Search Strategy

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unit in GNED 104 course at Morrisville State College.

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Search Strategy

  1. 1. GNED104 -- Library Research Methods <ul><li>Introduction to Doing Research and Creating a Search Strategy </li></ul>
  2. 2. Research and Search Strategy <ul><li>1. Select a Topic </li></ul><ul><li>2. Write Thesis Statement </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lookup topic in encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>4. Create list of key words </li></ul><ul><li>5. Find Magazines , Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>6. Find Books </li></ul><ul><li>7. Find Web pages </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research and Search Strategy <ul><li>8. Document Your Sources (Bibliography). </li></ul><ul><li>9. Evaluation of your resources. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Refine the Topic if necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Repeat Steps 2-10 as needed. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Select a Topic <ul><li>Should be something that interests you. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians will not pick a topic for you. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your instructor for help. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Acid Rain. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Write a thesis statement. <ul><li>Thesis: a statement or proposition put forward and supported by proof or argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete sentence describing your research topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Acid rain is damaging lakes in the Adirondacks. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. Look up Topic in an Encyclopedia. <ul><li>Funk & Wagnall’s Online </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Look under acid rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Print out or photocopy the articles. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Create List of Key Words. <ul><li>Key words are words related to your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>You will find many of them in the encyclopedia articles. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: acid rain. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 5. Find Magazines and Newspapers. <ul><li>Search online and paper based indexes and databases. </li></ul><ul><li>Use full text online to make it easier for yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Academic Index </li></ul><ul><li>Use key words from your list. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 6. Find Books. <ul><li>Search library online catalog. </li></ul><ul><li>Use key words or phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Morris the Online CATalog </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Keyword Search for acid rain works best. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 7. Find Web Pages. <ul><li>Search Internet Search Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Links to other pages or sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: http:// www.epa.gov/airmarkt/acidrain/effects/surfacewater.html </li></ul>
  11. 11. 8a. Document Your Sources (Bibliography). <ul><li>Use MLA format (blue handout). </li></ul><ul><li>Example: for Webpage </li></ul><ul><li>Unites States Environmental Protection Agency. “Effects of Acid Rain: Lakes & Streams”. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency . 2003. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 29 Sept. 2004. < http://www.epa.gov/airmarkt/acidrain/effects/surfacewater.html>. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 8b. Document Your Sources (Bibliography). <ul><li>Use MLA format (blue handout). </li></ul><ul><li>Example: for Book </li></ul><ul><li> Regens, James L. and Robert W. Rycroft The acid rain controversy. Pittsburgh, Pa. : University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 8c. Document Your Sources (Bibliography). <ul><li>Use MLA format (blue handout). </li></ul><ul><li>Example: for Magazine or Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li> Melewski, Bernard C. “ A cid rain and the Adirondacks: a legislative history.” Albany Law Review. 66 (2002):171-206 </li></ul>
  14. 14. 9.Evaluation of Your Sources. <ul><li>Authority/Credibility </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul>
  15. 15. 9a. Evaluation of Your Sources. <ul><li>Authority/Credibility </li></ul><ul><li>1. Is author's name included? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is the expertise of the author? 3. What is the author's opinion is? Is it backed up with facts (statistics, historical data, etc.)? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Who publishes the item? Is there hidden &quot;agenda,&quot; or a cause, or is it just a business? </li></ul><ul><li>5. is it reliable source? Why? </li></ul>
  16. 16. 9b. Evaluation of Your Sources. <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>1. When was item written? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Is the content meaningful and useful? Why ? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Is there evidence of any bias, either by the author or the publisher? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Is it objective or subjective (facts, or opinion/creative)? </li></ul><ul><li>5. is the information accurate? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Is it primary source material? </li></ul>
  17. 17. 10. Refine the Topic If Necessary. <ul><li>Not enough information? Broaden the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Too much information? Narrow the topic. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 11. Repeat Steps 2-10 as needed. <ul><li>You will need to go through the steps more than once usually. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep all of your materials together in a folder or notebook. </li></ul><ul><li>Take lots of notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the bibliography up to date!! </li></ul>
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