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Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02
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Fusariumsituation in europa_2013-10-02

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Lecture at Nationell Seminariedag "Fusarium och dess toxiner i spannmål" in Uppsala, Sweden, October 2, 2013

Lecture at Nationell Seminariedag "Fusarium och dess toxiner i spannmål" in Uppsala, Sweden, October 2, 2013

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  • 1. Fusariumsituationen i Europa Alois Fellinger 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic
  • 2. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Fusarium sp.
  • 3. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxins
  • 4. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Europe • Big interest in national, regional or European mycotoxin monitoring data • No coordinated program with comparable sampling available • Individual studies, if published, with different scopes and methodology • Some results are for internal use only and just available in personal communication
  • 5. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Europe 2009 2010 2011 2012 DON 3 2 11 4 FUM 1 3 4 4 ZEA 4 *RASFF – Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed - http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/rapidalert/index_en.htm Notifications via RASFF*
  • 6. © 2013, Food Diagnostic2 October 2013 Mycotoxin Situation worldwide 2012* *Source: Biomin Mycotoxin Report 2012 67 58 50 33 42 50 DON FUM ZEA EUROPE 67 52 47 33 48 50 DON FUM ZEA ASIA 45 12 13 55 88 53 DON FUM ZEA OCEANIA 37 78 26 63 22 74 DON FUM ZEA N. AMERICA 21 64 26 79 36 74 DON FUM ZEA S. AMERICA 43 65 15 57 35 85 DON FUM ZEA MIDDLE EAST 68 100 38 32 0 62 DON FUM ZEA AFRICA 64 56 46 36 44 54 DON FUM ZEA GLOBAL OCCURENCE
  • 7. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Italy* *Source: Mycotoxins contamination in Italy and amagement experiences. Gruppo di Lavoro Micotossine, Mycotoxin Forum 5-6 September 2013 Durum Wheat 2011 2012 > LOQ mean [µg/kg] > LOQ mean [µg/kg] North 84% 180 100% 696 Center 80% 167 72% 120 South 36% 41 41% 31 Common Wheat 2011 2012 > 1000 [µg/kg] > 1000 [µg/kg] North 3% 7% Center 1% 0% South 0% 0% DON data from national monitoring program (Micoprincem-Contrimpcer)
  • 8. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Italy* *Source: Mycotoxins contamination in Italy and amagement experiences. Gruppo di Lavoro Micotossine, Mycotoxin Forum 5-6 September 2013 DON n=69 > LOQ (%)* > EU Limit (%) mean [µg/kg] min [µg/kg] max [µg/kg] Durum Wheat 86 0 250 163 322 Common Wheat 97 28 1147 20 5690 * LOQ: 40 μg/kg common w. – 120 μg/kg durum w. T-2 / HT-2 n=69 > LOQ (%)* > EU Limit (%) mean [µg/kg] min [µg/kg] max [µg/kg] Durum Wheat 43 0 44 29 56 Common Wheat 2 0 27 27 27 DON 2013 - 69 samples collected in northern Italy
  • 9. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic10.09.2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in France* *Source: Mycotoxins in French cereals: progress on knowledge and risk Management, Benoît Meleard, Intercereales, Arvalis – Institut du végétal, Mycotoxin Forum 5-6 September 2013 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% DON survey 2003-2012- Distribution of classes in wheat** **140 samples/year % > 1250 µg/kg 750 – 1250 µg/kg < 750 µg/kg
  • 10. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in France* *Source: Mycotoxins in French cereals: progress on knowledge and risk Management, Benoît Meleard, Intercereales, Arvalis – Institut du végétal, Mycotoxin Forum 5-6 September 2013 Exclusion between T-2 + HT-2 and DON contents in small grain cereals 0 1000 3000 40002000 5000 500 400 300 200 100 0 DON [µg/kg] T-2andHT-2[µg/kg] from Arvalis and FranceAgriMer surveys (3000 data from 2006 to 2011)
