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Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
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Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
Sra Oa Bmc
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Sra Oa Bmc

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    • 1. SN22: Introduction to Open Access Publishing for Research Administrators and Managers
    • 2. SN22: Introduction to Open Access Publishing for Research Administrators and Managers <ul><li>Matthew Cockerill, Publisher, BioMed Central </li></ul><ul><li>Neil Thakur, Special Assistant to the Deputy Director for Extramural Research, NIH </li></ul><ul><li>Heather Joseph, Executive Director, SPARC </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Carter, Chair, Association of Research Managers and Administrators </li></ul>
    • 3. A brief introduction to Open Access Matthew Cockerill Publisher, BioMed Central
    • 4. Why is Open Access important?
    • 5. The internet makes it possible to share research results universally <ul><li>In an online environment, nearly all publishing costs are ‘first copy’ costs </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of distribution is negligible </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers want to share their research as widely as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminating access barriers is a natural way to achieve this </li></ul>
    • 6. Two paths towards Open Access <ul><li>Gold OA Publishing in an open access journal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully OA journals e.g. BioMed Central, Public Library of Science etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optional OA in traditional journals (now offered by many major publishers) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green OA Depositing articles in an OA repository </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PubMed Central </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK PubMed Central </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ArXiV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional repositories </li></ul><ul><li>DSpace </li></ul><ul><li>Eprints </li></ul><ul><li>Fedora </li></ul><ul><li>Open Repository </li></ul>
    • 7. The two forms of open access are complementary <ul><li>Deposit of embargoed manuscript versions is a useful stepping stone </li></ul><ul><li>Open access publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ensures official final version can be deposited immediately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>addresses concern that OA deposit will lead to subscription cancellations / undermine peer review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funders are requiring OA archiving, and taking active steps to encourage and facilitate OA publishing </li></ul>
    • 8. How do the traditional and Open Access publishing models compare?
    • 9. Traditional research publishing <ul><li>The research community transfers the rights to the research </li></ul><ul><li>The publisher resells access rights to cover costs </li></ul>
    • 10. Open Access research publishing <ul><li>The publisher is paid for the service of publication </li></ul><ul><li>There are no barriers to access </li></ul>
    • 11. Definition of Open Access (Bethesda Statement, 2003) <ul><li>Freely available via the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed to allow redistribution and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Permanently archived in multiple international repositories </li></ul>
    • 12. Benefits of OA for authors <ul><li>Maximizes potential readership </li></ul><ul><li>Articles are widely accessible via aggregators, indexing services, search engines etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks down barriers between fields </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes public understanding of scientific and medical research </li></ul><ul><li>Allow literature and data to be mined </li></ul>
    • 13. Open Access has grown rapidly to become part of the mainstream
    • 14. Growth of OA publishing in BioMed Central’s journals
    • 15. Open Access is not evenly spread!
    • 16. Open Access publishing, then and now… <ul><li>2008 </li></ul>2000 And more…
    • 17. Open Access journals have already established excellent reputations
    • 18.  
    • 19.  
    • 20. OA Publication Fees
    • 21. What do OA publication fees cover? <ul><li>Open access publishing is not without costs </li></ul><ul><li>Publication fees need to cover costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Editorial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing ( e.g. conference attendance) </li></ul></ul>
    • 22. Typical OA publication fees <ul><li>BioMed Central $1700 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Library of Science $2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Company of Biologists $3100 </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University Press $2700 </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Society $3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Springer $3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor & Francis $3250 </li></ul><ul><li>Wiley $3000 </li></ul>
    • 23. Who pays OA publication fees? <ul><li>Authors may pay out of grant funds </li></ul><ul><li>Some funders provide dedicated funds for open access publishing costs </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions may cover costs centrally (via open access funds and/or membership arrangements with OA publishers) </li></ul><ul><li>Some journals are run by organizations which cover costs themselves </li></ul>
    • 24. Does Open Access offer good value compared to traditional publishing?
    • 25. <ul><li>Oxford University Press data http://www. oxfordjournals .org/news/ oa _workshop.html </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleic Acids Research received $3000-$4000 of subscription revenue per article published </li></ul><ul><li>Comparable to the amount charged by traditional publishers for their OA options </li></ul><ul><li>OA publishers like BMC charge substantially less </li></ul><ul><li>OA publication fees make costs much more transparent, and authors can choose between alternative options </li></ul><ul><li>This guards against over-pricing </li></ul>I. Cost per article published
    • 26. II. Cost per article download <ul><li>Studies have shown that open access, unsurprisingly, leads to a significantly increased number of downloads compared to the traditional model </li></ul><ul><li>This helps make open access a much more cost-effective way to disseminate research results </li></ul>
    • 27. Funder policies on Open Access
    • 28. NIH Public Access Policy
    • 29. UK PubMed Central funders
    • 30. HHMI Policy
    • 31.  
    • 32. Funders have a key role in the transition to open access <ul><li>A fully Open Access publication system is no more expensive than the traditional model </li></ul><ul><li>But libraries can’t easily free up their budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Funders are breaking this stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>In biomedical research areas, the cost of publication is estimated to be only around 1% of the cost of carrying out the research </li></ul><ul><li>A tiny fraction of the indirect research costs from funders can cover the full cost of sharing the results of that work </li></ul>
    • 33. Progress towards open access needs coordinated action <ul><li>Research Funders </li></ul><ul><li>Research Administrators </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty </li></ul>
    • 34. Centrally managed funds for Open Access publication charges
    • 35. Harvard University
    • 36. Interview with Stuart Shieber, head of Harvard’s Office of Scholarly Communication <ul><li>Stuart Shieber’s goal is to see OA journals exist on “equal footing” with subscription-based journals. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors don’t get underwriting help from the library when they publish in OA journals, while they do from publishing in subscription-based journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To put OA and subscription journals on a “level playing field” you’d want to underwrite OA journals just as you do subscription journals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 29th 2008 </li></ul></ul>
    • 37. BioMed Central membership <ul><li>Prepay membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution pays funds into a deposit account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article Processing Charge is covered by funds from account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discount depending on deposit amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author does not have to pay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified administration/reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supporter membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions pay a flat fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors pay a discounted Article Processing Charge </li></ul></ul>
    • 38. 160+ Prepay Members
    • 39. 160+ Supporter Members

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