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Virtual Desktop Infrastructure: The New Desktop ExperiencePresentation Transcript
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure The New Desktop Experience by Ed Meanan VMware Staff Engineer, Chicago CISSP, VCP, ITIL foundation practitioner Spring 2007 Networking Training Seminar May 3, 2007 Grand Bear Lodge Utica, IL
What is Virtualization? Hardware Application Operating System With Virtualization Without Virtualization
VMware provides hardware virtualization that presents a complete x86 platform to the virtual machine
Allows multiple applications to run in isolation within virtual machines on the same physical machine
Virtualization provides direct access to the hardware resources to give you much greater performance than software emulation
VMware is the Leader in Virtualization Technology
Number of Users
# Channel Partners
1998 1,600+ Independent EMC subsidiary 4+ Million 1,800+ Intel, AMD, HP, Dell, IBM, SUN 90% of the Fortune 100
The VMware Product Line Converter VirtualCenter VMotion ™ Consolidated Backup Dist Resource Scheduler VMware High Availability Hosted Server Virtualization Bare-Metal Virtualization Hosted Desktop Virtualization Secure Desktop Environment
VMware Infrastructure – Key Solutions / Use Cases Server Consolidation and Containment – Eliminate server sprawl by deploying systems into virtual machines Test and Development – Rapidly provision and re-provision test and development servers; store libraries of pre-configured test machines Enterprise Desktop – Secure unmanaged PCs. Alternatively, provide standardized enterprise desktop environments hosted on servers. Business Continuity – Reduce the cost and complexity of business continuity by encapsulating entire systems files that can be replicated and restored onto any target server Infrastructure Provisioning – Reduce the time for provisioning new infrastructure to minutes with sophisticated automation capabilities. Legacy Application Re-hosting – Migrate legacy operating systems and software applications to virtual machines running on new hardware for better reliability
VMware Desktop Solutions
1. Assured Computing Environment (ACE)
2. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
Secure Desktop Environment VDI Core technology
When will you need ACE?
1. Control encryption, locked down ports and devices
2. Capture Easily snapshot and move between known desktop image states for quick recovery
3. Isolate Easy to provision various difference desktop machines with complex security policies
4. Mobile Take your desktop in a portable media i.e. USB thumb drive
5. Streamline Minimized provisioning time and create easy to deploy standard desktop images
ACE V.2: Components
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure VDI leverages Virtual Infrastructure 3 and a remote control protocol such as RDP to provide users access to a remote desktop. Thin Client or PC Virtual Infrastructure 3 Server
VDI Benefits - Centralization
Close to IT Operations
Desktops are located in the Data Center – close to support staff.
Management tools can access desktop VMs over high-speed local networks for patching and maintenance.
Close proximity to servers maintains application performance, regardless of where the client is located
All data resides on a secure network inside the corporate firewall.
Remote users only ‘view’ data - it never gets transferred to insecure devices which might be lost, stolen, or hijacked.
VDI Benefits - Compatibility
Real Desktop Operating Systems
Virtual Machines run Windows XP just like physical hardware so applications work normally without modification.
Applications can make system level changes such as registry writes and DLL replacements where necessary
Existing corporate desktop configurations can be easily imported.
Each Virtual Machine runs separately, so a crashed VM or a poorly behaving application does not affect other users on the same server.
VDI is suitable for developers because any type of change can be made to a VM without affecting other users.
VDI Benefits – Virtualization
Homogenous Virtual Hardware
All Virtual Machines use the same virtual hardware.
One base image can be used for many different VMs – driver management is greatly simplified.
Templates can be created in Virtual Center to aid rapid deployment of new Virtual Machines
VDI is Virtual Infrastructure
VI3 Servers and Virtual Center are the core components.
Virtualized Server and Desktop spaces can leverage the same hardware, architecture, and infrastructure.
Automatic Load-Balancing and High Availability through VMware HA, DRS, and VMotion features.
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
VMware ESX Server
ESX Server is a virtual machine platform with a bare-metal architecture for highest possible performance
Lean virtualization-centric VMkernel delivers complete control over hardware resources
Supports dynamic allocation of computing resources
Highly available, fault-tolerant and secure design
Supports both scale-up and scale-out strategies
Datacenter-Class Virtual Infrastructure for Mission-Critical Environments
Virtualization Increases Hardware Utilization Before VMware After VMware Virtualization enables consolidation of workloads from underutilized servers onto a single server to safely achieve higher utilization
Failed server mean less resources not a failed application
Dedicated (virtual) infrastructure for each business unit; central IT retains control over hardware
Delegation of resource and virtual machine management down to the business unit
Management of an entire SOA application stack as a single entity
Aggregate collections of disparate hardware resources into unified logical resource pools Servers, Storage, Networking Business Unit Aggregate Resources Resource Pool 2 CPU 36GHz, Mem 58GB Priority HIGH Resource Pool 3 CPU 12GHz, Mem 22GB Priority LOW CPU 48 GHz, Mem 80GB Department A Department B
Simplify port configuration by utilizing a single configuration object across large groups of ports
Expanded port configuration policies including:
NIC teaming policy (now per port instead of per virtual switch)
Layer 2 security
Flexible virtual switches.
