Virtual Desktop Infrastructure: The New Desktop Experience
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  • Slide Purpose: To provide a transition into the actual presentation If you haven’t already introduced yourself and your local team, here’s a great place to do so Indicate how you want to handle questions: typically, tell people that they should feel free to ask questions and that you’ll try to answer as many as you can in the short time that you have and will be available afterwards to answer additional questions. Let them know that the seminar slides will be available for them to download; details will be provided in a follow-up e-mail they’ll receive in about a week
  • Your name and role within VMware. Introductions around the room Agenda for the presentation is to cover how we got to desktop virtualization today and what is unique about VMware’s offering. Then we cover VMware VDI and ACE in more detail. There is an oppt to do demos of VDI and/or ACE Finally, wrap up and Q&A
  • Virtual machines are not a new concept. They were developed over thirty years ago for mainframe systems to allow multiple users to safely share those expensive machines. As computers became cheaper, the motivation behind virtualization faded and processor architectures like the Intel x86 were developed without some of the features needed to support virtualization. VMware’s founders resurrected the virtual machine concept when problems like server proliferation and the need to run multiple applications in dedicated operating systems started becoming serious issues for IT managers and software developers. VMware developed revolutionary technology to efficiently virtualize x86 systems that,for the first time, allowed unmodified x86 operating systems and applications to run in true virtual machines with excellent performance. Multiple virtual machines can operate concurrently on a single x86 host system. Each one can run a different operating system and application stack. VMware’s virtualization technology provides each virtual machine with a true representation of an x86 computer, complete with processor, memory, networking interfaces and storage devices. The VMware virtualization layer gives the virtual machines direct access to the underlying x86 hardware – an important distinction from the much slower emulation technology that must process all virtual machine operations in software.
  • SO who or what is VMware, anyway? Well, we were founded in 1998, but have grown to over 1000 employees – almost half of that is R&D, another 40% in customer-facing sales and support positions. VMware has over 3 million end-users. We are headquartered in Palo Alto, California and have 21 offices in 15 countries. We have important partnerships with many of the major server hardware vendors who sell and support our products with their systems and we work together with a community of the leading independent software and software providers who test and certify their applications in VMware virtual machines. VMware operates as an independent subsidiary of EMC Corporation. That independence is important so that VMware can support storage hardware from all vendors – including those that compete with EMC – equally well. In addition, we’re a very reseller-friendly company, with over 1800 reseller partners helping out in the sales and delivery of our product.
  • [Click to build the graphics on this slide] The VMware product line includes four platform products that provided the VMware virtualization layer for different environments: VMware ACE supports secure virtual machine endpoints in an easy to use application for non-technical users’ PCs. VMware Workstation is designed for technical end-users running virtual machines for software development and testing and IT applications VMware GSX Server is our mid-range server product for software development and testing and departmental server consolidation VMware ESX Server is our flagship server virtualization platform that uses a powerful bare-metal hypervisor architecture to deliver the best possible performance and scalability. P2V Assistant is a VMware tool that works across our family of virtualization platforms to let you quickly convert physical systems into virtual machines to speed up server consolidation projects. VMware VirtualCenter is our virtual infrastructure management software that provides a secure central point of control for virtual machines running across all your ESX Server and GSX Server host platforms. Virtual SMP is an add-on for ESX Server that enables virtual machines to be configured with dual processors to support more intensive application workloads. VMotion is an add-on for VirtualCenter that enables hot migration of running ESX Server virtual machines from one physical host to another with zero-downtime.
