Bible Alive Jesus Christ 006: "The Holy Family & the Hidden Years"


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Go deep with Matthew and Luke to see that although Jesus is virginally conceived, Joseph is nonetheless presented as true husband to Mary and more than just Jesus’ legal father. Learn why there is no emotional isolation or separation between Mary and Joseph. Why did God desire the existence of the Holy Family? Also: learn about Jesus’ Davidic ancestry and what this means as well as the significance of his obscure years.

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Bible Alive Jesus Christ 006: "The Holy Family & the Hidden Years"

  1. 1. Bible Alive: Jesus Christ Class Five: The Holy Family & the Hidden Years
  2. 2. The following presentation would be impossible without these resources
  3. 3. And most of all… By Father Roch A. Kereszty o. cist. Thank you Father Roch!
  4. 4. Setting the Tone • It is love alone that gives worth to all things. —St. Teresa of Avila
  5. 5. Setting the Tone • Because our sexuality is ultimately geared to embrace everyone does not mean that we can be promiscuous and, already here in this life, try to live that out. In fact, paradoxically, it means the opposite. Only God can sleep with everyone, and, thus, only in God can we sleep with everyone. In this life, even though our sexuality has us geared up for universal embrace, we only have two options that are life-giving: Either we embrace the many through the one (by sleeping with one person within a monogamous marriage) or we embrace the one through the many (by sleeping with no one, in celibacy). Both of these are ways that will eventually open our sexuality up so as to embrace everyone. —Ronald Rolheiser
  6. 6. Setting the Tone • God created man in His own image and likeness: calling him to existence through love, He called him at the same time for love. God is love and in Himself He lives a mystery of personal loving communion. Creating the human race in His own image and continually keeping it in being, God inscribed in the humanity of man and woman the vocation, and thus the capacity and responsibility, of love and communion. Love is therefore the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being. —Pope John Paul II
  7. 7. Let us Pray Good Father Remind us, O Lord That we, in your Spirit of Adoption Have been made one family in Christ. And grant us eyes of faith, and ears that listen. Help us to be, in faith, true fathers and mothers, sisters and brothers, In your Trinitarian Love, Amen.
  8. 8. Summarizing Last Class • We explored the hidden event of the Virginal Conception of Jesus. • We saw that this Tradition has roots in Palestinian Jewish Christianity rather than Hellenism, and why. • We learned about the “brothers and sisters” of Jesus. • We discover why Mary’s virginity is not based on Gnostic hatred of the body, but on the understanding of virginity as a total consecration to God in pure and undivided love. • We saw how through her faith and love, Mary cooperates in the birth of believers
  9. 9. Describe the Holy Family • What misunderstandings about the Holy Family do you think might arise given the Virginal Conception of Jesus? • Look at the following images.
  10. 10. The Danger of Making “Make Believe” • Misunderstandings arose concerning “the Holy Family” because of the virginal conception. • Joseph and Mary were pictured as a make-believe couple; their marriage being a “cover” for folks who did not know “the real story.” • What was the “real story”? Joseph and Mary lived in a certain emotional and existential isolation from each other, in order to avoid “temptation.” • Joseph was regarded as a “pater putativus,” the make- believe father provided to insure legitimacy for the Son of God in Jewish society.
  11. 11. Why were these distortions made? • According to Kereszty, the Holy Family was depicted often in Catholic devotional literature so that their otherworldly and lofty character might be extolled.
  12. 12. Gospels—A Very Different Picture • Mt 1:16, 20, 24 …and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ… But as he considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit”… When Joseph woke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him; he took his wife… • Lk 2:5 …to be enrolled with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child.
  13. 13. Gospels—A Very Different Picture • Both Matthew and Luke affirm: 1. The virginal conception. 2. That Joseph and Mary were truly husband and wife. How does this depiction contrast with much of devotional literature and imagery? • See how this depiction contrasts with much of devotional literature and imagery of the Holy Family?
  14. 14. Matthean Emphasis • Matthew emphasizes that God gave Jesus and Mary to Joseph as what? Answer: as his son and wife. – Joseph did not dare take Mary into his home and accept HER child as HIS son UNTIL he was commanded to do so by the angel.
