What are pesticides? Chemicals put into the environment for poisoning pests. Insecticides > bugs Herbicides > plants Fungicides > mold Rodenticides > rodents.. ..and others.
PESTICIDES ARE POISON. Some pesticides are more or less toxic than others, but ALL are toxic.There is no such thing as a safe pesticide.
Children are especially vulnerableto health damage from pesticides and other toxics because….•Small size•Higher metabolic rate•Risk habits•Developing bodies
Similarities and Differences between Children and Adults, ILSI, 1992
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for NC Child Care!IPM is a common sense,prevention-based approach topest control that protects humanhealth and the environment byminimizing pest infestations ANDpesticide use.
To preventpests, think likea pest. Justremember:starve them out,dry them out,andkeep them out!
Starve them out….Good sanitation = Good pest management•Clean to the corner, under equipment andshelving•Store food, pet food, art supplies in “pestproof” airtight containers.•Do not leave dirty dishes or full garbage cansovernight•Keep outside trash bins well away from thebuilding, and cover tightly
Dry them out…•Repair leaky pipes•Clean out evaporation trays under refrigeratorsregularly•Open windows and use fans for goodventilation•Clean gutters regularly and ensure gooddrainage around the building•Tip, toss, or cover items in the yard that canhold standing water
Keep them out!Don’t give pests a way in or a place to hide.•Caulk or cement cracks and holes on the outsideand inside of the building. Focus on gaps behindsinks, around pipes, ducts, baseboards, and windowframes.•Install door sweeps and screens on windows anddoors.•Inspect deliveries (where pests can hitch-hike in).•Remove delivered items from cardboard boxes andget rid of the boxes as soon as possible (roachesLOVE cardboard).
Least-Toxic Pest Control•Broadcast pesticide sprays are rarely or neverused. Includes baseboard spraying, fogging, andmost aerosols.•Instead, contained baits, traps and crack andcrevice treatments are used when pestsproblems occur.•Pesticides are only used when pests are actuallypresent, never for prevention.•Look for least-toxic ingredients in pest controlproducts like boric acid, limonene, diatomaceousearth, rotenone, and spinosad.•If in doubt, check toxicity information onwww.pesticideinfo.org
How can you tell if your contractor is providing you withthe safest, most cost-effective pest control service?Does your contractor do the following?- Do thorough inspections to monitor pest activity,-Use baits and traps instead of high-risk pesticide sprays,- Use any pesticide ONLY when pests are present, not just by thecalendar,- Provide you with suggestions to prevent future pest problems?If you did not answer yes to each of these questions, then you might notbe getting the safest, most effective pest control service possible for yourchild care facility.
Get the guide from Toxic Free NC:How to Contract for SaferPest Control in Child CareIt includes questions you should ask acontractor, both before and after you hirethem, and a sample IPM contract youcan use.It is available free fromwww.ToxicFreeNC.org.
Prevent arsenic exposure from CCA treated wood structures•Don’t put in new structures•Seal existing structures with oil-basedsealant every 1 - 2 years•Wash hands thoroughly after cominginto contact•Use a plastic liner for garden bedsframed with treated wood, especially ifbeds contain edible plants•Remove properly - contact CountyExtension for info•Cover surrounding soil, as it may becontaminated•Do not burn or use for chips or mulch
In the state of North Carolina, it is PROHIBITED fora crop duster to allow pesticides to drift within 100feet of a private home, within 300 feet of a publicplace, such as a business, school, church, or childcare, or within 25 feet of a public roadway.
• Do not allow children to play outside while pesticides are being applied nearby – crops, athletic fields, lawns, or mosquitoes.• Close windows and doors, re-circulate air.• Bring in laundry, toys, pets.• Cover play equipment and pools.
If a person is exposed to pesticides from drift, or from walking through a recently sprayed area: 1. Shower as soon as possible and change clothes. 2. Find out what chemicals you were exposed to – ask the applicator for copies of the pesticide label and/or MSDS. 3. See a doctor ASAP, even if symptoms aren’t immediately present, and give your doctor any chemical information. 4. Report incidents of pesticide drift it to the NC Pesticide Section: (919) 733-3556. 5. Call the Toxic Free NC at 1-877-NO-SPRAY for information and assistance.
Smell good without toxic chemicals!“Fragrance” in household air fresheners and cleaningproducts is actually a set of toxic chemicals knownas Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) andphthalates.Choose mild, “fragrance-free” products! Try usingnatural deodorizers instead of plug-ins and sprayfresheners in child care! For example:•Sprinkle baking soda in diaper bins, trash cans, etc.after cleaning to absorb odors.•White vinegar is a very effective cleaner for glassand surfaces.•Borax powder can be used to scrub tough stains,and also to kill mold & mildew in the bathroom.•There’s no substitute for fresh air! Open windowswhenever weather allows, or if you have folks withseasonal allergies in your child care, consider havinga filtered-fresh-air system installed on your HVAC.
Toxic Free NC has many resources for the child care community on getting started with IPM, such as sample contracts and policies. We are also available to give in- depth trainings for child care staff and/or families on least-toxic pest control. Please call on us anytime, and sign up for our publications so we can keep in touch with you.www.ToxicFreeNC.org 919-833-1123 Thank firstname.lastname@example.org