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OPEN ACCESS AND INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES IN KENYA BY ROSEMARY OTANDO E-RESOURCES LIBRARIAN UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI LIBRARY
Why open access? For long term preservation, organization and access or distribution of scholarly work to accelerate research and enhance progress in science and development.
Ways of providing Open Access OA Journals – Peer reviewed OA Repositories – Regional or Institutional Repositories Institutional Repositories? - Set of services that a university offer to the members of its community for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution and its community members.
WHY IR IN ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN KENYA? To provide for an effective system to disseminate and access research information, digitize and preserve digital content that is in danger of extinction. Provide avenue for scholars and researchers to publish their intellectual and scholarly works
Why IR IN KENYA? (Cont.) Adding to Inst./faculty prestige through showcasing their academic research Gives authors and their works immeasurable publicity and increased visibility
Why IR IN KENYA? To create mechanism for sharing information with other institutions in Kenya and beyond. Do we want to participate in our country’s development? – share scientific findings Others are sharing why not us?
Others are sharing! Opendoar – http://www.opendoar.org/ AJOL – African Journal Online - http://ajol.info/ OAISTER – Digitised material http://oaister.worldcat.org/ WorldWideScience.org – International scientific databases - http://worldwidescience.org/ Biomed Central: http://www.biomedcentral.com/ WHO publications - http://www.who.int/en/ NDLTD – Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations - http://www.ndltd.org/find BioOne.org - sciences. http://www.bioone.org/ Open J- Gate - http://www.openj-gate.org/Footer/About.aspx
Others are sharing! Plosone – peer-reviewed science publications http://www.plosone.org/static/guidelines.action Open Humanities Press - http://openhumanitiespress.org/index.html Oxford Open Access Journals - http://www.oxfordjournals.org/oxfordopen/ Kenya Law Reports - http://www.kenyalaw.org/update/index.php African Digital Library – free for Africa http://www.africaeducation.org/adl/ OER sites - OERAfrica – Established by SA Inst. - http://www.oerafrica.org/Home/tabid/36/Default.aspx Lawyers in Africa http://www.apkn.org/dspace/xmlui/
KLISC INSTITUTIONS AND IR PROJECTS Concept of IR Introduced earlier (ILRI, Moi) 2008, 2009,2010- workshops on Open Access and free software that can be used for IR e.g. DSpace and Greenstone software. Follow-up visits and workshops to enhance skills and to sensitize staff on IR.
KLISC INSTITUTIONS AND IR PROJECTS (Cont.) Currently, most inst. are in the development stage, i.e. Installation Customization Submission stage
KLISC INSTITUTIONS AND IR PROJECTS (Cont.) Involving key stakeholders e.g. university administrators, policy makers, students, academic staff etc Policy issues Sensitization and training
Identified KLISC institutions implementing IR (Mostly full text items) ILRI (Online)
Challenges ICT infrastructure Inadequate staff – need for adequate staff to run the project i.e. full time administrator, ICT person, Digitization expert Policy Issues (Expert guidance on copyright issues) Promotion – concept is foreign (Convincing faculties to contribute in the development of the project – faculty adoption disappointing)
Future plans For KLISC Follow-up workshops and visits Follow-up visits, workshops and training to sensitize academic staff and researchers on the need for IR and sharing of information. Sustainability (Proposal for budget for sustainability)
Future plans Deal with licensing, privacy issues and Copyright issues (Develop IR policies)
Suggestion - government and funding bodies to mandate their funded researchers to deposit a copy of the articles in their IR.
Raising awareness – aggressive marketing to solicit content by collaborating with faculties to build the repository.
Future Plans(Cont.) Launching IRs – ILRI and KARI, the only IR that is alive on the web; Strathmore, UoN on LAN but launching soon; others in the development stage Training trainers for Kenyan institutions – have local experts in the two software to support the upcoming institutions. Soliciting for funds and a budget for sustainability of the IR projects.
Future plans Activation of full-text access to users. Reach other institutions that have interest to establish IR (Both government and private institutions) Follow-up visits to enhance skills and provide additional support. Increase collectionsand provide access via the WAN (Open Access )
CONCLUSION. Scientific findings do not belong to a country but to the whole world Thank you!