  15. 15. Angelic Message: Davidic Inheritance • When the angel says to Joseph, “YOU will call him Jesus,” and Joseph does so—(Mt 1:25)“and he called his name Jesus”—this expresses, in Jewish society, the father taking possession of the baby. • In the Matthean account, Joseph NAMING Jesus is significant. Legal paternity was SERIOUS in Jewish antiqity. • It means the child is really GRAFTED INTO the family of David and became heir to ALL the promises God made to David’s family.
  16. 16. Joseph was no Make–Believe Father • Matthew seems to imply MORE THAN a legal arrangement. • God bestows the child on Joseph, God’s self—an act beyond mere legal status. • Despite the truth that the child has no biological origin in Joseph, this divine giving of the child to Joseph is SO REAL that Jesus BECOMES TRULY Joseph’s own son.
  17. 17. Contrast with Legal Paternity • Kereszty says that in simple legal fatherhood—“there is always another human being, ‘the real, biological father’ who begot the child and through this act remains related to the child.” » Always interference and frequent conflict will occur between this natural blood relationship and the child’s legal relationship to his adoptive father. » Not so with Jesus. In the creative act by which the Messiah comes into being, and the man Jesus’ transcendent relationship to his heavenly Father resulting from the conception, do not interfere/conflict with Joseph’s fatherhood—rather, they constitute it and fill it with meaning. » Joseph becomes instrument and earthly image for the Father’s saving and protecting love for his Son. » In Matthew’s theology, Joseph is to Jesus what God is to Israel: he saves his son from destruction and brings him out of Egypt.
  18. 18. Relationship: Joseph, Mary, & Jesus • Why did Joseph want to dismiss Mary? Mt 1:18-21 Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit; and her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. But as he considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit; she will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”
  19. 19. Joseph haTzaddik • How does the theology of Matthew describe Joseph (Mt 1:19)? – Joseph is a “righteous man” or a “just man”; that is to say, he is “tzaddik” an important Hebrew concept. This you should know is a powerful term in the Bible—one inaccessible without being familiar with the Old Testament. The “just” or “righteous” man is the “mighty warrior” who conquers his inclinations towards pride, power and oppression, and practices righteousness and humility, and who is, like God, always on “the side of the oppressed.” Poor in Spirit, the Torah is his meditation, day and night, and in humility he waits on wisdom. Indeed, the Tzaddik never ignores the smallest part of the Law.
  20. 20. The Name of Joseph • What about the name “Joseph”? What is so significant about that? – The name “Joseph” is the name of a very special character from the Old Testament, who, here in Matthew, is being recalled or alluded to. – This Old Testament Joseph was an example of what it means to be righteous.
  21. 21. Let’s compare: • What was the name of Joseph’s father in the Old Testament and Matthew’s Joseph? Mt 1:16; then 1:2— …and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ. … (v 1:2) Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers…
  22. 22. Let’s compare: • How does God speak to Joseph in Matthew? Mt 1:20-21, 2:13, 19-20, 22 • But as he considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit; she will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” … • Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there till I tell you; for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” … • But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead.” But when he heard that Archelaus reigned over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee.
  23. 23. Let’s compare: • Compare this with the Genesis Joseph Gen 37:5-11 Now Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they only hated him the more. He said to them, “Hear this dream which I have dreamed: behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and lo, my sheaf arose and stood upright; and behold, your sheaves gathered round it, and bowed down to my sheaf.” His brothers said to him, “Are you indeed to reign over us? Or are you indeed to have dominion over us?” So they hated him yet more for his dreams and for his words. Then he dreamed another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, “Behold, I have dreamed another dream; and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him, and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and your mother and your brothers indeed come to bow ourselves to the ground before you?” And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind.
  24. 24. What does Joseph do for his family? • Mt 2:13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there till I tell you; for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” • Gen 45:16-20 Then the report was heard in Pharaoh’s house, “Joseph’s brothers have come,” it pleased Pharaoh and his servants well. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: load your beasts and go back to the land of Canaan; and take your father and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and you shall eat the fat of the land.’ Command them also, ‘Do this: take wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. Give no thought to your goods, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’”
  25. 25. Joseph’s AWE • Why did Joseph want to dismiss Mary? • Kereszty answers: It was AWE. • In the Matthean account, Joseph probably was not suspicious of Mary being unfaithful but rather the “fear of the Lord” so characteristic of the tzaddik—an awestruck reverence distancing himself from involvement in a divine mystery he sensed in Mary. • He needed God’s reassurance in order to overcome this awe.