  • Implement Production Server Consolidation and Containment . Contain server sprawl by running software applications in virtual machines on fewer, highly scalable, reliable enterprise-class servers. Customers of VMware Infrastructure have been able to consolidate 10 or more virtual machines per physical processor, thereby drastically increasing server utilization and containing server sprawl. Provide Advanced Business Continuity Protection at Lower Cost . Deliver high availability for critical applications with cost-effective virtualization-based solutions. With VMware Infrastructure, customers can implement a unified disaster recovery (DR) platform that allows many production virtual machines to be recovered in the event of hardware failure without investing in costly one-to-one mapping of production and DR hardware. Streamline Software Test & Development . Consolidate disparate development, testing and staging environments involving multiple operating systems and multi-tier applications on the same hardware. Set up self-service developer portals to increase developer productivity. Secure and Manage Enterprise Desktops . Secure enterprise desktops of geographically dispersed workforce by providing a standard corporate desktop image in a virtual machine. Alternatively, provide standardized enterprise desktop environments hosted in virtual machines accessed through thin clients or PCs. Simplify Infrastructure Provisioning. Reduce the time for provisioning new infrastructure to minutes with sophisticated automation capabilities . Virtual appliances combine simple deployment of software with the benefits of pre-configured devices. Centralize control and responsibility for hardware resources while giving business units and application owners complete control over how resources are utilized Re-host Legacy Applications . Migrate legacy operating systems and software applications to virtual machines running on new hardware for better reliability.
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Many ask what is VDI? Is it a product or solution? VDI is primarily a solution today, using some components from third parties like the thin client hardware vendors on the client side. The glue to make it happen in many ways is the connection broker. VMware Virtual Desktop Manager (VDM) helps the clients navigate from a front end client to a desktop virtual machine running on the back-end in the host data center. The front-end client, with VDI, doesn’t have to run anything more than a remote protocol to access their virtual desktop on the back-end. There are many uses for VDI. The technology is applicable everywhere. To give you a couple of examples of how it’s used, there are corporate locations that require unique desktop images, as in a PC replacement or thin computing scenario, and there are call center or business process outsourcing cases where end users might work from a pool of desktop images. VDI supports both of these types of configurations and we’ll go into depth in both of these areas to show you how it works.
  • VMware ESX Server is our flagship virtual infrastructure platform for datacenter environments. ESX Server employs a unique bare-metal hypervisor architecture to provide the best possible performance and scalability for server applications running in virtual machines. With ESX Server, the VMware virtualization layer runs directly on the x86 hardware with AMD or Intel processors to give the virtual machines the most direct access to the hosts resources. Because the VMware virtualization layer is in complete control of the host hardware, it makes it possible to provide fine-grained resource allocations to each virtual machine. Precise amounts of host processor, memory, network I/O and disk I/O resources can be granted to each virtual machine and those allocations can be dynamically adjusted as workloads and service levels change. The ESX Server virtualization layer is a very thin, special purpose kernel entirely dedicated to execution of virtual machines. It lacks much of the attack “surface area” found in conventional operating systems like user logins, network stacks and remote access. That small size makes it much more reliable and secure than a typical Windows or Linux operating system. ESX Server gives you the flexibility to run it on large x86 servers in a scale-up environment or installed on many smaller servers in a scale-out strategy. ESX Server is designed to run on host systems ranging from dual processor blades to 16-way NUMA servers. Each ESX Server host can run up to 80 virtual machines concurrently sharing up to 64GB of memory and 3 petabytes of networked storage. The Virtual SMP add-on available with ESX Server lets you configure 2-way virtual machines for larger workloads that require more than one processor.
  • One of the clearest benefits ESX Server users see after consolidating servers into virtual machines is a huge improvement in server utilization as measured by average CPU usage. IT administrators generally dedicate a single x86 server per application because of issues like application compatibility problems when running on a single OS image, software vendor requirements or internal billing constraints. The result of that “one application, one server” practice is a datacenter filled to capacity with servers running at 5-15% utilization. With multiple servers consolidated on an ESX Server host, customers are able to reliably operate their servers at 60-80% CPU utilization – a huge improvement in the return on investment in their server hardware. This higher CPU utilization is possible only with the intelligent CPU resource controls made possible by the bare-metal architecture of ESX Server. Normally, running a server at high CPU utilization creates the risk of a critical service being starved for CPU if others experience a load peak. ESX Server eliminates that risk with its CPU resource controls that assign CPU capacity to virtual machines on a “fair share” basis and it also allows an absolute minimum level of CPU capacity to be allocated to critical virtual machines. CPU allocations can also be dynamically adjusted so you can “dial in” more capacity for a virtual machine in anticipation of a period of high load. ESX Server will enforce admission controls to prevent additional virtual machines from being started on a host if minimum resource guarantees for existing virtual machines could not be assured. Running your servers at higher utilization really changes datacenter economics. Now it becomes justifiable to invest in higher end server features like redundant power supplies, hot swappable components, dual storage adapters and teamed NICs when you can divide the cost of those features across multiple servers running in virtual machines rather than across just one application running on a single OS image. That’s important if you’re worried about putting all your eggs in one basket with virtual machine server consolidation – you can now afford more reliable servers and also feel confident in the rock-solid proven reliability of the ESX Server platform.
