Latest Developments in Open Access
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Latest Developments in Open Access

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  • So - to introduce BioMed Central… We’re the largest publisher of peer reviewed open access journals in the world, having pioneered the model since the launch of our first journals in 2000. The success of BioMed Central’s open access journals, and the promising future of the open access model was reinforced when the company was acquired by Springer, the world’s second largest STM Publisher, in October 2008. We now publish just over 200 titles, almost all of which are online only. Those titles have published more than 60,000 peer reviewed articles, all of which are not only freely available from our website, but are also openly licensed, to allow and encourage distribution and reuse as long as the original work is correctly attributed. BioMed Central’s main revenue stream is the Article Processing Charge fees paid for each article published.
  • I now want to show you a some data about how rapidly BioMed Central’s open access journals have grown in recent years, and to explain some of the factors that have led to that growth.
  • As you can see here, from this graph showing the number of research manuscripts submitted each calendar quarter, BioMed Central’s growth shows no signs of slowing down.
  • 59 journals currently have Impact Factors – at least 18 more expected in June 2010. A hugely strong on going driver of growth, and a demonstration of the quality of BioMed Central’s journals.
  • The goals of OASPA are: -to be a voice for open access publishers - To enforce standards and good practices For example, members of OASPA agree to a common standard of definition of open access. Articles must not only be free on the publishers website, but also openly licensed to allow redistribution and reuse. Also, to work with academic institutions to see how best arrangements can be put in place to handle the payment of APCs, since models designed around subscription payment are not a good fit.
  • This is one case example of a Scandinavian society journal which has thrived since moving to BioMed Central, more than doubling its Impact Factor, and attracting many more manuscript submissions.
  • The Open Access Scholarly Publishers association was launched in October 2008 (Open Access week)
  • The goals of OASPA are: -to be a voice for open access publishers - To enforce standards and good practices For example, members of OASPA agree to a common standard of definition of open access. Articles must not only be free on the publishers website, but also openly licensed to allow redistribution and reuse. Also, to work with academic institutions to see how best arrangements can be put in place to handle the payment of APCs, since models designed around subscription payment are not a good fit.
  • Announced durign open access week
  • Joining OUP which has already made such reductions
  • The last thing I would like to discuss is the relationship between open access journals and open access repositories.
  • In the last few years, mandatory policies have been put in place by many research funders and also academic institutions, requiring authors to deposit articles into open access repositories, to increase access to research, whatever journal it is published in.
  • In the last few years, mandatory policies have been put in place by many research funders and also academic institutions, requiring authors to deposit articles into open access repositories, to increase access to research, whatever journal it is published in.
  • In the last few years, mandatory policies have been put in place by many research funders and also academic institutions, requiring authors to deposit articles into open access repositories, to increase access to research, whatever journal it is published in.
  • Many institutions now have their own repository, but ensuring that research is deposited in the repository is a lot of work for both authors and administrators. Open Access journals offer the benefits that the official publisher version can be shared, immediately on publication. BioMed Central already automatically deposits published open access articles into funder repositories such as PubMed Central. To make the flow of articles into institutional repositories even easier, we have now implemented support for the SWORD protocol. This will allow BioMed Central member institutions to have articles from their researchers automatically deposited into their institutional repository.
  • Here is the typical process when an author published in a typical traditional journal. As well as submitting their manuscript to the journal, they must separately deposit a copy of the finally accepted manuscript into their institutional repository. The administrators of the repository must then check that the article’s metadata is correct. What is then distributed is not the official publisher version of the article, but an unofficial, unformatted author version.
  • When publishing with BioMed Central, as a result of the new SWORD integration, the author only needs to submit their manuscript once, to the publisher. Once the article is accepted and published, the official final version of the article can automatically be deposited into the appropriate institutional repository. All the repository administrators then need to do is to approve the deposit, and to ensure it is stored in the correct location. The entire process is far quicker, more reliable, and efficient. If your institution is interested in trialling such a SWORD feed, we would very much like to hear from you.

Latest Developments in Open Access Latest Developments in Open Access Presentation Transcript