  26. 26. M. Krämer’s reconstruction • The Aramaic text possibly underlying Mt 1:20, should be thus translated—“Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife just because the child was conceived in her by the Holy Spirit.” • This reverential awe must have continued after taking Mary and her child in…
  27. 27. “The Child and his Mother” • This awe is evident even after Joseph and Mary live together. The phrase “the child and his mother” occurs four times in the story of the flight to Egypt—never once “his wife and son.” 1. Mt 2:13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there till I tell you; for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” 2. Mt 2:14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night, and departed to Egypt… 3. Mt 2:20 “Rise, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child’s life are dead.” 4. Mt 2:21 And he rose and took the child and his mother, and went to the land of Israel.
  28. 28. An Awe of Distance • All of this suggests a reverential distance and awe separating Joseph from the Messiah and his mother. This distance is made clear when comparing Mt 2:20-21 with Ex 4:19-20, two texts which are quite similar—BUT notice the difference! • Mt 2:20-21 “Rise, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel , for those who sought the child’s life are dead.” And he rose and took the child and his mother, and went to the land of Israel. • Ex 4:19-20 “Go back to Egypt ; for all the men who were seeking your life are dead.” So Moses took his wife and his son and… went back to the land of Egypt …
  29. 29. • In Matthew who is the center of Joseph’s care? Answer: The child is the center of Joseph’s efforts and Mary is Joseph’s wife insofar as she is the mother of the Messiah.
  30. 30. Mary & Joseph? • Don’t believe that Mary and Joseph lived in emotional isolation from one another. – Hyper-devotion to the Holy Family, contaminated by a superstitious fideism, has done plenty of damage already. – Jesus, who causes the distance of reverence in their relationship, also unites them as Family. Whereas in other human couples it is the mutual love of husband and wife expressed in vows and consummated in sexual relations that bring forth children and intimacy, in the Holy Family it is the child himself (God’s gift to Mary first, and then with Mary to Joseph) who brings about the close intimacy between Mary and Joseph. – Mary and Joseph go up together to Bethlehem and suffer together (Lk 2:7). They suffer together with no room to lodge in. They save the Messiah together from his would-be killers (Mt 2:13-15). They present him at the Temple together (Lk 2:22-38). Likewise they search for him together and together they discover him on the third day (Lk 2:41-50). They feed him together, provide for him together, educate him together. Together their faith is challenged by his destiny and growing consciousness of his vocation. Their human love for one another grew and deepened for love of Jesus. – Therefore there is no existential separation, nor emotional isolation, between Mary and Joseph.
  31. 31. The Holy Family • Here then is a unique phenomenon in history— the Holy Family. Why did God want this? • This is the model of all Christian communities—even though it will never be realized in such a radical way. • Every Christian community is constituted, maintained and strengthened by the common faith, love and service of Jesus rather than by blood relations or natural attraction among its members. Not only do religious orders, parishes, and “basic Christian communities” share in the mystery of the Holy Family, in some way every Christian family does. • Through the Sacrament of Marriage Christ himself is present in the Christian family and transforms the flesh and blood love of the partners into unconditional self-giving, so that, gradually, their love for each other will bring them closer to Christ himself.
  32. 32. The Son of David • Is Jesus the “Son of David”? • The Apostolic Church emphasizes Jesus’ descent from the House of David. For her Son of David is an integral part of the evidence that Jesus is the Messiah in whom God’s promises have all been fulfilled.
  33. 33. “Son of David” in the New Testament • Rom 1:1-3 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy scriptures, the gospel concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh… • Acts 13:22-23 And when he had removed him, he raised up David to be their king; of whom he testified and said, ‘I have found in David the son of Jesse a man after my heart, who will do all my will.’ Of this man’s posterity God has brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus, as he promised. • Mt 2:5-6 They told him, “In Bethlehem of Judea; for so it is written by the prophet: ‘And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will govern my people Israel.’”
  34. 34. In Jesus’ OWN Words • What about Jesus’ own position? Does Jesus ever designate himself as “Son of David”? • Consider Mk 12:35-37. And as Jesus taught in the temple, he said, “How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? David himself, inspired by the Holy Spirit, declared, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I put thy enemies under thy feet.’ David himself calls him Lord; so how is he his son?” And the great throng heard him gladly. • What does Jesus mean by this?
