Final essay tsea political unrest
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Final essay tsea political unrest

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TSEA essay

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    Final essay tsea political unrest Final essay tsea political unrest Document Transcript

    • Billy Egnehall<br />Ms. CloverEgnehall 1<br />TSEA Period 4<br />December 9, 2009<br />The Dreadful Effect on the Thai Economy<br />“I originally came to Thailand because it feels like a safe place to live and the people are polite and friendly. I can only hope it can stay that way” (Snyder). This is the quote from a foreigner who has lived in Bangkok since before the political unrest and wishes to stay unless the chaos it brings does not come to an end. Thailand for the past few years has had some problems with political instability, but as history repeats itself, is not a big shocker to the people. But this time, the uproar it caused has had a major effect on the Thai economy. It started in year 2006 when the prime minister at that time, Thaksin Shinawatra, was accused of corruption and tax fraud. After he stepped down by the request of the military, a new election was held where Samak became prime minister. But he, after a while, was accused of being a “puppet” of the former prime minister and kicked out of office by a group of rioters who call themselves the PAD (People’s Alliance for Democracy). When Samak was brought down and a new election occurred yet again, but this time the brother-in-law, Somchai Wongsawadi, of the former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, was elected. Not long after that, yet another protest from the “yellow shirts” PAD spread out, making the Prime Minister Somchai step down. However, when finally a suitable candidate considered by the PAD was elected, the “red shirts”, UDD (United <br />Egnehall 2<br />Front of Democracy against Dictatorship) stepped up and protested against that the government was corrupt and accusing the PAD of being unjustified in the allegation against Thaksin. With the ongoing unrest of politics, some critics however say that the decrease in the economy that Thailand has encountered has helped the country reduce the non-sustainable tourist industry and gaining awareness of democracy by interacting with the government. Despite that, political unrest of changing governments has not had any positive effects on the Thai economy because tourism and foreign investments have greatly decreased, also the way the people interact with the government has only had negative impacts on society.<br />Due to political unrest related to changing governments, foreign investments have greatly declined which has had no any positive effect on the Thai economy. Foreign investments play a major role in the financial system of the country but due to the political disturbances, it is most likely to scare the investors away also whose confidence is hard to recover (Liena). The political turmoil has given other countries of South East Asia a chance to bloom since industrialized countries are unlikely to start investing in unstable countries. To the United States, Indonesia has become a country of greater value with the consideration of creating a strong alliance with a country for the representation of regional democracy compared to Thailand (Lavery). As foreign investments decrease within the country, so will the country’s economy eventually. The GPD (Gross Domestic Product) of Thailand has decreased 4.9 percent distinguished with last year’s GDP due to the political unrest (BoT). Therefore, the political turmoil has not had any positive effect on the Thai economy. <br />Egnehall 3<br />Some claim one of the positive outcomes of the economic downfall in Thailand claim that tourism was unsustainable. Coral reefs along the beach shores in the south of Thailand have been demolished by the 300,000 tourist that travel there annually. They come and build coastal construction projects, over-fish, create a waste which is dumped into the sea by resorts, and go scuba dive excessively, which according to the Phuket Marine Biological Centre are the key factors to the coral destruction around the coasts (Allard). As the political unrest decreased the amount of tourism in Thailand, this has helped by encouraging the government to try new methods to try to convey tourism back into the country again. They reduced fees on travelling into the country such as creating cheaper visas and flight and landing charges. Also fee’s to enter national parks has been reduced (Greenberg). The crisis, some say, has made the image of the Thai government stronger as they prove that they can handle the crisis like when the “red shirts” interrupted the ASEAN summit in Pattaya. The Thai government was able to evacuate the ASEAN summit leaders out of the building, some by helicopters, safely which would not disrupt the “credibility and dignity” of Thailand’s chairmanship of ASEAN (Lavery). With these reasons, some believe that the decrease in tourism was more beneficial than costly to Thailand. <br />Despite those minor facts, the truth of the matter is that the political unrest has had no positive effect on the Thai economy as tourism has greatly decreased, which is one of the major economic incomes. This crisis has provoked nations such as Australia, Japan, China, the U.K., Canada and New Zealand to prevent travellers from travel to Thailand (Greenberg). With these <br />Egnehall 4<br />commendations from foreign country governments, scares the tourists away which has a drastic effect on the industry in Thailand. “A