Habitat and niche report

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Habitat and niche report

  1. 1. HABITAT AND NICHE
  2. 2. HABITAT
  3. 3. habitat The area or natural environment in which an organism or population normally lives.
  4. 4. habitat physical environment biotic environment
  5. 5. habitat physical environment soil moisture range of temperature availability of light
  6. 6. habitat biotic environment availability of food presence of predators
  7. 7. habitat In a habitat, an organism must find… food water shelter space
  8. 8. habitat MICROHABITAT the term microhabitat is often used to describe small- scale physical requirements of a particular organism or population.
  9. 9. habitat Examples of microhabitat: Log rotting in a forest
  10. 10. habitat Space between rocks
  11. 11. habitat a tree a flower
  12. 12. habitat Examples: animals
  13. 13. American crow, Cooper's hawk, northern goshawk, yellow warbler, alder flycatcher, red-eyed vireo, dark eyed junco, Meadow vole, white-footed deer mouse, northern flying squirrel, red squirrel, red fox, beaver, white-tailed deer.
  14. 14. Starfish, Sea Urchin and Jelly Fish,Brittlestar, the Gravel Sea Cucumber, the Phosphorescent Sea Pen, the Trembling Sea Mat and the Sea Toad.
  15. 15. fish, whales, sharks, seals, arctic terns, and penguins
  16. 16. Dromedary camels, goats, deathstalker scorpion, fennec fox, pale fox, Rüppell's fox, addax, dorcas gazelle, Saharan cheetah, monitor lizards, hyrax, Sand vipers, African Wild Dog, ostrich, desert crocodiles, African Silverbill, Black-throated Firefinch, kangaroo rat, coyote, jack rabbit, lizards.
  17. 17. habitat Examples: humans
  18. 18. habitat Examples: plants
  19. 19. NICHE
  20. 20. • A niche is an organism’s role (job) in the ecosystem • It includes what it eats, where it lives, and what it does. niche
  21. 21. niche Types of niche: Fundamental niche Realized niche
  22. 22. niche FUNDAMENTAL NICHE can be defined as the range of environmental conditions in which each of the species survives.
  23. 23. niche REALIZED NICHE can be termed as the range of environmental conditions in which a species is really found.
  24. 24. Example of Fundamental and Realized Niche
  25. 25. niche example: raccoons naturally live in forests and eats insects, fruits, and other small creatures
  26. 26. niche example: encroachment by humans changes their habitat to an urban environment and they start to live off of our trash and other waste raccoons
  27. 27. Examples of Niche…. niche
  28. 28. A beaver’s niche in the ecosystem includes: • cutting down trees • building a dam to flood an area and make a pond • building a lodge to live in • raising a family of beavers • chewing bark and wood niche
  29. 29. Red-Tailed Hawk & Barred Owl •Birds of prey •Live in forests on the edge of fields •Eat mice and other rodents •Nest in trees
  30. 30. •No two species can occupy the exact same niche, because no two species do the exact same thing.
  31. 31. •If they do, or try to, one will do it better and the other will have to change or become extinct.
  32. 32. THANK YOU JULIE VALERIE V. DAGANZO BEED-II

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