TRAIT THEORY OF LEADERSHIP AND E.SHRIDHARAN & MAHATMA GANDHISUBMITTED TO: D R . D . K . T R I PAT H I S U B M I T T E D B Y: B H U W N E S H W A R PA N D AYA
TRAIT THEORY Trait theory of leadership differentiates leaders from non leaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics. Trait theory of leadership sought personality, social, physical and intellectual traits. Trait theory assumes that leaders are born.
Traits are classified into five categories:1. Intelligence and scholarship,2. Physical traits like age, height, weight, strength etc.3. Social status and experience4. Task Orientation5. Personality characteristics: Ambition and energy Desire to lead Honesty and integrity Self confidence Job relevant knowledge etc.
TRAIT LEADERS Trait theorist refers to people like Father of nation M.K. Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Margrat Thracher, Nelson Mandela, Virgin Group CEO Richard Branson, Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs, Ratan Tata of the Tata Group, Azim Premji of Wipro, Narayana Murthy of Infosys etc.
TRAIT THEORY AND MAHATMA GANDHI Mahatma Gandhi was the born leader according to trait theorist . He was the born leader along with some qualities which he improves with the situation and requirement of the society. Mahatma Gandhi had all characteristics of a trait leadership like: Ambition and Energy: Mahatma had a big ambition to get freedom. He made his objective or target to make INDIA as a sovereign country. And he did so. He provides his all effort to the people to make Unity in Diversity.
Desire to Lead: The leader is that who has a desire to lead the people. And Gandhiji leaded the Indian public. When he gone to the South Africa and the see condition of black people, he decided he will destroy these inequalities. Honesty and Integrity: Gandhiji was very honest as we all know and he was honest to his work, to his family, to his goal and to the Indians. He saw all people of India equal. It is very essential to a leader to have honesty towards his goal and the work. Self confidence: Gandhiji was very confident that he will succeed to provide the freedom to all of us. He worked hard and so smartly to achieve his goal of freedom. He did Dandi March in 1929 to make the salt in Gujarat that shows his self confidence.
Intelligence: Gandhiji was very intelligent leader. As he gave principle of Truth and Nonviolent to the people. He had a good negotiation skill. He was well educated person. He used to take decisions efficiently. Job relevant knowledge: M.K. Gandhi was clearly knew that what should he do, when should he do the tasks to achieve the objective. The leaders should have the job relevant knowledge. Besides it Gandhiji had done pune pact, Bharat chhodo andolan, Sattyagrah etc. that shows his leadership skill which him the greatest leader. Today, also people follow him.
Trait theory and E.Shridharan E.Shridharan is basically an engineer. Which the greatest thing to the India as DELHI METRO. After making the Delhi Metro he became famous. The Delhi Metro shows his innovative ideas and leadership skill. He manages the situations prepared the Metro very quickly. He had an ambition to make Delhi metro quickly and he is so energetic while doing his work. He had a desire to lead the people and he initiate that shows his leadership skill. E. Shridharan is a very intelligent leader. He was honest towards his goal and work. He led the people and things very fluently.
He was very confident while taking the charge to prepare the Delhi Metro which was very big challenge for anyone but he was very confident that he will prepare before the given time and he did so. That made him a leader. He has a very good knowledge about his work and he worked smartly. Because without the knowledge about the job how will anyone do the work. So, both Gandhiji and Shridharan are the born leader and have a good leadership skill that influences the people. They are also coming in the charismatic leadership categories.