Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler11.04.2013 1
Potential for intergenerational learning
and innovation to improve life an...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler 2
 Introduction
 Material and method
 Results and discussion
 Conclusion
Content
@...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Introduction
 Austrian farms are small scaled family enterprises which grow
continuou...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Aim
Identification of
 suitable indicators
to describe some core elements of the soci...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Material (I)
 Dairy farms: classification by criteria in 6 production systems (PS)
 ...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Method (III): Farm visits
 Farm visits: February to April 2012
 Interviews with semi...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Method (II): Criteria, indicators for
life and work quality on a farm
11.04.2013 8
Cri...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Work satisfaction
(internal, external)
9
Ø 2,0 Ø 2,2 Ø 1,8 Ø 2,0 Ø 2,0 Ø 2,0
1... very...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
2.8
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.2
1.9
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
0 1 2 3
Work volume (h...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Work satisfaction, indicators
external
11
7 Items to work satisfaction of the external...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Work satisfaction,
work related stressors
12
Work related stressors in % of men and wo...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
30.3
21.2
18.2
12.1
9.1
9.1
0
0
25.0
21.4
7.1
14.3
14.3
14.3
3.6
0
0% 10% 20% 30% 40%
...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
60.6
21,2
9,1
9,1
64.3
14.3
14.3
3.6
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
Economic situation...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Indicators – work input
17
Indicators Alpine
farms
Ø 9‐
cows
Hilly
pasture
farms
Ø 20‐...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
y = 49.678e-0.004x
R² = 0.7853
0
20
40
60
80
0 200 400 600 800
Cows
MPh / cow / year
A...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Indicators Alpine
farms
Ø 9‐
cows
Hilly
pasture
farms
Ø 20‐
cows
Hilly
arable
farms
Ø ...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Cooperation forms
24
Cooperation types and their intensities on dairy farms (n=1-30)
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Cooperation,
reasons for deficits (factors)
25
Reasons for cooperation deficits (n=31)
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Innovation deficits
26
Innovation deficits mentioned (n=59)
40,7
28,8
15,3
10,2
5,1
0%...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Conclusions
27
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Conclusion
 Results indicate that life and wok quality varies more within than betwee...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler
Projekt „Nachhaltige Milch“
 Projektinhalt des Forschungsprojektes (BMLFUW) (Prof.
Zo...
Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler11.04.2013 30
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Department für Nachhaltige Agrarsysteme
...
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Big Foot Conferenece. June 5.Potential for Intergenerational learning to improve life situation in milking farms_Elisabeth Quendler

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Elisabeth Quendler, Assoc. Prof., Division of Agricultural Engineering, BOKU presented her research on Potential for Intergenerational learning to improve life situation in milking farms

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Big Foot Conferenece. June 5.Potential for Intergenerational learning to improve life situation in milking farms_Elisabeth Quendler

