Evolution of ed tech


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  • James Pillans, Headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland From the mid to late 1800's, this old one room schoolhouse sits at Austin Manitoba. What intrigued me was the blackboard, original and made from boards
  •   taken between 1900 and 1910 in an American School. As you can see, once again the desks are connected to each other and bolted to the floor. The walls are very sparce and the classroom lacks stimulation. There looks to be about 40 students of the same age in this class and only one teacher.
  • Mirroscope, a projector known as an episcope, and sometimes called a magic lantern.  The mirroscope was made by the Buckeye Stereopticon Co., Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Four models were offered by Gamages Ltd (London) in 1913, at prices from 15 - 42 shillings.
  • AECT’s direct ancestor was formed in 1923 as the Department of Visual Instruction (DVI) of the National Education Association (NEA), and it remained a unit of the NEA, located within its Washington DC headquarters, for 48 years. 
  • First large scale gen. Purpose digital electronic computer. Consisted of 18000 vacuum tubes & required the manual setting of switches to achive desirable results. Could perform 300 multiplications per second. By Presper Eckert Jr. And John Mauchly
  • When ITV launched on 22 September 1955, the BBC's television service had been running unchallenged for almost two decades and was fast gaining popularity. Less than fifteen months before the first television commercial appeared on British screens, on July 4th 1954, the Minister of Fuel and Power, Geoffrey Lloyd, burned a large replica of a ration book at an open meeting in his constituency to herald the official end of fourteen years of rationing in Britain. The dawning of a new age of prosperity was upon the British public. From a retailers point of view the start of commercial television could not have been better timed. At 8pm, on September 22, 1955, ITV broadcast its first television programme. Its first advertisement came 12 minutes later advertising Gibbs SR Toothpaste. That first programme is now almost completely forgotten. But the first advertisement has acquired iconic status
  • Skinner Teaching machine
  • Parang Sims
  • Evolution of ed tech

    1. 1. WINTER Template Evolution of Educational Technology Marife Garcia Paula Juliana Navarro Kreanne Pagdanganan II – 2 BECEd
    2. 2. The history of “Educational technology … can be traced back to the time when tribal priests systemized bodies of knowledge, and early cultures invented pictographs or sign writing to record and transmit information.” (Paul Saettler, 1990)
    3. 3. <ul><li>Abacus </li></ul><ul><li>One per classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>It was used for counting and making quick calculations. </li></ul>3000 B.C. Still in use around the world.
    4. 4. 1800 <ul><li>First blackboard was used. </li></ul><ul><li>James Pillans was widely credited for inventing the blackboard and colored chalk which he used to teach geography </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. George Baron, an instructor at West Point Military Academy, is considered to be the first American instructor to incorporate the use of a large black chalk board into the presentation of his math lessons in 1801. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Slate and chalk were the media of choice. </li></ul><ul><li>Students were passive </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-centered classroom. </li></ul>1900
    6. 6. 1910 <ul><li>Episcope (early opaque projector) an early film projector were used. </li></ul>
    7. 7. 1917 <ul><li>WHA begins broadcasting music education program on the radio. </li></ul>
    8. 8. 1920 <ul><li>Educational radio were not common in the classroom until 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of classroom broadcasting to enhance education </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional film: first major progressive movement. </li></ul><ul><li>There was also 1000 educational film by George Klein. </li></ul><ul><li>The division of the US Department of commerce begins licensing commercial and educational stations. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>NEA established the Division of Visual Instruction as school administrators become interested in the use of new media, such as slides and motion picture to improve instruction. </li></ul>1923
    10. 10. 1930s <ul><li>Films and educational radios are being used in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>University students used radio to listen to their lessons. </li></ul>
    11. 11. 1940s <ul><li>Military training during World War II propelled rapid advances in the use of technology and the pragmatic design of instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>US government produces 457 instructional films and purchased 55000 film projectors. </li></ul><ul><li>Audiovisuals were used in the military services and industry for training purposes such as teaching aircrafts and ship recognition, combat and foreign languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Radio usage declines. Between 1941-1945 (WWII) the US office of education produces: 457 sound motion films, 432 silent filmstrips, 457 instructor’s manual. </li></ul><ul><li>Coronet instructional films (1946-early 1970s) produces short instructional films for teenagers. Topics include: dating, family life, courtesy, citizenship, and other social topics. </li></ul>
    12. 12. 1945 <ul><li>The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) completed and tested at the University of Pennsylvania. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Instructional television was used in the classroom as early as 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional TV is used mostly in lower grades and usage declines with each advancing grade. </li></ul><ul><li>ITV was supposed to be the solution to 2 problems: teacher shortages and overcrowded classrooms. </li></ul>1954
    14. 14. <ul><li>B.F. Skinner introduced the first teaching machines – self paced instruction that provides positive feedback when the student provides the correct answer. </li></ul>1958
    15. 15. <ul><li>Language labs were introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>ITV was at its height in the 60s but the blackboard still remains the dominant media of instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>New emphasis is put on developing efficient A/V instructional technologies. </li></ul>1960
    16. 16. 1968 <ul><li>The children’s television network workshop produces “Sesame Street” which is based on educational research. </li></ul><ul><li>Sesame Street becomes one of the most innovative and effective educational programs for children. </li></ul>
    17. 17. 1970 <ul><li>Microcomputer makes an appearance in the schools. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>computer usage continuously increased over the years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>simulations were used in school and by the department of defense. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. 1980 <ul><li>Radio and film are rarely used. ITV and computers take their place. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1980s the microcomputers become popular for instructional purposes elementary teachers used them for drill and practice while the secondary teachers used computers for teaching computer related skills such as word processing. </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>(in 1985) 92% of secondary and 85% have at least one computer. </li></ul>1986
    20. 20. <ul><li>Microsoft Powerpoint. </li></ul>1987
    21. 21. <ul><li>Connecting the world </li></ul><ul><li>MOSAIC NCSA MOSAIC for Microsoft Windows </li></ul>1990s
    22. 22. <ul><li>Connecting the world </li></ul><ul><li>Marc Andressen – co-author of Mosaic, the first widely-used web browser, and co-founder of Netscape Communications Corporation. </li></ul>1990s <ul><li>Advanced robotics technology </li></ul><ul><li>Smarthouses </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Connecting the world </li></ul><ul><li>Wearable computers </li></ul>1990s
    24. 24. <ul><li>Connecting the world </li></ul><ul><li>Holodeck Virtual reality </li></ul>1990s
    25. 25. 1993 - 1995 <ul><li>HyperCard is a unique software tool that allows you to do more with your computer. </li></ul>
    26. 26. 1996 <ul><li>CD Roms, intranets and internet begins to increase in use. </li></ul>
    27. 27. 2001 <ul><li>Blogger - a blog publishing system. </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>Moodle opens source learning management system. </li></ul>2002
    29. 29. <ul><li>Second life virtual world developed by Linden Lab. </li></ul>2003
    30. 30. <ul><li>Youtube </li></ul>2005
    31. 31. 2006 <ul><li>Twitter </li></ul>
    32. 32. 2007 <ul><li>Ipod Touch </li></ul>
    33. 33. WINTER Template REFERENCES “ EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY” by Dr. Paz I. Lucido & Dr. Milagros L. Borabo Duffy et. al book  http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=rNDFZo4zHaMC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false http://www.slideshare.net/fvsandoval/history-of-educational-technology http://www.myplick.com/view/1PsTtfSckr_/HISTORY-OF-EDUCATIONAL-TECHNOLOGY-TIMELINE http://www.slideshare.net/florencia7/history-of-education-technology-5319254 Thanks for Listening (^ - ^)Y