Open access publishing as the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

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Irene Onyancha, Chief Library and Information Management Services ICT, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

Irene Onyancha, Chief Library and Information Management Services ICT, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

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  • The e-learning materials are stand-alone modules released as open educational resources. Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use, and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute
  • The consultation took place during the Africa Preparatory Meeting for the Global Geospatial Information Management held in Addis Ababa at UNCC, UNECA from 8 to 10 August 2001. The meeting also recommended to member States, ECA and AUC to finalise and implement the African Action Plan on Geospatial Information Management.
  • CODIST The role of CODIST is to review challenges and issues pertaining to the ICT, Science Technology and Innovation (STI), Geo-Information as well as Libraries and Information Services sectors; formulate policies and strategies to address Africa’s development challenges; and determine priorities to be reflected in the work programme of the ICT, Science and Technology Division of ECA.

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  • 1. The Role of United Nation Economic Commission For Africa on Open Access in Africa Ms. Irene Onyancha Chief, Library and Information Management Services ICT, Science and Technology Division (ISTD) United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNECA
  • 2. Outline
    • Context – ECA’s vision and programmes
    • Focus on ICT, Science and Technology Division (ISTD)
    • Open Access activities at ECA
      • Open Access Publishing – ECA Institutional Repository
        • IR project
        • Lessons Learnt
      • Development of E-learning & Open Educational Resources
      • Open Access to GeoData & information
    • Facilitating Open Access & ICT development to member states
    • Access Scientific and Socio-economic Information in Africa (ASKIA) programme
    • Lessons Learnt
  • 3. ECA’s mandate & vision
    • The Economic Commission of Africa:
      • established 1958
      • one of the UN Secretariat's five regional commissions
      • 5 Sub-Regional Offices (SROs)
    to promote economic and social development, foster intra-regional integration, and promote international cooperation for Africa's development
  • 4. ECA’s Work Programme
        • Regional Integration, Trade and Infrastructure
      • Meeting the MDGs
      • Promote good governance & popular participation
      • ICTs, Science and Technology for Development
      • Statistics and Statistical Development
    Focus on :
        • Responsible for:
    • United Nations programme on “harnessing
    • information for development”;
    • Is an integrated information service:
      • to promote accessibility and availability of quality
      • information on African development
      • To assist member states build national
      • capacities in the use of ICTs for accelerated
      • and sustainable development
    ICT, S&T Division
  • 5. ICT, Science & Technology Division (ISTD)..
    • Work programme in 4 strategic areas of intervention:
      • Promoting ICTs for development and implementing the African Information Society Initiative (AISI);
      • Promoting Science and Technology for development;
      • Strengthening Geographic Information for sustainable development
      • Knowledge, Library and Information Management services
    • ISTD provides these services at 2 levels:
      • to the Commission
      • to member states
    Open Access activities are integrated across the ITSD work programme
  • 6. Publishing at ECA:
    • ECA’s knowledge is presented in:
      • Flagship publications
      • Conference proceedings, Resolutions & Speeches
      • Technical publications, policy briefs, mission reports, annual reports working papers
      • other grey literature
    • all which outline important research or decisions that have been made on the economic and social developmental aspects in Africa
  • 7. The status of ECA Publications 2 years Ago Divisional Collections Catalogued collection Electronic copies Staff computers ECA Web sites Library shelves Library basement ECA publications
  • 8. Open Access Publishing at ECA: The ECA Institutional Repository
        • Established in 2009:
    • ..is an electronic publishing means of
    • collecting, managing and preserving the
    • institutional memory of ECA. It also offers
    • timely dissemination of this wealth of
    • knowledge outlining important socio- economic
    • research and decisions in Africa…..
    • - Green Road to Open Access -
    ECA IR
  • 9. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR
      • Defining the project
      • Implementing the IR project
      • Populating the IR
      • Accessing Items in the IR
      • Lessons Learnt
    • The golden road to Open Access (OA) is to publish in Gold OA journals (free for the user online).
    • The green road to OA is to publish in conventional (non-OA) journals and to make the articles OA (free for the user online) by self-archiving them in the author's institutional repository.
