Road safety Tips,Tips for two wheeler safety (brake properly), By B C Das


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Road safety Tips, Two Wheeler Safety Tips-
Safety Awareness, IIt is sharing of knowledge. By Bimal Chandra Das, Rtd. AGM (Safety), Bokaro Steel Plant,/ Bokaro. Kolkata

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Road safety Tips,Tips for two wheeler safety (brake properly), By B C Das

  1. 1. B C Das Tips for Two Wheeler safetyBrake properly  Courteous driving is a key to reducingYou are moving with a song on your lips, traffic crashes.and suddenly…disaster strikes. Theres a  Give proper signals well ahead of timepothole right in front of you, and before to let others know what you are goingthe brakes could be applied, you are down to do.under.  Keep a safe distance from the carTo start with the basics, a two-wheeler hastwo brakes, in which the front is operatedby the right hand, the rear by the rightfoot. Needless to say, both are needed tostop effectively.However, in an emergency, or evenotherwise, you should apply both the ahead of you.brakes simultaneously, not one at a time. Ifyou apply the front brake first, it will assist  Do not weave in and out of in slowing down, and immediately,  A yellow light means to SLOWthe rear one can be applied. DOWN and be prepared to STOP.As for how to apply brakes, though there  Give the right of way to emergencyis no set rule, but it will help if you vehicles.squeeze the front brake first, and then Choosing Eye Protectionpress down the rear brake, with increasing Eyes, the most sensitive sense organ, arepressure. Brake gently and with caution exposed to the pollution and swift windwhen you need to take a turn while that may cause irreparable damage tobraking. Use both the brakes. them. Therefore protection of this mostDos & Donts of driving precious gift to mankind is to be kept inBefore you drive... HAVE A CLEAR mind while riding a motorbike. The use ofHEAD a helmet is the best mode to keepMake sure you always have a clear head particulate matter (like dust and dirt), rain,before deciding to operate a motor vehicle. insects and debris away from your eyes,Alcohol and certain drugs, both illegal and besides providing safety to your head andlegal, can severely impair your driving face, in case of an accident. But enoughskills. If you are tired, dont risk the safety room forof yourself and others on the highway by eyeglasses ortrying to drive. sunglasses is essential.PLAN AHEAD Wearing aAllow yourself plenty of extra time to face shield isreach your destination and allow for also advised ifemergencies or traffic jams. By allowing you wear glasses to prevent them fromextra time we can be more relaxed when being blown off.operating our vehicles and thereby cutdown on the incidences of road rage.Respect other Drivers In heavy traffic
  2. 2. Try to stay out of other motorists blind  Keep your headlights on low beamsspots. Two-wheeler riders always need to when following another vehicle soassume theyre invisible to everyone else. you dont blind the driver ahead ofDesist from weaving in and out of you.traffic. If this is done, drivers cannot  If an oncoming vehicle doesnt lowerpredict where youre going to be next and beams from high to low, avoid glaremight even get nervous and swerve into by watching the right edge of the roadyou. and using it as a steering guide.Double-check the passing lane before  Make frequent stops for light snacksyou pass. Pass only in instances where its and exercise. If youre too tired tolegal and safe. drive, stop and get rest.Tips for Night Driving  If you have car trouble, pull off theDriving at night is more dangerous than road as far as possible. Warnduring the day. One of the obvious reasons approaching traffic at once by settingis darkness. Ninety percent of a drivers up flares or reflecting triangles nearreaction depends on vision, and vision is your vehicle and 300 feet behind it.severely limited at night. Depth Turn on flashers and the dome light.perception, color recognition and  Position yourselfperipheral vision are compromised after  A two-wheeler is in itself a dangeroussundown. vehicle, to be driven carefully. Balancing is an art that has to beAlcohol is the single most significant masteredfactor in fatal traffic crashes, playing a part while drivingin more than half of all motor vehicle- a motorbike.related deaths. That makes weekend nights Propermore dangerous. More fatal crashes take positioning isplace on Friday and Saturday nights than one of theat any other time in the week. related points that come to mind while on theDont drink and drive. Not only does subject.alcohol severely impair your driving  To make motorbike riding safe, it isability, but it also acts as a depressant. Just advisable that the handgrips are heldone drink can induce fatigue. Avoid firmly so that you do not lose controlsmoking