  • 11. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Austria* *Source: AGES Austria LOQ = 50 ppb, ML (maize, Durum, oats): 1750 ppb, ML (other cereals): 1250 ppb N and DON maxima: wheat (n=524): 6700 ppb, durum (n=41): 1300 ppb, Triticale (n=54): 2600 ppb barley (n=70): 1100 ppb, rye (n=32): 770 ppb, oats (n=21): 700 ppb, maize (n=322): 6000 ppb DON contamination in Austrian cereals and maize wheat 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% durum triticale barley rye oats maize > LOQ > ML
  • 12. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Austria* *Source: AGES Austria 50 μg/kg LOQ 200 μg/kg EU-ML processed cereal-based foods for infants, 750 μg/kg EU-ML – flours range: n.n. – 1300 ppb, n = 175 (2005), 100 (2011) 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% < 50 2005 2011 50 - 200 200 – 750 DON in flours
  • 13. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in breakfast cereals* *Source: Zearalenone in breakfast cereals: challenges for compliance with current maximum levels. John Woodward et. al. CEEREAL, Brussels, Mycotoxin Forum, 5-6 September 2013 • EU Legislation (1881/2006/EC & subsequent amendments) • Limit for ZON for non-maize-based breakfast cereals = 50 μg/kg • Limit for ZON for maize-based based breakfast cereals = 100 μg/kg • 50 μg/kg proved to be unattainable in 2008: high levels of ZON in UK wheat bran (some >200 μg/kg) from 2008 harvest • Temporary limit of 100 μg/kg granted until 31 October 2009, based on the UK risk assessment conducted by the UK Food Standards Agency. • EFSA opinion published in 2011 concluded, increasing the limit for ZON in breakfast cereals up to 150 μg/kg “is unlikely to result in a chronic dietary exposure exceeding the TDI”. • 2008 problem attributed to a late harvest after heavy & prolonged summer rain • Simon Edwards, Harper Adams University concluded that weather conditions conducive to high ZON levels in bran, would occur 1 in 5 years on average in Northern Europe.
  • 14. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Sweden Presentations 2012 • Cecilia Lerenius och Göran Gustafsson: Fusarium och toxiner i vete, rågvete, havre och maltkorn – inventering av prover från fältförsök 2004 -2011 • Klara Eskilsson: Vad gör Jordbruksverket? Foderkontroll Fusarium - mykotoxiner • Lisa Fredlund: Kartläggning av mögel och mykotoxiner i vete och havre 2009-2011 • Paula Persson, Anna-Karin Kolseth, Hanna Friberg, Ida Karlsson, Helena Bötker: Några pågående projekt om Fusarium och mykotoxiner vid SLU • Thomas Börjesson: Svensk forskning på Fusarium– mark-växt-spannmål • Mats Lindblad och Thomas Börjesson: Prognosmetoder för Fusarium-toxineri spannmål. Vädermodeller och fältprovtagning. Kort om sortprovning
  • 15. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxin Situation in Sweden Lägesrapport 5 • Erik Hartmann och Thomas Björesson: Lägesrapport 5 (130911) beträffande förekomst av DON och andra mykotoxiner i 2013 års spannmålsskörd Di Sverige • DON situation better than 2012 • Västergötland: about 7% of oats above DON food limits • Värmland: about 20% of oats, spring and winter wheat higher • Östergötland, Södermanland and Mälardalen: about 10% above • No problems found with T-2, HT-2 and Zearalenone so far
  • 16. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic § Legislation
  • 17. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic • COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs (om fastställande av gränsvärden för vissa främmande ämnen i livsmedel) Aflatoxin, Ochratoxin A, Patulin, Deoxynivalenol, Zearalenone, Fumonisins • COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 27 March 2013 on the presence of T- 2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal products (om förekomsten av T-2- toxin och HT-2-toxin i spannmål och spannmålsprodukter) actual European Legislation AFLA AF B1 AF M1 OTA PAT DON ZEA FUM T-2/HT-2 4,0 – 15,0 µg/kg* 0,1 – 8,0 µg/kg 0,025 – 0,05 µg/kg 0,5 – 10,0 µg/kg 10,0 – 50 µg/kg 200 – 1 250 µg/kg 20 – 200 µg/kg 200 – 2 000 µg/kg 15 – 1 000 µg/kg** * maximum levels dependig on foodstuffs ** recommendation only