  • Latest developments in Open Access Matthew Cockerill Managing Director, BioMed Central 1 st December 2009 Online Information, Olympia, London
  • About BioMed Central
    • Largest publisher of peer-reviewed open access research journals
    • Launched first open access journal in 2000
    • Acquired by Springer in October 2008
    • Now publishes 205 OA titles
    • >60,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published
    • All research articles may be shared openly under Creative Commons license
    • Costs covered by 'article processing charge’ (APC)
  • Growth of Open Access publishing at BioMed Central
  • Number of manuscripts submitted to BioMed Central journals each calendar quarter
  • New journals from BioMed Central
    • Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology
    • Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
    • Automated Experimentation
    • Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
    • Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine
    • Genome Medicine
    • Gut Pathogens
    • Head & Neck Oncology
    • Journal of Angiogenesis Research
    • Journal of Cheminformatics
    • Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology
  • New journals from BioMed Central
    • Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology
    • Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
    • Automated Experimentation
    • Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
    • Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine
    • Genome Medicine
    • Gut Pathogens
    • Head & Neck Oncology
    • Journal of Angiogenesis Research
    • Journal of Cheminformatics
    • Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology
  • New national-level BioMed Central memberhips
  • BioMed Central journals with official Thomson Reuters/ISI Impact Factors
  • Society Journals
    • Publishing consultants working with societies are increasingly being asked about open access
    • BioMed Central is approached about
      • new OA society journals
      • transfer of existing society journals to the OA model
    • Increasing society publishing consultants’ awareness and knowledge of open access
      • 1–day workshop in London UK – June 2009
      • 1–day workshop in New York – December 2009
  • Example of increased visibility and impact for a society journal under OA Moved to BioMed Central and became Open Access
  • The broader OA picture
  • The disruptive effect of the web
    • Michael Nielsen - Guest speaker at STM annual conference in Frankfurt
    • Thought-provoking exploration of the parallels between the turmoil in newspapers and in STM publishing
    • The altered economics of the web present a huge challenge for traditional business models
  • Several new Open Access journals from NPG
    • From Nature Publishing Group’s 2009 letter to customers:
    The increase in funder support for open access and enhancements in publishing technology enable NPG to undertake an exciting new publishing endeavour. In April 2010 we will introduce Nature Communications, an online-only peer-reviewed journal offering rapid publication for high-quality research across the biological, chemical and physical sciences. We plan to introduce several open access journals in our academic and society journal program in 2010, the first of which will be Cell Death & Disease in January.
  • Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
  • OASPA
  • Goals of OASPA
    • Represents Open Access publishers
    • Agree common definition of Open Access
    • Enforce high standards of editorial and business practice amongst members
    • Set guidelines and best practices for publishers and institutions in payment of OA publication fees
  • Actvities of OASPA in 2009
    • Successfully encouraged several prospective members to use standard OA licenses to enhance reusability
    • Ran “Meet the OA Publisher” Live Q&A Webinar during Open Access week in October (archived at OASPA website)
    • Hosted inaugural COASP conference, in Lund, Sweden
    • Held first Board elections
  • OASPA conference
  • OASPA Board members
    • Caroline Sutton (Co-Action Publishing) Chair
    • Saskia Franken (Utrecht University Library/Igitur) Secretariat
    • David Prosser (SPARC Europe) Treasurer
    • Bo-Christer Björk (ITcon)
    • Matthew Cockerill (BioMed Central)
    • Gunther Eysenbach (Journal of Medical Internet Research)
    • Mark Patterson (Public Library of Science)
    • Paul Peters (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
    • David Solomon (Medical Education Online)
    • 11 Professional Publishing Organizations
    • 13 Scientist/Scholar Publishers
    • 3 Strategic Partners
    • 24 Associate Member Organizations
    • Announcing 2 new high profile members:
    OASPA Membership
    • “ The BMJ has been an active supporter of open access from the outset. […] We are delighted to be joining OASPA.”
    • Fiona Godlee, Editor, British Medical Journal
    • “ Oxford Journals is commited to fair and sustainable pricing models and we see open access as one means of achieving this. We support OASPA’s desire to share experiences and best practice for open access publishing, so we’re pleased to be able to join its community.”
    • Martin Richardson, Managing Director, OUP (Journals Division)
  • Transitioning funding from subscriptions to OA
    • “ We would like to see a commitment from publishers to show the uptake of their open access option and to adjust their subscription rates to reflect increases in income from open access fees. Some publishers, for example Oxford University Press, have already done this and we would like to see all publishers behave the same way.”
    • Sir Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust
  • Reduced subscription fees on hybrid journals to reflect OA uptake
  • Similarly for OUP’s Bioinformatics
    • Institutional online subscription price:
    • 2005 - GBP 1008
    • 2010 - GBP 976
    • OA uptake has more than offset OUP’s subscription price increments over this time period
  • Building a level playing field: Central funds to cover Open Access publication costs
  •  
  • OA Compact
    • Signatories of the OA Compact commit to:
    • "the timely establishment of durable mechanisms for underwriting reasonable publication charges for articles written by its faculty and published in fee-based open-access journals and for which other institutions would not be expected to provide funds."
  • Founding signatories of the OA Compact
    • Berkeley
    • Cornell
    • Harvard
    • Dartmouth
    • MIT
    All but MIT have already put Open Access funds in place
  •  
  • Institutional Open Access policies and repositories
  • Official open access policies
    • Mandatory OA-deposit policies from research funders led the way: E.g. NIH, HHMI, UK PubMed Central funder group
    • Mandatory OA-deposit policies from academic institutions have followed:
    • E.g. Harvard, MIT, UCL
  • Funder OA policies
  • US taxpayer funded research – the debate continues
  • Institutional OA policies
  • Surge in number of institutional Open Access mandates
  • UK institutional OA mandates
    • University of Edinburgh
    • University of Glasgow
    • University of Leicester
    • Napier University
    • Roehampton University
    • Queen Margaret University
    • University of Salford
    • University of Southampton
    • University of Stirling
    • University College London (UCL)
    • University of Westminster
    • A substantial fraction of academic institutions now have OA repositories
    • Filling those OA repositories is proving to be a challenge
    • Open Access journals provide a source of content that can be immediately shared
    • BioMed Central is automating feeds to repositories using the SWORD protocol
    OA journals are complementary to Institutional OA repositories
  • Institutional Repository (DSpace/Eprints etc. ) Publisher Manual deposit to IR Manuscript Author final version 1 2
  • Institutional Repository (DSpace/Eprints etc. ) Automated deposit to IR via SWORD Manuscript SWORD Import SWORD Export Published articles from institution’s authors Published article
  • And finally…
  • More new developments in Open Access
  • Help Gulliver spread the word about open access at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/ecard/