Information Class2

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unit in GNED 104 course at Morrisville State College.

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Information Class2

  1. 1. Organization of Information GNED 104 Research Methods Wilfred Drew, Associate Librarian
  2. 2. What is “information” & why organize it? 1: the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence. 2: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction.
  3. 3. Characteristics of Information <ul><li>Analytical or Factual </li></ul><ul><li>Objective or Subjective </li></ul><ul><li>Primary or Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Format (physical form) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Information Analytical Information: interpretation of facts. Example: encyclopedias, books, magazines. Factual Information: made up of facts only, no explanations or interpretations of statements. Examples: statistics, dictionaries, who’s who.
  5. 5. Characteristics of Information Objective Information: presents all sides of a topic. Example: encyclopedias, reference books. Subjective Information: presents one view point or opinion. Examples: editorials, book reviews, critical essays.
  6. 6. Characteristics of Information Primary Information: information in original form or copy of original form. Example: diary, art work, raw data. Secondary Information: repackaged, any material other than original. Examples: gossip, class notes, encyclopedias.
  7. 7. Characteristics of Information <ul><li>Books: printed on paper and stored on shelves. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodicals : printed on paper and stored on shelves or as microfilm in cabinets. </li></ul><ul><li>Non- print: on computers,tapes, cassettes,cd,DVD, cd-rom, radio & TV broadcasts, etc. Includes electronic books & full text of magazines online. </li></ul>Format (physical form): each requires different type of storage
  8. 8. How Organized Are You? <ul><li>Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>CDs </li></ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses and phone numbers </li></ul>
  9. 9. Classification Systems <ul><li>Used to organize information. </li></ul><ul><li>Simplifies access and searching. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper Want Ads </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>Menu </li></ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul>
  10. 10. Yahoo -- <ul><li>Uses subject categories from general to specific: </li></ul><ul><li>Home > Education > Higher Education > Colleges and Universities > United States > </li></ul><ul><li>New York > Education > College and University > Community and Technical </li></ul>http://www.yahoo.com/
  11. 11. Restaurant Menu: <ul><li>Grouped by type of food item: </li></ul><ul><li>Sandwiches </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh Salads </li></ul><ul><li>Beverages & Deserts </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Pitas </li></ul>Wendy's
  12. 12. Library of Congress (LC): <ul><li>Organizes the library by broad groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Assigns each book or item a unique call number. </li></ul><ul><li>Assigns each book various subject headings for searching purposes. </li></ul>Library Catalog
  13. 13. LC organizes by broad groups
  14. 14. LC assigns each book or item a unique call number. <ul><li>Call Number is similar to your mailing address </li></ul><ul><li>Call Number is used to find a book on the shelf . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>GV351 . S23 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>GV351 . Z56 1999 </li></ul>
  15. 15. LC assigns each book various subject headings <ul><li>Each item has several headings assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to search for a specific subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships -- United States-- Statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>College costs -- United States-- Statistics. </li></ul>

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