when you drive. Smokes nicotine if youand carbon monoxide hamper night vision. happen toTurn your headlights on if there are any skid ordoubts. Lights will not help you see better have toin early twilight, but theyll make it easier stretchfor other drivers to see you. Being seen is whileas important as seeing. driving. Reduce your speed and increase your  Try not to sit at a distance from the following distances. It is more handle as it will impede quick reaction difficult to judge other vehicles when you need to veer away in the speeds and distances at night. opposite direction, or make other Dont overdrive your headlights. You directional changes. An erect body should be able to stop inside the while driving helps in better driving. illuminated area. If youre not, you are  Your foot should be in the perfect creating a blind crash area in front of position while driving a motorbike. your vehicle. The best position would be a firm
  3. 3. footing on the foot pegs. While other drugs impair your ability to ensuring that balance is maintained, it make sound judgments. would also be near to the controls, and  Have your bike checked regularly - make life easier and safer while Follow the recommended service driving through crowded city streets. schedules for your bike and have allSafety Tips repairs made by an authorized dealer.Follow these guidelines and drive safely Whats more, always check your– bikes tires.Riding a bike is a fun and exciting. It is  Learn to share - Having someone onalso a risky activity. These risks can be the back of your bike is a bigminimized/avoided if you care to follow a responsibility. After all, weight has afew safety norms. Here are a few points tremendous effect on handling. Sothat just may save you some trouble down before you give someone a ride,the road. instruct them on proper riding Get in gear - A helmet, eye techniques and make sure they have protection, boots and gloves best appropriate protective gear. protect you against injury in case of  Brakes - Remember to check your an accident. Be sure to wear them brakes every time you take your bike every time you ride. for a drive. In the rainy season water Get insured - Make sure you and goes into the your vehicle are both properly shoes and licensed before you head out. Get brakes may not insured so that you and your work - Drive passengers are adequately protected. slow. This may also happen at Ride defensively - Three-fourths of steep slopes all two-wheeler accidents involve -dont speed up at collisions with automobiles. They the slopes. happen because the  Air pressure - driver of the always car did not see remember to check the pressure in the the two- tyres. It is especially important to wheeler. That is keep the correct tyre pressure when why it pays to be aware of what the going on a long drive. There is also other vehicle operators are doing - or less wear n tear for both the tyres and might do - when you ride. Be extra the bike, and it gives more fuel aware of drivers waiting to turn left efficiency. across your path at intersections since Carrying loads this is the most frequent problem.  two wheeler is not equipped for any Keep your distance - Dont ever stop loading function. If the load is too directly behind another vehicle. If you heavy, imbalance is always a leave enough space, youll be able to possibility. However, small loads can maneuver around the vehicle in front be carried with caution. of you in case an approaching vehicle  Proper positioning and fastening of doesnt see you and cant stop in time. the load is a must. Try keeping the Dont drink and ride - About half of load light and low. fatal two-wheeler accidents involve  The load should not be kept behind alcohol. That is because alcohol and the rear wheel to avoid affecting the
  4. 4. centre of gravity and balancing of the  Clean the vehicle using low-pressure vehicle. water.Essentials for an emergency  All painted surfaces should be washedAfter the initial 500 miles... only with water, as kerosene orChange engine oil. detergent will damage the paintReplace oil filter.  Take care not to apply water on the electrical partsInspect air cleaner and service as required.  For cleaning the engine externally,Inspect brake pad linings and discs for brush it with kerosene and wipe it drywear. with a clean rag.Inspect oil lines and brake system for  Dry the vehicle and lubricate it afterleaks. you wash itLubricate the front brake hand lever, the  At times, water may enter on thethrottle control cables and the clutch brake liners during washing, leadingcontrol cable. to brake slippage. Therefore, make it aCheck engine idle speed. point to dry the liners by brakingCheck operation of electrical equipment frequently till the brake starts workingand switches. effectively.Check tightness of all fasteners, except After you’ve cleaned the vehicle :engine head bolts.  