  1. 1. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler11.04.2013 1 Potential for intergenerational learning and innovation to improve life and work quality on dairy farms in Austria Elisabeth Quendler, Agnes Strauss, Werner Zollitisch Wien, 5. Juni 2013
  2. 2. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler 2  Introduction  Material and method  Results and discussion  Conclusion Content @ Quendler
  3. 3. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Introduction  Austrian farms are small scaled family enterprises which grow continuously  Larger farms generate better incomes (fixed cost degression)  Work load and management requirements increase with growth (herd sizes) (Haidn & Schleicher, 2006, Over, 2009)  Different generations work and life together on farms and share work and living areas on one place  Decrease in family size and family man power  These different aspects influences work and life quality and sustainability of farming  Inclusion of social aspects in the sustainability assessment of farms is least developed 3
  4. 4. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Aim Identification of  suitable indicators to describe some core elements of the social sustainability of family-owned dairy farms at the farm level. 4
  5. 5. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Material (I)  Dairy farms: classification by criteria in 6 production systems (PS)  31 farms  24 conventional und 7 organic farms  61 interview partners, 28 women, 33 men 5 @ Strauss
  6. 6. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Method (III): Farm visits  Farm visits: February to April 2012  Interviews with semi-standardized questionnaire: 2 actors on the farm (farm manger, wife,..)  Subjective assessment: likert scale, free-text responses and estimates 7 @ Strauss
  7. 7. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Method (II): Criteria, indicators for life and work quality on a farm 11.04.2013 8 Criteria Indicators Work satisfaction (AZ) Work input und productivity (quantitative) - Internal, external work satisfaction - Work input (MPh per year, MPh per worker, MPh/cow and year) - Work productivity (kg ECM/cow) Stressors of life and work situation (qualitative) - Work, life, economic and political related stressors Health and work load - Body conditions (general state) - Mental and physical strains (loads) - Mechanisation level Recovery und leisure time - Wealth of time - Number of holiday days per year
  8. 8. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Work satisfaction (internal, external) 9 Ø 2,0 Ø 2,2 Ø 1,8 Ø 2,0 Ø 2,0 Ø 2,0 1... very satisfied 2... satisfied 3... partly 4...dissatisfied 5... very dissatisfied
  9. 9. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 0 1 2 3 Work volume (h/day) (n=61) Physical strains (n=61) Mental strains (n=60) Income (n=61) Work safety (n=61) Difficulty of work (n=60) Working environment (n=61) Job choice, performance (n=61) Recognition by family members (n=61) Opportunities to extend their learning (n=61) Present level of mechanization (n=61) Ability to use skills / knowledge (n=61) Management responsibility (n=61) Mutual support (n=61) Relationship to workers (n=61) Occupational diversity (n=60) 1... very satisfied 2... satisfied 3... partly 4...dissatisfied 5... very dissatisfied Work satisfaction, indicators internal 10 16 Items of the work satisfaction related to the internal situation – mean values
  10. 10. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Work satisfaction, indicators external 11 7 Items to work satisfaction of the external situation – mean value (n=28) 3.1 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6 0 1 2 3 4 Agricultural policy framework Subsidy Social benefits Information policy of stakeholders Support and recognition (professional… Support by organisations Job security 1... very satisfied 2... satisfied 3... partly 4... dissatisfied 5... very dissatisfied
  11. 11. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Work satisfaction, work related stressors 12 Work related stressors in % of men and women
  12. 12. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler 30.3 21.2 18.2 12.1 9.1 9.1 0 0 25.0 21.4 7.1 14.3 14.3 14.3 3.6 0 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Generational conflicts Illness Shortage of time for partnership Statement contained (no answers) Familial differences (wife, kids,..) Accident / death of a close person Social isolation Living situation Women (n=28) Men (n=33) Life situation related stressors 14 Life situation related stressors in % of men and women
  13. 13. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler 60.6 21,2 9,1 9,1 64.3 14.3 14.3 3.6 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Economic situation Animal welfare and husbandry requirements Agricultural policy Farm situation Women (n=28) Men (n=33) Economic and political stressors 15 Economic and political situation related stressors in % of men and women
  14. 14. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Indicators – work input 17 Indicators Alpine farms Ø 9‐ cows Hilly pasture farms Ø 20‐ cows Hilly arable farms Ø 30‐cows Mountain  area – intensive  farms Ø 26‐cows Favorable  area– mixed farms Ø 27‐cows Favorable  area – specialised farms Ø 49‐cows Work input in dairy production (MPh) 3912 3402 4410 3590 4073 4730 Work power (MP)* 2,5 2,0 2,7 1,9 2,3 2,4 MPh per worker 1557 1760 1635 1924 1791 2054 MPh male (for farm, total) 78 / 68 71  / 62 72  / 66 71 / 67 75 / 63 82 / 70 MPh female (farm, total) 79 / 46 78 / 25 76 / 35 68 / 30 76 / 33 88 / 45 Cows per MPh 4 11 11 15 11 20 Work productivity (kg ECM /MPh) 15 38 52 62 50 82 Indicators to the work situation on farms * 1WP = 2160 WPh
  15. 15. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler y = 49.678e-0.004x R² = 0.7853 0 20 40 60 80 0 200 400 600 800 Cows MPh / cow / year Alpin Hilly pasture Hilly arable Mountain intensive Favorable area ‐ mixed Favorable area ‐ specialised Work input, herd size 18
  16. 16. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Indicators Alpine farms Ø 9‐ cows Hilly pasture farms Ø 20‐ cows Hilly arable farms Ø 30‐ cows Mountain  area – intensive  farms Ø 26‐cows Favorable  area– mixed farms Ø 27‐cows Favorable  area – specialised farms Ø 49‐cows Scale Body conditions1 2.3 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2 1‐51 Physical strain (load)2 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7 1‐51 Mental strain (load)3 2.0 3.2 2.1 2.7 2.6 2.8 1‐51 Mechanisation level4 1.6 (a) 2.5 (ac) 2.8 (bc) 2.6 (ac) 2.6 (ac) 3.0 (bc) 1‐42 Time of wealth5 1.9 2.8 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.7 1‐63 Holiday (off farm) 6 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.2 0.6 1.2 0‐54 Indicators – health, time of wealth 19 Indicators to health and wealth of time Units: 1top fit to poorly 2 no to very strong 3 very low to very high 4 low to very high 5 true to not apply (next ot work is enough time for other life activities available) 6 0: no holidays, 1: < 1 week, 2: 1 week, 3: 2 weeks, 4: 3 weeks, 5: > 3 weeks
  17. 17. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Cooperation forms 24 Cooperation types and their intensities on dairy farms (n=1-30)
  18. 18. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Cooperation, reasons for deficits (factors) 25 Reasons for cooperation deficits (n=31)
  19. 19. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Innovation deficits 26 Innovation deficits mentioned (n=59) 40,7 28,8 15,3 10,2 5,1 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Technology adaption Automation Work flow and management Work organisation Time management
  20. 20. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Conclusions 27
  21. 21. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Conclusion  Results indicate that life and wok quality varies more within than between production systems  Tendencies show that there exist no relationships between farm size, (ha AA, herd size), work satisfaction and health  Main stressors: work volume, strains, generation conflicts, income, policy  Farms with lower work productivity have a higher time of wealth (higher workforce and lower MPh per worker)  Cooperation deficits: higher in non-favorable areas (alpine areas)  Innovation deficits: building and technology adaptations and automation  Solutions: Strategies for conflict management (by dialog) between generations and neighbours and implementation of new technologies, especially affordable ones (ICT) required 28
  22. 22. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler Projekt „Nachhaltige Milch“  Projektinhalt des Forschungsprojektes (BMLFUW) (Prof. Zollitsch): „ Integrative Bewertung von Merkmalen der ökologischen, ökonomischen und sozial-ethischen Nachhaltigkeit landwirtschaftlicher Produktionssysteme am Beispiel von Milchproduktionssystemen“ 29
  23. 23. Institut für Landtechnik I Quendler11.04.2013 30 Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Department für Nachhaltige Agrarsysteme Institut für Landtechnik Assoc. Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Quendler MSc Agnes Strauss, Bakk.techn. A.o. Prof. Dr. Werner Zollitsch Peter-Jordan-Straße 82, A-1190 Wien Tel.: +43 1 47654-3500, Fax: +43 1 47654-3527 http://www.nas.boku.ac.at elisabeth.quendler@boku.ac.at

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