Japanese tour group has cancelled a 300-room booking in Bangkok out of concern about political instability” (Sritama). It is predicted that the GDP of for 2009 may perhaps deal up to 3 percent only because of the decline in the tourism sector (Liena). Therefore, the Thai economy has not had any positive effect from the political instability. <br />The country has gained awareness in politics and gotten more involved with the government to produce a democratic society. Due to the different opinions, which everyone has the right to express, it may take the government time and hard work to deal with the crisis but “it is all a part of democratic development” (Sawaddisuk). This unrest in politics has included many teenagers in the riots and protests which has gained an increase of awareness in Thai youth (Sawaddisuk). Also, this incident of political unrest has been positive as it has included the Thai people, young and old, rich and poor, and males as well as females to “participate, interact and take responsibility with the community” which has served as a opportunity for unity in the democratic society (Sawaddisuk). <br />It is true that it has given the youth within the country awareness of the political situation and made them interact more but however, they do this through violent protest which has had no positive impact on the society. “The PAD is not happy with the western style capitalism in Thailand which has grown like a cancer” (Palatino). This refers to the corruption that the government was influenced by which the PAD believed was Thaksin. This has also <br />Egnehall 5<br />brought down the Thai economy as people refuse to work and go protesting instead. Then the “red shirts” who are not pleased with the current prime minister, Abhisit, and his policies which they believe favour the elite, went to the Government House along with 150 busses packed with people to show their dislike (BoT). It has also shown by the actions taken by the protesters (PAD), that they influence the economy of Thailand as they took over the main airport, preventing planes from entering and departing from the country. For 9 days, people were stranded at the airport making not only government and tourists upset, but also hurting the country and the people, themselves, as they proceeded. This incident had a drastic effect on Thailand’s economy as it calculated an opportunity cost up to 3.2 million tourists and as much as 190 billion baht (Greenberg).<br />Therefore, the political unrest, which has caused foreign investments, and tourism to decrease as well as the interaction of the people with the government has had a negative impact on them, has not had any positive effect on the Thai economy. The decline in tourism or foreign investments will neither help Thailand in its economic crisis as both are very crucial and play a major role in the financial industry. It has declined the GDP of the country drop by as much as 4% and protesters demonstrating violently creating an unsafe environment for foreigners are not going to attract them to come back to Thailand again. Furthermore, if the political turmoil continues, so will the Thai economy and eventually the country will fall apart. "While democracy must have its organizations and controls, its vital breath is individual liberty." (Hughes)<br />Egnehall 6<br />Works Cited:<br />Allard, Evan T. "Thailand's Dirty Little Secret: Tourism Killed Coral Reefs." Scuba Diving News ::CDNN – Cyber Diver News Network. 17 Jan. 2005. Web. 01 Dec. 2009.<http://www.cdnn.info/news/eco/e050118.html>.<br />"BoT: Thai economic recovery at risk due to political unrest." MCOT English News. 12 Sept. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://enews.mcot.net/view.php?id=11787>.<br />Greenberg, Peter. "Political Turmoil in Thailand Creates Travel Troubles." Travel News and Tips -PeterGreenberg.com. Web. 27 Nov. 2009.<http://www.petergreenberg.com/2009/04/21/political-unrest-in-thailand-creates-travel-troubles/>.<br />Hughes, Charles Evans. "Famous Quotes on Democracy." Quotations, Famous Quotes at Quote World. Web. 09 Dec. 2009. <http://www.quoteworld.org/categories/democracy/>.<br />Lavery, Susan, Sarah Jackson-Han, and Luisetta Mudie. "Thai Unrest Has Regional Impact." RFA Home. 14 Apr. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/Thai-04142009104626.html>.<br />Liena, Fei. "Experts warn Thai political unrest afflicts economy-English-Xinhua." China View – Publicize China, Report The World. 14 Apr. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2009.<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-04/14/content_11184116.htm>.<br />Egnehall 7<br />Sawaddisuk, Juthatip. "Thailand political image still positive: National News BureauThailand." NNT. 5 Nov. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://thainews.prd.go.th/en/news.php?id=255211050051>.<br />Snyder, Christopher. "Political Unrest in Thailand." EzineArticles Submission. 2008. Web. 27 Nov. 2009.<http://ezinearticles.com/?Political-Unrest-in-Thailand&id=1013507>.<br />Sritama, Suchat. "Political unrest takes its toll on tourist industry - Nationmultimedia.com." Thailand news, Rakesh Saxena , Thaksin , Hun Sen , Cambodia conflict ,15th Asean Summit in Cha Am / Hua Hin , Thai Politics , Bangkok Business, Thailand Tourism, Breaking News - Nationmultimedia.com. 11 Apr. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2009/04/11/business/business_30100247.php>.<br />Palatino, Mong. Global Voices Online. 01 Sept. 2008. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://globalvoicesonline.org/2008/09/01/thailand-protesters-misunderstood-by-western-media/>.<br />