International Logistics - Customs, Transportation And Intermediaries

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Lecture on international logistics - customs, transportation and intermediaries.

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  • Your composing is purely awe-inspiring that I desired to read such high quality material...
    http://www.extra-baggage.com/
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  • Respected Sir,
    Can you please share with me the power-point slides.....I would like to use some of the slide as reference for my Ph.d. Research .....Beside that do you have any sldes on Logistics Services and Containerization .....Sir if possible Please mail me at kennedy@elrohi.in
    Thanks and Regard
    KENNEDY
    Bless you
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  • I will appreciate it if I can have a copy of your notes. Please email me at williamtwp@gmail.com . Thank you very much.
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  • Dear Bhupesh,
    Plese mail me the PPT Slides on jos4paul@yahoo.com
    Contact me on - 09387962072 (Cochin Area)
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  • Could I get a copy as well salihnuhoglu5@hotmail.com thanks
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  • provide essential information about legislation, policies, procedures and enforcement systems required by the public, business and the officers themselves
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  • International Logistics - Customs, Transportation And Intermediaries

    1. 1. International Logistics<br />Customs, Transportation and Intermediaries<br />
    2. 2. Agenda<br />
    3. 3. Customs<br />
    4. 4. Trading around the world<br />Rankings reflect the average rankings based on # of documents, length of time and overall cost to complete an import or export transaction<br />Source: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, “Doing Business in 2007: How to Reform.”<br />
    5. 5. What importers need to know<br />
    6. 6. Customs – efficiency improvements<br />adopting new technologies and management systems to reduce delays, documentation and administrative fees which increase trade costs, increase domestic prices and restrict countries from trading<br />risk management techniques are continually being improved<br />intention is to focus on higher-risk cargo<br />
    7. 7. Customs – efficiency improvements<br />risk-assessment of cargo prior to arrival<br />after-clearance audits<br />uniform customs forms<br />electronic filing<br />
    8. 8. Canada Customs-key concepts<br />
    9. 9. CBSA<br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    10. 10. CBSA Responsibilities<br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    11. 11. CBSA Responsibilities<br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    12. 12. CBSA Umbrella<br />Canadian Food Inspection Agency <br />Enforcement program of Citizenship and Immigration <br />Appeals and Compliance branches<br />Immigration <br />Intelligence <br />Customs <br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    13. 13. Services Offered<br />because of their sheer volumes and the often sensitive nature of the issues they address day-to-day, how they do their job could impact the level of confidence Canadians have in our government and economy<br />
    14. 14. Services Offered – Customs Commercial Operations<br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    15. 15. Services Offered<br />serve 170,000+ commercial every year<br />process over 11 million commercial releases annually totalling ~ $350 billion in value <br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    16. 16. AIRS – automated import reference system<br />CFIA-AIRS: user-friendly, searchable database of CFIA import requirements<br />series of questions and answers leads the importer through the applicable regulations, policies and information on all CFIA import requirements for specific commodities<br />
    17. 17. Customs D-Memoranda: D3 Transportation<br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    18. 18. CBSA effect on international trade and logistics<br />Source: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/<br />
    19. 19. Transportation Modes<br />air | water | rail | truck | pipeline<br /><ul><li>speed of delivery time
    20. 20. cost
    21. 21. dependability in meeting schedules
    22. 22. capability to handle various products
    23. 23. availability to serve a variety of geographic points</li></li></ul><li>20<br />Enablers<br />quality of transportation services<br />service considerations<br />cost<br />quality of transportation infrastructure<br />quality of information systems<br />
    24. 24. 21<br />Geographic Considerations<br />topography – mountains, water…<br />population concentration in major cities in the developing world<br />distance between major population centres<br />
