ThinkBike 2010

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Presentation given by Dutch bicycle experts at DDOT.

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  • Hierna sheet met duurzaam veilig; comfort, directheid3
  • A bicycle is on its two wheels a balance vehicle. For this a smooth surface is important as well as the guarantee for a surtain speed.
    If you go beyond that speed a cyclist falls down because of unbalance
    A cyclist is a social person. He loves to ride together and next to an other cyclist
    A cyclist is not protected againt wheather invluences by any matal cage or anything.
    Therefor it is important to offer shelter againt wind or if possible rain.
    A bicycle does not protect its rider against bad persons That’s why cyclists like pedestrians prefer a well lit road in times of darkness.
  • Or classification
  • Or flow roads this is a combination of motorways and National roads trunkroads
  • A special form of a cycle route is the bicycle street
  • 9
  • ThinkBike 2010

    1. 1. THINKBIKE WORKSHOPS ,WASHINGTON DC Philosophy and measures for increasing bikeability ,Cor van der Klaauw senior advisor of the province of Groningen member of the Dutch Bike Council
    2. 2. ThinkBike workshop Washington Costs and benefits of cycling How to achieve
    3. 3. ThinkBike workshop Washington Facts and figures > Netherlands Motives for cycling and using a car •0% •10% •20% •30% •40% •50% •60% •70% •80% •90% •100% •Commutertravel •Businesstrips •Services/personal •care •Shopping •Education •Visit/stay •Social •recreational •Touring/hiking •Other •Total •Car •Bicycle
    4. 4. ThinkBike workshop Washington Benefits for society • Sustainability • Accessibility • Health • Liveability • Economics
    5. 5. ThinkBike workshop Washington :Of course sustainability • No CO2- ( : .emission Reduction in the Netherlands 2 4 million )tonnes • (Efficient with the energy of 1 liter fossil fuel you could travel 500 )km • Reduction of the global footprint of a country • Alleviates global warming
    6. 6. ThinkBike workshop Washington Health . -Cyclists vs non cyclists • Increase of life expectancy with 3 years • ( )Extra time in good health 10 years • ( . . , ,Reduction of diseases e g obesity heart and coronary diseases )Alzheimer • Fitter and less overweight children • -Independent and self confident youth • Reduction of costs of healthcare • ( - %)Work absenteeism reduction 10 15
    7. 7. ThinkBike workshop Washington Accessibility :Consequences in urban areas • More efficient use of transport infrastructure • (Traffic in all Dutch towns are more fluid it is the grease in the )economy • , .More accessible towns business areas etc • (Shorter travel times the bike is the fastest means of transport in )town • Less congestion • ( )Efficient parking 8 bicycles for 1 car
    8. 8. ThinkBike workshop Washington Liveability • Cycling is more joy and happiness in everybody's lives • Traffic noise • -Fine particles and Nitro oxides • Social integration within town
    9. 9. ThinkBike workshop Washington Economics • Reduction of costs of commuting • Less needs to build expensive parking lots • More efficient transport • Sustainable economic growth • Increase sales shops • - %Reduction of 10 15 in work absenteeism • € ,Every km by car costs 0 32 • € ,Every km by bike gains 0 12
    10. 10. ThinkBike workshop Washington Netherlands: cycle paradise WOW! Looks great! What do I have to do for it?
    11. 11. ThinkBike workshop Washington - -Cost benefit ratio of cycling investments over time Cost-benefit-ratio + _ time 0 Bristol (10 years ) Sevilla (Spain) 5 years Most towns Davis CA 40 years, Denmark, the Netherland s Munich, Basel (CH) Portland OR 15 years,
    12. 12. ThinkBike workshop Washington What makes the Dutch cycle?  Joy! Freedom, flexible, being in the open air  It’s so convenient  Relaxing  Safe (Perceived safety)  Cheap  Easy healthy, easy fit  The fastest way to go about in town  Easily to combine with other modes of transport [more]
    13. 13. ThinkBike workshop Washington Main message  People just like to cycle [more] joy fear anger sadness aversion car bike public transport
    14. 14. ThinkBike workshop Washington >Facts and figures World 27% 19% 10% 9% 9% 8% 7% 5% 5% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% the N etherlands D enm ark G erm any Austria Switzerland Belgium Sw eden Italy France G reatBritain Bicycle share in European countries
    15. 15. ThinkBike workshop Washington Facts and figures > Netherlands Number of cycles per inhabitant Number of cycles per inhabitant 1,11 0,83 0,77 0,67 0,63 0,50 0,45 0,40 0,40 0,34 0,18 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 the Netherlands Denm ark G erm any Sweden Finland Belgium Italy England Austria France Spaon Number of cycles per inhabitant More cycles then people
    16. 16. ThinkBike workshop Washington Facts and figures > Netherlands Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005 Average daily nr. of trips by gender 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2 Age 0-12 12- 16 16- 18 18- 20 20- 25 25- 30 30- 40 40- 50 50- 60 60- 65 65- 75 >75 Avg Dailynr.oftrips Women Men
    17. 17. ThinkBike workshop Washington Facts and figures > Netherlands Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005 Average daily nr. of trips by gender 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2 Age 0-12 12- 16 16- 18 18- 20 20- 25 25- 30 30- 40 40- 50 50- 60 60- 65 65- 75 >75 Avg Dailynr.oftrips Women Men Average daily covered distance by gender 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Age 0-12 12- 16 16- 18 18- 20 20- 25 25- 30 30- 40 40- 50 50- 60 60- 65 65- 75 >75 Avg Dailycovereddistance Women Men