Create Virtual switches with any number of ports from 8 to 1016
Max number of virtual switches has been raised from 128 to 248
Scale up to handle more virtual machines
Teamed Physical NICs Virtual Machines ESX Server Virtual Switch Virtual NIC
Ensure High Availability with VMware HA
Automatic restart of virtual machines in case of server failure
No need for dedicated stand-by hardware
None of the cost and complexity of clustering
VMware HA enables cost-effective high availability for all servers Resource Pool X
Resource Optimization with VMware DRS
Intelligent allocation of resources based on pre-defined rules and policies
Monitor utilization across resource pools
Optimize data center resources
Dynamically adjust supply based on changing demand for resources
Prioritize resources to the highest value applications
Conduct zero-downtime server maintenance
Dynamic and intelligent allocation of hardware resources to ensure optimal alignment between business and IT Resource Pool Business Demand
Protect data with VMware Consolidated Backup
Centralized agentless backup for virtual machines
Move backup out of the VM
Eliminate backup traffic on the LAN
Pre-integrated with major 3rd-party backup products
Perform back up any time Centralized Data Mover
VDI - The Building Blocks Enterprise Server Infrastructure The VMware Virtual Desktop Infrastructure VMware ESX Server VMware Virtual Center User Management (Connection Brokering / Session Management) Remote Access Protocol (RDP) VMware VIM SDK Systems Integration Services Devices Operating Systems Desktops Laptops Thin Clients
VDI – Where does each piece come from? Client Side Hardware Data Center Hardware VMware Software 3 rd Party Integration Layer Enterprise Server Infrastructure The VMware Virtual Desktop Infrastructure VMware ESX Server VMware Virtual Center User Management (Connection Brokering / Session Management) Remote Access Protocol (RDP) VMware VIM SDK Systems Integration Services Devices Operating Systems Desktops Laptops Thin Clients
Developers are given a web address on the corporate network for the Lab Manager server.
After authenticating, the Lab Manager provides a web interface for accessing and provisioning groups of Virtual Machines.
Groups of Virtual Machines can be quickly deployed, linked into isolated networks, and destroyed when they are no longer needed.
VMware Desktop Ecosystem
VMware VDI Alliance partners provide hardware and software enhancements to the basic VDI solution.
VMware Desktop Ecosystem
Additional VDI Alliance partners provide complete VDI solutions from the data center to the desktop:
VDI Partners – Wyse
Thin client hardware with a variety of models, capabilities, and price points.
Years of industy experience on remote access products.
Support for RDP and ICA on all models
Simplified hardware model removes complexity form the user’s desk
VDI Partners – Sun Microsystems
Supports Sunray thin clients
Robust infrastructure for external access
AIP protocol is fast and provides remapping of other display protocols such as RDP, 3270, etc.
Allows VDI to be part of a unified access solution.
VDI Partners – Citrix
Widely deployed in the application virtualization and server-based-computing space
Supports Wyse S10 thin clients
Robust infrastructure for external access
Proprietary ICA protocol is fast and efficient
Can be used as part of a joint implementation with VDI to resolve application compatibility issues.
Case Study: Kindred Healthcare
Mobile roaming solution for doctors & nurses
Bedside access to patient records & data
Ensuring HIPAA compliance
Thin clients from Neoware mounted on rolling carts, connecting wirelessly to virtual desktops
Hundreds of virtual desktops deployed on hosted ESX servers in VDI implementation
Why VMware VDI
Flexible secure access to sensitive data anywhere
Quick desktop provisioning & improved reliability
Enthusiastically adopted by demanding user base
Smart economics: desktops require less power and can be deployed as needed, centralized mgmt
“ Nurses and doctors don’t really care about the underlying technology. They just want it to work, and help them do their jobs better. The fact that our users have so readily adopted our VDI-powered workstation on wheels shows that this solution really works for them.” Laura Armistead Unix Support Team Manager
Case Study: IntelliRisk Management Corporation
IRMC performs collections & accounts receivable for all major banks & credit cards in U.S.
Time to market adding desktops for new customers
Desktop tasks were time-consuming & inflexible
Chose thin clients with RDP access to data center
Large virtual desktop deployment on hosted ESX servers in VDI implementation
Why VMware VDI
Easier administration of desktops anywhere in the world from 1 central location
Reduced time to add new PC to <10 minutes
Operational & hardware savings
IRMC slogan: “Any agent, any desk, anywhere.” Chris Vida Senior Vice President “ We could provide a workstation to any client, in any seat, at any office in the world… in just 8 minutes.” Frank Sabatelli Director of Virtual Technology Infrastructure