  35. 35. Jewish Culture • The son can NEVER be placed above the father. In no sense could a father address his son as Lord. • Jesus does not solve the problem he raises, but rather points to the mysterious origins of the Messiah. And in the theology of the Fourth Gospel, Jesus is even more reticent to address Davidic ties to his origin. • Consider Jn 7:42 “…Has not the scripture said that the Christ is descended from David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?” • Jesus does not even react to Jewish provocations about this matter. This, together with the irreconcilable genealogies of Matthew and Luke, has provoked certain theologians to claim that Jesus’ Davidic descent has no historical basis. • In other words it was created for a theological purpose, to show that the messianic promises given to David were fulfilled in Jesus.
  36. 36. The Genealogies • Because the genealogies found in Matthew and Luke do not and were not intended to be historically-reliable family trees of Jesus, does this mean that we may dismiss claims of Jesus’’ Davidic lineage as legendary? Kereszty answers, Nope. This does not constitute sufficient grounds.
  37. 37. Jesus’ Reluctance? • What about Jesus’ own reluctance to call himself “Son of David”? Does this mean that we may dismiss claims of Jesus’’ Davidic lineage? Kereszty answers, Nope. This does not constitute a denial. In fact, when others address him as “Son of David,” he accepts the title.
  38. 38. Accepting Jesus as Son of David • What are the arguments in favor of accepting Jesus’ Davidic heritage? 1. It is a common datum found in two traditions that developed independently, in Matthean and Lucan infancy narratives, despite contradictions on several issues. 2. Even more importantly it is attested to in a source much earlier than the two Gospels; Paul in Rom 1:3 quotes from a keregmatic formula that speaks about Jesus’ Davidic descendancy. This derives from the earliest days of Christianity. It is doubtful that Paul would have accepted it had he not been convinced of its accuracy. Would Paul have used the expression if he knew that Jesus was not really descended from David (Gal 2:12)? Paul, given his Phariseeical training, and who cites twice his won origins (Rom 11:1; Phil 3:5) would have been very interested in Jesus’ Davidic descent.
  39. 39. Jesus the Teenager • In the Apocryphal Infancy Gospel of Thomas, Jesus the youth makes clay birds with his hands and breathes into them to live, he curses teachers and they fall dead, when questioned by scholars of astronomy he gives discourses on the heavenly bodies, and physicians fall at his feet and worship him for his knowledge. • Is this how the canonical Gospel of Luke presents Jesus as a twelve year old? Nope. Jesus has a normal childhood, no miracles.
  40. 40. Luke 2:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favor with God and man. • What is the meaning of Lk 2:52? • Wisdom in the Old Testament means understanding God’s Plan and will, and includes living according to that will. • This implies what? Jesus GREW in understanding God’s plan and will. • Does Luke see ANY contradiction between Jesus being the Son of God and him going through the ordinary natural and normal processes of human development? ANSWER: NO. • Does Luke see any contradiction between Jesus undergoing the NORMAL process of psychological development and him being Son of God? ANSWER: Nope. • In fact, Luke gives us a concrete example of how this “growth in wisdom” took place.
  41. 41. Read Luke 2:46 • After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions… – When do his parents find Jesus? – Where is he? – What is Jesus doing (46-47)? – What does “listening” mean in the theology of the Gospel of Luke (Lk 6:47, 8:21, 11:28)?
  42. 42. Listening in Luke • Lk 6:47-48 Every one who comes to me and hears my words and does them, I will show you what he is like: he is like a man building a house, who dug deep, and laid the foundation upon rock; and when a flood arose, the stream broke against that house, and could not shake it, because it had been well built. • Lk 8:21 But he said to them, “My mother and my brothers are those who hear the word of God and do it.” • Lk 11:28 But he said, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and keep it!”
  43. 43. Listening in Luke… • Listening means that the young Jesus has the attitude of a disciple, who wants to learn God’s word and will. • Jesus is sincerely searching the meaning of the Scriptures and, through these, is gaining a fuller understanding of his vocation. • Luke 2:49 gives Jesus’ reply to the questions of his anxious mother. The two-fold reply explains who he is and his vocation—he must be in his Father’s house.