    18. 18. ThinkBike workshop Washington >Facts and figures Netherlands •0 •200 •400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Bicyclekmpppy 0 10 20 30 40 50 Cyclefatalitiesperbillionbicyclekm Bicycle use Bicycle unsafety 1950 –1975: - Suburbanisation - Car use - Transport policy - Old fashioned 1975 - now: - Suburbanisation - Car use + Transport policy + Clean & Healthy Development in time
    19. 19. ThinkBike workshop Washington Factors influencing Washingtons chances for bikeability
    20. 20. ThinkBike workshop Washington Differences Washington vs the Netherlands Washington NL Cycling part of everybody’s transport menu - ++ Guidelines fit for promoting mainstream cycling - ++ Ability to bike (+cycling education) - ++ Cycling done by all ages -- ++ Law enforcement and system to protect cyclists - + Bike safety - + Cycling to school -- +++ Political support for cycling  +++ Image of cycling + ++ Image of cyclists ? ++ Bike integrated in transport planning - ++ Urban infrastructure seen as public space - + Bike-transit integration ? ++ Space for more biking ++ 
    21. 21. ThinkBike workshop Washington !Marketing of cycling in Washington is quite good
    22. 22. ThinkBike workshop Washington Philosophy and measures
    23. 23. ThinkBike workshop Washington Second cornerstone • :Keyword Perceived safety ( ,If people feel unsafe on a bike the joy disappears and )they will not use the bike :This means • No large speed differences • Forgiving solutions • Recognizable cycle infrastructure
    24. 24. ThinkBike workshop Washington Meaning • Separate when possible • ( !)Make bike infrastructure recognizable color • /Road categorization sustainable safety • Bicycle provisions on intersections - /tunnels bridges when crossing through roads - bike boxes - bicycle traffic lights - /continued bike paths lanes • ( !)With mixed traffic including bike lanes reduce speed differences and introduce forgiving solutions - Traffic calming - Fietsstraat - Special solutions for residential areas • Protect your cyclists by law and enforcement • Other measures for making cycling more attractive and enjoyable
    25. 25. ThinkBike workshop Washington :The Dutch standard Design manual for bicycle traffic
    26. 26. ThinkBike workshop Washington Characteristics cyclists • Muscle power • Balance • No crumple zones • Hardly any suspension • Open air • Social activity • Humans
    27. 27. ThinkBike workshop Washington Separation
    28. 28. ThinkBike workshop Washington Separate bicycle facilities • Smooth suface • Minimum stops • Protection against weather
    29. 29. ThinkBike workshop Washington Lanes vs paths Bikes protected by parked cars, no dooring Bikes unprotected, risk of dooring
    30. 30. ThinkBike workshop Washington .Lanes vs paths • Bikes protected by parked cars
    31. 31. ThinkBike workshop Washington Recognizable infrastructure
    32. 32. ThinkBike workshop Washington Recognisable infrastructure
    33. 33. ThinkBike workshop Washington Road categorization ( )sustainable safety
    34. 34. ThinkBike workshop Washington Dutch safety principles • ,Functionality of roads • , ,Homogeneity of mass speed and direction • Recognizable road design • Forgivingness
    35. 35. ThinkBike workshop Washington Three road categories • Through roads • Distributor roads • Access roads
    36. 36. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bicycle traffic facilities• /Not on along through roads • Distributor roads • Access roads
    37. 37. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bicycle provisions on intersections
    38. 38. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bicycle provisions on intersections
    39. 39. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bicycle signing on intersections
    40. 40. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bike box
    41. 41. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bicycle traffic lights
    42. 42. ThinkBike workshop Washington :Mixed traffic Traffic calming • Speed humps • / -30 km h zones • / (Home zones woonerfs 15 / )km h
    43. 43. ThinkBike workshop Washington :Traffic calming think again
    44. 44. ThinkBike workshop Washington Speed hump
    45. 45. ThinkBike workshop Washington Bicycle street • Cycle route • Car stays behind bicycle
    46. 46. ThinkBike workshop Washington :Residential areas Shortcuts for cyclists
    47. 47. ThinkBike workshop Washington Shortcuts for cyclists
    48. 48. ThinkBike workshop Washington Liability and enforcement Philosophy by Dutch enforcement: Car drivers should take the responsibility of conducting vehicles that could kill Should be aware of the capricious nature of cyclists (esp. children) Always liable when an accident happens
    49. 49. ThinkBike workshop Washington :Education Start young
    50. 50. ThinkBike workshop Washington :Make it convenient Parking
    51. 51. ThinkBike workshop Washington -Contra flow cycling
    52. 52. ThinkBike workshop Washington … -Make it convenient Bike transit integration
    53. 53. ThinkBike workshop Washington -Bike transit integration  Faster, more comfortable, more reliable, cheaper, healthier and a lot more sustainable than car use  Provided a good cycle network  Lots of cycle storage facilities at public transport hubs  Fast Public Transport connections  Transport from hub to work  Best of both worlds: bicycle is fastest for the short distance trip to the main hub in town and the public transport is (or should be) faster for the longer distance trip than the car on the congested roads
    54. 54. ThinkBike workshop Washington Thank you for your attention.

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