  • Resource pools - a new capability in VMware Infrastructure 3 – allow you to organize your IT environment around your business, not your hardware. Resource pool is a collection of hardware resources including processor, memory, disk and networking that is aggregated by VMware Infrastructure into a Abstraction of resources from hardware . Manage resources independently of the physical servers that contribute the resources. Flexible hierarchical organization . Organize resource pools hierarchically to match available IT resources to the business organization: individual business units can receive dedicated infrastructure while still profiting from the efficiency of resource pooling. Resource pools ensure that resource utilization is maximized while business units retain control and autonomy of their infrastructure. Resource pools can be flexibly added, removed, or reorganized as business needs or organization change. Isolation between resource pools . Make allocation changes within a resource pool without impacting other unrelated resource pools. For example, any allocation changes in the resource pool dedicated to a given business unit do not impact other resource pools Management of sets of virtual machines running a distributed application. Optimize the service level of distributed applications by controlling the aggregate allocation of resources for the entire set of virtual machines running the distributed application.
  • Expanded port configuration policies. Simplify port configuration by utilizing a single configuration object across large groups of ports. The configuration object specifies all information needed to enable a port: NIC teaming policy (now per port instead of per virtual switch), VLAN tagging, Layer 2 security, and traffic shaping. New – Flexible virtual switches. Scale up to handle more virtual machines. Virtual switches can be created with any number of ports from 8 to 1016, and the maximum number of virtual switches has been raised from 128 to 248.
  • What is VMware HA? VMware® High Availability (HA) provides easy to use, cost effective high availability for applications running in virtual machines . In the event of server failure, affected virtual machines are automatically restarted on other production servers with spare capacity. VMware HA allows IT organizations to: Minimize downtime and IT service disruption while eliminating the need for dedicated stand-by hardware and installation of additional software. Provide uniform high availability across the entire virtualized IT environment without the cost and complexity of failover solutions tied to either operating systems or specific applications. How Is VMware HA Used in the Enterprise? VMware HA allows companies to provide high availability to any application running in a virtual machine. With VMware HA IT organizations can: Protect applications with no other failover option . Provide cost-effective high availability for any application running in a virtual machine. High availability solutions are often relatively complex and expensive, and typically reserved for mission critical applications. VMware HA provides a cost-effective high availability solution that makes high availability possible for software applications that were formerly left unprotected. Establish consistent “first line of defense” for an entire IT environment . Unlike other high availability solutions that are operating system or software application specific, VMware HA represents a consistent, easy to manage high availability solution for the entire IT environment. VMware HA provides basic failover for any application with minimum cost and management overhead. How Does VMware HA Work? VMware HA continuously monitors all servers in a resource pool and detects server failures. An agent placed on each server maintains a “heartbeat” with the other servers in the resource pool and a loss of “heartbeat” initiates the restart process of all affected virtual machines on other servers. VMware HA ensures that sufficient resources are available in the resource pool at all times to be able to restart virtual machines on different physical servers in the event of server failure. Restart of virtual machines is made possible by the Virtual Machine File S ystem (VMFS) clustered file system which gives multiple ESX Server instances read-write access to the same virtual machine files, concurrently. VMware HA is easily configured for a resource pool through VirtualCenter.