  44. 44. The Reaction of the Parents • Read Lk 2:48-50—What does the astonished incomprehension of his parents indicate? Had Jesus ever addressed his parents in this manner before in such clear terms about his relationship to his Father? – Here in Luke’s theology Jesus reveals his identity and vocation to his parents for the first time. EVERYTHING, even the sacred ties of family, pales in importance when compared to his vocation. – Is this historical? While there is GENERAL AGREEMENT between scholars that this saying of Jesus and the story surrounding it, go back to a pre-Lukan tradition, there is NO AGREEMENT that in 2:51 (“…and his mother kept all these things in her heart”) we find a discreet reference to his source. – Nevertheless this is no mere fabrication on the part of the author. Luke is trying to theologically elaborate on a real event from the life of Jesus the teenager. – Jesus at 12 runs away; that and his reply to his mother indicate a BREAKTHROUGH in his self-awareness, a clearer discovery of his own identity. It overpowers him to abandon everything else, even his parents.
  45. 45. Jesus & Samuel • Let’s compare and contrast young Jesus with young Samuel— 1 Sam 2:19-3:19 And *Samuel’s+ mother *Hannah+ used to make for him a little robe and take it to him each year, when she went up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. Then Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and say, “The LORD give you children by this woman for the loan which she lent to the LORD”; so then they would return to their home. And the LORD visited Hannah, and she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew in the presence of the LORD… …Now the boy Samuel continued to grow both in stature and in favor with the LORD and with men… •
  46. 46. Jesus & Samuel • 1 Sam 2:19-3:19 cont. Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the LORD under Eli. And the word of the LORD was rare in those days; there was no frequent vision. At that time Eli, whose eyesight had begun to grow dim, so that he could not see, was lying down in his own place; the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down within the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was. Then the LORD called, “Samuel! Samuel!” and he said, “Here I am!” and ran to Eli, and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But he said, “I did not call; lie down again.” So he went and lay down. And the LORD called again, “Samuel!” And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But he said, “I did not call, my son; lie down again.” Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, and the word of the LORD had not yet been revealed to him. •
  47. 47. Jesus & Samuel • 1 Sam 2:19-3:19 cont. And the LORD called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” Then Eli perceived that the LORD was calling the boy. Therefore Eli said to Samuel, “Go, lie down; and if he calls you, you shall say, ‘Speak, LORD, for thy servant hears.’” So Samuel went and lay down in his place. And the LORD came and stood forth, calling as at other times, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel said, “Speak, for thy servant hears.”
  48. 48. Jesus & Samuel Compared • The Samuel text serves as a model for the Lucan story. This parallelism is important, for Jesus is the Last Prophet in Luke’s theology, who brings about the fulfillment or completion the work of all the Prophets. What do we see? 1. Both Jesus and Samuel are seen as growing in favor with God and men. 2. The decisive event happens in the sanctuary. 3. But does Samuel recognize God’s voice? No. He must learn it through the intercessory help of the priest, Eli. God’s word comes to Samuel as something strange and unknown. This is different for Jesus he recognizes his own Father with whom he must ALWAYS be. 4. Nor does Samuel dare to obey God at the beginning. Its very different for Jesus. Jesus does not encounter God as some stranger who tries to make his word heard. Rather Jesus experiences God in a clearer recognition of his own identity.
  49. 49. Silence & Obscurity • The Gospels are silent as to over 90 percent of Jesus’ earthly life. What does this mean? • In most of his life nothing extraordinary happened that warranted recording. • He grew up, worked hard in a big family complete with older relatives the New Testament calls brothers and sisters. • Though at his birth and death he experienced abject poverty, through most of his life he was “middle class” and, though worked hard, had no needs. • He took part in the religious life of his people. • He mastered the world of the Bible—his parables demonstrate this. • This learning must have happened at Nazareth.
  50. 50. Read Mk 6:2-3 • And on the sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue; and many who heard him were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get all this? What is the wisdom given to him? What mighty works are wrought by his hands! Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offense at him.
  51. 51. A Telling Anger • This angry reaction of the people of Nazareth shows that for much of his life Jesus was just a normal, ordinary guy. • The ordinary character of Jesus private life is the most powerful commentary we have on the REALISM of the Incarnation. • He does not come to earth like the gods of the Pagan myths, “for a little while,” and then, after his visit, return to the bliss of Olympus. He really, without shortcut, endured the WHOLE PROCESS of becoming human. • He accepted the authority of parents, learned a trade, and became part of a people. In an ordinary Jewish environment, under the maturing influence of manifold human relationships, his consciousness and vocation developed and unfolded GRADUALLY. • Jesus is REALLY God become man. He went through an entire human process. • Questions & Assignment