  • 18. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic outlook / under discussion European Legislation • „New“ Mycotoxins T-2/HT-2, Ergot alkaloids, alternaria toxins, citrinin, phomopsin EFSA opinions, occurrence data, methods, EU-RL, factors involved in formation, fate during processing, ML • Future Challenges masked/bound mycotoxins, metabolites, EFSA opinions, methods, maximum limits, guidance values, prevention, … • Other Mycotoxins of possible interest Pentitrem A, Cyclopiazonic acid, Roquefortine (A, B) C, Emodin, Fusarenon X, Fusarin C, Enniatins, Beauvericin, Diacetoxyscirpenol, Moniliformin
  • 19. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic European Legislation regulatory outlook* *Source: Frans Verstraete, Directorate-General for Health & Consumers, Mycotoxin Forum 6.9.2013 • Aflatoxin: • sampling procedures • managing heterogeneity of analytical results • T-2 and HT-2 toxin • guidance document for implementation of Commission Recommendation • guidance level for cat feed • Sampling of large lots for mycotoxins – food • Validation requirements and performance criteria for screening methods for the determination (quantitative / qualitative) of mycotoxins • Changes to performance criteria for T-2 and HT-toxin • Follow-up from risk management on new EFSA opinions on: • Sterigmatocystin (opinion available) • Nivalenol (opinion available) • Enniatins • Beauvericin • Diacetoxyscirpenol • Moniliformin
  • 20. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic10.09.2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic European Legislation regulatory outlook* *Source: Frans Verstraete, Directorate-General for Health & Consumers, Mycotoxin Forum 6.9.2013 • Requests to EFSA: • Masked/hidden/bound/glycosylated mycotoxins and metabolites • Risk assessment Deoxynivalenol (including 3-AcDON and 15-AcDON) • Challenges as a consequence of changing weather conditions • tension between MLs based on the application of prevention measures versus changing climate/weather conditions and year to year variation • Increasing prevalence of aflatoxins in Europe (increased levels of aflatoxins in the South- (East) of Europe in 2012 – 2013) • Findings of other mycotoxins • Penitrem A (mainly feed - food (?)) – Penicillium • Cyclopiazonic acid (food/feed) - Penicillium • Mycophenolic acid - Penicillium • Roquefortine (A,B) C - Penicillium • Emodin - Aspergillus • Penicillic acid – Penicillium • Fusarenon-X – Fusarium • Fusarin C - Fusarium
  • 21. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxins & Climate *Source: EMTOX – Impacts of climate change effects on natural toxins in plant and seafood production Projected changes in mean summer (June-August) temperature for the scenario period 2031-2050 as compared with the reference period 1975-1994. Mean summer temperature for 2040 – Most models predict an increase of ca. 1°C for NW Europe
  • 22. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxins & Climate *Source: EMTOX – Impacts of climate change effects on natural toxins in plant and seafood production Projected changes in mean summer (June-August) precipation for the scenario period 2031-2050 as compared with the reference period 1975-1994. Mean summer rainfall for 2040 – Most models predict an increase of ca. 0.2 mm/day for NW Europe
  • 23. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Mycotoxins & Climate • The climate changes! • Average temperature and rainfall will increase • Increased temperature and humidity favor molds • The rest, I leave to your imagination….
  • 24. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Frans Perssons väg 6 412 76 Göteborg Tel. 031-335 13 62 info@food-diagnostics.se www.food-diagnostics.se Tack!
  • 25. 2 October 2013 © 2013, Food Diagnostic Ing. Alois Fellinger, MA • Medical Research (Immunology) University Vienna • Sales & Marketing Manager with Austrian distribution companies • R-Biopharm – International Sales Manager Responsible for N, S, FIN, DK, EE, LT, LV, PL, CZ, SK, H, A, SLO, HR, SRB. BiH, RO, BG, MAK Projects in USA, China, UK • Romer Labs Holding - Chief Marketing Officer • Owner ComCon Communication Consulting, Austria • Areas of Interest: Mycotoxin Testing, Food Allergens & Food Allergy

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