0
M.Bilal Younas
Mass Comm. & Media 1st
. Semester
(silent_heart.sameer@yahoo.com)

2
 The Path to Effective Writing
2
Voice is the form a verb
takes to indicate whether
the subject of the verb
performs or receives the
action.
There are tw...
Active Voice – indicates that
the subject of the verb is
acting
Because the subject does or
"acts upon" the verb in such...
 These examples show that the subject is 
doing the verb's action.
 The dog jumped onto the boy.
 The dog (subject) is ...
 In a passive voice sentence, the subject and
object flip-flop. The subject becomes the passive
recipient of the action.
...
 These examples show the subject being
acted upon by the verb.
 The boy was jumped on by the dog.
◦ Boy (subject) was be...
 Most writers prefer to use active voice
because it is more direct.
 Compare
◦ Active: The waiter dropped the
tray of fo...
 The active voice is less awkward and clearly
states relationship between subject and action.
 Compare
 Passive: Your r...
 In general, the passive voice is less direct,
less forceful, and less concise than the active
voice.
 Use the passive v...
 Awkward Passive: My bicycle was
repainted by John.
 Deliberate Passive: My bicycle was
repainted. (The performer is not...
 The passive voice requires a "double verb" and
will always consist of a form of the verb "to be"
and the past participle...
 Writers should be familiar with the forms
of "to be" , often called linking verbs, so
that they can easily identify the ...
 Note the forms of "to be" in the examples of the
verb "to kick" in various forms of the passive
voice:
 is kicked------...
 Often passive voice sentences will contain a "by"
phrase indicting who or what performed the
action.
 Passive sentences...
 Examples:
 Passive: The cookies were eaten by the
children.
 Active: The children ate the cookies.
 Passive: The tunn...
 Directions: Change the sentences below
to the active voice.
1. The statue is being visited by hundreds of tourists
every...
 Directions: Change the sentences below
to the passive voice.
1. Children cannot open these bottles easily.
2. The govern...
1.He takes exercise daily.
2.We do not tell a lie.
3.I did not cheat him.
4.He advised me.
5.We are doing our work.
6.Has ...
1.Exercise is taken by me daily.
2.A lie is not told by us.
3.He was not cheated by me.
4.I was deceived by him.
5.Our wor...
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Active passive

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Transcript of "Active passive"

  1. 1. M.Bilal Younas Mass Comm. & Media 1st . Semester (silent_heart.sameer@yahoo.com)
  2. 2.  2  The Path to Effective Writing 2
  3. 3. Voice is the form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action. There are two types of voice: active voice and passive voice. 3
  4. 4. Active Voice – indicates that the subject of the verb is acting Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice. 4
  5. 5.  These examples show that the subject is  doing the verb's action.  The dog jumped onto the boy.  The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb).  Kristy will give a book report to the class.  Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb).  The computer ate my paper.  The computer (subject) is doing the eating (verb). 5
  6. 6.  In a passive voice sentence, the subject and object flip-flop. The subject becomes the passive recipient of the action.  Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passive voice. 6
  7. 7.  These examples show the subject being acted upon by the verb.  The boy was jumped on by the dog. ◦ Boy (subject) was being jumped on (verb)  A book report will be given by Kristy to the class. ◦ Report (subject) will be given (verb).  My paper was eaten by the computer. ◦ Paper (subject) was being eaten (verb). 7
  8. 8.  Most writers prefer to use active voice because it is more direct.  Compare ◦ Active: The waiter dropped the tray of food. ◦ Passive: The tray of food was dropped by the waiter. 8
  9. 9.  The active voice is less awkward and clearly states relationship between subject and action.  Compare  Passive: Your request for funding has been denied by the review committee.  Active: The review committee denied your request for funding.  The active voice sentence pattern propels the reader forward through your writing thus avoiding weak prose. 9
  10. 10.  In general, the passive voice is less direct, less forceful, and less concise than the active voice.  Use the passive voice in the following situations:  Use passive voice when you do not know or do not want to reveal the performer of an action.  Use passive voice when you want to emphasize the receiver of an action. 10
  11. 11.  Awkward Passive: My bicycle was repainted by John.  Deliberate Passive: My bicycle was repainted. (The performer is not mentioned and the emphasis is on the bicycle.) 11
  12. 12.  The passive voice requires a "double verb" and will always consist of a form of the verb "to be" and the past participle (usually the "en/ed/t" form) of another verb.  Example: Active: John baked the bread. Passive: The bread was baked by John. (Was is a form of the verb “be”.) 12
  13. 13.  Writers should be familiar with the forms of "to be" , often called linking verbs, so that they can easily identify the passive voice in their work.  Review the forms of "to be":  am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been 13
  14. 14.  Note the forms of "to be" in the examples of the verb "to kick" in various forms of the passive voice:  is kicked----------------had been kicked was kicked-------------is going to be kicked is being kicked---------will be kicked has been kicked-------can be kicked was being kicked------should be kicked 14
  15. 15.  Often passive voice sentences will contain a "by" phrase indicting who or what performed the action.  Passive sentences can be easily transformed into active sentences when the object of the preposition "by" is moved to the subject position in the sentence. 15
  16. 16.  Examples:  Passive: The cookies were eaten by the children.  Active: The children ate the cookies.  Passive: The tunnels are dug by the gophers.  Active: The gophers dug the tunnels. 16
  17. 17.  Directions: Change the sentences below to the active voice. 1. The statue is being visited by hundreds of tourists every year. 2. My books were stolen by someone yesterday. 3. These books had been left in the classroom by a careless student. 4. Coffee is raised in many parts of Hawaii by plantation workers. 5. The house had been broken into by someone while the owners were on vacation. 17
  18. 18.  Directions: Change the sentences below to the passive voice. 1. Children cannot open these bottles easily. 2. The government built a road right outside her front door. 3. Mr. Ross broke the antique vase as he walked through the store. 4. When she arrived, the changes amazed her. 5. The construction workers are making street repairs all month long. 18
  19. 19. 1.He takes exercise daily. 2.We do not tell a lie. 3.I did not cheat him. 4.He advised me. 5.We are doing our work. 6.Has he finished his work? 7.Who was making a noise?
  20. 20. 1.Exercise is taken by me daily. 2.A lie is not told by us. 3.He was not cheated by me. 4.I was deceived by him. 5.Our work is being done by us. 6.Has his work been finished by him? 7.By whom was a noise being made?
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