  • VMware® Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) dynamically allocates and balances computing capacity across a collection of hardware resources aggregated into logical resource pools . VMware DRS continuously monitors utilization across resource pools and intelligently allocates available resources among the virtual machine s based on pre-defined rules that reflect business needs and changing priorities. When a virtual machine experiences an increased load, VMware DRS automatically allocates additional resources by redistributing virtual machines among the physical servers within the network. VMware DRS allows IT organizations to: Prioritize resources to the highest value applications in order to align resources with business goals. Optimize hardware utilization automatically and continuously to respond to changing conditions. Provide dedicated (virtual) infrastructure to business units while giving central IT complete control over hardware. Conduct zero-downtime server maintenance How does VMware DRS work? VMware DRS dynamically allocates and balances computing capacity across collections of hardware resources aggregated into logical resource pool s. VMware DRS continuously monitors utilization across the resource pools and intelligently allocates available resources among virtual machine s. VMware DRS allows users to define the rules and policies how virtual machines share resources and how these resources are prioritized among multiple virtual machines . When a virtual machine experiences increased load, VMware DRS first evaluates its priority against the established resource allocation rules and policies, and if justified, allocates additional resource. .Additional resources are allocated to the virtual machine by either migrating it to another server with more available resources or by making more “space” for it on the same server by migrating other virtual machines to different servers.. VMware DRS can be configured to operate in automatic or manual mode. In automatic mode, it migrates virtual machines to the most appropriate physical servers. The live migration of the virtual machines to the different physical server is executed completely transparent to end-users though VMware VMotion . In manual mode, VMware DRS provides a recommendation for optimal placement of virtual machines, and leaves it to the system administrator to decide whether to make the change. Flexible hierarchical organization of resource pools allows administrators to match available IT resources to the needs of the business organization. Individual business units can receive dedicated IT resources while still benefiting from the efficiency of resource pooling. Robust access privileges make it possible to delegate routine infrastructure tasks for a business unit resource pool to a business unit administrator. VMware DRS optimizes IT environments to align resources with business goals while ensuring flexibility and efficient utilization of hardware resources. How Is VMware DRS Used in the Enterprise? Align IT resources with business priorities . Define rules and policies how resources are prioritized among virtual machines . VMware DRS dynamically and intelligently allocates IT resources to the highest priority virtual machines to ensure optimal alignment between business and IT. Guarantee IT autonomy and service levels to business organizations. Provide dedicated IT infrastructure to business units while still profiting from higher hardware utilization through resource pooling. Dramatically increase system administrator productivity . Enable a single system administrator to monitor and effectively manage a large pool of infrastructure resources. Automate hardware maintenance. Place a physical server in maintenance mode and VMware DRS will automatically migrate all virtual machines to other physical servers, allowing server maintenance with zero downtime.
  • Move backup out of the virtual machine a single agent running on the proxy server rather than an agent on every virtual machine . Eliminate backup traffic on the local area network Utilize Fibre Channel tape devices for virtual machine backups Pre-integrated with major 3rd-party backup products Backup proxy server Remove load from ESX Servers by consolidating backup load and management onto a backup proxy server.
  • VDI is built on VMware virtualization software. It leverages VMware’s industry leading virtualization software. Desktop virtual machines are hosted on VMware virtual infrastructure and are accessed using a remote desktop protocol such as RDP. VDI users and virtual machines are managed through a combination of VirtualCenter and using the Virtual Infrastructure Methodology (VIM) SDK to integrate VDI into the customer’s environment. Using the VIM SDK, customers can integrate VDI directly into their own environments or select a VDI Alliance technology partner to complete the offering.
  • VDI is built on VMware virtualization software. It leverages VMware’s industry leading virtualization software. Desktop virtual machines are hosted on VMware virtual infrastructure and are accessed using a remote desktop protocol such as RDP. VDI users and virtual machines are managed through a combination of VirtualCenter and using the Virtual Infrastructure Methodology (VIM) SDK to integrate VDI into the customer’s environment. Using the VIM SDK, customers can integrate VDI directly into their own environments or select a VDI Alliance technology partner to complete the offering.
