Habitat and niche report
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Habitat and niche report

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    Habitat and niche report Habitat and niche report Presentation Transcript

    • HABITAT AND NICHE
    • HABITAT
    • habitat The area or natural environment in which an organism or population normally lives.
    • habitat physical environment biotic environment
    • habitat physical environment soil moisture range of temperature availability of light
    • habitat biotic environment availability of food presence of predators
    • habitat In a habitat, an organism must find… food water shelter space
    • habitat MICROHABITAT the term microhabitat is often used to describe small- scale physical requirements of a particular organism or population.
    • habitat Examples of microhabitat: Log rotting in a forest
    • habitat Space between rocks
    • habitat a tree a flower
    • habitat Examples: animals
    • American crow, Cooper's hawk, northern goshawk, yellow warbler, alder flycatcher, red-eyed vireo, dark eyed junco, Meadow vole, white-footed deer mouse, northern flying squirrel, red squirrel, red fox, beaver, white-tailed deer.
    • Starfish, Sea Urchin and Jelly Fish,Brittlestar, the Gravel Sea Cucumber, the Phosphorescent Sea Pen, the Trembling Sea Mat and the Sea Toad.
    • fish, whales, sharks, seals, arctic terns, and penguins
    • Dromedary camels, goats, deathstalker scorpion, fennec fox, pale fox, Rüppell's fox, addax, dorcas gazelle, Saharan cheetah, monitor lizards, hyrax, Sand vipers, African Wild Dog, ostrich, desert crocodiles, African Silverbill, Black-throated Firefinch, kangaroo rat, coyote, jack rabbit, lizards.
    • habitat Examples: humans
    • habitat Examples: plants
    • NICHE
    • • A niche is an organism’s role (job) in the ecosystem • It includes what it eats, where it lives, and what it does. niche
    • niche Types of niche: Fundamental niche Realized niche
    • niche FUNDAMENTAL NICHE can be defined as the range of environmental conditions in which each of the species survives.
    • niche REALIZED NICHE can be termed as the range of environmental conditions in which a species is really found.
    • Example of Fundamental and Realized Niche
    • niche example: raccoons naturally live in forests and eats insects, fruits, and other small creatures
    • niche example: encroachment by humans changes their habitat to an urban environment and they start to live off of our trash and other waste raccoons
    • Examples of Niche…. niche
    • A beaver’s niche in the ecosystem includes: • cutting down trees • building a dam to flood an area and make a pond • building a lodge to live in • raising a family of beavers • chewing bark and wood niche
    • Red-Tailed Hawk & Barred Owl •Birds of prey •Live in forests on the edge of fields •Eat mice and other rodents •Nest in trees
    • •No two species can occupy the exact same niche, because no two species do the exact same thing.
    • •If they do, or try to, one will do it better and the other will have to change or become extinct.
    • THANK YOU JULIE VALERIE V. DAGANZO BEED-II