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Navajo gu bulleted2

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Transcript

  • 1. The Sun’s Medicine Bundle A doctor’s encounters with Navajo Medicine Navajo Shaman Medicine Bundle Human nerve cell
  • 2. Native Americans
    • Original inhabitants of North America
      • before white-skinned Europeans arrived
    • First came 25,000-12,000 years ago
      • during last Ice Age
      • crossed a “land bridge” from Siberia.
  • 3.  
  • 4. Native American History
    • Over 13,000 years, Native Americans spread throughout North America
    • Formed different groups (tribes)
      • different languages and cultures
      • allies and enemies
  • 5.  
  • 6. Native American History
    • In the 1400s and 1500s
      • Europeans came to America.
        • brought new diseases -> millions died
    • From the 1600s to the 1800s,
      • Descendants of European colonists
      • spread westward across the Continent
      • As they met Native American tribes, they fought/took their land
  • 7. Native American History
    • By 1900, all Native American tribes were defeated
      • Forced to live on “Reservations”
        • isolated places, with few things of value
  • 8.  
  • 9. Native American History
    • For most tribes, a tradition of movement/migration
    • No jobs, few resources, and a lot of alcohol -> poverty and loss of culture
  • 10. Killing of the Buffalo American Bison (Buffalo).
  • 11. Navajo History
    • Navajo - one of the last groups across the land bridge
      • called “Athabaskans”
      • avoided warrior tribes in middle of the country
      • settled in the American Southwest.
  • 12.  
  • 13. Navajo History
    • Athabaskans encountered Pueblos and Hopis
      • Were taught to farm, raise sheep and horses
    • Athabaskans settled down, became Navajo people
      • Some Athabaskan people didn't want to settle down
        • continued to migrate
        • became the Apaches
  • 14. Navajo History
    • Navajo people fought against U.S. army.
      • defeated by Col. Kit Carson in 1864
    • The Long Walk in 1864
      • 9,000 Navajo men, women and children were forced on The Long Walk of over 300 miles (480 km) to Fort Sumner
    • The Navajo Reservation formed in 1868.
  • 15.  
  • 16. Navajo People Today
    • The largest Native American tribe
      • 250,000 live on the Reservation
      • 250,000 live off the Reservation
    • Reservation is size of 5 New England states put together
  • 17. The Navajo Nation
    • Executive Branch
      • President and Vice-president
    • Legislative Branch
      • Navajo Nation Tribal Council
    • Judiciary Branch
      • Navajo Courts
      • Navajo Nation Police
  • 18. Navajo Tribal Council
  • 19. Navajo Today
    • People on the Reservation sometimes live in very small towns
      • near hospitals or “trading posts”
    • Most live far from each other in “camps”
      • large family groups that live together
      • often no electricity or running water
      • traditional dwellings, called “hogans”
    • Many others live in border towns or big cities (jobs)
  • 20. A Navajo Hogan
  • 21. Jobs
    • Women - rug weaving.
    • Men - jewelry making, tour guides.
    • Tending sheep.
    • Hospitals and schools.
  • 22. Navajo Mythology
    • Emergence from “underworld” after a great flood
    • First Man and First Woman, Talking God and Changing Woman
    • Heroes, gods, and magical creatures
    • Myths and stories take place in the land where the people still live
  • 23. Navajo World
    • Universe is based on four directions and cycles of time and life
      • East - sunrise, birth, spring, white
      • South - daytime, youth/maturity, summer, blue
      • West - evening/sunset, old age, autumn, yellow
      • North - night, death, winter, black
    • Four Sacred Mountains, North, South, East, West
  • 24.  
  • 25. Navajo World.
    • Universe is also based on “male” and “female.”
    • Male = Red, positive aggressive, sharp, hot, day, summer, etc.
    • Female = Blue, negative,peaceful, protective, dull, cold, night, winter, etc.
  • 26. Navajo Medicine
    • Health = balance and harmony
      • within a person & between a person and the world
      • physical, psychological, social, emotional
    • Disharmony and imbalance come from:
      • leaving the four sacred mountains
      • by breaking “taboos”
      • by witchcraft
  • 27. Navajo Medicine Man
    • Medicine Hand Trembler
      • makes diagnosis
      • recommends a healing ceremony
    • Navajo Medicine Man (shaman)
      • carries out a ceremony -> restore health, balance, harmony to the “sick” person
  • 28. Navajo Ceremony
    • 1-7 days in length
    • Different ceremonies “cure” different types of illnesses
    • Many people come to support the patient
    • Medicine Man chants a story from mythology
    • Important parts of the story are drawn as sand paintings on the floor of the hogan
  • 29. Navajo Ceremony
    • In some ceremonies, people dress up as gods who dance around and chant
    • The patient may be asked to drink or eat special herbs
  • 30.  
  • 31. Navajo Sand paintings.
    • Very detailed pictures from colored sand
    • Take many hours to make
    • Sand painting and hogan represent the universe
    • Gods are called to the sand painting
    • The patient is identified with the gods
  • 32. Navajo Sand paintings
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. Tibetan Sand Paintings
  • 36. Native American Church
    • Started in Northern Mexico
    • Spread to Texas and Oklahoma
    • After World War II, spread to all Native American tribes
    • Uses peyote cactus as part of the ritual
      • gives people special visions
  • 37. The Native American Church
  • 38. Where Scientific Medicine meets Navajo Medicine
    • Understand Navajo medicine
    • Support their ideas
    • Translate my diagnosis and treatment into ideas they understand
    • Know the Medicine Man and learn to work together
    • Attend Navajo ceremonies when invited