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Central Management—All desktop virtual machines are located in the data center enabling easier updates and control over PCs Complete desktop access—Provide users with a full PC environment Resource optimization—Virtual infrastructure optimizes and manages server resources for desktop deployment Secure environment—First, each desktop is fully isolated from other users. Second, all the desktop virtual machines are hosted on server hardware Flexible choice—Unlike other architectures, VDI enables the use of any industry standard server hardware and access from almost any client device Service orientation—VDI turns enterprise desktops into an hosted application
  • Kindred Healthcare is an example of a VMware VDI customer running VDI for thin computing benefits. This implementation gives Kindred the flexibility of providing nurses and doctors with access to sensitive patient records from anywhere in the hospital. VDI helped Kindred achieve compliance with HIPAA because the data is locked up and access is maintained from a central location. Kindred’s implementation takes advantage of their overall VMware Infrastructure deployment on the backend and is more efficient, requiring less power and centralized management of the front-end clients. Most importantly, their end users are happy with this VDI solution too. Check out the video on http://www.vmware.com in the customer section on Kindred Healthcare for a more complete review of their implementation.
  • IntelliRisk Management Corporation (IRMC) has had a VDI implementation in place in their call center for some time. Not only are they benefiting from simplified management and administration of desktops that are now hosted and running on more reliable thin clients, but they are also able to respond more flexibly to the needs of their business. Their set up time for a new desktop PC has been reduced to just 8 minutes. They can modify the setup of their call center, add and change users more readily with business demands because the desktops now reside in hardware independent virtual machines that can reside on any server. IRMC has found the year over year soft cost savings to be a huge benefit of VDI as well. Personnel that normally had to be out on location to support PCs can be reassigned to more pressing tasks. It’s quicker and easier to upgrade and manage the desktop images from a central location. And provisioning time as we mentioned was reduced significantly.
  • This is a very small snapshot of some of our customers. One thing you’ll notice is that VMware is strong in every industry vertical: whether it’s financial powerhouses, banks, manufacturing companies, software companies, government agencies like the Federal Reserve, CIA, or educational institutions, virtualization of Intel environments saves money.

Virtual Desktop Infrastructure: The New Desktop Experience Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure The New Desktop Experience by Ed Meanan VMware Staff Engineer, Chicago CISSP, VCP, ITIL foundation practitioner Spring 2007 Networking Training Seminar May 3, 2007 Grand Bear Lodge Utica, IL
  • 2. Agenda
      • VMware Technology Overview
      • VMware Desktop Virtualization Products
      • VMware ACE 2 Enterprise Edition
      • VMware Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
      • Q&A
  • 3. What is Virtualization? Hardware Application Operating System With Virtualization Without Virtualization
      • VMware provides hardware virtualization that presents a complete x86 platform to the virtual machine
      • Allows multiple applications to run in isolation within virtual machines on the same physical machine
      • Virtualization provides direct access to the hardware resources to give you much greater performance than software emulation
  • 4. VMware is the Leader in Virtualization Technology
    • Founded
    • Total Employees
    • Number of Users
    • Key Partnerships
    • # Channel Partners
    • Customer Profile
    • Operating Structure
    1998 1,600+ Independent EMC subsidiary 4+ Million 1,800+ Intel, AMD, HP, Dell, IBM, SUN 90% of the Fortune 100
  • 5. The VMware Product Line Converter VirtualCenter VMotion ™ Consolidated Backup Dist Resource Scheduler VMware High Availability Hosted Server Virtualization Bare-Metal Virtualization Hosted Desktop Virtualization Secure Desktop Environment
  • 6. VMware Infrastructure – Key Solutions / Use Cases Server Consolidation and Containment – Eliminate server sprawl by deploying systems into virtual machines Test and Development – Rapidly provision and re-provision test and development servers; store libraries of pre-configured test machines Enterprise Desktop – Secure unmanaged PCs. Alternatively, provide standardized enterprise desktop environments hosted on servers. Business Continuity – Reduce the cost and complexity of business continuity by encapsulating entire systems files that can be replicated and restored onto any target server Infrastructure Provisioning – Reduce the time for provisioning new infrastructure to minutes with sophisticated automation capabilities. Legacy Application Re-hosting – Migrate legacy operating systems and software applications to virtual machines running on new hardware for better reliability
  • 7. VMware Desktop Solutions
    • 1. Assured Computing Environment (ACE)
    • 2. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
    Secure Desktop Environment VDI Core technology
  • 8. When will you need ACE?