Replace or top up engine/ Gear boxCheck tyre pressure and inspect tread. oilCheck rear drive belt.  Clean the air filterChange transmission lubricant and clean  Clean the spark plug, and seal themagnetic drain plug. electrode gapInspect fuel valve lines and fittings for  Overhaul the carburetorleaks.  Adjust the control cableCheck rear shock absorbers.  Tighten nuts, bolts and fastenersCheck brake fluid reservoir levels and  Clean and adjust front and rear brakescondition.  Check and adjust steering columnCheck stabilizer links and engine mounts. playCheck primary chaincase, lubricate and  Check for proper functioning of lights,clean magnetic drain plug. switches and hornCheck wheel spoke tightness.  Check battery electrolyte level and topCheck cruise control/disengage switch. up with distilled waterCheck rear fork pivot nut.  Check and adjust drive chain tensionCheck air suspension for correct operation  Check and adjust spoke tightness / rimand leakage. runoutCheck idle speed.  Check and clean inline fuel filterRoad test. Lubricating your Two WheelerSee your dealer. For a smooth and easy ride, it is importantA few tips that will help keep your to lubricate your vehicle from time to time.vehicle clean : What are the parts that need to be Before you clean the vehicle, ensure lubricated? that the ignition switch unit, H.T. Coil  Rider seat pivot and silencer are covered using plastic  Control cables sheets.  Brake lever, pedal and clutch lever
  5. 5.  Front suspension  Check and clean spark plug and adjust Speedo gear / pinion / cable electrode gap   Check whether brakes are dragging Preventive Maintenance  Make sure that you check your tyre treads once a week. Have the wheels balanced and the alignment checked if the wear is uneven.  Check your tyres for cuts and scrapes on your tires, which could cause a blowout. Add air pressure as required. Many blowouts are the result of lowSteering races air pressure. Stand pivot  Examine both of your wheels for Front wheel bearing missing or loose spokes. Check the Gear shifter assembly rims for cracks or dents. Brake actuating shaft  Lift the wheel off the ground and spin Dive chain it. Then watch its motion, listen forFirst aid for your Two Wheeler noise and move it from side to side toIf even after following the above check for looseness.maintenance tips your vehicle continues to  For smooth operations, inspect thegive you problems, you should take it to controls. Watch for kinks or brokenan authorized dealer. However, follow strands in your cables. Also, lubricatethese simple steps before approaching the the control mechanisms at each end ofdealer. the cables.In case of starting trouble  Oil the chain and check the sprockets Check fuel in fuel tank / fuel cock for worn teeth. position / fuel tank cap vent hole  Does the motorcycle bounce several Check fuel pipe for pinched / twisted times after you ride over a bump? Do Check and clean air filter element you hear a big clunk? If the answer to either of this is yes, adjust or replace Check and clean spark plug and adjust the shock absorbers. electrode gap  Be on the lookout for loose or missing Check ignition switch / engine kill nuts, bolts or cotter pins. If you keep switch position your bike clean, it’s easier to spot the Check fuel in fuel tank / fuel cock missing parts. position / fuel tank cap vent hole  Adjust your brakes so they lock the Check fuel pipe for pinched / twisted wheel when fully applied (see your Check and clean air filter element owner’s manual for instructions). If Check and clean spark plug and adjust the wheel does not lock, or if you hear electrode gap a scraping sound when you’re tryingIn case of high fuel consumption to stop have the lining checked. Check for fuel leakage from fuel pipe,  If you suspect that your motorbike can petrol tank cap, and petrol cock land you into trouble, fix things right Check tyre pressure away. That is the only way you can avoid an accident. Check and clean air filter element Maintenance Tips
  6. 6.  For a trouble-free ride on your  Lubricating your vehicle - take care to favorite two-wheeler, it is imperative lubricate these parts at regular that you maintain it properly and intervals, otherwise they might just... inspected it regularly for minor wear  First aid tips - try these before you and tear. Proper maintenance is take your bike to the dealer... important for optimum and trouble-  Tyres, wheels and windshields - tyres, free performance from your vehicle. wheel and windshields are constantly Preventive Maintenance - before your bombarded with road grease, brake bike ditches you in the middle of a dust... street, it is time you took it for a  After the initial 500 miles... - your check-up. bike needs to be recharged after the Cleaning your vehicle - a few ways to first 500 miles that you’ve used it... clean your vehicle effectively and keep it sparkingly bright.