  • 10. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR
    • Defining the Institutional Repository Project
      • Build on project 2007
      • Project documents: Concept note, proposal and Business Plan
      • Funding
    • Preliminary activities
      • Setting up a project team
      • Contracting a Service Provider for the IR platform development
      • Purchase of
        • equipment servers, computers & scanners
        • storage and archival materials
  • 11. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR
    • Project activities & work flow
      • Cataloging, indexing & reviewing, scanning
      • ECA publications collection development
        • Printed publication
        • Digital collection
        • Institutional policies promoting OA at ECA
    • Online platform development
        • Software selection & development of systems requirement
        • Customization
          • Controlled Vocabularies (UNBIS thesaurus & SC, Geo terms, authors, serials)
          • AGRIS AP metadata (submission & export)
        • New modules (MQM, CUA and Document Streaming)
  • 12. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR
    • Importing MARC21 metadata from the ILS
      • A crosswalk between MARC21 and AGRIS AP (Qualified DC)
      • Development import tool
    • Communities and Collections development
      • 12 communities and 21 collection based on the ECA’s work programme
      • 1 community and 5 collections for ECA sub-regional offices
    • Uploading digital files
      • All digital files saved with the accession number of the metadata records
      • 17,000 metadata records & 10,000 files uploaded
  • 13. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR Available at http://repository.uneca.org
  • 14. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR
  • 15. Accessing content in the ECA IR
  • 16. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR
    • Searching
      • Simple Search
      • Advanced search using the AGRIS AP fields
      • Subject search
    • Browsing
      • Dspace features (title, date & Communities and collections)
      • Subject keyword browse (UNBIS thesaurus)
      • Thematic collections of ECA conferences & Flagship publications
    • Harvesting
      • OAI-PMH (simple DC)
      • Expose metadata using AGRIS AP for specialized harvesters
  • 17. Open Access Publishing at ECA: IR impact IR access statistics/month Top 10 countries
  • 18. Other Open Access activities
    • Open Educations Resources & E-learning
    • Open Access to Geo-information
  • 19. Open Access Education Resources ( OER) & E-learning
    • Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders in Africa
      • 8 Modules on ICT4D topics including; ICT policies, e-government, network security, ICT trends:
        • The Linkage between ICT Applications and Development
        • ICT for Development Policy, Process and Governance
        • e-Government Applications
        • Network and Information Security and Privacy
        • etc.
      • 3 new modules are planned as follows:
        • ICTs and Regional Integration (Module 9),
        • ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction (Module 10)
        • Climate Change and ICTs (Module 11)
  • 20. Open Access Resources: OER & E-learning African e-learning initiative ( http://www.uneca.org/elearnafrica
  • 21. Open Access publishing at ECA : GeoData
    • Online Metadata Clearinghouse Registry Services
      • ECA offers “country spaces” for hosting of metadata clearinghouse nodes at http://geoinfo.uneca.org:8080/geonetwork
    • Development of interoperability standards for datasets
      • through regional and international consultations
      • to promote open geodata architecture for mutual and remote access to geodata and geo services. http://www.uneca.org/istd/default.htm
    • Development of data sharing policies
      • Policy & guidelines development during the biennium 2012-2013 period
      • Setting up policies at Regional (ARSDI) and National (NSDI) levels
  • 22. Support to member states
    • Dual role as regional arm of the UN & part of the regional institutional landscape
      • Provides a vantage position to harness resources and make unique contribution to assist member States' efforts to address their development challenges
  • 23.
    • Modalities and services to support its member States:
    • Policy analysis and advocacy
      • formulation of national ICT policies, commonly known as NICIs
        • Over 43 countries had adopted their NICIs by end of 2010,
        • On going implementation of sectoral strategies in key priority sectors such as e-government, education, health
      • facilitate implementation of the WSIS Geneva declaration on Open Access
    • Enhancing Partnerships
      • based on comparative advantage and pooling of resources
        • Ex. Govt of Finland: Technology in Government in Africa Awards
        • Carnegie Foundation & IFLA for ICADLA conference in 2009
  • 24.
    • Technical Assistance
      • on-demand regional advisory services
      • training workshops and seminars
      • fellowship and internship programmes
    • Communication and Knowledge sharing
      • CoP platforms: Teamworks knowledge sharing platform in partnership with UNDP
      • Sharing Best Practices
    • Statutory meetings
      • Committee on Development Information Science and Technology-CODIST
        • KLIS reinstated as a Committee of CODIST
        • Open Access workshop pre-event on
        • OPEN ACCESS Africa 2013?????