    • 1. Control  encryption, locked down ports and devices
    • 2. Capture  Easily snapshot and move between known desktop image states for quick recovery
    • 3. Isolate  Easy to provision various difference desktop machines with complex security policies
    • 4. Mobile  Take your desktop in a portable media i.e. USB thumb drive
    • 5. Streamline  Minimized provisioning time and create easy to deploy standard desktop images
  • 9. ACE V.2: Components
  • 10. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure VDI leverages Virtual Infrastructure 3 and a remote control protocol such as RDP to provide users access to a remote desktop. Thin Client or PC Virtual Infrastructure 3 Server
  • 11. VDI Benefits - Centralization
    • Close to IT Operations
      • Desktops are located in the Data Center – close to support staff.
      • Management tools can access desktop VMs over high-speed local networks for patching and maintenance.
    • Application Performance
      • Close proximity to servers maintains application performance, regardless of where the client is located
    • Security
      • All data resides on a secure network inside the corporate firewall.
      • Remote users only ‘view’ data - it never gets transferred to insecure devices which might be lost, stolen, or hijacked.
  • 12. VDI Benefits - Compatibility
    • Real Desktop Operating Systems
      • Virtual Machines run Windows XP just like physical hardware so applications work normally without modification.
      • Applications can make system level changes such as registry writes and DLL replacements where necessary
      • Existing corporate desktop configurations can be easily imported.
    • Isolation
      • Each Virtual Machine runs separately, so a crashed VM or a poorly behaving application does not affect other users on the same server.
      • VDI is suitable for developers because any type of change can be made to a VM without affecting other users.
  • 13. VDI Benefits – Virtualization
    • Homogenous Virtual Hardware
      • All Virtual Machines use the same virtual hardware.
      • One base image can be used for many different VMs – driver management is greatly simplified.
      • Templates can be created in Virtual Center to aid rapid deployment of new Virtual Machines
    • VDI is Virtual Infrastructure
      • VI3 Servers and Virtual Center are the core components.
      • Virtualized Server and Desktop spaces can leverage the same hardware, architecture, and infrastructure.
      • Automatic Load-Balancing and High Availability through VMware HA, DRS, and VMotion features.
  • 14. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
  • 15. VMware ESX Server
      • ESX Server is a virtual machine platform with a bare-metal architecture for highest possible performance
      • Lean virtualization-centric VMkernel delivers complete control over hardware resources
      • Supports dynamic allocation of computing resources
      • Highly available, fault-tolerant and secure design
      • Supports both scale-up and scale-out strategies
    Datacenter-Class Virtual Infrastructure for Mission-Critical Environments
  • 16. Virtualization Increases Hardware Utilization Before VMware After VMware Virtualization enables consolidation of workloads from underutilized servers onto a single server to safely achieve higher utilization
  • 17. Resource Pools
    • Failed server mean less resources not a failed application
    • Dedicated (virtual) infrastructure for each business unit; central IT retains control over hardware
    • Delegation of resource and virtual machine management down to the business unit
    • Management of an entire SOA application stack as a single entity
    Aggregate collections of disparate hardware resources into unified logical resource pools Servers, Storage, Networking Business Unit Aggregate Resources Resource Pool 2 CPU 36GHz, Mem 58GB Priority HIGH Resource Pool 3 CPU 12GHz, Mem 22GB Priority LOW CPU 48 GHz, Mem 80GB Department A Department B
  • 18. Network Virtualization
    • Simplify port configuration by utilizing a single configuration object across large groups of ports
    • Expanded port configuration policies including:
      • NIC teaming policy (now per port instead of per virtual switch)
      • VLAN tagging
      • Layer 2 security
      • Traffic shaping
    • Flexible virtual switches.
