Resume:Origin: French Word resume meaning “to summarize”
CV: Curriculum (course)Vitae(Life)Origin:Latin
Serves to provide a summary of your qualifications
Purpose: to persuade the prospective employer for a personal interview
Convince prospective employer that you are well suited to succeed in performing the responsibilities
Emphasizes your skills and accomplishments
Difference between CV and Resume
CV is longer (2 or more pages) and more detailed synopsis of your background and skills.
CV includes a summary of your educational and academic backgrounds as well as teaching and research experience , publications , presentations, awards, honors, affiliations and other details
Before You Start
Be brief, clear and concise
Stress your accomplishments and skills, as well as experience
Be neat and organized; direct the reader’s eye with format
Use bold type to emphasize certain elements; use italics sparingly, only to highlight
Be consistent on format and tenses
Concentrate on positives
Use action words to describe your accomplishments
Use high quality matching paper
Use the pronoun “I”
Use a font size smaller than 10
Include personal information such as marital status, health, age, place of birth, etc
State salary requirements
Include a photograph
Include any information that you cannot supply documentation or explain
DO… DO NOT…
Parts of a CV
Initial section of your CV details
Who you are
Do not use nicknames
How the employer can reach you
Name, address, phone number, email (professional)
Current and Permanent if applicable
Some Do, Some Don’t
Some choose to exclude from cv and state in cover letter
A clear Statement of Your Intentions
Some employers like to see a clear goal or purpose
Taylor to the job, examples:
To obtain a position as a management trainee
To secure a full time teaching position at the school/university level.
Content and format
Schools you have attended, including universities, community colleges, technical schools, etc.
Location of school(s)
Date of graduation, actual or anticipated
Degree(s) earned or pursued
Grade Point Average (GPA) / Division
Recently graduated students place it after objective
Graduated a year or more, place after experience
Experience relevant to your objective
Full or part-time employment, internships, practicum
Also be sure to list volunteer work, community committee work.
This section includes….
Company or organization and location (city, state)
Dates of employment or involvement
Descriptions of responsibilities, duties, achievements, etc.
Important to use action words
Good descriptions are vital to convey your experience
Keep your tense consistent; present tense if you are currently active in the experience and past tense for all other past
Use the action word list provided for ideas
Summary of special skills
Computer skills, language skills, customer service, leadership
Be Specific! Example:
Proficient in writing and speaking English
Skilled in the use of MS Word, MS Excel, MS Access
Achievements/Activities/ Honors/ Awards
Emphasize significant outside of work
Awards, grants, prizes, and special honors
Memberships in professional clubs and organization
Choose two to three people ( Past supervisors or employers)
Not usually sent with CV and cover letter unless specified
Can write at end “ References Available Upon Request”
A few things to remember...
There is really no ONE right way to write a resume or CV—everyone is unique. There is room to “be yourself.”
Proofread your CV very carefully for grammar, punctuation, and spelling. You do not want ANY mistakes in your CV. Have someone review your CV for mistakes and use spell check!
Get feedback from other people. Make sure that your resume looks good, is easy to understand, and says what you want it to say!
Three Types of Resumes
The Chronological CV
A chronological CV focuses on presenting the candidate's experience on an employer by employer basis, with the posts being listed in reverse chronological order.
It also contains details of education and qualifications, together with hobbies.
This is the most common type of CV.
How to structure a chronological CV
A chronological CV typically uses the following structure:
Personal details (i.e. name and contact details)
Personal profile or career objectives. This should not exceed 5 lines.
Employment in reverse chronological order.
Hobbies and personal interests
Particularly useful for those applying within the same industry as it will demonstrate your career progression.
It is the favourite format for most employers, who simply want to get a feel for your career to date.
If you have gaps in your employment which you would rather not discuss, a chronological CV will make them more obvious.
Name Street City, State Zip O bjective Write a short statement about the purpose of your resume, indicating if it is for a specific company and/or for a specific career (field of work specific). Employment
Company Name - City, State, Dates of employment (e.g. January 2005 to present)
Write two or three bulleted statements about the work you performed beginning with activities that are relevant to your current job search.
Express how your performance made you an asset to the company, it’s bottom line, your co-workers, customers, etc.
Be positive but be accurate; neither exaggerate or understate what you brought to the job.
Company Name - City, State, Dates of employment (e.g. May 2003 to Jan 2005)
Leave some white space between companies to make it easy for an interviewer to distinguish between your jobs.
Prioritize your job activities in accordance with how they relate to your resume objective.
Company Name - City, State, Dates of employment
Keep listing your jobs, going back ten to fifteen years, or to the first one, if you have limited job experience.
Start statements with active verbs like “accomplished, organized, created” whenever possible
Refrain from using the word “I”. Your interviewer knows the resume is about you!
Additional Experience Use this section when your job experience spans more than ten to fifteen years. Or use this section to detail relevant volunteer experience. Prioritize additional experience as it relates to your current job search. Education Your course of study or degree Name of School - attendance dates (e.g. 1995 to 1999) List courses that are relevant to your resume objective List extra-curricular activities, honors, awards, etc that are relevant to your resume objective.
Use this section to detail relevant personal and professional skills that don’t appear elsewhere on your resume.
Personal Skills: Equipment Skills:
Use this section to detail relevant personal and professional activities that don’t appear elsewhere on your resume.
Community Service Professional Affiliations
The Functional CV
Unlike a chronological CV, a functional CV places the emphasis on your skills and expertise rather than the chronology of you employment to date.
A functional CV typically starts with a personal profile which highlights the achievements, skills and personal qualities that you possess. This is then followed by a succession of sections, each relating to a different skill or ability. These should be ordered in decreasing order of importance.
Functional headings that are commonly used.
Advantages of Functional CV
If you have changed jobs frequently, if your experience is a mish-mash of seemingly unrelated posts or if you have several career gaps, a functional CV will help place the emphasis on what you have to offer as a whole rather than on the chronology.
If you are changing industry, a functional CV will help the recruiter focus on your transferable skills.
If you are a more mature applicant, a functional CV will take the spotlight away from your age.
Disadvantages of Functional CV
If you do not have much work experience, you may struggle to highlight achievements in a separate section.
A functional CV will not enable you to highlight consistent career progression. If you wish to convey career progression, you should adopt a chronological format.
The Hybrid CV
A hybrid CV follows both the chronological and functional format, which makes the CV slightly longer than normal.
Perfect format if you have a strong career progression with many achievements.
Enables you to sell your strengths as well as your experience.
Lengthier than a functional or chronological CV
Failing to get the attention with the right profile at the start of the CV may result in the whole CV remaining unread.
Not suitable for those with little experience or achievements.
Not suitable for those with employment gaps
Even MORE Verbs
Remember that resume building and fine tuning is an art not a science
There are countless ways to design and layout a resume/ CV