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Even More Ethical Considerations
 

Even More Ethical Considerations

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Ethical considerations in (bilingual) speech pathology in the schools.

Ethical considerations in (bilingual) speech pathology in the schools.

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    Even More Ethical Considerations Even More Ethical Considerations Presentation Transcript

    • Ellen Kester, Ph.DScott Prath, M.A. Texas Speech-Language Hearing Association 2012 Convention San Antonio, Texas March 8th-10th
    • Outline for Today This is our to-do list • Learner objectives • Why study ethics? • The origins of ethics • Dissection of an ethical dilemma • Principles of Ethics for TSHA and ASHA • Case studies
    • Learner objectives • Participants will: ▫ Review laws and codes of ethics pertaining to speech language pathologists ▫ Highlight legal issues in serving a bilingual population ▫ Consider case studies of ethical issues related to working with culturally and linguistically diverse populations. ▫ Identify sections of the Codes of Ethics that assist in decision-making for case studies.
    • Why study ethics?“With great power comes great responsibility.”Responsible practice means adherence to a standard of ethics.It makes us better people?Because we have to? State Board of Examiners RequirementWhy have the requirements changed?What happened?
    • International Environment 2000 2001 2002 2003-2010 2011Finland FinlandDenmark DenmarkNew Zealand New ZealandUnited States(14th) United States (20th) United States (22th)Haiti HaitiIran Iran
    • Countries Most Ethical Countries Least Ethical Countries1. DENMARK 1. SOMALIA2. NEW ZEALAND 2. MYANMAR3. SINGAPORE 3. AFGHANISTAN4. FINLAND 4. IRAQ5. SWEDEN 5. UZBEKISTAN
    • Professions Most Ethical Professions Least Ethical Professions1. NURSES 1. LOBBYISTS2. PHARMACISTS 2. TELEMARKETER3. TEACHERS (HIGHSCHOOL) 3. CAR SALESMEN4. DOCTORS 4. CONGRESSMEN5. POLICEMEN 5. STOCK BROKER
    • Probing the Field of Law • ” Two-thirds of respondents in a survey of California lawyers said they “compromise their professionalism as a result of economic pressure.” • Lawyers in Maryland reported their profession had degenerated so badly that “they were often irritable, short-tempered, argumentative, and verbally abusive.” • Lawyers in Virginia were asked whether the increasing problems in professionalism were attributable to “a few bad apples” or a widespread trend. They overwhelmingly said, “a widespread trend.” • Lawyers in Florida reported that a “substantial minority [were] money grabbing, too clever, tricky, sneaky, and not trustworthy.”
    • Trying to correct the downward trend. • “At present, several state bars and professional organizations are scrambling to shore up their professional ethics. Some are increasing courses in college and graduate schools, and others are requiring brush-up ethics classes.”
    • Can we change behavior?A study by MITSo what can we do? How do wechange a profession’s ethicalbehavior?
    • Ethical Studies by MIT Study 1 Study 2 Study 3 50 math 15 math 20 math questions questions + questions Book Lists + Ethics Code Group 1 Control Group 2 Test Group 3 Test
    • The origin of ethicsThe Greek’s take on: Social Interaction (Socrates) Personal Happiness (Aristotle) Promoting Peace of Mind (Epectetus) Professional Influence (Epicurus)
    • How are ethics codes different from laws? Rules of Ethics are specific statements of minimally acceptable professional conduct or of prohibitions and are applicable to all individuals. Laws are legal documents setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity. Rules of Law Ethics
    • Ethics defined • The code of good conduct for an individual or a group. (Merriam-Webster’s, 2010) • A discipline dealing with right conduct and morality. (Webster’s, 2001) • “moral principles or values that address whether actions, intentions, and goals are right or wrong” (Herer, 1989) • The main ethical category for ancient Greeks was arete or virtue • List of Rules
    • The Relativity of EthicsTime Place• Ethical standards evolve over • Third world factories time. (Maitland, 1997)• Consider the practices of Lionel Logue in the King’s speech
    • What are Ethics? • Actions that Allow Social Interaction Socrates • “The truly wise man will know what is right, do what is good, and therefore be happy.” • Ethics is a conversation that enables people to interact communally within a society
    • What are Ethics?• Actions that Promote Personal HappinessAristotle• In Aristotles view, when a person acts in accordance with his nature and realizes his full potential, he will do good and be content.
    • What are Ethics?• Actions that Promote Peace of MindEpictetus• “the greatest good was contentment and serenity”• We get to go to work each day knowing we will be respected and valued
    • What are Ethics?• Guidance of actions that do not reflect poorly on society (a professional’s field)Epicurus• Hedonism, responding to one’s own desire without consideration for the greater of societyJoe Wilson Serena Williams Shoe guy
    • What are Ethics?• Actions that allow social interaction (Socrates)• Actions that promote personal happiness (Aristotle)• Actions that promote peace of mind (Epectetus)• Actions that do not reflect poorly on society (profession) (Epicurus)Joe Wilson Serena Williams Shoe guy
    • Principles of EthicsASHA’s and TSHA’s CodesPersonal ResponsibilityProfessional CompetenceResponsibility to the PublicResponsibility to the Profession
    • Principles of Ethics I • Personal Responsibility “Individuals shall honor their responsibility to hold paramount the welfare of persons they serve professionally or participants in research and scholarly activities and shall treat animals involved in research in a humane manner.”
    • Principles of Ethics II • Professional Competence “Individuals shall honor their responsibility to achieve and maintain the highest level of professional competence.”
    • Principles of Ethics III • Responsibility to the Public “Individuals shall honor their responsibility to the public by promoting public understanding of the professions, by supporting the development of services designed to fulfill the unmet needs to the public.”
    • Principles of Ethics IV • Responsibility to the Profession “Individuals shall honor their responsibilities to professionals and colleagues, and students. Individuals shall uphold and accept the professions’ self-imposed standards.”
    • Our discussion today • The original intent of Ethics, it was meant as a way of creating dialogue. • This dialogue is created by:1) naming or bringing to attention a goal or value2) putting it to the test with rigorous discussion about real life circumstances.
    • Five Ethical Philosophies • The Categorical Imperative • Utilitarianism • The Golden Mean • The Veil of Ignorance • The Golden Rule
    • More Great Resources onCultural and Linguistic Diversity
    • Thank you!