      • Create Virtual switches with any number of ports from 8 to 1016
      • Max number of virtual switches has been raised from 128 to 248
      • Scale up to handle more virtual machines
    Teamed Physical NICs Virtual Machines ESX Server Virtual Switch Virtual NIC
  • 19. Ensure High Availability with VMware HA
    • Automatic restart of virtual machines in case of server failure
    • No need for dedicated stand-by hardware
    • None of the cost and complexity of clustering
    VMware HA enables cost-effective high availability for all servers Resource Pool X
  • 20. Resource Optimization with VMware DRS
    • Intelligent allocation of resources based on pre-defined rules and policies
    • Monitor utilization across resource pools
    • Optimize data center resources
      • Dynamically adjust supply based on changing demand for resources
      • Prioritize resources to the highest value applications
      • Conduct zero-downtime server maintenance
    Dynamic and intelligent allocation of hardware resources to ensure optimal alignment between business and IT Resource Pool Business Demand
  • 21. Protect data with VMware Consolidated Backup
    • Centralized agentless backup for virtual machines
      • Move backup out of the VM
      • Eliminate backup traffic on the LAN
    • Pre-integrated with major 3rd-party backup products
    Perform back up any time Centralized Data Mover
  • 22. VDI - The Building Blocks Enterprise Server Infrastructure The VMware Virtual Desktop Infrastructure VMware ESX Server VMware Virtual Center User Management (Connection Brokering / Session Management) Remote Access Protocol (RDP) VMware VIM SDK Systems Integration Services Devices Operating Systems Desktops Laptops Thin Clients
  • 23. VDI – Where does each piece come from? Client Side Hardware Data Center Hardware VMware Software 3 rd Party Integration Layer Enterprise Server Infrastructure The VMware Virtual Desktop Infrastructure VMware ESX Server VMware Virtual Center User Management (Connection Brokering / Session Management) Remote Access Protocol (RDP) VMware VIM SDK Systems Integration Services Devices Operating Systems Desktops Laptops Thin Clients
  • 24. VDI – Protocol Overview Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) Virtual Network Computing (VNC) Independent Computing Architecture (ICA) Remote Graphics Software (RGS)
          • Servers exists for almost every platform.
          • Various commercial and free versions available
          • Performance varies by implementation, no audio support.
          • Standard Windows Remote Viewing Protocol (built-in for XP)
          • Good performance, supports audio output.
          • Viewers available for many platforms and as a browser plug-in.
          • Standard Citrix Protocol
          • Excellent performance and bi-directional audio support
          • Requires Citrix Presentation Server
          • Best graphics performance
          • Per-node Licensing required from Hewlett-Packard
  • 25. VDI Architectures – Basic Implementation
      • A “One-to-One” relationship between endpoints and Virtual Machines is established
      • End-users are assigned the hostname of a VM which belongs to them.
      • Connections take place over an existing secured corporate network.
      • Remote viewing of VMs is done through desktop RDP software or the built-in features of a thin client.
  • 26. VDI Architectures – Simple Brokering Connection Broker
      • End-users are given a web address on the corporate network for the connection broker.
      • After authenticating, the connection broker provides a list of available resources to the end-user.
      • The end-user establishes a connection directly to the VM using desktop or web-based RDP software, or through the built-in features of a thin client.
  • 27. VDI Architectures – Tunneled Brokering Connection Broker Corporate Firewall
      • End-users are given a public web address for the connection broker.
      • After authenticating, the connection broker provides a list of available resources to the end-user.
      • The connection broker links the end-user via an encrypted tunnel to the VM.
