Barriers to Communication M.Bilal Younas Mass comm.. & Media 1st. Semester (Silent_heart.email@example.com)
Barrier: Barriers mean all those hurdles which stop or interrupt the process of communication. Barrier sometimes become so strong that they can even make the whole process just a failure.
Types of Barriers
Physical Barriers: Physical barrier is a problem in the way of transmitting a message from its source to destination. You sent a letter to your friend but he didn’t get it, this is a physical barrier; there is a speech of President on TV but you can’t listen it properly due to some problem in the transmission(channel noise), also a physical hurdle. If a student closes a door with noise during lecture then it would also be a physical hurdle.
Psychological Barrier: These are the barriers which are directly related to some internal problem of the destination or the receiver. The receiver receives the message clearly but due to some reasons fails to understand & react properly.
Different Psychological Barriers
Field of Experience
Frame of Reference
Change in Custom & Tradition
Semantic Noise This kind of hurdle is the result of using very difficult, jaw breaking & tongue twisting words by the communicator/sender, which are out side the frame of reference of the receiver.
Field of Experience: This barrier occurs when the field of experience is not common to both sender & receiver. For example, if the scientist wants to communicate the Newton law to the uneducated people, definitely, there won’t be any communication. But if the message is delivered to the science students, the message will be an effective one.
Cognitive Dissonance: Cognition means process of thinking & dissonance means conflict. So Cognitive Dissonance means conflict in thinking. It occurs usually when the receiver accepts the message but due to some reason fails to react according to the desired response of the receiver. i.e. the sender tells a chain smoker that smoking is dangerous for health, receiver accepts the message as a truth but due to his habit, fails to react accordingly.
Frame of reference: Every sender & receiver have their own sense of perceiving the things according to their owl level of understanding. If sender & receiver do not share the some what same frame of reference then communication process might become a failure.
Poor understanding: If the receiver is poor in understanding the intended message then it would also be a psychological hurdle.
Expressions: If the facial expressions, body language & attitude of the sender do not match with the tone of the message then it would also become a psychological hurdle for the receiver.
Change in custom & tradition: If the communicator wants to talk about some change in the custom & tradition, definitely his communication will be a failure.