Educational power point beijing china
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Educational power point beijing china Presentation Transcript

  • 1. “Communication Between Cultures” Beijing, ChinaCompared to the U.S By: Steven Baker
  • 2. Beijing Facts•Collective, individualistic society•Located on the Northeastern Asia Continent, borders Yellow Sea•Beijing is the capital of The peoples Republic of China, the city has been the capitalthroughout since the 13th century Ming Dynasty over 700 yrs•It now has a population of over 15 million people•This makes Beijing the second largest city in China•The city is the central location for the country’s education, transportation, andcommunication•Telephone code is 86•Time zone is plus 13 hours Eastern Time•Mountainous terrain covers 68% rest is relatively flat 1
  • 3. Food and Dining•Wait to be seated. Whoever invited pays•Oldest person sits furthest from the door facing the door host sits across from them•Best dish for elder. If there is a head it is pointed away from body ex. duck head•Dont dig in the food on a plate but just get the piece which you want to get•Dont pick one piece then drop it back in the plate and change to another piece•Dont let your chopsticks be covered with food juice or residue•Dont use chopsticks to beat any utensils to make any noise•Dont wave your chopsticks•Dont use chopsticks like forks•Dont use chopsticks as toothpicks•Dont lick or suck your chopsticks•Dont put chopsticks vertically in rice in a bowl since it resembles the incense sticksfor the dead 2
  • 4. Common DishesWhite rice, Chicken, Noodles, and Sushi are just some of the favorites 3
  • 5. Driving•In mainland China, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road. Variousneighbors — Hong Kong, Macau, India, Nepal and Pakistan — drive on the left•In minor accident most people just drive on. Luxury car owner think their abovethe law and most of the time they areSpeed limits are as follows:•30 km/h (19 mph) on city roads where there is only one lane per direction, 40km/h (25 mph) on China National Highways;•up to 70 km/h (43 mph) on city roads where there is a major road with centralreservation or two yellow lines, 80 km/h (50 mph) on China National Highways;•100 km/h (62 mph) on city express roads;•120 km/h (75 mph) on expressways.•Tolerance is generally around 10 km/h (6 mph)•China has over 100,000 driving accident deaths per year 4
  • 6. Places to SeeErected in 1420As a place for heavenWorship for the emperorShaolin TempleThis is a place where you can go to learn martial artsPalace Museum 5
  • 7. Places to See ContinuedBeijing Zoo Red Panda Great Wall Of China (Most Known) 6
  • 8. Economy•1 Chinese yuan = 0.145463 U.S. dollars•3rd largest behind U.S and Japan 4.1 trillion GDP•Low- Middle class make about $2,000 / year so still poor•Cheap labor that’s why U.S jobs are being exported•Economy has changed dramatically under communist rule•1950’s began to industrialize and become more self sufficient•Industries began producing iron, steel and other metals; machinery, including cranes,locomotives, automotive equipment, and electronics equipment•Beijing is also one of Chinas textile centers.•Crafts include rugs and carpets, porcelain and china 7
  • 9. Environment•The quality of air in Beijing has declined as a resultof increased industry and increased numbers ofautomobiles, trucks, and people•Polluted water has resulted from more people andindustry, though the city is one of the few in China with a sanitary sewage system•The insufficient supply of water is a major problem because the climate is comparativelydry•Water shortages, however, result more often from poor agricultural practices than fromindustrial waste. Beijing is surrounded by a zone of intensive farming that produces grainand vegetables for the urban market•Most of the citys water is supplied from Kuan-ting, the largest man-made lake in theNorth China Plain 8
  • 10. Government and Politics HeadquartersPresident: Hu JintaoVice President: Xi JinpingPrime Minister: Wen JiabaoVice Prime Ministers: Li Keqiang, Hui Liangyu,Zhang Dejiang, Wang OishamState Councillors: Liu Yandong, Liang Guanglie,Ma Kia, Meng Jianzhu, Dai BingguoSecretary General: Ma KiaPresident and Vice President Elected byCongress. Have 5 yr terms 9
  • 11. Culture•Chinese love festivals and Opera•Chinese culture developed in isolation from the rest of the world•Protected by the Himalayas, the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts, rainforests to theSouth and Siberian winters to the North.•Therefore it grew up distinctly different from the rest of the world•Philosophy and culture are tightly intertwined.•Chinese beliefs have always been a part of Chinese culture more than they havebeen part of any one religion or philosophy.•Traditional Chinese religion is Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism 10
  • 12. Culture Continued•The Peoples Republic of China is a unified, multi-national country, comprising 56nationalities.•Dominant Culture: The Han people make up 91.02 percent of the totalpopulation,•Leaving 8.98 percent for the other 55 ethnic minorities. They are Mongolian, Hui,Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Bouyei, Korean, Manchu, Dong, Yao and ect.•All nationalities in China are equal according to the law.•The State protects their lawful rights and interests and promotes equality, unityand mutual help among them. 11
  • 13. Common Words and Phrases•The national language is Putonghua (the I dont want- Wo Bu Yaocommon speech) or Mandarin, which is one of Excuse Me- Jie Guothe five working languages at the United Good Bye Zai JianNations.•Most of the 55 minority nationalities have Hello- Ni Haotheir own languages. Thank You- Xie Xie•Cantonese is one of the local dialects of Hamburger-Hanbaobaosouthern China.•As a written language, Chinese has been used Rice- Mi Taxi- De Shifor 6,000 years. Steven 12