      • The encrypted tunnel is a mini-VPN component designed to route only RDP traffic.
  • 28. VDI Architectures – Joint Citrix Implementation Citrix Secure Gateway Citrix Presentation Server
      • End-users are given a public web address for the Citrix Secure Gateway.
      • After authenticating, the Citrix Presentation Server provides a list of published applications and desktops to the end-user.
      • The Citrix Desktop Broker allows pools of Virtual Machines to be accessed as published applications.
    Citrix Desktop Broker Corporate Firewall
  • 29. VDI Architectures – VMware Lab Manager VMware Lab Manager
      • Developers are given a web address on the corporate network for the Lab Manager server.
      • After authenticating, the Lab Manager provides a web interface for accessing and provisioning groups of Virtual Machines.
      • Groups of Virtual Machines can be quickly deployed, linked into isolated networks, and destroyed when they are no longer needed.
  • 30. VMware Desktop Ecosystem
    • VMware VDI Alliance partners provide hardware and software enhancements to the basic VDI solution.
    • Some examples…
  • 31. VMware Desktop Ecosystem
    • Additional VDI Alliance partners provide complete VDI solutions from the data center to the desktop:
  • 32. VDI Partners – Wyse
      • Thin client hardware with a variety of models, capabilities, and price points.
      • Years of industy experience on remote access products.
      • Support for RDP and ICA on all models
      • Simplified hardware model removes complexity form the user’s desk
  • 33. VDI Partners – Sun Microsystems
      • Supports Sunray thin clients
      • Robust infrastructure for external access
      • AIP protocol is fast and provides remapping of other display protocols such as RDP, 3270, etc.
      • Allows VDI to be part of a unified access solution.
  • 34. VDI Partners – Citrix
      • Widely deployed in the application virtualization and server-based-computing space
      • Supports Wyse S10 thin clients
      • Robust infrastructure for external access
      • Proprietary ICA protocol is fast and efficient
      • Can be used as part of a joint implementation with VDI to resolve application compatibility issues.
  • 35. Case Study: Kindred Healthcare
    • Business challenges
        • Mobile roaming solution for doctors & nurses
        • Bedside access to patient records & data
        • Ensuring HIPAA compliance
    • Technical solution
        • Thin clients from Neoware mounted on rolling carts, connecting wirelessly to virtual desktops
        • Hundreds of virtual desktops deployed on hosted ESX servers in VDI implementation
    • Why VMware VDI
        • Flexible secure access to sensitive data anywhere
        • Quick desktop provisioning & improved reliability
        • Enthusiastically adopted by demanding user base
        • Smart economics: desktops require less power and can be deployed as needed, centralized mgmt
    “ Nurses and doctors don’t really care about the underlying technology. They just want it to work, and help them do their jobs better. The fact that our users have so readily adopted our VDI-powered workstation on wheels shows that this solution really works for them.” Laura Armistead Unix Support Team Manager
  • 36. Case Study: IntelliRisk Management Corporation
    • Business challenges
        • IRMC performs collections & accounts receivable for all major banks & credit cards in U.S.
        • Time to market adding desktops for new customers
        • Desktop tasks were time-consuming & inflexible
    • Technical solution
        • Chose thin clients with RDP access to data center
        • Large virtual desktop deployment on hosted ESX servers in VDI implementation
    • Why VMware VDI
        • Easier administration of desktops anywhere in the world from 1 central location
        • Reduced time to add new PC to <10 minutes
        • Operational & hardware savings
    IRMC slogan: “Any agent, any desk, anywhere.” Chris Vida Senior Vice President “ We could provide a workstation to any client, in any seat, at any office in the world… in just 8 minutes.” Frank Sabatelli Director of Virtual Technology Infrastructure
  • 37. Over 4,000,000 Registered VMware Users…
  • 38. Virtualization Leadership Awards
  • 39. Are you ready to join the revolution?
      • Download a free VMware product evaluation copy:
    • http://www.vmware.com/download