  • 25. ASKIA Programme Promoting Open Access to member states
    • Access to Scientific/Socio-economic Information in Africa (ASKIA)
    • defines a framework for bringing together a variety of scientific and socio-economic and associated information to the African scientific community;
    • Identifies 5 strategic areas of intervention working in synergy
    • Initial project cost of $370k. ECA library has raised $50k and seeking further funding
  • 26. Strategic intervention 1
    • Using a Web Ccontent Management System (Web 2)
    • Hosting
    • ASKIA Federated Search Engine, Online Communities of Practice (CoP) for Library and information Managers across the continent; E-Forums; RSS feeds for news and events on science and socio-economic development issues from the continent; Directories of African scientists and researchers etc.; Databases on Open source tools and Information Management standards and; the ASKIA blog to promote exchange of best practices.
    ASKIA Online portal
    • a one stop shop to all knowledge types from/on Africa
    • contextualized access to information services
    • Biblios, maps, news, stat. data etc.
  • 27.
    • Different competing online sources Bioline, BMC,DOAJ, PMC, AJOL, Scirus, Research4Life, Google etc.
      • The federates search engine is a one stop window facilitating searching across different knowledge bases, including Open Access and commercial databases & Journals source for scientific and socio-economic, content on and from Africa generated abroad in the region
      • Facilitate discovery and collation and contextual rendering of content including bibliographies, geo-data, news, blogs, statistical data,
    Strategic intervention 2 ASKIA Federated Search
    • facilitate the collation of different knowledge types on/from Africa
    • enable discovery, access to free and subscribed to information resources
    • through a single search
  • 28. Ex. Federated Search Engine
  • 29. Ex. Contextual rendering of results
  • 30. Strategic intervention 3
    • New emerging technologies to deliver services:
      • e.g Social media and mobile technology proliferation in Africa
      • Better connectivity with the Fibre cable around Africa completed
    Strategic intervention 4 Repository on African maps & geodata
    • formerly ECA Map Reference Section
    • access to thousands of maps at the ECA Library and other Nationals Libraries
    • Values added services e.g.
      • theses and dissertations
      • Country profiles: news, maps, biblos etc.
    • Mirrors of ECA IR at UN Depository Libraries
    Knowledge hub & information services
  • 31.
    • Why the Open Access Package by Biomed Central:
      • Piloting in science & technology related public institutions
      • Relatively high cost of infrastructure development to set up repositories
      • Lack of required skills and technical know-how to set-up and maintain the IR
      • Hosted solution offers immediate availability and visibility of IR
      • Concentrate on populating the IR
    • Other models of technical assistance for other institutions
    Strategic intervention 5
    • IR development Pilot for 10 libraries
      • partnership with BioMed Central
    • partnerships with donors & DP
    • fellowship and internships programme
    • Scanning equipments and workstations
    Strengthening member states capacities to document local knowledge
  • 32.
    • Community Corner
    • Members information
    • E-forums
    • Blog- Best practices
    • RSS feeds
    Information Resources on the Internet ASKIA : http://www.uneca.org/askia Tools & standards E-Learning E-Registries CoPs ASKIA Online Platform DATAD/ ASKIA Maps & Geo Data Scientific Databases University A University B E-Journals Service A University Theses WWW Service B Country Specific Maps, Media, Documents E-Directories Library OPACs Research 4Life ASKIA Federated Search Data Harvester Service C Media stories on African development Digital Maps of Africa Service D
  • 33. Lessons Learnt
    • Need to share best practices on IR development between member states libraries;
    • Need to bring coherence in various Open Access activities across the continent;
    • Development partners need to assess comparative advantage and pool resources to support OA activities;
    • Poor access to ECA knowledge by member states due to connectivity problems – replication of IR at SROs & UN DL;
    • Need to incorporate sustainability strategies in project planning and implementation;
    • Due to limited funding, proper project planning is critical in the implementation of OA activities in the African Libraries
  • 34. THANK YOU!!!
  • 35. Special Thanks
    • BioMed Central
    • Director, ISTD: Ms. Aida Opoku-Mensah
    • Mr. Abebe Chakol