How do we compete? The selling points of open access are listed hereWe can offer continuous publication: i.e. the author doesn’t need to wait for an issue for their work to be published. Articles are published online within a few days of editorial acceptance.We are led by the need to provide a good service to authors. Our submission system needs to be good and like all academic publishers, we provide a high quality peer review service and in tools and support to the Editors who help manage this.Once published, barrier free access allows us to enhance the visibility of articles online through blogs, blurbs and twitter.Articles can be reused. Our open Archive Initiative protocol also allows text and data mining of all our data and literature.
3308 research articles have been published under the low-income country waiver scheme3.5% of articles to date (of those for which APCs would otherwise have been payable)Low-income country waiver rate is increasing, however (now >5%)Economics are problematic for journals with a high fraction of authors from low-income countries
Institutions showing commitment to OA and raising their profile.462 accessesto BMC published articles from KNUST in Nov 2011.
We need a clear message about what open access (OA) is, including the tangible benefits it brings. We need an effective way to spread that message. An important aim is to get commitment from funders and institutions to make their research OA.Capacity building in research and publishing expertise need to happen alongside the above, for maximum impact.
OAA12 - Open access: Current status and future plans.
Open access:current status and future plans Deborah Kahn Publishing Director, BioMed Central
Open access publishing Same quality andDifferent business model….. standards • no subscription • Editors in chief barriers • Editorial boards • universal access • Peer review • research is openly licensed to allow reuse • Indexing
Strong growth since 2000 25000 20000Number of papers 15000 Oxford Open BMC PLoS 10000 Hindawi Copernicus Springer Open Choice 5000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year
Across all subject areas Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and internal structure, Mikael Laakso and Bo-Christer Björk , BMC Medicine, 2012, 10: 124
Some advantages of open access• Unlimited access to all who need it• Continuous publication – not limited by page budgets – Space allows inclusive policies• Focus on increasing visibility of articles through blogs, blurbs, tweets• Articles are openly licensed so can be reused• Allows text mining of data and literature• No limits on size, number of colour figures, videos, additional files…..
Enables new collaborations “ I received comments through my blog, Twitter network where I have over 6000 followers, Facebook which I use for professional reasons, and Friendfeed, where there is a scientific community...” “getting feedback online and being able to ask scientific questions (through crowdsourcing) were not surprising. What was surprising though is that scientists who work in the same field as us found us now easily and we managed to launch new collaborations based on this (we plan to share the data with a group in the US and combine our efforts for a new study). From this perspective, publishing in an open access journal can provide enormous opportunities if the communication methods of social media are also used by the authors properly and with strategy.” http://www.oastories.org/2011/09/hungary-researcher-dr-bertalan- mesko-open-access-and-social-media/
Open access journals need to cover their costs• Managing peer review• Online journal systems• Formatting and mark up of articles• Inclusion in indexing services• Making sure readers and authors know about the journal
How do costs get coveredJournals with that income source Page charges Re-prints Conference fee Services Data from the SOAP Large publishers Other publishers study, http://project- soap.eu/
Waiver fund for authors in low- income countries Applies to all low and low-middle income countries that have GDP<$200bn >5% of total articles are being published under scheme
BioMed Central• Launched first open access journal in 2000• Currently publishes over 240 Open Access journals• Over 130,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published• More than 10 million article downloads per month• All research articles published under Creative Commons license so can be re-used• Costs covered by article processing charge (APC)• BioMed Central also hosts and supports SpringerOpen portfolio
BioMed Central and Africa• Waiver fund• Foundation membership• Open access in the developing world• Open Access Africa• Summit on the sustainability of open access in Africa
Submissions and publications from African authors are increasing 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 Submissions Publications 1500 1000 500 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Projected
Foundation Membership• Institutions can show support for open access – No cost• Criteria for qualifying institutions: – Institution has an Open Access policy in place – Researchers have published at least 5 articles in BioMed Central journals in the last year – Institution based in waiver fund country• Benefits – A BioMed Central Webpage – OA promotional material – Membership usage reports – Member logo/badge for use on institution website – Promotion of Membership
Open Access Africa• 2010: Kenya; 2011: Ghana; 2012: South Africa• Outcomes so far – Sudan’s first Institutional Repository, created by the University of Khartoum, was a direct result of Open Access Africa 2010 – New open access groups formed in Nigeria and Ghana – Greater awareness of challenges faced by open access journals based in Africa – Summit on sustainability of open access publishing in Africa
Summit on sustainability of open access publishing in Africa AJOL, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Bioline International, BioMed Central, Carnegie Corporation, DFID, INASP/ Publishers forDevelopment, KNUST, Medicins Sans Frontiers, Pan African Medical Journal, Public Library of Science, Shuttleworth Foundation, Stellenbosch University, The Association of Commonwealth Universities, UNECA , Wellcome Trust, WHO, World Bank
Summit outcomes• Commitment to OA from funders and institutions – Funders want their funds to be used to make research OA• Improving the reputation of open access – Showing that prestigious research is published OA – Effective OA communication/advocacy – Showing the value proposition – Getting buy-in from the African influencers• Capacity building – Research and publishing expertise• Follow up meeting to be held in Capetown this week
OAA 2012 Program• Based on the three main outcomes of the summit – Open access overview – Capacity building Twitter hashtag – Advocacy #OAAfrica2012 – Sustainability