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Lec 4

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  • 1. Topic: Adverbs By Muhammad Bilal Younas
  • 2. Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Answers the questions:Answers the questions: How?How?He ran quickly.He ran quickly. She left yesterday.She left yesterday. When?When? We went there.We went there. Where?Where? It was too hot!It was too hot! To what degree or how much?To what degree or how much?
  • 3.  An adverb adds something to the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another noun.  He walks slowly.  His brother is a very gentle boy.  He speaks extremely loudly.
  • 4. Interrogative Adverbs introduce questions How did you break your leg? When does your plane leave? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
  • 5.  Adverbs can be classified, according to the function into five main types:  Place  Manner  Time  Frequency  Degree
  • 6. Adverbs of Manner  They show “how” an action is, was, or will be done, e.g. slowly, carefully, easily, sincerely, fast, well etc EXAMPLES  How did they read?  They read slowly.  How did they act?  They acted well.
  • 7. Adverbs of Place  They show where an action is, was, or will be done, e.g. here, there, across, up, down, somewhere etc EXAMPLES  Where are you going?  I’m going upstairs.  Where is Ali?  He is there
  • 8. Adverbs of Time They show when an action is, was, or will be done, e.g. today, tomorrow, yet, soon, later, after, yesterday etc EXAMPLES when did they leave?  They left in the morning.  When is she coming?  She is coming soon.
  • 9. Adverbs of Frequency  They show how often an action is, was, or will be done, e.g. never, usually, rarely, seldom, never etc EXAMPLES How often do they meet?  They always meet on Fridays.  Do you ever study at night?  Yes, usually.  Have you ever been to London?  No I have never been.
  • 10. Adverbs of degree  They usually modify adjectives and other adverbs Very, too, fairly, rather, nearly, completely  Ahmad is quite right.  It is rather hot today.  My brother drives very carefully.
  • 11. Some other types of adverbs  Adverbs of affirmation: Certainly, definitely, yes, indeed etc  Adverbs of negation: No, not, only, etc  Adverbs of cause: Accordingly, therefore, consequently, etc  Adverbs of order: Firstly, secondly, lastly, etc  Adverbs of interrogation: When, where, why, etc
  • 12. ACTIVITY Insert the given adverbs at their proper place 1. He has seen a train. ( never) 2. That boy is tall. ( very) 3. He drinks his tea with milk. (usually) 4. The question is difficult. (rather) 5. He visited us. (yesterday) 6. I am sure. (quite) 7. He will come. (soon) 8. We see him on Fridays. (rarely)