal with library subscription budgets reducing, but OA makes it possibleInterestingly though for BMC, that whilst we are branching into new subject areas and launching new journals, many of our new titles are increasingly from journals, societies, wanting to transfer to the OA model.>>>>>not surprising that all of the growth in these areas leads to an increase in submissions….
  • *30% growth in submissions
  • Over 340 worldwide but only 2 in Africa….Stellenbosch and University of the Witwatersrand

The international open access landscape Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The international open access landscape
    Carrie Calder Head of Marketing, BioMed Central
  • 2. Scope
    The open access landscape and its growth
    Open access and impact
    Managing the cost of OA publishing
    The future…
  • 3. Where is open access in 2010?
    • There are over 5600 open access journals in the DOAJ
    • 4. Over 1000 open access journals are indexed by ISI
    • 5. Open access to research is now mandated in over 100 institutions and by 45 funders.
    • 6. Submissions to OA journals grew by over 44% between 2008 and 2009
    • 7. Open access firmly part of the mainstream..
  • Developments within OA landscape
  • 8. Developments within OA landscape
    • Mandates and policies
    • 9. Journals
    • 10. Submissions
  • Open access policies
    Data courtesy of www.openscholarship.org
  • 11. Policy highlights
    46 funder policies including RCUK, Wellcome Trust, NIH Public Access Policy
    Institutional policies - 3 times as many policies than a year ago- Compact for open-access publishing equity (COPE)- Number of policies within Africa?....
    Information on all policies available at www.eprints.org/openaccess/policysignup/
  • 12. Call to action….
  • 13. Open access journals
  • 14. Increase in journals
  • 15. BioMed Central submissions
  • 16. Open access and impact
  • 17. Open access and impact
    Myths of OA
    Challenges to prove quality
    Impact Factors hard for new journals
  • 18. BioMed Central journals with Impact Factors
  • 19. Official Impact Factors
  • 20. Open access having impact
    Swan, A. (2010) The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to date.- 27 of 31 show open access having a positive citation advantage- Where positive advantage - increase in citations varying from -5 to 600%
  • 21. Article visibility
  • 22. Increasing impact for a society journal
  • 23. The cost of open access publishing
  • 24. How do the finances work?
    Article-processing charge (APC)
    Editorial: handling of manuscripts
    Technical: development, maintenance and operation of online journal system
    Production: Formatting and markup of articles, inclusion in indexing services
    Marketing: Making sure readers and authors know about the journal
    Customer service: Responding to authors/readers
    Web technology is used to keep costs low
  • 25. Open access publication charges
    BioMed Central APC comparison page lists publishers’ open access charges
    BioMed Central’s charges (~£995 / $1620) are at the lower end
    For comparison, traditional publishers often charge $3000 or more for open access option, in addition to subscription charges
    http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/authors /apccomparison
  • 26. Article-processing charges - who pays?
    Authors may pay out of grant funds
    Some funders provide a central fund for open access publishing costs
    Institutions may cover costs centrally, on behalf of their authors, via BioMed Central Institutional Membership
    Some titles cover costs themselves
  • 27. Waiver fund
  • 28. Institutional Membership
    • Supporter MembershipInstitution pays a flat fee, authors pay a discounted Article Processing Charge
    • 29. Prepay MembershipInstitution covers cost of publication centrally, at a discounted rate
    • 30. Shared Support MembershipInstitution and author share the cost the APC equally
  • BioMed Central Members
  • 31. Future of open access…
  • 32. Open access article share
  • 33. And more…
    Open access publishing,then and now…
  • 34. Conclusions
    • Open access journals are proving to offer impact
    • 35. Variety of payment routes for APCs being explored
    • 36. Open access movement going from strength to strength
    • 37. So much scope for more growth still, especially within Africa
    • 38. CALL TO ACTION: what could you do?
  • Thank you