    25. 25. Canada<br />one central warehouse model<br />central DC + regional DC’s<br />regional DC’s only<br />wholesalers/distributors<br />parts depots…more centralization<br />Population Density<br />Source: atlas.nrcan.gc.ca<br />
    26. 26. 23<br />Canada<br />DSD (direct to store delivery)<br />store-addressed shipments for cross-docking<br />channel length<br />retail concentration<br />
    27. 27. U. S.<br />one central warehouse model<br />central DC + regional DC’s<br />regional DC’s only<br />parts depots<br />Population Density<br />Source: wikipedia.org<br />
    28. 28. U.S./Canada Combined <br />DC’s positioned to service both countries<br />call centres<br />Source: wikipedia.org<br />
    29. 29. 26<br />Western Europe<br />trend away from separate country DC’s to single EU DC’s<br />short sea shipping and inland barges common<br />23 official languages within EU (product/packaging differentiated by market)<br />more product-specific warehousing<br />ERP systems facilitate multiple languages, sales credit, taxation differences<br />Source: europa.eu<br />
    30. 30. 27<br />Japan<br />low retail concentration<br />long channel length<br />long-standing relationships between manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers<br />highly regulated trucking…multiple transfers<br />differences in distribution system based on product<br />short distances offset by traffic congestion…JIT impacted<br />“island country” – transport on coastal vessels<br />government trying to reduce trucking<br />Source: wikipedia.org, cia.gov<br />
    31. 31. 28<br />China<br />complex supply chains<br />government control<br />difficult logistics – “lean”, not demand-driven<br />lower labour cost so transporting cost changes have larger impact<br />larger, less-frequent deliveries (carry more inventory)<br />JIT will require additional DC’s<br />Source: wikipedia.org<br />
    32. 32. 29<br />Eastern Europe/ Russia<br />difficult logistics<br />not customer-focused<br />poor infrastructure<br />
    33. 33. Cost<br />Time<br />Improve efficiency and effectiveness of the export / import process<br />Customer Satisfaction<br />Purpose of Intermediaries<br />
    34. 34. 31<br />Intermediaries<br />
    35. 35. <ul><li>transaction-based service or contracted to manage process for exporter / importer
    36. 36. door-to-door services that are used by virtually all global corporations</li></ul>charter vessels<br />tracing<br />consolidation<br />documentation<br />obtain insurance<br />worldwide capability<br />COD deliveries<br />consulting<br />pay freight charges<br />source transportation services - including “deals”<br />translation<br />Pick Up and Delivery (PUD),<br />expediting<br />export packing<br />International Freight Forwarder<br />
    37. 37. 33<br />Similar role as International Freight Forwarders but only do air shipments<br />consolidators (independent)<br />agents (represent individual airlines)<br />2 TYPES<br />Air Freight Forwarder<br />
    38. 38. 34<br />also referred to as NVOs or consolidators<br />Consolidate shipments from several shippers, accept all responsibilities for documentation ...act as carriers<br />Not able to clear customs<br />May provide ocean transportation services to a forwarder (often owned by them or by carriers)<br />Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carriers (NVOCC)<br />
    39. 39. Export Management Companies (EMC)<br />
    40. 40. 36<br />Buy goods in home market, sell in export markets<br />Financial risks associated with foreign markets reduced<br />Creditworthiness of ETC is major risk<br />Export Trading Companies (ETC)<br />
    41. 41. Guide import shipments through Customs<br />Deliver goods to importer<br />Generate customs documents for export shipments<br />May specialize by commodity, mode<br />Electronic communications critical for speed<br />Customs House Brokers<br />
    42. 42. 38<br />Goods Surveyors<br /><ul><li>service may be needed to consummate sales agreements
    43. 43. inspect quality
    44. 44. measure weight
    45. 45. determine extent of damage
    46. 46. often specialize in certain commodities</li></li></ul><li>39<br />For emergency replacement parts worldwide<br />Service often provided by airlines<br />Source: seatrax.com<br />Parts Banks<br />
    47. 47. 40<br />Benefit carriers...less capital tied up, no control problems<br />Some specialize…tanks, reefers<br />Container Leasing Companies<br />
    48. 48. translation...verbal and written<br />packaging…adequate protection, recycling mandates<br />labeling<br /> Other Specialized Services<br />
    49. 49. Bhupesh Shah, B.Sc., MBA<br />Twitter/Facebook/Skype: ethnicomm<br />©ethnicomm inc.<br />

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