Introduction to Psychology
Course title: Introduction to Psychology
Course code: PSY-101
By:
 Muhammad Bilal Younas
03...
Current approaches/ perspectives/ models
The major approaches to study Psychology are
following:
i) The biological appro...
i) The biological approach/ model
According to this approach, the behavior of people
and animals should be considered fro...
ii) The psychodynamic approach/model
The psychodynamic theory emphasizes unconscious
motivation and the influence of sexu...
iii) The cognitive approach/ model
This approach includes the study of mental processes,
such as thinking, perception, me...
iv) The behavioral approach/ model
The behavioral approach concentrates on observable
behavior. It suggests that an under...
V) The humanistic approach/ model
The humanistic approach emphasizes that people are
unique and complex organism; each pe...
Psychology today
All these five approaches have come to dominate
psychology in the 21st
century. These models add to
our ...
Psychology today
They are now more likely to have an eclectic
approach to study behavior and cognitive processes.
Psychology as a science
Psychology is a science of behavior including a
person’s overt behavior and his cognitive mental
...
Psychology as a science
for this purpose. These research methods allow them
to reach the goals of description, explanatio...
Psychology as a science
future observations.
Another important aspect of psychology as a science
is its use of measureme...
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Psy 101 lec3

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Psy 101 lec3

  1. 1. Introduction to Psychology Course title: Introduction to Psychology Course code: PSY-101 By:  Muhammad Bilal Younas 0323-6168636
  2. 2. Current approaches/ perspectives/ models The major approaches to study Psychology are following: i) The biological approach/ model ii) The psychodynamic approach/model iii) The cognitive approach/ model iv) The behavioral approach/ model V) The humanistic approach/ model
  3. 3. i) The biological approach/ model According to this approach, the behavior of people and animals should be considered from the view of their biological functioning. The study of brain and nervous system helps us interpret perception, memory emotions and psychological disorders, etc.
  4. 4. ii) The psychodynamic approach/model The psychodynamic theory emphasizes unconscious motivation and the influence of sexual and aggressive drives on behavior. It has major impact in the fields of personality, psychological disorders and therapy
  5. 5. iii) The cognitive approach/ model This approach includes the study of mental processes, such as thinking, perception, memory and problem solving. Cognitive psychologists seek to explain how we process information and how our ways of thinking about the world influence our behavior.
  6. 6. iv) The behavioral approach/ model The behavioral approach concentrates on observable behavior. It suggests that an understanding and control of a person’s environment is sufficient to fully explain and modify behavior.
  7. 7. V) The humanistic approach/ model The humanistic approach emphasizes that people are unique and complex organism; each person has a capacity to reach his or her maximum potential. It is specially important in the field of personality , motivation and psychotherapy.
  8. 8. Psychology today All these five approaches have come to dominate psychology in the 21st century. These models add to our understanding of why human beings behave the way they do. Psychologists with different view points have different things to say; each tackles the issue from different angle and contribute different insights.
  9. 9. Psychology today They are now more likely to have an eclectic approach to study behavior and cognitive processes.
  10. 10. Psychology as a science Psychology is a science of behavior including a person’s overt behavior and his cognitive mental processes. As a science, psychology shares goals and scientific methods with other sciences, such as biology, chemistry, etc. Psychologist begin with a body of knowledge and then proceed to investigate. They use a variety of methods
  11. 11. Psychology as a science for this purpose. These research methods allow them to reach the goals of description, explanation, prediction and control. Psychology is comprised of systematized knowledge that is gathered by carefully measuring and observing events. Theories are used to summarize observation and to predict the outcomes of
  12. 12. Psychology as a science future observations. Another important aspect of psychology as a science is its use of measurement_ the assignment of numbers to objects or events according to certain rules.

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