  • 14. Gestures•If you are meeting someone especially elders you shake hands and lower head•Interlocking your pinkies is showing you wish the person good fortune•Right hand over heart means sincere promise•Locking your hands together and shaking them over your head means Thank You•Putting index finger on chin shows hesitation and looking down upon•Arm up and elbow pointed towards the ground is same as middle finger in U.S 13
  • 15. Etiquette•If you meet important person you should bow•Dont lose your temper•If youre invited to a home, bring a present like fruit, sweets or tea. Avoid giving clocks opears because clocks represent death and pears represent separation•The floor is seen as dirty, dont sit on it, if you want to, put newspaper down•Take care not to criticize people too harshly in front of others.•Dont expect vast amounts of privacy - theres not enough space for it•Try not to worry about people spitting, they are not doing it to insult you•Don’t talk about politics•Respect elders, handshake not staring them in the eyes•Don’t like to waste time•4 in most unlucky 8 is luckiest 14•Remove shoes before entering someones house
  • 16. Etiquette Continued• Bring a small gift to the hostess.•Eat well to demonstrate that you are enjoying the food• Learn to use chopsticks.•Wait to be told where to sit. The guest of honor will be given a seat facing the door.•The host begins eating first.• You should try everything that is offered to you.•Never eat the last piece from the serving tray.• The host offers the first toast.• Do not put bones in your bowl.•Hold the rice bowl close to your mouth while eating.• Do not be offended if a Chinese person makes slurping or belching sounds; itmerely indicates that they are enjoying their food. 15
  • 17. Business Etiquette Li Ka Shing richest man in•Bring own interpreter China•New ask Chinese to turn off cell phones•Only senior members speak•Usually takes a long time for them to make decisions•Arrive on time•Have business cards never write on someone else’s business card•Don’t wear bright colors, women no heels, conservative business suit•Meals are social events not places to discuss meetings•No sexual bias in Chinese culture 16
  • 18. Transportation Rail Train Subway Automobile Buses Bicycle (over 3 million) Airplane- 2 Airports 17
  • 19. Education and School•Teachers have authority, no questions•Can’t raise hand till after lecture•A teacher showing in Beijing, China shows howto use abacus. Before the Hindu-Arabic numeration system was used,people counted, added, and subtractedwith an abacus--a forerunner of todayscalculator.•2 major colleges Beijing University (campus college) Quinghua University (technical) 18
  • 20. Education Continued•Today it is estimated that 78 percent of adults are literate.•The average primary school student has about one chance in 145 of enrolling in auniversity or college good political background is a requirement.•The political climate changed in the late 1970s.•Admission came to be based on achievement, and scholastic goals emphasizedtechnical learning and proficiency in subject matter.•China. Since 1978 the only requirement for admission to college has been a passingscore on a college-entrance examination.•Most students become burnt out because of going to school all the time•The traditional educational system in China was based on literacy and the ability toread and write essays about the Confucian classics.•The early 20th century was a period of rapid educational and intellectual change.•Since the Communists came to power in 1949 literacy has risen rapidly. 19
  • 21. Common Dress•In every culture, clothing is one of the most powerful and ubiquitous formsof visual communication.•By using visual clues provided by clothing, people quickly place eachother, making guesses about the gender, social status, occupation, ethnic ornational identity•Some signify their membership within various groups through how theydress.•China today has become more modernized to try to look cool and trendy•Wear clothes to express their personality and mood.They wear lots of red, black and bright colors•Some still wear traditional to show off their heritage 20
  • 22. Climate•Beijing has a climate that is largely continental with warm summers and long, cold,dry winters.•Cold, dry winds blow a great deal of dust onto the city from as far away as theLoess Plateau and Gobi of Mongolia.•Precipitation averages 25 inches (64 centimeters) per year.•Most of the rainfall occurs in the months of June, July, and August•Average temperature is 52 degrees Celsius4 distinct weather seasonsSpring: 10-22°CSummer: 22°C and aboveAutumn: 10-22°CWinter: 10°C 21
  • 23. Family’s and Their Names•Chinese family names came into being some 5,000 years ago.•There are more than 5,000 family names, of which 200 to 300 are popular.•The order of Chinese names is family name goes first, following by given name.•For instance, the family name of a person is Wang, given name is Dong, his/herfull name would be Wang Dong .•The most popular Chinese family names are LI, ZHANG, WANG, LI, ZHAO, LIU,CHEN.•According to the most recent official statistics, the three most popular familynames are: LI, WANG and ZHANG, occupied 7.9% (97million), 7.4 and 7.1 of totalpopulation in China respectively 22
  • 24. Reference PageWorks CitedCIA. China. 20 November 2008. 3 December 2008<https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html>.Hugh, David. China Facts. 19 May 2008. 3 December 2008<http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.rotarymanningham.org/img/chinese-flag.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.rotarymanningham.orgJuan, Si. China Today. 2 September 2008. 3 December 2008 <http://www.chinatoday.com/>.Parkinson, Rhonda. Chinese Food. 3 December 2008. 3 December 2008<http://chinesefood.about.com/>. 23